Abstract

We demonstrate a robust optofluidic dye laser that integrates fluidics with a high Q-factor ring resonator. In this optofluidic laser the ring resonator is formed by an optical fiber fused on the inner surface of a glass capillary serving as a fluidic channel. Laser oscillation is achieved with a threshold of 7μJmm2 per pulse. Furthermore, the laser emission can be directionally outcoupled through a fiber prism for easy and efficient light delivery.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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2008 (2)

2007 (6)

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Photonics 1, 106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, X. Fan, and P. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Gersborg-Hansen and A. Kristensen, Opt. Express 15, 137 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Tanyeri, R. Perron, and I. M. Kennedy, Opt. Lett. 32, 2529 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Lacey, I. M. White, Y. Sun, S. I. Shopova, J. M. Cupps, P. Zhang, and X. Fan, Opt. Express 15, 15523 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

J. C. Galas, J. Torres, M. Belotti, Q. Kou, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Balslev and A. Kristensen, Opt. Express 13, 344 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

B. Helbo, A. Kristensen, and A. Menon, J. Micromech. Microeng. 13, 307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. An and H.-J. Moon, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 72, 773 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

H.-J. Moon and K. An, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3250 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H.-J. Moon, Y.-T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (1)

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 38, 5101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

1986 (1)

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, and R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

An, K.

K. An and H.-J. Moon, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 72, 773 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Moon and K. An, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3250 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Moon, Y.-T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Balslev, S.

Bawendi, M. G.

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belotti, M.

J. C. Galas, J. Torres, M. Belotti, Q. Kou, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chan, Y.

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, R. K.

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, and R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Q. Kou, I. Yesilyurt, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Galas, J. Torres, M. Belotti, Q. Kou, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chough, Y.-T.

H.-J. Moon, Y.-T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Conroy, R. S.

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cupps, J. M.

Domachuk, P.

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Photonics 1, 106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Driver, H. S. T.

Eggleton, B. J.

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Photonics 1, 106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Emery, T.

Fan, X.

Fu, J.

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fujiwara, H.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 38, 5101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Galas, J. C.

J. C. Galas, J. Torres, M. Belotti, Q. Kou, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gersborg-Hansen, M.

Helbo, B.

B. Helbo, A. Kristensen, and A. Menon, J. Micromech. Microeng. 13, 307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Howard, D. J.

Hutcheon, R. J.

Jiang, X.

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kennedy, I. M.

Knight, J. C.

Kou, Q.

Q. Kou, I. Yesilyurt, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Galas, J. Torres, M. Belotti, Q. Kou, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kristensen, A.

Lacey, S.

Li, Z.

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, Z. Zhang, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Express 14, 10494 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Z. Zhang, T. Emery, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Express 14, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Z. Zhang, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, in LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (2007), p. 70.

Mayers, B. T.

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Menon, A.

B. Helbo, A. Kristensen, and A. Menon, J. Micromech. Microeng. 13, 307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Monat, C.

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Photonics 1, 106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Moon, H.-J.

K. An and H.-J. Moon, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 72, 773 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Moon and K. An, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3250 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Moon, Y.-T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nocera, D. G.

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perron, R.

Psaltis, D.

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, Z. Zhang, T. Emery, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Express 14, 696 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Z. Zhang, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, Opt. Express 14, 10494 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, Z. Zhang, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, in LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (2007), p. 70.

Qian, S.-X.

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, and R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robertson, G. N.

Sasaki, K.

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 38, 5101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

Shopova, S. I.

Snee, P. T.

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Snow, J. B.

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, and R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, Q.

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Suter, J. D.

Tanyeri, M.

Tong, L.

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Torres, J.

J. C. Galas, J. Torres, M. Belotti, Q. Kou, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tzeng, H.-M.

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, and R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vezenov, D. V.

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Viator, J.

White, I. M.

Whitesides, G. M.

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yesilyurt, I.

Q. Kou, I. Yesilyurt, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, P.

Zhang, Z.

Zhu, H.

S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, X. Fan, and P. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

Q. Kou, I. Yesilyurt, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 091101 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Galas, J. Torres, M. Belotti, Q. Kou, and Y. Chen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 264101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H.-J. Moon and K. An, Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 3250 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. I. Shopova, H. Zhu, X. Fan, and P. Zhang, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 221101 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Jiang, Q. Song, L. Xu, J. Fu, and L. Tong, Appl. Phys. Lett. 90, 233501 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

D. V. Vezenov, B. T. Mayers, R. S. Conroy, G. M. Whitesides, P. T. Snee, Y. Chan, D. G. Nocera, and M. G. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 8952 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

B. Helbo, A. Kristensen, and A. Menon, J. Micromech. Microeng. 13, 307 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. (1)

K. An and H.-J. Moon, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 72, 773 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 (1)

H. Fujiwara and K. Sasaki, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. Part 1 38, 5101 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Microfluid. Nanofluid. (1)

Z. Li and D. Psaltis, Microfluid. Nanofluid. 4, 145 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

C. Monat, P. Domachuk, and B. J. Eggleton, Nat. Photonics 1, 106 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

H.-J. Moon, Y.-T. Chough, and K. An, Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3161 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

S.-X. Qian, J. B. Snow, H.-M. Tzeng, and R. K. Chang, Science 231, 486 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Z. Li, Z. Zhang, A. Scherer, and D. Psaltis, in LEOS Summer Topical Meetings (2007), p. 70.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Conceptual illustrations of OFRR dye lasers: (a) Side view, (b) cross-sectional view, (c) enlarged cross-sectional view of the OFRR, and (d) image of the fabricated OFRR dye laser. OFRR diameter = 125 μ m . Capillary inner diameter = 900 μ m and outer diameter = 1200 μ m .

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

WGM lasing spectra of two OFRR R6G lasers collected in free space. Insets, laser spectra with the fluorescence background removed.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Intensity of the lasing emission peak at 565 nm in Fig. 2b versus the pump intensity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fiber prism outcoupling setup. The dashed line profile indicates the virtual extension of the fiber prism. Inset, image of the fiber prism surface.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Directional outcoupling of the OFRR dye laser through a fiber prism.

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