Abstract

A noninvasive method to assess the local monomer concentration within a wooden matrix, post monomer impregnation, by time-resolved diffuse optical spectroscopy is demonstrated. A data analysis technique for improving accuracy, which takes account of changes in the refractive index during the monomer uptake, has been employed. This technique can be potentially applied in the wood industry for the study of polymer composites as well as in cultural heritage science for noninvasively monitoring the penetration of chemical compounds used for consolidation or conservation purposes.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Donath, H. Militz, and C. Mai, Wood Sci. Technol. 38, 555 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. M. N. Mortensen, H. Egsgaard, S. r. Hvilsted, Y. Shashoua, and J. Glastrup, J. Archaeol. Sci. 34, 1211 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, Light Propagation through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media (SPIE, 2010).
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    [CrossRef]
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2013 (1)

I. Bargigia, A. Nevin, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, C. D’Andrea, M. Karlsson, P. Lundin, G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 21, 259 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (4)

A. Pifferi, A. Farina, A. Torricelli, G. Quarto, R. Cubeddu, and P. Taroni, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 20, 223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Bargigia, A. Tosi, A. Bahgat Shehata, A. Della Frera, A. Farina, A. Bassi, P. Taroni, A. Dalla Mora, F. Zappa, R. Cubeddu, and A. Pifferi, Appl. Spectrosc. 66, 944 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. K. Dubey, S. Pang, and J. Walker, Holzforschung 66, 49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Kobori, N. Gorretta, G. Rabatel, V. Bellon-Maurel, G. Chaix, J.-M. Roger, and S. Tsuchikawa, Holzforschung 67, 307 (2012).

2009 (1)

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

A. Bassi, A. Farina, C. D’Andrea, A. Pifferi, G. Valentini, and R. Cubeddu, Opt. Express 15, 14482 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Tsuchikawa, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 42, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Mortensen, H. Egsgaard, S. r. Hvilsted, Y. Shashoua, and J. Glastrup, J. Archaeol. Sci. 34, 1211 (2007).

2006 (3)

J. Glastrup, Y. Shashoua, H. Egsgaard, and M. N. Mortensen, Macromol. Symp. 238, 22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Andersson, L. Persson, M. Sjöholm, and S. Svanberg, Opt. Express 14, 3641 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Galbács, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 41, 259 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

C. A. S. Hill, S. C. Forster, M. R. M. Farahani, M. D. C. Hale, G. A. Ormondroyd, and G. R. Williams, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation 55, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

S. Donath, H. Militz, and C. Mai, Wood Sci. Technol. 38, 555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

V. Bucur, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R91 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alerstam, E.

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, and S. Andersson-Engels, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 1 (2008).

Andersson, M.

Andersson-Engels, S.

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, and S. Andersson-Engels, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 1 (2008).

Bahgat Shehata, A.

Bargigia, I.

I. Bargigia, A. Nevin, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, C. D’Andrea, M. Karlsson, P. Lundin, G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 21, 259 (2013).
[CrossRef]

I. Bargigia, A. Tosi, A. Bahgat Shehata, A. Della Frera, A. Farina, A. Bassi, P. Taroni, A. Dalla Mora, F. Zappa, R. Cubeddu, and A. Pifferi, Appl. Spectrosc. 66, 944 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bassi, A.

Bellon-Maurel, V.

H. Kobori, N. Gorretta, G. Rabatel, V. Bellon-Maurel, G. Chaix, J.-M. Roger, and S. Tsuchikawa, Holzforschung 67, 307 (2012).

Bucur, V.

V. Bucur, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R91 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chaix, G.

H. Kobori, N. Gorretta, G. Rabatel, V. Bellon-Maurel, G. Chaix, J.-M. Roger, and S. Tsuchikawa, Holzforschung 67, 307 (2012).

Comelli, D.

Cubeddu, R.

D’Andrea, C.

Dalla Mora, A.

Del Bianco, S.

F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, Light Propagation through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media (SPIE, 2010).

Della Frera, A.

Donath, S.

S. Donath, H. Militz, and C. Mai, Wood Sci. Technol. 38, 555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dubey, M. K.

M. K. Dubey, S. Pang, and J. Walker, Holzforschung 66, 49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Egsgaard, H.

M. N. Mortensen, H. Egsgaard, S. r. Hvilsted, Y. Shashoua, and J. Glastrup, J. Archaeol. Sci. 34, 1211 (2007).

J. Glastrup, Y. Shashoua, H. Egsgaard, and M. N. Mortensen, Macromol. Symp. 238, 22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Farahani, M. R. M.

C. A. S. Hill, S. C. Forster, M. R. M. Farahani, M. D. C. Hale, G. A. Ormondroyd, and G. R. Williams, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation 55, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Farina, A.

Flannery, B. P.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge University, 1988).

