Abstract

We introduce a method for trapping and arranging microparticles in arbitrary two-dimensional patterns with high flexibility. For this purpose, optoelectronic tweezers based on lithium niobate as photoconductor are used to create virtual electrodes through modulated illumination. The evolving field gradients arrange microparticles due to dielectrophoretic (DEP) forces and enable an all-optical approach for DEP. In order to increase flexibility further, we investigate multiplexed electrode structures for in situ reconfiguration of particle arrangements. Using the all-optical erasure of previously written virtual electrodes, we demonstrate electrode switching and sequential particle trapping in a microchannel for microfluidic applications.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, J. E. Bjorkholm, and S. Chu, Opt. Lett. 11, 288 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  2. D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. Pohl, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1182 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Pethig, Biomicrofluidics 4, 022811 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Schnelle, T. Müller, G. Gradl, S. Shirley, and G. Fuhr, J. Electrost. 47, 121 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. del Carmen Jaramillo, E. Torrents, R. Martinez-Duarte, M. J. Madou, and A. Juarez, Electrophoresis 31, 2921 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Chiou, A. Ohta, and M. Wu, Nature 436, 370 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. C. Wu, Nature Photon. 5, 322 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. A. Eggert, F. Y. Kuhnert, K. Buse, J. R. Adleman, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241909 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Zhang, J. Wang, B. Tang, X. Tan, R. A. Rupp, L. Pan, Y. Kong, Q. Sun, and J. Xu, Opt. Express 17, 9981 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Esseling, F. Holtmann, M. Woerdemann, and C. Denz, Opt. Express 18, 17404 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. Grilli and P. Ferraro, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 232902 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, Opt. Express 18, 10947 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  14. C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Commun. 85, 171 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Esseling, S. Glasener, F. Volonteri, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161903 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley Interscience, 1993).
  19. B. Sturman and V. Fridkin, The Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon & Breach Science Publishers, 1992).
  20. D. C. Duffy, J. C. McDonald, O. J. A. Schueller, and G. M. Whitesides, Anal. Chem. 70, 4974 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Berdichevsky, J. Khandurina, A. Guttman, and Y. Lo, Sens. Actuators B 97, 402 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  22. R. Kretschmer and W. Fritzsche, Langmuir 20, 11797 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S.-K. Chae, C.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, T.-S. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, Lab Chip 9, 1957 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. R. Sommerfeldt, L. Holtmann, E. Krätzig, and B. Grabmeier, Phys. Status Solidi A 106, 89 (1988).
    [CrossRef]

2012 (1)

M. Esseling, S. Glasener, F. Volonteri, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

M. C. Wu, Nature Photon. 5, 322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (4)

M. del Carmen Jaramillo, E. Torrents, R. Martinez-Duarte, M. J. Madou, and A. Juarez, Electrophoresis 31, 2921 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Pethig, Biomicrofluidics 4, 022811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, Opt. Express 18, 10947 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Esseling, F. Holtmann, M. Woerdemann, and C. Denz, Opt. Express 18, 17404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

2008 (1)

S. Grilli and P. Ferraro, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 232902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

H. A. Eggert, F. Y. Kuhnert, K. Buse, J. R. Adleman, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241909 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

P. Chiou, A. Ohta, and M. Wu, Nature 436, 370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Y. Berdichevsky, J. Khandurina, A. Guttman, and Y. Lo, Sens. Actuators B 97, 402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Kretschmer and W. Fritzsche, Langmuir 20, 11797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

T. Schnelle, T. Müller, G. Gradl, S. Shirley, and G. Fuhr, J. Electrost. 47, 121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Duffy, J. C. McDonald, O. J. A. Schueller, and G. M. Whitesides, Anal. Chem. 70, 4974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Commun. 85, 171 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. Sommerfeldt, L. Holtmann, E. Krätzig, and B. Grabmeier, Phys. Status Solidi A 106, 89 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

1958 (1)

H. Pohl, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1182 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Adibi, A.

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Adleman, J. R.

H. A. Eggert, F. Y. Kuhnert, K. Buse, J. R. Adleman, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241909 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

Berdichevsky, Y.

Y. Berdichevsky, J. Khandurina, A. Guttman, and Y. Lo, Sens. Actuators B 97, 402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Buse, K.

H. A. Eggert, F. Y. Kuhnert, K. Buse, J. R. Adleman, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241909 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chae, S.-K.

S.-K. Chae, C.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, T.-S. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, Lab Chip 9, 1957 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chiou, P.

P. Chiou, A. Ohta, and M. Wu, Nature 436, 370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

de Angelis, M.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

De Nicola, S.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

del Carmen Jaramillo, M.

