Abstract

We report the experimental observations of vector pulse trapping and scalar dissipative soliton in a compact nanotube-mode-locked all-fiber laser for the first time to our best knowledge. The vector pulse exhibits a smooth Gaussian spectral profile without any sidebands. Although two orthogonally polarized components of the vector pulse have different central wavelengths, they copropagate as a unit in the laser cavity with the same speed. The scalar dissipative soliton shows a rectangular spectrum with pulse duration of ~13 ps, and can be compressed to ~320 fs external to the cavity. This flexible laser provides stable, ultrashort vector- and scalar-pulsed sources, which is convenient and attractive for practical applications.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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2014 (1)

2013 (7)

M. Hoffmann, S. Schilt, T. Südmeyer, “CEO stabilization of a femtosecond laser using a SESAM as fast opto-optical modulator,” Opt. Express 21(24), 30054–30064 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3190–3193 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zeng, X. Liu, L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18937–18942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Cui, X. M. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci Rep 3, 3223 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci Rep 3, 3154 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

2012 (7)

2011 (5)

X. M. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 023835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Mou, S. Sergeyev, A. Rozhin, S. Turistyn, “All-fiber polarization locked vector soliton laser using carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3831–3833 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, L. Duan, “Observations of four types of pulses in a fiber laser with large net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7616–7624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Hu, H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 134–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (7)

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, F. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, “Dynamic evolution of temporal dissipative-soliton molecules in large normal path-averaged dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(6), 063834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, D. Mao, “Compact all-fiber high-energy fiber laser with sub-300-fs duration,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8847–8852 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser & Photon. Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Zhao, D. Y. Tang, H. Zhang, X. Wu, N. Xiang, “Soliton trapping in fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 16(13), 9528–9533 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Schmidt, S. Rivier, G. Steinmeyer, J. H. Yim, W. B. Cho, S. Lee, F. Rotermund, M. C. Pujol, X. Mateos, M. Aguiló, F. Díaz, V. Petrov, U. Griebner, “Passive mode locking of Yb:KLuW using a single-walled carbon nanotube saturable absorber,” Opt. Lett. 33(7), 729–731 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

2002 (1)

1995 (2)

1993 (1)

1989 (1)

1988 (1)

1987 (1)

Afanasjev, V. V.

Aguiló, M.

Akhmediev, N.

P. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Akhmediev, N. N.

Andersen, D. R.

Arif, R. N.

Burns, D.

Buryak, A. V.

Cho, W. B.

Chong, A.

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser & Photon. Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y. D.

X. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Y. D. Cui, X. M. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Díaz, F.

Duan, L.

Evans, J. M.

Fedotov, Y. S.

Ferrari, A. C.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y.

Gong, Y. K.

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Grelu, P.

P. Grelu, N. Akhmediev, “Dissipative solitons for mode-locked lasers,” Nat. Photonics 6(2), 84–92 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Griebner, U.

Han, D.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci Rep 3, 3223 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Han, X. M. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27045–27050 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Han, D. D.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3190–3193 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

Hennrich, F.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hoffmann, M.

Hu, X.

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Hu, H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 134–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ilday, F.

B. Oktem, C. Ulgudur, F. Ilday, “Soliton-similariton fibre laser,” Nat. Photonics 4(5), 307–311 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

Kim, D. Y.

Kobtsev, S.

Kobtsev, S. M.

Korolev, A. E.

Kukarin, S.

Kukarin, S. V.

Latkin, A.

Lee, S.

Li, H. H.

Liu, J.

Liu, X.

C. Zeng, X. Liu, L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18937–18942 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, H. Lu, “Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2619–2621 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(1), 265–270 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, L. Duan, “Observations of four types of pulses in a fiber laser with large net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7616–7624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Hu, H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 134–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Mechanism of high-energy pulse generation without wave breaking in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(5), 053808 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Pulse evolution without wave breaking in a strongly dissipative-dispersive laser system,” Phys. Rev. A 81(5), 053819 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, “Hysteresis phenomena and multipulse formation of a dissipative system in a passively mode-locked fiber laser,” Phys. Rev. A 81(2), 023811 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci Rep 3, 3223 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. D. Cui, X. M. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3190–3193 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Han, X. M. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27045–27050 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. M. Liu, “Interaction and motion of solitons in passively-mode-locked fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(5), 053828 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, “Soliton formation and evolution in passively-mode-locked lasers with ultralong anomalous-dispersion fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 84(2), 023835 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, “Dynamic evolution of temporal dissipative-soliton molecules in large normal path-averaged dispersion fiber lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 82(6), 063834 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 63–67 (2010).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, D. Mao, “Compact all-fiber high-energy fiber laser with sub-300-fs duration,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8847–8852 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, H.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3190–3193 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci Rep 3, 3223 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, H. Lu, “Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2619–2621 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Hu, H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 134–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mao, D.

