In this Letter, we introduce an algorithm that overcomes limitations in shape measurement by holographic microscopic methods in cases of micro-optical elements with high NA, such as microlenses. The presented algorithm provides a simple method for shape reconstruction from interferometrically measured phase. The algorithm is based on the analysis of local ray transition through the measured object. We develop algorithms for holographic configurations working in transmission and reflection. The accuracy of the developed algorithms is proved by experiments and extensive simulations. We present an experiment in a holographic Mach–Zehnder configuration where we have measured and successfully reconstructed the height distribution of spherical and cylindrical microlenses with NA up to 0.3.
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