Abstract

We propose and experimentally demonstrate a reflectance-based photonic crystal (PC) liquid sensor. The PC is made of two-dimensional TiO2 nanopillar arrays. Such a reflectance-based structure with large functional area not only simplifies the optical guiding but also enhances the sensor signal. A linear shift of reflectance peaks is found for liquids with refractive indices varying from 1.333 to 1.390 at wavelength near 1.5 μm. Excellent agreement between measured values and the generated reflectance model at a fixed wavelength is obtained, indicating the high potential of these PC-based liquid sensors for biological and environmental applications.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. Vahala, Optical Microcavities (World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2004).
  2. N. Skivesen, A. Têtu, M. Kristensen, J. Kjems, L. H. Frandsen, and P. I. Borel, Opt. Express 15, 3169 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Chow, A. Grot, L. W. Mirkarimi, M. Sigalas, and G. Girolami, Opt. Lett. 29, 1093 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. F. Dorfner, T. Hurlimann, T. Zabel, L. H. Frandsen, G. Abstreiter, and J. J. Finley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181103 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Kang, C. T. Phare, Y. A. Vlasov, S. Assefa, and S. M. Weiss, Opt. Express 18, 27930 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Johnson and J. Joannopoulos, Opt. Express 8, 173 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, in Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems Conference (2011), pp. 2682–2685.
  8. Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, Procedia Engineering 5, 1148 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. C. Weast, ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 67th ed. (CRC Press, 1986).

2010 (2)

C. Kang, C. T. Phare, Y. A. Vlasov, S. Assefa, and S. M. Weiss, Opt. Express 18, 27930 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, Procedia Engineering 5, 1148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

D. F. Dorfner, T. Hurlimann, T. Zabel, L. H. Frandsen, G. Abstreiter, and J. J. Finley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2004 (1)

2001 (1)

Abstreiter, G.

D. F. Dorfner, T. Hurlimann, T. Zabel, L. H. Frandsen, G. Abstreiter, and J. J. Finley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Assefa, S.

Borel, P. I.

Chow, E.

Dorfner, D. F.

D. F. Dorfner, T. Hurlimann, T. Zabel, L. H. Frandsen, G. Abstreiter, and J. J. Finley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Finley, J. J.

D. F. Dorfner, T. Hurlimann, T. Zabel, L. H. Frandsen, G. Abstreiter, and J. J. Finley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Frandsen, L. H.

D. F. Dorfner, T. Hurlimann, T. Zabel, L. H. Frandsen, G. Abstreiter, and J. J. Finley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Skivesen, A. Têtu, M. Kristensen, J. Kjems, L. H. Frandsen, and P. I. Borel, Opt. Express 15, 3169 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Girolami, G.

Grot, A.

Huang, Y.

Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, Procedia Engineering 5, 1148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, in Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems Conference (2011), pp. 2682–2685.

Hurlimann, T.

D. F. Dorfner, T. Hurlimann, T. Zabel, L. H. Frandsen, G. Abstreiter, and J. J. Finley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J.

Johnson, S.

Kang, C.

Kjems, J.

Kristensen, M.

Mirkarimi, L. W.

Pandraud, G.

Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, Procedia Engineering 5, 1148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, in Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems Conference (2011), pp. 2682–2685.

Phare, C. T.

Sarro, P. M.

Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, Procedia Engineering 5, 1148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, in Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems Conference (2011), pp. 2682–2685.

Sigalas, M.

Skivesen, N.

Têtu, A.

Vahala, K.

K. Vahala, Optical Microcavities (World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2004).

Vlasov, Y. A.

Weiss, S. M.

Zabel, T.

D. F. Dorfner, T. Hurlimann, T. Zabel, L. H. Frandsen, G. Abstreiter, and J. J. Finley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. F. Dorfner, T. Hurlimann, T. Zabel, L. H. Frandsen, G. Abstreiter, and J. J. Finley, Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 181103 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Procedia Engineering (1)

Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, Procedia Engineering 5, 1148 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

R. C. Weast, ed., Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 67th ed. (CRC Press, 1986).

Y. Huang, G. Pandraud, and P. M. Sarro, in Solid-State Sensors, Actuators, and Microsystems Conference (2011), pp. 2682–2685.

K. Vahala, Optical Microcavities (World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 2004).

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