Abstract

Optical sectioning is performed by collecting the fluorescent emission of two-exciton states in colloidal quantum dots. The two-exciton state is created by two consecutive resonant absorption events, thus requiring unprecedented low excitation energy and peak powers as low as 105 W/cm2. The depth resolution is shown to be equivalent to that of standard multiphoton microscopy, and it was found to deteriorate only slowly as saturation of the two-exciton state is approached, owing to signal contribution from higher excitonic states.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

2008 (2)

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J. P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, Nat. Mater. 7, 612 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

2007 (1)

D. Oron, M. Kazes, and U. Banin, Phys. Rev. B 75, 035330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

I. A. Akimov, J. T. Andrews, and F. Henneberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 067401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Wimmer, S. V. Nair, and J. Shumway, Phys. Rev. B 73, 165305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Narvaez, G. Bester, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205422 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

B. Fisher, J.-M. Caruge, Y.-T. Chan, J. Halpert, and M. G. Bawendi, Chem. Phys. 318, 71 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. F. van Driel, G. Allan, C. Delerue, P. Lodahl, W. L. Vos, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 236804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, Chem. Mater. 15, 2854 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, Science 300, 1434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 287, 1011 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. Ventelon, M. Blanchard-Desce, L. Moreaux, and J. Mertz, Chem. Commun. (Cambridge) 20, 2055 (1999).

1997 (2)

Y. Barad, H. Eizenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Maiti, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, W. R. Zipfel, and W. W. Webb, Science 275, 530 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

W. Denk, J. H. Strickler, and W. W. Webb, Science 248, 73 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

J. Gannaway and C. J. R. Sheppard, Opt. Quantum Electron. 10, 435 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, I. A.

I. A. Akimov, J. T. Andrews, and F. Henneberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 067401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Allan, G.

A. F. van Driel, G. Allan, C. Delerue, P. Lodahl, W. L. Vos, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 236804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, J. T.

I. A. Akimov, J. T. Andrews, and F. Henneberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 067401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Banin, U.

D. Oron, M. Kazes, and U. Banin, Phys. Rev. B 75, 035330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Barad, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eizenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M.

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bawendi, M. G.

B. Fisher, J.-M. Caruge, Y.-T. Chan, J. Halpert, and M. G. Bawendi, Chem. Phys. 318, 71 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 287, 1011 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bester, G.

G. A. Narvaez, G. Bester, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205422 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Blanchard-Desce, M.

L. Ventelon, M. Blanchard-Desce, L. Moreaux, and J. Mertz, Chem. Commun. (Cambridge) 20, 2055 (1999).

Bruchez, M. P.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, Science 300, 1434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Buil, S.

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J. P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, Nat. Mater. 7, 612 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Bussian, D. A.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

Caruge, J.-M.

B. Fisher, J.-M. Caruge, Y.-T. Chan, J. Halpert, and M. G. Bawendi, Chem. Phys. 318, 71 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Casson, J. L.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

Chan, Y.-T.

B. Fisher, J.-M. Caruge, Y.-T. Chan, J. Halpert, and M. G. Bawendi, Chem. Phys. 318, 71 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

Clark, S. W.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, Science 300, 1434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Delerue, C.

A. F. van Driel, G. Allan, C. Delerue, P. Lodahl, W. L. Vos, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 236804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Denk, W.

W. Denk, J. H. Strickler, and W. W. Webb, Science 248, 73 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Dubertret, B.

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J. P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, Nat. Mater. 7, 612 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Eisler, H.-J.

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Eizenberg, H.

Y. Barad, H. Eizenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, B.

B. Fisher, J.-M. Caruge, Y.-T. Chan, J. Halpert, and M. G. Bawendi, Chem. Phys. 318, 71 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Franceschetti, A.

G. A. Narvaez, G. Bester, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205422 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gannaway, J.

J. Gannaway and C. J. R. Sheppard, Opt. Quantum Electron. 10, 435 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Guo, W.

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, Chem. Mater. 15, 2854 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Halpert, J.

B. Fisher, J.-M. Caruge, Y.-T. Chan, J. Halpert, and M. G. Bawendi, Chem. Phys. 318, 71 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Henneberger, F.

I. A. Akimov, J. T. Andrews, and F. Henneberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 067401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hermier, J. P.

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J. P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, Nat. Mater. 7, 612 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hollingsworth, J. A.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

Holtom, G. R.

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Horowitz, M.

Y. Barad, H. Eizenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Htoon, H.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

Kazes, M.

D. Oron, M. Kazes, and U. Banin, Phys. Rev. B 75, 035330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Klimov, V. I.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 287, 1011 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Larson, D. R.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, Science 300, 1434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leatherdale, C. A.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 287, 1011 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lodahl, P.

A. F. van Driel, G. Allan, C. Delerue, P. Lodahl, W. L. Vos, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 236804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mahler, B.

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J. P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, Nat. Mater. 7, 612 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maiti, S.

S. Maiti, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, W. R. Zipfel, and W. W. Webb, Science 275, 530 (1997).
[CrossRef]

McBranch, D. W.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 287, 1011 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mertz, J.

L. Ventelon, M. Blanchard-Desce, L. Moreaux, and J. Mertz, Chem. Commun. (Cambridge) 20, 2055 (1999).

Mikhailovsky, A. A.