Forster, S. C.

C. A. S. Hill, S. C. Forster, M. R. M. Farahani, M. D. C. Hale, G. A. Ormondroyd, and G. R. Williams, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation 55, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Galbács, G.

G. Galbács, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 41, 259 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Glastrup, J.

M. N. Mortensen, H. Egsgaard, S. r. Hvilsted, Y. Shashoua, and J. Glastrup, J. Archaeol. Sci. 34, 1211 (2007).

J. Glastrup, Y. Shashoua, H. Egsgaard, and M. N. Mortensen, Macromol. Symp. 238, 22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gorretta, N.

H. Kobori, N. Gorretta, G. Rabatel, V. Bellon-Maurel, G. Chaix, J.-M. Roger, and S. Tsuchikawa, Holzforschung 67, 307 (2012).

Hale, M. D. C.

C. A. S. Hill, S. C. Forster, M. R. M. Farahani, M. D. C. Hale, G. A. Ormondroyd, and G. R. Williams, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation 55, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hill, C. A. S.

C. A. S. Hill, S. C. Forster, M. R. M. Farahani, M. D. C. Hale, G. A. Ormondroyd, and G. R. Williams, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation 55, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hvilsted, S. r.

M. N. Mortensen, H. Egsgaard, S. r. Hvilsted, Y. Shashoua, and J. Glastrup, J. Archaeol. Sci. 34, 1211 (2007).

Ismaelli, A.

F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, Light Propagation through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media (SPIE, 2010).

Juttula, H.

H. Juttula and A. J. Makynen, in Instrument Measurement Technology Conference (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–4.

Karlsson, M.

I. Bargigia, A. Nevin, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, C. D’Andrea, M. Karlsson, P. Lundin, G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 21, 259 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kienle, A.

Kobori, H.

H. Kobori, N. Gorretta, G. Rabatel, V. Bellon-Maurel, G. Chaix, J.-M. Roger, and S. Tsuchikawa, Holzforschung 67, 307 (2012).

Lundin, P.

I. Bargigia, A. Nevin, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, C. D’Andrea, M. Karlsson, P. Lundin, G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 21, 259 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Mai, C.

S. Donath, H. Militz, and C. Mai, Wood Sci. Technol. 38, 555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Makynen, A. J.

H. Juttula and A. J. Makynen, in Instrument Measurement Technology Conference (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–4.

Marchant, R.

B. New and R. Marchant, in Facing Challenges of Panel Paintings Conservation Trends, Treatment, and Training, A. Phenix and S. A. Chui, eds. (Getty Conservation Institute, 2011), pp. 36–47.

Martelli, F.

F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, Light Propagation through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media (SPIE, 2010).

Militz, H.

S. Donath, H. Militz, and C. Mai, Wood Sci. Technol. 38, 555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mortensen, M. N.

M. N. Mortensen, H. Egsgaard, S. r. Hvilsted, Y. Shashoua, and J. Glastrup, J. Archaeol. Sci. 34, 1211 (2007).

J. Glastrup, Y. Shashoua, H. Egsgaard, and M. N. Mortensen, Macromol. Symp. 238, 22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nevin, A.

I. Bargigia, A. Nevin, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, C. D’Andrea, M. Karlsson, P. Lundin, G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 21, 259 (2013).
[CrossRef]

C. D’Andrea, A. Nevin, A. Farina, A. Bassi, and R. Cubeddu, Appl. Opt. 48, B87 (2009).
[CrossRef]

New, B.

B. New and R. Marchant, in Facing Challenges of Panel Paintings Conservation Trends, Treatment, and Training, A. Phenix and S. A. Chui, eds. (Getty Conservation Institute, 2011), pp. 36–47.

Orlandi, M.

Ormondroyd, G. A.

C. A. S. Hill, S. C. Forster, M. R. M. Farahani, M. D. C. Hale, G. A. Ormondroyd, and G. R. Williams, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation 55, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pang, S.

M. K. Dubey, S. Pang, and J. Walker, Holzforschung 66, 49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Persson, L.

Pifferi, A.

Press, W. H.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge University, 1988).

Quarto, G.

A. Pifferi, A. Farina, A. Torricelli, G. Quarto, R. Cubeddu, and P. Taroni, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 20, 223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rabatel, G.

H. Kobori, N. Gorretta, G. Rabatel, V. Bellon-Maurel, G. Chaix, J.-M. Roger, and S. Tsuchikawa, Holzforschung 67, 307 (2012).

Roger, J.-M.

H. Kobori, N. Gorretta, G. Rabatel, V. Bellon-Maurel, G. Chaix, J.-M. Roger, and S. Tsuchikawa, Holzforschung 67, 307 (2012).

Shashoua, Y.

