Abstract

An all-fiber femtosecond source of spectrally isolated Cherenkov radiation is reported, to the best of our knowledge, for the first time. Using a monolithic, self-starting femtosecond Yb-doped fiber laser as the pump source and the combination of photonic crystal fibers as the wave-conversion medium, we demonstrate milliwatt-level, stable, and tunable Cherenkov radiation at visible wavelengths 580–630 nm, with pulse duration of sub-160-fs, and the 3 dB spectral bandwidth not exceeding 36 nm. Such an all-fiber Cherenkov radiation source is promising for practical applications in biophotonics such as bioimaging and microscopy.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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2012

2011

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

2009

2008

2006

2005

2004

1995

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1986

1972

B. M. Bolotovskii and V. L. Ginzburg, Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 184 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Austin, D. R.

Bang, O.

Biancalana, F.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Boer, V.

Bolotovskii, B. M.

B. M. Bolotovskii and V. L. Ginzburg, Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 184 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Boppart, S. A.

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, Proc. SPIE 7569, 75692D (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, Opt. Express 17, 9858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Brown, T. G.

Chang, G.

Chang, W.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. H.

Chen, L. J.

Coen, S.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cristiani, I.

de Sterke, C. M.

Degiorgio, V.

Dudley, J. M.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

Genty, G.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gerritsen, H.

Ginzburg, V. L.

B. M. Bolotovskii and V. L. Ginzburg, Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 184 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Hölzer, P.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jakobsen, C.

Johansen, J.

Joly, N. Y.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kärtner, F. X.

Lægsgaard, J.

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, Opt. Lett. 35, 913 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, Opt. Express 18, 15475 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Turchinovich, X. Liu, and J. Lægsgaard, Opt. Express 16, 14004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, “Monolithic highly-stable Yb-doped femtosecond fiber lasers for applications in practical biophotonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., doi:10.1109/JSTQE.2012.2183580 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. C.

Li, D.

Liu, X.

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, Opt. Lett. 35, 913 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, Opt. Express 18, 15475 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Turchinovich, X. Liu, and J. Lægsgaard, Opt. Express 16, 14004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, “Monolithic highly-stable Yb-doped femtosecond fiber lasers for applications in practical biophotonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., doi:10.1109/JSTQE.2012.2183580 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

Møller, U.

Moselund, P. M.

Nazarkin, A.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nold, J.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Palero, J.

Qu, J. Y.

Russell, P. St. J.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sørensen, S. T.

Sterenborg, H. J. C. M.

Tartara, L.

Tediosi, R.

Thomsen, C. L.

Tu, H.

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, Proc. SPIE 7569, 75692D (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, Opt. Express 17, 9858 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Turchinovich, D.

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, Opt. Express 18, 15475 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, Opt. Lett. 35, 913 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. Turchinovich, X. Liu, and J. Lægsgaard, Opt. Express 16, 14004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, “Monolithic highly-stable Yb-doped femtosecond fiber lasers for applications in practical biophotonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., doi:10.1109/JSTQE.2012.2183580 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

Vijverberg, J.

Wai, P. K. A.

Wong, G. K. L.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, W.

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

N. Akhmediev and M. Karlsson, Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

N. Y. Joly, J. Nold, W. Chang, P. Hölzer, A. Nazarkin, G. K. L. Wong, F. Biancalana, and P. St. J. Russell, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 203901 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

H. Tu and S. A. Boppart, Proc. SPIE 7569, 75692D (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

J. M. Dudley, G. Genty, and S. Coen, Rev. Mod. Phys. 78, 1135 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Usp.

B. M. Bolotovskii and V. L. Ginzburg, Sov. Phys. Usp. 15, 184 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Other

X. Liu, J. Lægsgaard, and D. Turchinovich, “Monolithic highly-stable Yb-doped femtosecond fiber lasers for applications in practical biophotonics,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron., doi:10.1109/JSTQE.2012.2183580 (to be published).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Layout of the all-fiber Cherenkov source. HR, high-reflectivity pigtailed mirror; WDM, 980/1030 wavelength division multiplexer; LD, single-mode pumping diode at 974 nm; PM SC-PBG, polarization-maintaining all-solid photonic bandgap fiber; SESAM, semiconductor saturable absorber mirror; PISO, polarization-maintaining isolator; PFC, 80/20 polarization filter coupler; HC-PCF, laser pulse compressor hollow-core PCF; CR fiber, highly nonlinear fiber for CR generation. (Inset) Oscilloscope reading of the mode-locked pulse train.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Spectra of CR at variable output power. (Inset) Spectrum of the input femtosecond pump signal. (b) Generated CR output power (red circles) and 3 dB bandwidth (blue stars) as a function of increasing pump power. (c) (From left to right) Far-field saturated VIS images of the generated Cherenkov output as the pump laser power increases from 150 to 300 mW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

AC of the generated CR pulse (red solid) with the output power of 1.7 mW, and the input pump pulse (blue dotted).

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