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 287, 1011 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moreaux, L.

L. Ventelon, M. Blanchard-Desce, L. Moreaux, and J. Mertz, Chem. Commun. (Cambridge) 20, 2055 (1999).

Nair, S. V.

M. Wimmer, S. V. Nair, and J. Shumway, Phys. Rev. B 73, 165305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Narvaez, G. A.

G. A. Narvaez, G. Bester, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205422 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Oron, D.

D. Oron, M. Kazes, and U. Banin, Phys. Rev. B 75, 035330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Peng, X.

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, Chem. Mater. 15, 2854 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Qu, L.

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, Chem. Mater. 15, 2854 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quelin, X.

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J. P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, Nat. Mater. 7, 612 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shear, J. B.

S. Maiti, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, W. R. Zipfel, and W. W. Webb, Science 275, 530 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sheppard, C. J. R.

J. Gannaway and C. J. R. Sheppard, Opt. Quantum Electron. 10, 435 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Shumway, J.

M. Wimmer, S. V. Nair, and J. Shumway, Phys. Rev. B 73, 165305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Silberberg, Y.

Y. Barad, H. Eizenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Spinicelli, P.

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J. P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, Nat. Mater. 7, 612 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Strickler, J. H.

W. Denk, J. H. Strickler, and W. W. Webb, Science 248, 73 (1990).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, A. F.

A. F. van Driel, G. Allan, C. Delerue, P. Lodahl, W. L. Vos, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 236804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vanmaekelbergh, D.

A. F. van Driel, G. Allan, C. Delerue, P. Lodahl, W. L. Vos, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 236804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vela, J.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

Ventelon, L.

L. Ventelon, M. Blanchard-Desce, L. Moreaux, and J. Mertz, Chem. Commun. (Cambridge) 20, 2055 (1999).

Vos, W. L.

A. F. van Driel, G. Allan, C. Delerue, P. Lodahl, W. L. Vos, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 236804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Webb, W. W.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, Science 300, 1434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Maiti, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, W. R. Zipfel, and W. W. Webb, Science 275, 530 (1997).
[CrossRef]

W. Denk, J. H. Strickler, and W. W. Webb, Science 248, 73 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Werder, D. J.

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

Williams, R. M.

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, Science 300, 1434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Maiti, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, W. R. Zipfel, and W. W. Webb, Science 275, 530 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wimmer, M.

M. Wimmer, S. V. Nair, and J. Shumway, Phys. Rev. B 73, 165305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F. W.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, Science 300, 1434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xie, X. S.

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yu, W. W.

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, Chem. Mater. 15, 2854 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zipfel, W. R.

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, Science 300, 1434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Maiti, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, W. R. Zipfel, and W. W. Webb, Science 275, 530 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zumbusch, A.

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zunger, A.

G. A. Narvaez, G. Bester, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205422 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Y. Barad, H. Eizenberg, M. Horowitz, and Y. Silberberg, Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 922 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Commun. (Cambridge) (1)

L. Ventelon, M. Blanchard-Desce, L. Moreaux, and J. Mertz, Chem. Commun. (Cambridge) 20, 2055 (1999).

Chem. Mater. (1)

W. W. Yu, L. Qu, W. Guo, and X. Peng, Chem. Mater. 15, 2854 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (1)

B. Fisher, J.-M. Caruge, Y.-T. Chan, J. Halpert, and M. G. Bawendi, Chem. Phys. 318, 71 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

S. Kim, B. Fisher, H.-J. Eisler, and M. Bawendi, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125, 11466 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Chen, J. Vela, H. Htoon, J. L. Casson, D. J. Werder, D. A. Bussian, V. I. Klimov, and J. A. Hollingsworth, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5026 (2008).

Nat. Biotechnol. (1)

W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, and W. W. Webb, Nat. Biotechnol. 21, 1369 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

B. Mahler, P. Spinicelli, S. Buil, X. Quelin, J. P. Hermier, and B. Dubertret, Nat. Mater. 7, 612 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

J. Gannaway and C. J. R. Sheppard, Opt. Quantum Electron. 10, 435 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

D. Oron, M. Kazes, and U. Banin, Phys. Rev. B 75, 035330 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Wimmer, S. V. Nair, and J. Shumway, Phys. Rev. B 73, 165305 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Narvaez, G. Bester, A. Franceschetti, and A. Zunger, Phys. Rev. B 74, 205422 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

A. F. van Driel, G. Allan, C. Delerue, P. Lodahl, W. L. Vos, and D. Vanmaekelbergh, Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 236804 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Zumbusch, G. R. Holtom, and X. S. Xie, Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4142 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. A. Akimov, J. T. Andrews, and F. Henneberger, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 067401 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Science (4)

D. R. Larson, W. R. Zipfel, R. M. Williams, S. W. Clark, M. P. Bruchez, F. W. Wise, and W. W. Webb, Science 300, 1434 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. Denk, J. H. Strickler, and W. W. Webb, Science 248, 73 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. Maiti, J. B. Shear, R. M. Williams, W. R. Zipfel, and W. W. Webb, Science 275, 530 (1997).
[CrossRef]

V. I. Klimov, A. A. Mikhailovsky, D. W. McBranch, C. A. Leatherdale, and M. G. Bawendi, Science 287, 1011 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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