M. N. Mortensen, H. Egsgaard, S. r. Hvilsted, Y. Shashoua, and J. Glastrup, J. Archaeol. Sci. 34, 1211 (2007).

J. Glastrup, Y. Shashoua, H. Egsgaard, and M. N. Mortensen, Macromol. Symp. 238, 22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sjöholm, M.

Somesfalean, G.

I. Bargigia, A. Nevin, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, C. D’Andrea, M. Karlsson, P. Lundin, G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 21, 259 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Svanberg, S.

I. Bargigia, A. Nevin, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, C. D’Andrea, M. Karlsson, P. Lundin, G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 21, 259 (2013).
[CrossRef]

M. Andersson, L. Persson, M. Sjöholm, and S. Svanberg, Opt. Express 14, 3641 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Svensson, T.

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, and S. Andersson-Engels, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 1 (2008).

Taroni, P.

Teukolsky, S. A.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge University, 1988).

Torricelli, A.

A. Pifferi, A. Farina, A. Torricelli, G. Quarto, R. Cubeddu, and P. Taroni, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 20, 223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tosi, A.

Tsuchikawa, S.

H. Kobori, N. Gorretta, G. Rabatel, V. Bellon-Maurel, G. Chaix, J.-M. Roger, and S. Tsuchikawa, Holzforschung 67, 307 (2012).

S. Tsuchikawa, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 42, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Valentini, G.

Vetterling, W. T.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge University, 1988).

Walker, J.

M. K. Dubey, S. Pang, and J. Walker, Holzforschung 66, 49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Williams, G. R.

C. A. S. Hill, S. C. Forster, M. R. M. Farahani, M. D. C. Hale, G. A. Ormondroyd, and G. R. Williams, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation 55, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zaccanti, G.

F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, Light Propagation through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media (SPIE, 2010).

Zappa, F.

Zoia, L.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Spectrosc. (2)

Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. (2)

S. Tsuchikawa, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 42, 43 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Galbács, Appl. Spectrosc. Rev. 41, 259 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Holzforschung (2)

H. Kobori, N. Gorretta, G. Rabatel, V. Bellon-Maurel, G. Chaix, J.-M. Roger, and S. Tsuchikawa, Holzforschung 67, 307 (2012).

M. K. Dubey, S. Pang, and J. Walker, Holzforschung 66, 49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation (1)

C. A. S. Hill, S. C. Forster, M. R. M. Farahani, M. D. C. Hale, G. A. Ormondroyd, and G. R. Williams, Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation 55, 69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Archaeol. Sci. (1)

M. N. Mortensen, H. Egsgaard, S. r. Hvilsted, Y. Shashoua, and J. Glastrup, J. Archaeol. Sci. 34, 1211 (2007).

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

E. Alerstam, T. Svensson, and S. Andersson-Engels, J. Biomed. Opt. 13, 1 (2008).

J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. (2)

A. Pifferi, A. Farina, A. Torricelli, G. Quarto, R. Cubeddu, and P. Taroni, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 20, 223 (2012).
[CrossRef]

I. Bargigia, A. Nevin, A. Farina, A. Pifferi, C. D’Andrea, M. Karlsson, P. Lundin, G. Somesfalean, and S. Svanberg, J. Near Infrared Spectrosc. 21, 259 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Macromol. Symp. (1)

J. Glastrup, Y. Shashoua, H. Egsgaard, and M. N. Mortensen, Macromol. Symp. 238, 22 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

V. Bucur, Meas. Sci. Technol. 14, R91 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Wood Sci. Technol. (1)

S. Donath, H. Militz, and C. Mai, Wood Sci. Technol. 38, 555 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

B. New and R. Marchant, in Facing Challenges of Panel Paintings Conservation Trends, Treatment, and Training, A. Phenix and S. A. Chui, eds. (Getty Conservation Institute, 2011), pp. 36–47.

F. Martelli, S. Del Bianco, A. Ismaelli, and G. Zaccanti, Light Propagation through Biological Tissue and Other Diffusive Media (SPIE, 2010).

H. Juttula and A. J. Makynen, in Instrument Measurement Technology Conference (IEEE, 2012), pp. 1–4.

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, Numerical Recipes: The Art of Scientific Computing (Cambridge University, 1988).

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the setup.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorption spectra of sample A before (natural wood) and after the treatment. MIX absorption is also shown together with the difference in A before and after treatment.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Estimated Quantities from Samples after Treatment in MIXa

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

μ a ( λ ) = c i ϵ i ( λ ) ,
n ( 1 ) = n ( 0 ) + i Δ ρ i n i
μ a ( 1 ) = μ a ( 0 ) + i Δ ρ i ϵ i ,
μ a ( 0 ) = ρ w ( 0 ) ϵ w + ρ H 2 O ( 0 ) ϵ H 2 O .
i Δ ρ i = 0 .

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