Abstract

We propose a method to enhance the resolution and break the diffraction limit. The superresolution imaging is realized by incorporating total internal reflection (TIR) illumination with a passive spatial frequency shift mechanism. Meanwhile, TIR supplies a surface field with a limited penetration depth, which demonstrates that the axial resolution can be improved simultaneously. The superresolution capability is confirmed both theoretically and experimentally. Compared with microfiber-based former work, this idea possesses promising merits, providing a wider viewing field and a simpler configuration for variable illumination orientations, thereby implying abundant application potentials.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E. Abbe, Arch. Mikrosk. Anat. 9, 413 (1873).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Lauterbach, Opt. Nanosc. 1, 8 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. W. Hell and J. Wichmann, Opt. Lett. 19, 780 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  4. E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, Nat. Methods 3, 793 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. G. Gustafsson, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 13081 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. G. L. Gustafsson, J. Microsc. 198, 82 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Dertinger, R. Colyer, G. Iyer, S. Weiss, and J. Enderlein, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 22287 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Di Francia, Nuovo Cimento 9, 426 (1952).
  10. E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, Nature 237, 510 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, J. Elliott, and A. V. Zayats, Opt. Lett. 30, 382 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 7, 175 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Zhang and Z. W. Liu, Nat. Mater. 7, 435 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Hao, C. Kuang, X. Liu, H. Zhang, and Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 203102 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  16. X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  17. L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University, 2006).
  18. L. Hirvonen, K. Wicker, O. Mandula, and R. Heintzmann, Eur. Biophys. J. 38, 807 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (1)

M. Lauterbach, Opt. Nanosc. 1, 8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (2)

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Hao, C. Kuang, X. Liu, H. Zhang, and Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 203102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

L. Hirvonen, K. Wicker, O. Mandula, and R. Heintzmann, Eur. Biophys. J. 38, 807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Dertinger, R. Colyer, G. Iyer, S. Weiss, and J. Enderlein, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 22287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

X. Zhang and Z. W. Liu, Nat. Mater. 7, 435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, Nat. Methods 3, 793 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

M. G. Gustafsson, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 13081 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 7, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, J. Elliott, and A. V. Zayats, Opt. Lett. 30, 382 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

M. G. L. Gustafsson, J. Microsc. 198, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

1972 (1)

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, Nature 237, 510 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1952 (1)

G. Di Francia, Nuovo Cimento 9, 426 (1952).

1873 (1)

E. Abbe, Arch. Mikrosk. Anat. 9, 413 (1873).
[CrossRef]

Abbe, E.

E. Abbe, Arch. Mikrosk. Anat. 9, 413 (1873).
[CrossRef]

Ash, E. A.

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, Nature 237, 510 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bates, M.

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, Nat. Methods 3, 793 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Betzig, E.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bonifacino, J. S.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Colyer, R.

T. Dertinger, R. Colyer, G. Iyer, S. Weiss, and J. Enderlein, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 22287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, M. W.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. C.

I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, J. Elliott, and A. V. Zayats, Opt. Lett. 30, 382 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 7, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dertinger, T.

T. Dertinger, R. Colyer, G. Iyer, S. Weiss, and J. Enderlein, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 22287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Di Francia, G.

G. Di Francia, Nuovo Cimento 9, 426 (1952).

Elliott, J.

Enderlein, J.

T. Dertinger, R. Colyer, G. Iyer, S. Weiss, and J. Enderlein, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 22287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Guo, W.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Gustafsson, M. G.

M. G. Gustafsson, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 13081 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gustafsson, M. G. L.

M. G. L. Gustafsson, J. Microsc. 198, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hao, X.

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Hao, C. Kuang, X. Liu, H. Zhang, and Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 203102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University, 2006).

Heintzmann, R.

L. Hirvonen, K. Wicker, O. Mandula, and R. Heintzmann, Eur. Biophys. J. 38, 807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hell, S. W.

