Abstract

A three-dimensional (3D) ring-shaped laser trap has been built using axicons. The diameter of this laser trap ranges from 70to140μm and is adjusted by simply changing the position of one axicon in the optical path. Parallel 3D trapping of 5μm silica microspheres and 3D confinement of cells along the ring are demonstrated. In this system the special optical properties of axicons are used to create a continuous annular trap with high power efficiency and a constant numerical aperture. This new approach, without any mechanical scanning, offers significant potential for applications in cell motility analysis and biotropism studies.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2006 (1)

2004 (2)

P. J. Rodrigo, V. R. Daria, and J. Gluckstad, Opt. Lett. 29, 2270 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Shao, S. Zlatanovic, and S. C. Esener, in Proc. SPIE 5514, 62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

2001 (1)

V. G.-C. J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Y. L. P. Patrizio, G. J. Sonek, M. W. Berns, and Y. Tadir, J. Androl 21, 753 (2000).
[PubMed]

1999 (2)

M. Eisenbach and I. Tur-Kaspa, BioEssays 21, 203 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. R. B. S. P. Smith, A. L. Brody, B. L. Brown, E. K. Boyda, and M. Prentiss, Am. J. Phys. 67, 26 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

Y. B. O. I. Manek and R. Grimm, Opt. Commun. 147, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Berns, Sci. Am. (Int. Ed.) 278, 52 (1998).

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E. A. Z. N. Dantas, Jr., Y. Tadir, M. W. Berns, M. J. Schell, and S. C. Stone, Fertil. Steril. 63, 185 (1995).
[PubMed]

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W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 53, 944 (1990).
[PubMed]

1989 (1)

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1989).
[PubMed]

1978 (1)

1960 (1)

1954 (1)

Arlt, J.

Arlt, V. G.-C. J.

V. G.-C. J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Asch, R. H.

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 53, 944 (1990).
[PubMed]

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1989).
[PubMed]

Batchelor, G. K.

G. K. Batchelor, An Introduction to Fluid Dynamics (Cambridge U. Press, 1991).

Belanger, P. A.

Berns, M. W.

Y. L. P. Patrizio, G. J. Sonek, M. W. Berns, and Y. Tadir, J. Androl 21, 753 (2000).
[PubMed]

M. W. Berns, Sci. Am. (Int. Ed.) 278, 52 (1998).

E. A. Z. N. Dantas, Jr., Y. Tadir, M. W. Berns, M. J. Schell, and S. C. Stone, Fertil. Steril. 63, 185 (1995).
[PubMed]

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 53, 944 (1990).
[PubMed]

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1989).
[PubMed]

Boyda, E. K.

S. R. B. S. P. Smith, A. L. Brody, B. L. Brown, E. K. Boyda, and M. Prentiss, Am. J. Phys. 67, 26 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brody, A. L.

S. R. B. S. P. Smith, A. L. Brody, B. L. Brown, E. K. Boyda, and M. Prentiss, Am. J. Phys. 67, 26 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brown, B. L.

S. R. B. S. P. Smith, A. L. Brody, B. L. Brown, E. K. Boyda, and M. Prentiss, Am. J. Phys. 67, 26 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Butler, W. F.

Chachisvilis, M.

Dantas, E. A. Z. N.

E. A. Z. N. Dantas, Jr., Y. Tadir, M. W. Berns, M. J. Schell, and S. C. Stone, Fertil. Steril. 63, 185 (1995).
[PubMed]

Daria, V. R.

Dholakia, K.

V. G.-C. J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Eisenbach, M.

M. Eisenbach and I. Tur-Kaspa, BioEssays 21, 203 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esener, S.

M. Ozkan, M. M. Wang, C. Ozkan, R. A. Flynn, and S. Esener, Biomed. Microdevices 5, 47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Esener, S. C.

B. Shao, S. Zlatanovic, and S. C. Esener, in Proc. SPIE 5514, 62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Flynn, R. A.

M. Ozkan, M. M. Wang, C. Ozkan, R. A. Flynn, and S. Esener, Biomed. Microdevices 5, 47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Furutake, N.

N. Furutake, "Immersion microscope objective lens system," U.S. patent 5,982,559 (November 9, 1999).

Gluckstad, J.

Grimm, R.

Y. B. O. I. Manek and R. Grimm, Opt. Commun. 147, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hagen, N.

Hossack, W. J.

Kariv, I.

Lafong, A.

Lykstad, K.

Manek, Y. B. O. I.

Y. B. O. I. Manek and R. Grimm, Opt. Commun. 147, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Marchand, P. J.

McLeod, J. H.

McMullin, L.

Ord, T.

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 53, 944 (1990).
[PubMed]

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1989).
[PubMed]

Ozkan, C.

M. Ozkan, M. M. Wang, C. Ozkan, R. A. Flynn, and S. Esener, Biomed. Microdevices 5, 47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ozkan, M.

M. Ozkan, M. M. Wang, C. Ozkan, R. A. Flynn, and S. Esener, Biomed. Microdevices 5, 47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Paliotti, M. J.

Patrizio, Y. L. P.

Y. L. P. Patrizio, G. J. Sonek, M. W. Berns, and Y. Tadir, J. Androl 21, 753 (2000).
[PubMed]

Pestana, L. M.

Prentiss, M.

S. R. B. S. P. Smith, A. L. Brody, B. L. Brown, E. K. Boyda, and M. Prentiss, Am. J. Phys. 67, 26 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rious, R. T. M.

Rodrigo, P. J.

Schell, M. J.

E. A. Z. N. Dantas, Jr., Y. Tadir, M. W. Berns, M. J. Schell, and S. C. Stone, Fertil. Steril. 63, 185 (1995).
[PubMed]

Schnabel, C. A.

Shao, B.

B. Shao, S. Zlatanovic, and S. C. Esener, in Proc. SPIE 5514, 62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. Shao, "Applying optical forces and elastic light scattering for manipulation and analysis of biological optics," Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, San Diego, San Diego, 2006).

Sibbett, W.

V. G.-C. J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Simons, L. A.

Smith, S. R. B. S. P.

S. R. B. S. P. Smith, A. L. Brody, B. L. Brown, E. K. Boyda, and M. Prentiss, Am. J. Phys. 67, 26 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sonek, G. J.

Y. L. P. Patrizio, G. J. Sonek, M. W. Berns, and Y. Tadir, J. Androl 21, 753 (2000).
[PubMed]

Stone, S. C.

E. A. Z. N. Dantas, Jr., Y. Tadir, M. W. Berns, M. J. Schell, and S. C. Stone, Fertil. Steril. 63, 185 (1995).
[PubMed]

Sur, S.

Tadir, W. H. W. Y.

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 53, 944 (1990).
[PubMed]

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1989).
[PubMed]

Tadir, Y.

Y. L. P. Patrizio, G. J. Sonek, M. W. Berns, and Y. Tadir, J. Androl 21, 753 (2000).
[PubMed]

E. A. Z. N. Dantas, Jr., Y. Tadir, M. W. Berns, M. J. Schell, and S. C. Stone, Fertil. Steril. 63, 185 (1995).
[PubMed]

Tu, E.

Tur-Kaspa, I.

M. Eisenbach and I. Tur-Kaspa, BioEssays 21, 203 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vafa, O.

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 53, 944 (1990).
[PubMed]

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1989).
[PubMed]

Wang, M. M.

Yang, R.

Zhang, H.

Zlatanovic, S.

B. Shao, S. Zlatanovic, and S. C. Esener, in Proc. SPIE 5514, 62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Am. J. Phys. (1)

S. R. B. S. P. Smith, A. L. Brody, B. L. Brown, E. K. Boyda, and M. Prentiss, Am. J. Phys. 67, 26 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

BioEssays (1)

M. Eisenbach and I. Tur-Kaspa, BioEssays 21, 203 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Biomed. Microdevices (1)

M. Ozkan, M. M. Wang, C. Ozkan, R. A. Flynn, and S. Esener, Biomed. Microdevices 5, 47 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Fertil. Steril. (3)

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 52, 870 (1989).
[PubMed]

W. H. W. Y. Tadir, O. Vafa, T. Ord, R. H. Asch, and M. W. Berns, Fertil. Steril. 53, 944 (1990).
[PubMed]

E. A. Z. N. Dantas, Jr., Y. Tadir, M. W. Berns, M. J. Schell, and S. C. Stone, Fertil. Steril. 63, 185 (1995).
[PubMed]

J. Androl (1)

Y. L. P. Patrizio, G. J. Sonek, M. W. Berns, and Y. Tadir, J. Androl 21, 753 (2000).
[PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Opt. Commun. (2)

Y. B. O. I. Manek and R. Grimm, Opt. Commun. 147, 67 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. G.-C. J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, Opt. Commun. 197, 239 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

B. Shao, S. Zlatanovic, and S. C. Esener, in Proc. SPIE 5514, 62 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sci. Am. (Int. Ed.) (1)

M. W. Berns, Sci. Am. (Int. Ed.) 278, 52 (1998).

Other (3)

B. Shao, "Applying optical forces and elastic light scattering for manipulation and analysis of biological optics," Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, San Diego, San Diego, 2006).

G. K. Batchelor, An Introduction to Fluid Dynamics (Cambridge U. Press, 1991).

N. Furutake, "Immersion microscope objective lens system," U.S. patent 5,982,559 (November 9, 1999).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup of the dynamically adjustable annular laser trap. M1–M7, mirrors.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Sequences of video frames showing (a), (b) a ring of trapped 5 μ m silica beads being moved in the transverse direction and then (c), (d) being lifted 100 μ m in the axial direction.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Geometrical structure of the annular trap: experiment and simulation. (a) Objective height z = 46 μ m , (b) 20 μ m , (c) 0 μ m , (d) 20 μ m , and (e) 46 μ m . (f) ZEMAX simulation. Left, the cross section of light rays in the chamber when z = 0 μ m ; right, the spot diagrams at the center of the chamber when the objective is at different heights corresponding to (a)–(e).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Size tunability. (a) At the original axial position of axicon (Axi) 2, the diameter of the ring trap is 70 μ m . (b) When axicon 2 is shifted to the left for 10 mm , the ring diameter increases to 140 μ m . (c), (d). ZEMAX simulated layout, focus closeup, and sample plane spot diagram for (a) and (b). MO, microscope objective.

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