Abstract

Simultaneous multispectral generation in 0.8, 1.0, and 1.3 μm wavelength ranges by efficient energy conversions of 1.0 μm wavelength femtosecond pulses through a nonlinear fiber was reported. The output spectral range of this multispectral light source was composed of 0.6–0.9 μm blue-shifted Cherenkov radiation (CR), 1.0 μm residual pump, and 1.1–1.7 μm red-shifted soliton self-frequency shift (SSFS) with more than 1mW/nm power-spectral densities. Output characteristics of the multispectral light source were then quantitatively analyzed and the central wavelengths of CR and SSFS emissions can be further easily adjusted by changing the input power into wavelength conversion fiber. Example spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) images of an IR card and finger skin were also performed with the demonstrated source. Due to the advantages of its simplicity, easily operated, and wavelength tunability, the reported multispectral source could be widely applicable for various spectroscopic OCT applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Huber, M. Wojtkowski, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Express 14, 3225 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T.-H. Tsai, B. Potsaid, Y. K. Tao, V. Jayaraman, J. Jiang, P. J. S. Heim, M. F. Kraus, C. Zhou, J. Hornegger, H. Mashimo, A. E. Cable, and J. G. Fujimoto, Biomed. Opt. Express 4, 1119 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Mao, S. Chang, E. Murdock, and C. Flueraru, Opt. Lett. 36, 1990 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Kray, F. Spoler, M. Forst, and H. Kurz, Opt. Lett. 34, 1970 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Yasuno, Y. Hong, S. Makita, M. Yamanari, M. Akiba, M. Miura, and T. Yatagai, Opt. Express 15, 6121 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Yi and X. Li, Opt. Lett. 35, 2094 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. P. Fleming, J. Eckert, E. F. Halpern, J. A. Gardecki, and G. J. Tearney, Biomed. Opt. Express 4, 1269 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Alex, B. Povazay, B. Hofer, S. Popov, C. Glittenberg, S. Binder, and W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026025 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. U. Morgner, W. Drexler, F. X. Kärtner, X. D. Li, C. Pitris, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 25, 111 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. R. Anderson and J. A. Parrish, J. Invest. Dermatol. 77, 13 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Spoler, S. Kray, P. Grychto, B. Hermes, J. Bornemann, M. Forst, and H. Kurz, Opt. Express 15, 10832 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Q. Chang, L. J. Chen, and F. X. Kartner, Opt. Lett. 35, 2361 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. M. Liu, J. Lgsgaard, U. Moller, H. H. Tu, S. A. Boppart, and D. Turchinovich, Opt. Lett. 37, 2769 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. W. Chen, J. K. Lim, S. W. Huang, D. N. Schimpf, F. X. Kartner, and G. Q. Chang, Opt. Express 20, 28672 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Kieu, R. J. Jones, and N. Peyghambariab, Opt. Express 18, 21350 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Jung, G. Brambilla, and D. J. Richardson, Opt. Express 17, 5273 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2013

2012

2011

2010

2009

2008

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

2000

1991

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1981

R. R. Anderson and J. A. Parrish, J. Invest. Dermatol. 77, 13 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Akiba, M.

Alex, A.

A. Alex, B. Povazay, B. Hofer, S. Popov, C. Glittenberg, S. Binder, and W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, R. R.

R. R. Anderson and J. A. Parrish, J. Invest. Dermatol. 77, 13 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Binder, S.

A. Alex, B. Povazay, B. Hofer, S. Popov, C. Glittenberg, S. Binder, and W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Boppart, S. A.

Bornemann, J.

Brambilla, G.

Cable, A. E.

Chan, A.-C.

R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chan, M. C.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, G. Q.

Chang, S.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. W.

Chen, L. J.

Chia, S. H.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chui, P. C.

R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Drexler, W.

A. Alex, B. Povazay, B. Hofer, S. Popov, C. Glittenberg, S. Binder, and W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

U. Morgner, W. Drexler, F. X. Kärtner, X. D. Li, C. Pitris, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, Opt. Lett. 25, 111 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Eckert, J.

Fleming, C. P.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Flueraru, C.

Forst, M.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gardecki, J. A.