M. del Carmen Jaramillo, E. Torrents, R. Martinez-Duarte, M. J. Madou, and A. Juarez, Electrophoresis 31, 2921 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Denz, C.

M. Esseling, S. Glasener, F. Volonteri, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Esseling, F. Holtmann, M. Woerdemann, and C. Denz, Opt. Express 18, 17404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Commun. 85, 171 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Duffy, D. C.

D. C. Duffy, J. C. McDonald, O. J. A. Schueller, and G. M. Whitesides, Anal. Chem. 70, 4974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Eggert, H. A.

H. A. Eggert, F. Y. Kuhnert, K. Buse, J. R. Adleman, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241909 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Esseling, M.

M. Esseling, S. Glasener, F. Volonteri, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Esseling, F. Holtmann, M. Woerdemann, and C. Denz, Opt. Express 18, 17404 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ferraro, P.

L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, Opt. Express 18, 10947 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Grilli and P. Ferraro, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 232902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Finizio, A.

L. Miccio, M. Paturzo, A. Finizio, and P. Ferraro, Opt. Express 18, 10947 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fridkin, V.

B. Sturman and V. Fridkin, The Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon & Breach Science Publishers, 1992).

Fritzsche, W.

R. Kretschmer and W. Fritzsche, Langmuir 20, 11797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fuhr, G.

T. Schnelle, T. Müller, G. Gradl, S. Shirley, and G. Fuhr, J. Electrost. 47, 121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Glasener, S.

M. Esseling, S. Glasener, F. Volonteri, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Grabmeier, B.

R. Sommerfeldt, L. Holtmann, E. Krätzig, and B. Grabmeier, Phys. Status Solidi A 106, 89 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gradl, G.

T. Schnelle, T. Müller, G. Gradl, S. Shirley, and G. Fuhr, J. Electrost. 47, 121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grier, D. G.

D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grilli, S.

S. Grilli and P. Ferraro, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 232902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Guttman, A.

Y. Berdichevsky, J. Khandurina, A. Guttman, and Y. Lo, Sens. Actuators B 97, 402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Holtmann, F.

Holtmann, L.

R. Sommerfeldt, L. Holtmann, E. Krätzig, and B. Grabmeier, Phys. Status Solidi A 106, 89 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Juarez, A.

M. del Carmen Jaramillo, E. Torrents, R. Martinez-Duarte, M. J. Madou, and A. Juarez, Electrophoresis 31, 2921 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. Y.

S.-K. Chae, C.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, T.-S. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, Lab Chip 9, 1957 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Khandurina, J.

Y. Berdichevsky, J. Khandurina, A. Guttman, and Y. Lo, Sens. Actuators B 97, 402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, T.-S.

S.-K. Chae, C.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, T.-S. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, Lab Chip 9, 1957 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kong, Y.

Krätzig, E.

R. Sommerfeldt, L. Holtmann, E. Krätzig, and B. Grabmeier, Phys. Status Solidi A 106, 89 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmer, R.

R. Kretschmer and W. Fritzsche, Langmuir 20, 11797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuhnert, F. Y.

H. A. Eggert, F. Y. Kuhnert, K. Buse, J. R. Adleman, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241909 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

S.-K. Chae, C.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, T.-S. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, Lab Chip 9, 1957 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. H.

S.-K. Chae, C.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, T.-S. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, Lab Chip 9, 1957 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lo, Y.

Y. Berdichevsky, J. Khandurina, A. Guttman, and Y. Lo, Sens. Actuators B 97, 402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Madou, M. J.

M. del Carmen Jaramillo, E. Torrents, R. Martinez-Duarte, M. J. Madou, and A. Juarez, Electrophoresis 31, 2921 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Martinez-Duarte, R.

M. del Carmen Jaramillo, E. Torrents, R. Martinez-Duarte, M. J. Madou, and A. Juarez, Electrophoresis 31, 2921 (2010).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, J. C.

D. C. Duffy, J. C. McDonald, O. J. A. Schueller, and G. M. Whitesides, Anal. Chem. 70, 4974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miccio, L.

Müller, T.

T. Schnelle, T. Müller, G. Gradl, S. Shirley, and G. Fuhr, J. Electrost. 47, 121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ohta, A.

P. Chiou, A. Ohta, and M. Wu, Nature 436, 370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pan, L.

Paturzo, M.

Pauliat, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Commun. 85, 171 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Pelli, S.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pethig, R.

R. Pethig, Biomicrofluidics 4, 022811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pierattini, G.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, H.