Hess, H. F.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hirvonen, L.

L. Hirvonen, K. Wicker, O. Mandula, and R. Heintzmann, Eur. Biophys. J. 38, 807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Iyer, G.

T. Dertinger, R. Colyer, G. Iyer, S. Weiss, and J. Enderlein, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 22287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khan, A.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ku, Y.

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Kuang, C.

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Hao, C. Kuang, X. Liu, H. Zhang, and Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 203102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lauterbach, M.

M. Lauterbach, Opt. Nanosc. 1, 8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Li, H.

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Hao, C. Kuang, X. Liu, H. Zhang, and Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 203102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lindwasser, O. W.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lippincott-Schwartz, J.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Hao, C. Kuang, X. Liu, H. Zhang, and Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 203102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z. W.

X. Zhang and Z. W. Liu, Nat. Mater. 7, 435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Luk’yanchuk, B.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mandula, O.

L. Hirvonen, K. Wicker, O. Mandula, and R. Heintzmann, Eur. Biophys. J. 38, 807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nicholls, G.

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, Nature 237, 510 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Novotny, L.

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University, 2006).

Olenych, S.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Patterson, G. H.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rust, M. J.

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, Nat. Methods 3, 793 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, J. Elliott, and A. V. Zayats, Opt. Lett. 30, 382 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 7, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sougrat, R.

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tong, L.

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Weiss, S.

T. Dertinger, R. Colyer, G. Iyer, S. Weiss, and J. Enderlein, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 22287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wichmann, J.

Wicker, K.

L. Hirvonen, K. Wicker, O. Mandula, and R. Heintzmann, Eur. Biophys. J. 38, 807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 7, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, J. Elliott, and A. V. Zayats, Opt. Lett. 30, 382 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Hao, C. Kuang, X. Liu, H. Zhang, and Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 203102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

X. Zhang and Z. W. Liu, Nat. Mater. 7, 435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhuang, X.

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, Nat. Methods 3, 793 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

X. Hao, C. Kuang, X. Liu, H. Zhang, and Y. Li, Appl. Phys. Lett. 99, 203102 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Hao, X. Liu, C. Kuang, Y. Li, Y. Ku, H. Zhang, H. Li, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 102, 013104 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Arch. Mikrosk. Anat. (1)

E. Abbe, Arch. Mikrosk. Anat. 9, 413 (1873).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Biophys. J. (1)

L. Hirvonen, K. Wicker, O. Mandula, and R. Heintzmann, Eur. Biophys. J. 38, 807 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Microsc. (1)

M. G. L. Gustafsson, J. Microsc. 198, 82 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Commun. (1)

Z. Wang, W. Guo, L. Li, B. Luk’yanchuk, A. Khan, Z. Liu, Z. Chen, and M. Hong, Nat. Commun. 2, 218 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

X. Zhang and Z. W. Liu, Nat. Mater. 7, 435 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Methods (1)

M. J. Rust, M. Bates, and X. Zhuang, Nat. Methods 3, 793 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

E. A. Ash and G. Nicholls, Nature 237, 510 (1972).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys. (1)

I. I. Smolyaninov, C. C. Davis, and A. V. Zayats, New J. Phys. 7, 175 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nuovo Cimento (1)

G. Di Francia, Nuovo Cimento 9, 426 (1952).

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Nanosc. (1)

M. Lauterbach, Opt. Nanosc. 1, 8 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2)

M. G. Gustafsson, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 102, 13081 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Dertinger, R. Colyer, G. Iyer, S. Weiss, and J. Enderlein, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 106, 22287 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

E. Betzig, G. H. Patterson, R. Sougrat, O. W. Lindwasser, S. Olenych, J. S. Bonifacino, M. W. Davidson, J. Lippincott-Schwartz, and H. F. Hess, Science 313, 1642 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

L. Novotny and B. Hecht, Principles of Nano-Optics (Cambridge University, 2006).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics