Abstract

Optical coherence tomography images of human enamel were simulated and compared to measured images. A Monte Carlo code was implemented, which considered the microstructure of enamel. The prisms, the main scattering structures of the enamel, were described by oscillating cylinders whose scattering functions were obtained by solutions of Maxwell’s equations. The essential features of the measured images including the Hunter–Schreger bands could be explained by the simulations.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2011

Y. Chen, L. Otis, and Q. Zhu, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 086005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

S. K. Manesh, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 044002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2006

A. Kienle and R. Hibst, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 018104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. Knüttel, S. Bonev, and W. Knaak, J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

2000

A. Knüttel and M. Boehlau-Godau, J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. M. Schmitt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

1995

Y. Pan, R. Birngruber, J. Rosperich, and R. Engelhardt, Appl. Opt. 34, 6564 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Zijp, J. J. ten Bosch, and R. A. J. Groenhuis, J. Dent. Res. 74, 1891 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

H. A. Yousif and E. Boutros, Comput. Phys. Commun. 69, 406 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

J. W. Osborn, Arch. Oral Biol. 35, 869 (1990).

Andersen, P. E.

Birngruber, R.

Boehlau-Godau, M.

A. Knüttel and M. Boehlau-Godau, J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bohren, C. F.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

Bonev, S.

A. Knüttel, S. Bonev, and W. Knaak, J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Boutros, E.

H. A. Yousif and E. Boutros, Comput. Phys. Commun. 69, 406 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, L. Otis, and Q. Zhu, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 086005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Darling, C. L.

S. K. Manesh, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 044002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Drexler, W.

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, Optical Coherence Tomography—Technology and Applications (Springer Verlag, 2008).

Engelhardt, R.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fried, D.

S. K. Manesh, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 044002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, Optical Coherence Tomography—Technology and Applications (Springer Verlag, 2008).

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Groenhuis, R. A. J.

J. R. Zijp, J. J. ten Bosch, and R. A. J. Groenhuis, J. Dent. Res. 74, 1891 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hibst, R.

A. Kienle and R. Hibst, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 018104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huffman, D. R.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

Jorgensen, T. M.

Kienle, A.

A. Kienle and R. Hibst, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 018104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Knaak, W.

A. Knüttel, S. Bonev, and W. Knaak, J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Knüttel, A.

A. Knüttel, S. Bonev, and W. Knaak, J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Knüttel and M. Boehlau-Godau, J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Manesh, S. K.

S. K. Manesh, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 044002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Osborn, J. W.

J. W. Osborn, Arch. Oral Biol. 35, 869 (1990).

Otis, L.

Y. Chen, L. Otis, and Q. Zhu, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 086005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Y.

Puliafato, C.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Rosperich, J.

Schmitt, J. M.

J. M. Schmitt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

ten Bosch, J. J.

J. R. Zijp, J. J. ten Bosch, and R. A. J. Groenhuis, J. Dent. Res. 74, 1891 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tycho, A.

Yousif, H. A.

H. A. Yousif and E. Boutros, Comput. Phys. Commun. 69, 406 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yura, H. T.

Zhu, Q.

Y. Chen, L. Otis, and Q. Zhu, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 086005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zijp, J. R.

J. R. Zijp, J. J. ten Bosch, and R. A. J. Groenhuis, J. Dent. Res. 74, 1891 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Arch. Oral Biol.

J. W. Osborn, Arch. Oral Biol. 35, 869 (1990).

Comput. Phys. Commun

H. A. Yousif and E. Boutros, Comput. Phys. Commun. 69, 406 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

J. M. Schmitt, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 5, 1205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt.

Y. Chen, L. Otis, and Q. Zhu, J. Biomed. Opt. 16, 086005 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Manesh, C. L. Darling, and D. Fried, J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 044002 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Knüttel and M. Boehlau-Godau, J. Biomed. Opt. 5, 83 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Knüttel, S. Bonev, and W. Knaak, J. Biomed. Opt. 9, 265 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Dent. Res.

J. R. Zijp, J. J. ten Bosch, and R. A. J. Groenhuis, J. Dent. Res. 74, 1891 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

A. Kienle and R. Hibst, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 018104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. Puliafato, and J. G. Fujimoto, Science 254, 1178 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley, 1983).

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, Optical Coherence Tomography—Technology and Applications (Springer Verlag, 2008).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Picture of a slab of a human molar using polarized light microscopy. At the bottom-left is the dentin including the tubules, and at the top-right the enamel can be seen. The Hunter–Schreger bands are indicated by an arrow.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

OCT image obtained from a slab of human enamel. At the top the boundary between enamel and water can be identified.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

OCT image simulated with the Monte Carlo method for no inclination of the sinusoidal course of the prisms.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Scheme of the plane wave scattering by an infinitely extended cylinder. Course of the prisms with an inclination of (b) θ1=0° and (c) θ1=30°.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

OCT image simulated with the Monte Carlo method for an inclination (θ1=30°) of the sinusoidal course of the prisms.

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