Abstract

Third-harmonic generation microscopy has been used to analyze the morphology of photonic structures created using the femtosecond laser direct-write technique. Three-dimensional waveguide arrays and waveguide-Bragg gratings written in fused-silica and doped phosphate glass were investigated. A sensorless adaptive-optical system was used to correct the optical aberrations occurring in the sample and microscope system, which had a lateral resolution of less than 500nm. This nondestructive testing method creates volume reconstructions of photonic devices and reveals details invisible to other linear microscopy and index profilometry techniques.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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[Crossref] [PubMed]

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[Crossref]

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Aitchison, J. S.

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Chen, W.

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Miura, K.

Morgner, U.

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A. Szameit, D. Blomer, J. Burghoff, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 82, 507 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. Blomer, A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 14, 2151 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Osellame, R.

Pertsch, T.

A. Szameit, D. Blomer, J. Burghoff, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 82, 507 (2006).
[Crossref]

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Politi, A.

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[Crossref]

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Sugimoto, N.

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D. Blomer, A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 14, 2151 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Szameit, D. Blomer, J. Burghoff, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 82, 507 (2006).
[Crossref]

Taccheo, S.

Thayil, A.

Tünnermann, A.

D. Blomer, A. Szameit, F. Dreisow, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Express 14, 2151 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Szameit, D. Blomer, J. Burghoff, T. Pertsch, S. Nolte, and A. Tünnermann, Appl. Phys. B 82, 507 (2006).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, T.

Wilson, T.

Withford, M. J.

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[Crossref]

Zhang, H. B.

Zhang, L.

S. M. Eaton, W. Chen, L. Zhang, H. Zhang, R. Iyer, J. S. Aitchison, and P. R. Herman, IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 2174 (2006).
[Crossref]

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MOV (802 KB)     
» Media 2: MOV (1170 KB)     

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Still image from the animation obtained using the THG microscope images of the hexagonal waveguide array. Full animation shown in Media 1. (b) Refractive index profile of the end facet of the array. The vertically arranged “shadows” of the waveguides are an artifact of the RIP measurement method.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

THG microscope images of WBGs with periods indicated below each pane. The scale bar is 5 μm long.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Still from the animation of a vertically sectioned 1.01 μm period WBG. The writing laser was incident from the top. The white line indicates the position where the TDIC image section (right) is obtained and the full animation is shown in Media 2. (b) TDIC micrograph of the WBG shown left.

Metrics