H. Pohl, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1182 (1958).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

H. A. Eggert, F. Y. Kuhnert, K. Buse, J. R. Adleman, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241909 (2007).
[CrossRef]

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Righini, G.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Roosen, G.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Commun. 85, 171 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rupp, R. A.

Schnelle, T.

T. Schnelle, T. Müller, G. Gradl, S. Shirley, and G. Fuhr, J. Electrost. 47, 121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schueller, O. J. A.

D. C. Duffy, J. C. McDonald, O. J. A. Schueller, and G. M. Whitesides, Anal. Chem. 70, 4974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sebastiani, S.

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shirley, S.

T. Schnelle, T. Müller, G. Gradl, S. Shirley, and G. Fuhr, J. Electrost. 47, 121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sommerfeldt, R.

R. Sommerfeldt, L. Holtmann, E. Krätzig, and B. Grabmeier, Phys. Status Solidi A 106, 89 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sturman, B.

B. Sturman and V. Fridkin, The Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon & Breach Science Publishers, 1992).

Sun, Q.

Tan, X.

Tang, B.

Torrents, E.

M. del Carmen Jaramillo, E. Torrents, R. Martinez-Duarte, M. J. Madou, and A. Juarez, Electrophoresis 31, 2921 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Commun. 85, 171 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Volonteri, F.

M. Esseling, S. Glasener, F. Volonteri, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Whitesides, G. M.

D. C. Duffy, J. C. McDonald, O. J. A. Schueller, and G. M. Whitesides, Anal. Chem. 70, 4974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Woerdemann, M.

Wu, M.

P. Chiou, A. Ohta, and M. Wu, Nature 436, 370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

M. C. Wu, Nature Photon. 5, 322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yeh, P.

P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley Interscience, 1993).

Zhang, X.

Anal. Chem. (1)

D. C. Duffy, J. C. McDonald, O. J. A. Schueller, and G. M. Whitesides, Anal. Chem. 70, 4974 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. de Angelis, S. De Nicola, A. Finizio, G. Pierattini, P. Ferraro, S. Pelli, G. Righini, and S. Sebastiani, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 111114 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Esseling, S. Glasener, F. Volonteri, and C. Denz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 100, 161903 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Eggert, F. Y. Kuhnert, K. Buse, J. R. Adleman, and D. Psaltis, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 241909 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Grilli and P. Ferraro, Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 232902 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Biomicrofluidics (1)

R. Pethig, Biomicrofluidics 4, 022811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Electrophoresis (1)

M. del Carmen Jaramillo, E. Torrents, R. Martinez-Duarte, M. J. Madou, and A. Juarez, Electrophoresis 31, 2921 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

H. Pohl, J. Appl. Phys. 29, 1182 (1958).
[CrossRef]

J. Electrost. (1)

T. Schnelle, T. Müller, G. Gradl, S. Shirley, and G. Fuhr, J. Electrost. 47, 121 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lab Chip (1)

S.-K. Chae, C.-H. Lee, S. H. Lee, T.-S. Kim, and J. Y. Kang, Lab Chip 9, 1957 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

R. Kretschmer and W. Fritzsche, Langmuir 20, 11797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (3)

K. Buse, A. Adibi, and D. Psaltis, Nature 393, 665 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Grier, Nature 424, 810 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Chiou, A. Ohta, and M. Wu, Nature 436, 370 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nature Photon. (1)

M. C. Wu, Nature Photon. 5, 322 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Denz, G. Pauliat, G. Roosen, and T. Tschudi, Opt. Commun. 85, 171 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Status Solidi A (1)

R. Sommerfeldt, L. Holtmann, E. Krätzig, and B. Grabmeier, Phys. Status Solidi A 106, 89 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

Y. Berdichevsky, J. Khandurina, A. Guttman, and Y. Lo, Sens. Actuators B 97, 402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. Yeh, Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (Wiley Interscience, 1993).

B. Sturman and V. Fridkin, The Photovoltaic and Photorefractive Effects in Noncentrosymmetric Materials (Gordon & Breach Science Publishers, 1992).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Internal electric field ESC in LN measured by digital holography (a), (c), (e) and respective particle trapping (glassy carbon) (b), (d), (f). For further details refer to text.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Sequential switching of virtual electrodes in order to trap graphite particles in a microchannel: (a) Illustration of the writing and erasure sequence (including time scale) and (b)–(d) corresponding particle arrangements.

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

FDEP=2πr3εmα(ω)E2,
α(ω0)σpσmσp+2σm.
ESC(x,y)=λπdno3r13Δϕ(x,y).

Metrics