Abstract

When an optically trapped and bound micrometer-sized chain of particles is subjected to a suitably oriented secondary laser beam above a threshold level of intensity, the structure will collapse. The effect arises from modifications to the interparticle energy landscapes owing to the superposition of optically induced potentials. From the theory it also emerges that, for particles separated by near-field distances, optically induced assemblies may be continuously transformed between linear, spherical, and lamellar forms. The results show scope for the optical fabrication of moldable nanoscale structures.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. C. Dávila Romero, J. Rodríguez, and D. L. Andrews, Opt. Commun. 281, 865 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. G. Crisp and D. L. Andrews, Proc. SPIE 6483, 648304 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. Chen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, and U. Mohideen, Opt. Express 15, 4823 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. K. Metzger, R. F. Marchington, M. Mazilu, R. L. Smith, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 068102 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. Guillon, O. Moine, and B. Stout, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143902 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Ahlawat, R. Dasgupta, and P. K. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6535, 65350W (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Thirunamachandran, Mol. Phys. 40, 393 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. M. Burns, J.-M. Fournier, and J. A. Golovchenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1233 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. K. Mohanty, J. T. Andrews, and P. K. Gupta, Opt. Express 12, 2746 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. C. D. Mellor, T. A. Fennerty, and C. D. Bain, Opt. Express 14, 10079 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. F. Depasse and J.-M. Vigoureux, J. Phys. D 27, 914 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Nieto-Vesperinas, P. C. Chaumet, and A. Rahmani, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 719 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Maystre and P. Vincent, J. Opt. A 8, 1059 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. A. Kemp, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113903 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. D. L. Andrews, R. G. Crisp, and D. S. Bradshaw, J. Phys. B 39, S637 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. S. Bradshaw and D. L. Andrews, Phys. Rev. A 72, 033816 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. O'Dell, S. Giovanazzi, G. Kurizki, and V. M. Akulin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5687 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Rodriguez, L. C. Dávila Romero, and D. L. Andrews, J. Nanophotonics 1, 019503 (2007).
    [CrossRef]

2008 (1)

L. C. Dávila Romero, J. Rodríguez, and D. L. Andrews, Opt. Commun. 281, 865 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

R. G. Crisp and D. L. Andrews, Proc. SPIE 6483, 648304 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Chen, G. L. Klimchitskaya, V. M. Mostepanenko, and U. Mohideen, Opt. Express 15, 4823 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Metzger, R. F. Marchington, M. Mazilu, R. L. Smith, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 068102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guillon, O. Moine, and B. Stout, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Ahlawat, R. Dasgupta, and P. K. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6535, 65350W (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Rodriguez, L. C. Dávila Romero, and D. L. Andrews, J. Nanophotonics 1, 019503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (4)

D. Maystre and P. Vincent, J. Opt. A 8, 1059 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. A. Kemp, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. L. Andrews, R. G. Crisp, and D. S. Bradshaw, J. Phys. B 39, S637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Mellor, T. A. Fennerty, and C. D. Bain, Opt. Express 14, 10079 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

D. S. Bradshaw and D. L. Andrews, Phys. Rev. A 72, 033816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, P. C. Chaumet, and A. Rahmani, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 719 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mohanty, J. T. Andrews, and P. K. Gupta, Opt. Express 12, 2746 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

D. O'Dell, S. Giovanazzi, G. Kurizki, and V. M. Akulin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5687 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

F. Depasse and J.-M. Vigoureux, J. Phys. D 27, 914 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

M. M. Burns, J.-M. Fournier, and J. A. Golovchenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1233 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

T. Thirunamachandran, Mol. Phys. 40, 393 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ahlawat, S.

S. Ahlawat, R. Dasgupta, and P. K. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6535, 65350W (2007).
[CrossRef]

Akulin, V. M.

D. O'Dell, S. Giovanazzi, G. Kurizki, and V. M. Akulin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5687 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andrews, D. L.

L. C. Dávila Romero, J. Rodríguez, and D. L. Andrews, Opt. Commun. 281, 865 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Crisp and D. L. Andrews, Proc. SPIE 6483, 648304 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Rodriguez, L. C. Dávila Romero, and D. L. Andrews, J. Nanophotonics 1, 019503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Andrews, R. G. Crisp, and D. S. Bradshaw, J. Phys. B 39, S637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Bradshaw and D. L. Andrews, Phys. Rev. A 72, 033816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Andrews, J. T.

Bain, C. D.

Bradshaw, D. S.

D. L. Andrews, R. G. Crisp, and D. S. Bradshaw, J. Phys. B 39, S637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Bradshaw and D. L. Andrews, Phys. Rev. A 72, 033816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Burns, M. M.

M. M. Burns, J.-M. Fournier, and J. A. Golovchenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1233 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chaumet, P. C.

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, P. C. Chaumet, and A. Rahmani, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 719 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, F.

Crisp, R. G.

R. G. Crisp and D. L. Andrews, Proc. SPIE 6483, 648304 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Andrews, R. G. Crisp, and D. S. Bradshaw, J. Phys. B 39, S637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dasgupta, R.

S. Ahlawat, R. Dasgupta, and P. K. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6535, 65350W (2007).
[CrossRef]

Dávila Romero, L. C.

L. C. Dávila Romero, J. Rodríguez, and D. L. Andrews, Opt. Commun. 281, 865 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Rodriguez, L. C. Dávila Romero, and D. L. Andrews, J. Nanophotonics 1, 019503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Depasse, F.

F. Depasse and J.-M. Vigoureux, J. Phys. D 27, 914 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

N. K. Metzger, R. F. Marchington, M. Mazilu, R. L. Smith, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 068102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fennerty, T. A.