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci Rep 3, 3223 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, D. D. Han, H. Lu, “Compact all-fiber laser delivering conventional and dissipative solitons,” Opt. Lett. 38(16), 3190–3193 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Yun, X. M. Liu, D. Mao, “Observation of dual-wavelength dissipative solitons in a figure-eight erbium-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(19), 20992–20997 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, H. Lu, “Observation of pulse trapping in a near-zero dispersion regime,” Opt. Lett. 37(13), 2619–2621 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Duan, X. Liu, D. Mao, L. Wang, G. Wang, “Experimental observation of dissipative soliton resonance in an anomalous-dispersion fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(1), 265–270 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Wang, X. Liu, Y. Gong, D. Mao, L. Duan, “Observations of four types of pulses in a fiber laser with large net-normal dispersion,” Opt. Express 19(8), 7616–7624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Hu, H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 134–138 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, D. Mao, “Compact all-fiber high-energy fiber laser with sub-300-fs duration,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8847–8852 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mateos, X.

Menyuk, C. R.

Mikhailov, V.

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci Rep 3, 3154 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milne, W. I.

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Mou, C.

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Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
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Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

Z. Sun, A. G. Rozhin, F. Wang, V. Scardaci, W. I. Milne, I. H. White, F. Hennrich, A. C. Ferrari, “L-band ultrafast fiber laser mode locked by carbon nanotubes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061114 (2008).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser & Photon. Rev. (1)

F. W. Wise, A. Chong, W. H. Renninger, “High-energy femtosecond fiber lasers based on pulse propagation at normal dispersion,” Laser & Photon. Rev. 2(1-2), 58–73 (2008).
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L. R. Wang, X. M. Liu, Y. K. Gong, “Giant-chirp oscillator for ultra-large net-normal-dispersion fiber lasers,” Laser Phys. Lett. 7(1), 63–67 (2010).
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D. Mao, X. Liu, L. Wang, X. Hu, H. Lu, “Partially polarized wave-breaking-free dissipative soliton with super-broad spectrum in a mode-locked fiber laser,” Laser Phys. Lett. 8(2), 134–138 (2011).
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D. Han, X. M. Liu, “Sideband-controllable mode-locking fiber laser based on chirped fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Express 20(24), 27045–27050 (2012).
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S. Kobtsev, S. Kukarin, S. Smirnov, S. Turitsyn, A. Latkin, “Generation of double-scale femto/pico-second optical lumps in mode-locked fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 17(23), 20707–20713 (2009).
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C. Zeng, X. Liu, L. Yun, “Bidirectional fiber soliton laser mode-locked by single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18937–18942 (2013).
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M. Hoffmann, S. Schilt, T. Südmeyer, “CEO stabilization of a femtosecond laser using a SESAM as fast opto-optical modulator,” Opt. Express 21(24), 30054–30064 (2013).
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Y. S. Fedotov, S. M. Kobtsev, R. N. Arif, A. G. Rozhin, C. Mou, S. K. Turitsyn, “Spectrum-, pulsewidth-, and wavelength-switchable all-fiber mode-locked Yb laser with fiber based birefringent filter,” Opt. Express 20(16), 17797–17805 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xu, S. D. Wu, H. H. Li, J. Liu, R. Y. Sun, F. Z. Tan, Q. H. Yang, P. Wang, “Dissipative soliton generation from a graphene oxide mode-locked Er-doped fiber laser,” Opt. Express 20(21), 23653–23658 (2012).
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Y. D. Cui, X. M. Liu, “Graphene and nanotube mode-locked fiber laser emitting dissipative and conventional solitons,” Opt. Express 21(16), 18969–18974 (2013).
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X. M. Liu, D. Mao, “Compact all-fiber high-energy fiber laser with sub-300-fs duration,” Opt. Express 18(9), 8847–8852 (2010).
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Sci Rep (3)

X. Liu, D. D. Han, Z. P. Sun, C. Zeng, H. Lu, D. Mao, Y. D. Cui, F. Q. Wang, “Versatile multi-wavelength ultrafast fiber laser mode-locked by carbon nanotubes,” Sci Rep 3, 2718 (2013).
[PubMed]

D. Mao, X. M. Liu, Z. Sun, H. Lu, D. Han, G. Wang, F. Wang, “Flexible high-repetition-rate ultrafast fiber laser,” Sci Rep 3, 3223 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Tsatourian, S. V. Sergeyev, C. Mou, A. Rozhin, V. Mikhailov, B. Rabin, P. S. Westbrook, S. K. Turitsyn, “Polarisation dynamics of vector soliton molecules in mode locked fibre laser,” Sci Rep 3, 3154 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Solitons Around Us: Integrable, Hamiltonian and Dissipative System (Springer, 2003).

K. Porsezian and V. C. Kuriakose, Optical Solitons: Theoretical and Experimental Challenges (Springer, 2003).

N. N. Akhmediev and A. Ankiewicz, Dissipative Solitons, Vol. 661 of Notes in Physics (Springer, 2005).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the two-color mode-locked fiber laser. EDF, erbium-doped fiber; SMF, single mode fiber; WDM, wavelength-division multiplexer; SWNT-SA, single-walled carbon nanotube-based saturable absorber; CIR, circulator; LD, laser diode; OC, output coupler; PC, polarization controller; PI-ISO, polarization-insensitive isolator; PS-ISO, polarization-sensitive isolator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Optical spectra, (b) AC traces, (c)-(e) oscilloscope traces of vector pulse. The insets of Fig. 2(a) are RF spectra of two polarization-resolved components. The red and blue curves denote horizontal and vertical components, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Optical spectra, (b) AC traces, (c) oscilloscope trace, (d) RF spectra of scalar dissipative soliton. The red and blue curves denote horizontal and vertical components, respectively.

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