Glittenberg, C.

A. Alex, B. Povazay, B. Hofer, S. Popov, C. Glittenberg, S. Binder, and W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Grychto, P.

Halpern, E. F.

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Heim, P. J. S.

Hermes, B.

Ho, M. C.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hofer, B.

A. Alex, B. Povazay, B. Hofer, S. Popov, C. Glittenberg, S. Binder, and W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Y.

Hornegger, J.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S. W.

Huber, R.

Ippen, E. P.

Ivanov, A. A.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jayaraman, V.

Jiang, J.

Jones, R. J.

Jung, Y.

Kartner, F. X.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kieu, K.

Kraus, M. F.

Kray, S.

Kurz, H.

Lam, E. Y.

R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Lgsgaard, J.

Li, Q.

R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

Li, X. D.

Lim, J. K.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. L.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J. Y.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T. M.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

Makita, S.

Mao, Y.

Mashimo, H.

Miura, M.

Moller, U.

Morgner, U.

Murdock, E.

Parrish, J. A.

R. R. Anderson and J. A. Parrish, J. Invest. Dermatol. 77, 13 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambariab, N.

Pitris, C.

Popov, S.

A. Alex, B. Povazay, B. Hofer, S. Popov, C. Glittenberg, S. Binder, and W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Potsaid, B.

Povazay, B.

A. Alex, B. Povazay, B. Hofer, S. Popov, C. Glittenberg, S. Binder, and W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D. J.

Schimpf, D. N.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Spoler, F.

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.-K.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Tao, Y. K.

Tearney, G. J.

Tsai, T. H.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tsai, T.-H.

Tu, H. H.

Turchinovich, D.

Wojtkowski, M.

Wong, K.

R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Yamanari, M.

Yasuno, Y.

Yatagai, T.

Yi, J.

Zhang, C.

R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Zheltikov, A. M.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, C.

Zhu, R.

R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Biomed. Opt. Express

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

R. Zhu, J. Xu, C. Zhang, A.-C. Chan, Q. Li, P. C. Chui, E. Y. Lam, and K. Wong, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 18, 1287 (2012).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. C. Chan, S. H. Chia, T. M. Liu, T. H. Tsai, M. C. Ho, A. A. Ivanov, A. M. Zheltikov, J. Y. Liu, H. L. Liu, and C.-K. Sun, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 20, 920 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt.

A. Alex, B. Povazay, B. Hofer, S. Popov, C. Glittenberg, S. Binder, and W. Drexler, J. Biomed. Opt. 15, 026025 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Invest. Dermatol.

R. R. Anderson and J. A. Parrish, J. Invest. Dermatol. 77, 13 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Science

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Layout of the multispectral light source and related fiber-based SD-OCT system. Enclosed in the dashed box is the multispectral light source, whose output spectra are composed of three parts: blue-shifted Cherenkov radiation (CR), residual pump (RP), and red-shifted soliton self-frequency shift (SSFS). The remaining part shows the schematics of the related fiber-based spectral-domain OCT system. PCF, photonic crystal fiber; PC, polarization controller; ND, neutral density filter; TG, transmission grating; LS-CCD, line-scan charge-coupled device. The wavelength of the output spectrum can be tuned by varying the optical power in the PCF, the length of PCF, and the chirp of input pulse before PCF.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Output spectrum and (b) pulse-width measurement of the excitation 1030 nm laser. (c) Power-dependent spectra of the CR at fiber exit. (d) Power-dependent spectra of the RP and SSFS at fiber exit.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output characteristics of the multispectral light source. (a) Central wavelength (solid-lines) and FWHM bandwidth (dashed-lines) of CR (blue-triangle), RP (black-rectangular), and SSFS (red-circle) as the function of input power. (b) The output power (solid-lines) and corresponding axial resolution (dashed-lines) of CR (blue-triangle), RP (black-rectangular), and SSFS (red-circle) as the function of input power.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) 2D- and (b) 3D-OCT result of IR card. (c) and (d) represent in vivo OCT results of fingertip and finger skin of one volunteer. PP, plastic plate; F, phosphor; E, epidermis; and DM, dermis.

Metrics