Abstract

We reported an efficient laser-diode (LD) end-pumped CW dual-wavelength Nd:YAG crystal laser operating at 1074 and 1112nm simultaneously, for the first time to our knowledge. The maximum output power was 3.15W with an optical conversion efficiency of 23.6%. Considering the broad absorption of carbonylhemoglobin and hemoglobin located at about 538 and 555nm, respectively, we proposed that this dual-wavelength laser is an important source for detecting carbon monoxide poisoning by simple frequency doubling.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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2011 (1)

2010 (2)

2009 (3)

2008 (2)

2007 (5)

D. G. Penny, Carbon Monoxide Poisoning (CRC Press, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Lu, X. H. Zhang, and H. M. Tan, Opt. Precis. Eng. 15, 674 (2007).

W. Shi, M. Leigh, J. Zong, and S. Jiang, Opt. Lett. 32, 949(2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Creeden, J. C. McCarthy, P. A. Ketteridge, P. G. Schunemann, T. Southward, J. J. Komiak, and E. P. Chicklis, Opt. Express 15, 6478 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Riesbeck and H. J. Eichler, Opt. Commun. 275, 429(2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, Y. J. Wang, Z. W. Wei, X. H. Zhang, and L. B. Gao, Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292 (2006), in Chinese.

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. F. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 70, 475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

G. D. Boyd, T. J. Bridges, C. K. N. Patel, and E. Buehler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 553 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

F. J. Zernike and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Agnesi, A.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, Appl. Phys. B 99, 135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Arcangeli, A.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, Appl. Phys. B 99, 135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Berman, P. R.

F. J. Zernike and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Bo, Y.

Boyd, G. D.

G. D. Boyd, T. J. Bridges, C. K. N. Patel, and E. Buehler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 553 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bridges, T. J.

G. D. Boyd, T. J. Bridges, C. K. N. Patel, and E. Buehler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 553 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Buehler, E.

G. D. Boyd, T. J. Bridges, C. K. N. Patel, and E. Buehler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 553 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 70, 475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

Convery, M.

Creeden, D.

Cui, D. F.

Ding, Y. J.

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eichler, H. J.

T. Riesbeck and H. J. Eichler, Opt. Commun. 275, 429(2007).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, M.

Gao, L. B.

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, Y. J. Wang, Z. W. Wei, X. H. Zhang, and L. B. Gao, Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292 (2006), in Chinese.

Gong, X.

Guo, S. Y.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. Luo, S. Y. Guo, H. H. Yu, and H. J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 95, 691 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hashimoto, H.

Ito, H.

Jia, Z.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, Appl. Phys. B 99, 135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

Jiang, S.

Ketteridge, P. A.

Komiak, J. J.

Leigh, M.

Li, C. Y.

Liu, Y.

Lu, Y. F.

Y. F. Lu, X. H. Zhang, and H. M. Tan, Opt. Precis. Eng. 15, 674 (2007).

Luo, H.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. Luo, S. Y. Guo, H. H. Yu, and H. J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 95, 691 (2009).
[CrossRef]

McCarthy, J. C.

Mckay, T.

Mildren, R. P.

Minamide, H.

Miyamoto, K.

Olson, K.

C. Smollin and K. Olson, Clin. Evid. 7, 2013 (2008).

Pask, H. M.

Patel, C. K. N.

G. D. Boyd, T. J. Bridges, C. K. N. Patel, and E. Buehler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 553 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Peng, Q. J.

Penny, D. G.

D. G. Penny, Carbon Monoxide Poisoning (CRC Press, 2007).
[CrossRef]

Piper, J. A.

Pirzio, F.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, Appl. Phys. B 99, 135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qu, D.

Reali, G.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, Appl. Phys. B 99, 135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Riesbeck, T.

T. Riesbeck and H. J. Eichler, Opt. Commun. 275, 429(2007).
[CrossRef]

Schunemann, P. G.

Shi, W.

Shi, Z.

Singh, S.

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Smollin, C.

C. Smollin and K. Olson, Clin. Evid. 7, 2013 (2008).

Southward, T.

Tan, H. M.

Y. F. Lu, X. H. Zhang, and H. M. Tan, Opt. Precis. Eng. 15, 674 (2007).

Tan, W. D.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. Luo, S. Y. Guo, H. H. Yu, and H. J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 95, 691 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tang, D. Y.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. Luo, S. Y. Guo, H. H. Yu, and H. J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 95, 691 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tao, X.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, Appl. Phys. B 99, 135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, Appl. Phys. B 99, 135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Van Uitert, L. G.