Fournier, J.-M.

M. M. Burns, J.-M. Fournier, and J. A. Golovchenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1233 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giovanazzi, S.

D. O'Dell, S. Giovanazzi, G. Kurizki, and V. M. Akulin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5687 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Golovchenko, J. A.

M. M. Burns, J.-M. Fournier, and J. A. Golovchenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1233 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grzegorczyk, T. M.

T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. A. Kemp, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guillon, M.

M. Guillon, O. Moine, and B. Stout, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gupta, P. K.

S. Ahlawat, R. Dasgupta, and P. K. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6535, 65350W (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Mohanty, J. T. Andrews, and P. K. Gupta, Opt. Express 12, 2746 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kemp, B. A.

T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. A. Kemp, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klimchitskaya, G. L.

Kong, J. A.

T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. A. Kemp, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kurizki, G.

D. O'Dell, S. Giovanazzi, G. Kurizki, and V. M. Akulin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5687 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marchington, R. F.

N. K. Metzger, R. F. Marchington, M. Mazilu, R. L. Smith, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 068102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maystre, D.

D. Maystre and P. Vincent, J. Opt. A 8, 1059 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mazilu, M.

N. K. Metzger, R. F. Marchington, M. Mazilu, R. L. Smith, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 068102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mellor, C. D.

Metzger, N. K.

N. K. Metzger, R. F. Marchington, M. Mazilu, R. L. Smith, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 068102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mohanty, S. K.

Mohideen, U.

Moine, O.

M. Guillon, O. Moine, and B. Stout, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mostepanenko, V. M.

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, P. C. Chaumet, and A. Rahmani, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 719 (2004).
[CrossRef]

O'Dell, D.

D. O'Dell, S. Giovanazzi, G. Kurizki, and V. M. Akulin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5687 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rahmani, A.

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, P. C. Chaumet, and A. Rahmani, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 719 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, J.

J. Rodriguez, L. C. Dávila Romero, and D. L. Andrews, J. Nanophotonics 1, 019503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez, J.

L. C. Dávila Romero, J. Rodríguez, and D. L. Andrews, Opt. Commun. 281, 865 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. L.

N. K. Metzger, R. F. Marchington, M. Mazilu, R. L. Smith, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 068102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stout, B.

M. Guillon, O. Moine, and B. Stout, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Thirunamachandran, T.

T. Thirunamachandran, Mol. Phys. 40, 393 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Vigoureux, J.-M.

F. Depasse and J.-M. Vigoureux, J. Phys. D 27, 914 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vincent, P.

D. Maystre and P. Vincent, J. Opt. A 8, 1059 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

N. K. Metzger, R. F. Marchington, M. Mazilu, R. L. Smith, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 068102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nanophotonics (1)

J. Rodriguez, L. C. Dávila Romero, and D. L. Andrews, J. Nanophotonics 1, 019503 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A (1)

D. Maystre and P. Vincent, J. Opt. A 8, 1059 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B (1)

D. L. Andrews, R. G. Crisp, and D. S. Bradshaw, J. Phys. B 39, S637 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

F. Depasse and J.-M. Vigoureux, J. Phys. D 27, 914 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mol. Phys. (1)

T. Thirunamachandran, Mol. Phys. 40, 393 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

L. C. Dávila Romero, J. Rodríguez, and D. L. Andrews, Opt. Commun. 281, 865 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A (1)

M. Nieto-Vesperinas, P. C. Chaumet, and A. Rahmani, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London, Ser. A 362, 719 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

D. S. Bradshaw and D. L. Andrews, Phys. Rev. A 72, 033816 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

D. O'Dell, S. Giovanazzi, G. Kurizki, and V. M. Akulin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 5687 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. M. Grzegorczyk, B. A. Kemp, and J. A. Kong, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 113903 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. K. Metzger, R. F. Marchington, M. Mazilu, R. L. Smith, K. Dholakia, and E. M. Wright, Phys. Rev. Lett. 98, 068102 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Guillon, O. Moine, and B. Stout, Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 143902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Burns, J.-M. Fournier, and J. A. Golovchenko, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 1233 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (2)

R. G. Crisp and D. L. Andrews, Proc. SPIE 6483, 648304 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Ahlawat, R. Dasgupta, and P. K. Gupta, Proc. SPIE 6535, 65350W (2007).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Pair of particles irradiated by two counterpropagating beams designated primary, ( E 1 , k 1 ) and ( E 2 , k 2 ) (standard optical binding), and secondary beams, ( E 3 , k 3 ) reflected with transverse polarization as ( E 4 , k 4 ) . The angle subtended by the interparticle displacement vector R on the y axis is ϕ, and the angle between the R projection on the z x plane and the x axis is ζ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interparticle potential energy as a function of k R for ζ = 0 and ϕ = π 2 , when I s is (a) 0.0, (b) 0.4 I p , (c) 0.8 I p , (d) 1.2 I p , (e) 1.6 I p , and (f) 4.0 I p . The units of energy are [ I p k 3 α 0 A α 0 B ( 16 π 2 c ε 0 2 ) ] .

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ E = ( k 3 α 0 A α 0 B 16 π 2 c ϵ 0 2 ) ( [ I s D 1 + 2 I p C 1 ] cos k R k R + [ I s D 3 + 2 I p C 3 ] ( cos k R k 3 R 3 + sin k R k 2 R 2 ) ) .
Δ E = [ ( 2 I p I s ) α 0 A α 0 B 16 π 2 c ϵ 0 2 ] ( 1 3 cos 2 ϕ ) R 3 .

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