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

Wang, J. Y.

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, Y. J. Wang, Z. W. Wei, X. H. Zhang, and L. B. Gao, Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292 (2006), in Chinese.

Wang, Y. B.

Wang, Y. J.

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, Y. J. Wang, Z. W. Wei, X. H. Zhang, and L. B. Gao, Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292 (2006), in Chinese.

Wang, Z.

Wang, Z. C.

Wei, Z. W.

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, Y. J. Wang, Z. W. Wei, X. H. Zhang, and L. B. Gao, Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292 (2006), in Chinese.

Wu, K.

Xie, G. Q.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. Luo, S. Y. Guo, H. H. Yu, and H. J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 95, 691 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xie, S. Y.

Xu, J. L.

Xu, Y. T.

Xu, Z. Y.

Yang, F.

Yao, Y.

Yu, H.

Yu, H. H.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. Luo, S. Y. Guo, H. H. Yu, and H. J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 95, 691 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y.

Yun, K. M.

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, Y. J. Wang, Z. W. Wei, X. H. Zhang, and L. B. Gao, Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292 (2006), in Chinese.

Zernike, F. J.

F. J. Zernike and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

Zhang, H. J.

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. Luo, S. Y. Guo, H. H. Yu, and H. J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 95, 691 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Zhang, X. H.

Y. F. Lu, X. H. Zhang, and H. M. Tan, Opt. Precis. Eng. 15, 674 (2007).

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, Y. J. Wang, Z. W. Wei, X. H. Zhang, and L. B. Gao, Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292 (2006), in Chinese.

Zhao, L.

Zheng, Q.

Zhou, K.

Zong, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

Y. F. Chen, Appl. Phys. B 70, 475 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Q. Xie, D. Y. Tang, W. D. Tan, H. Luo, S. Y. Guo, H. H. Yu, and H. J. Zhang, Appl. Phys. B 95, 691 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Agnesi, F. Pirzio, G. Reali, A. Arcangeli, M. Tonelli, Z. Jia, and X. Tao, Appl. Phys. B 99, 135 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

G. D. Boyd, T. J. Bridges, C. K. N. Patel, and E. Buehler, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 553 (1972).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and Y. J. Ding, Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 848 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chin. J. Integr. Med. (1)

K. M. Yun, J. Y. Wang, Y. J. Wang, Z. W. Wei, X. H. Zhang, and L. B. Gao, Chin. J. Integr. Med. 4, 292 (2006), in Chinese.

Clin. Evid. (1)

C. Smollin and K. Olson, Clin. Evid. 7, 2013 (2008).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 895 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Riesbeck and H. J. Eichler, Opt. Commun. 275, 429(2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Precis. Eng. (1)

Y. F. Lu, X. H. Zhang, and H. M. Tan, Opt. Precis. Eng. 15, 674 (2007).

Phys. Rev. B (1)

S. Singh, R. G. Smith, and L. G. Van Uitert, Phys. Rev. B 10, 2566 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. J. Zernike and P. R. Berman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 15, 999 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. G. Penny, Carbon Monoxide Poisoning (CRC Press, 2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy level diagram of 1074 and 1112 nm transitions in Nd:YAG crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup of the Nd:YAG crystal laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Total and respective output powers versus the incident pump power.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Output spectrum when the pump power was 6.6 W .

Equations (8)

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P th , i = ln ( 1 R i ) + L i 2 l η i h ν p σ i τ i 1 s i ( r , z ) r p ( r , z ) d v , i = 0 , 1 , 2.
P th , i = A ln ( 1 R i ) + L i η i σ i , i = 0 , 1 , 2 , A = h ν p 2 l τ 0 1 s 0 ( r , z ) r p ( r , z ) d v ,
P th , 1 = A ln ( 1 R 1 ) + L 1 η 1 σ 1 < A ln ( 1 R 0 ) + L 0 η 0 σ 0 = P th , 0 .
P th , 2 = A ln ( 1 R 2 ) + L 0 η 2 σ 2 < A ln ( 1 R 0 ) + L 0 η 0 σ 0 = P th , 0 .
P f = P 1074 + P 1112 ,
P b = T 1074 P 1074 + T 1112 P 1112 ;
P 1074 = ( P b T 1112 P f ) / ( T 1074 T 1112 ) ,
P 1112 = P f P 1074 ,

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