Abstract

The first geostationary ocean color satellite sensor, Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI), which is onboard South Korean Communication, Ocean, and Meteorological Satellite (COMS), was successfully launched in June of 2010. GOCI has a local area coverage of the western Pacific region centered at around 36°N and 130°E and covers ~2500 × 2500 km2. GOCI has eight spectral bands from 412 to 865 nm with an hourly measurement during daytime from 9:00 to 16:00 local time, i.e., eight images per day. In a collaboration between NOAA Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR) and Korea Institute of Ocean Science and Technology (KIOST), we have been working on deriving and improving GOCI ocean color products, e.g., normalized water-leaving radiance spectra (nLw(λ)), chlorophyll-a concentration, diffuse attenuation coefficient at the wavelength of 490 nm (Kd(490)), etc. The GOCI-covered ocean region includes one of the world’s most turbid and optically complex waters. To improve the GOCI-derived nLw(λ) spectra, a new atmospheric correction algorithm was developed and implemented in the GOCI ocean color data processing. The new algorithm was developed specifically for GOCI-like ocean color data processing for this highly turbid western Pacific region. In this paper, we show GOCI ocean color results from our collaboration effort. From in situ validation analyses, ocean color products derived from the new GOCI ocean color data processing have been significantly improved. Generally, the new GOCI ocean color products have a comparable data quality as those from the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on the satellite Aqua. We show that GOCI-derived ocean color data can provide an effective tool to monitor ocean phenomenon in the region such as tide-induced re-suspension of sediments, diurnal variation of ocean optical and biogeochemical properties, and horizontal advection of river discharge. In particular, we show some examples of ocean diurnal variations in the region, which can be provided effectively from satellite geostationary measurements.

© 2013 OSA

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2012 (11)

J. K. Choi, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ahn, H. S. Lim, J. Eom, and J. H. Ryu, “GOCI, the world's first geostationary ocean color observation satellite, for the monitoring of temporal variability in coastal water turbidity,” J. Geophys. Res.117(C9), C09004 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Satellite views of the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr.104, 30–45 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and W. Shi, “Sensor noise effects of the SWIR bands on MODIS-derived ocean color products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.50(9), 3280–3292 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Sea ice properties in the Bohai Sea measured by MODIS-Aqua: 1. Satellite algorithm development,” J. Mar. Syst.95, 32–40 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Sea ice properties in the Bohai Sea measured by MODIS-Aqua: 2. Study of sea ice seasonal and interannual variability,” J. Mar. Syst.95, 41–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, C. J. Nim, S. Son, and W. Shi, “Characterization of turbidity in Florida’s Lake Okeechobee and Caloosahatchee and St. Lucie estuaries using MODIS-Aqua measurements,” Water Res.46(16), 5410–5422 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Neukermans, K. G. Ruddick, and N. Greenwood, “Diurnal variability of turbidity and light attenuation in the southern North Sea from SEVIRI geostationary sensor,” Remote Sens. Environ.124, 564–580 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Ahn, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, B. Lee, and I. S. Oh, “Development of atmospheric correction algorithm for Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 247–259 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, W. Shi, and L. Jiang, “Atmospheric correction using near-infrared bands for satellite ocean color data processing in the turbid western Pacific region,” Opt. Express20(2), 741–753 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (6)

M. Wang, W. Shi, and J. Tang, “Water property monitoring and assessment for China's inland Lake Taihu from MODIS-Aqua measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(3), 841–854 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, M. Wang, X. Li, and W. G. Pichel, “Ocean sand ridge signatures in the Bohai Sea observed by satellite ocean color and synthetic aperture radar measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(8), 1926–1934 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, M. Wang, and L. Jiang, “Spring-neap tidal effects on satellite ocean color observations in the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res.116(C12), C12032 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

G. Dall'Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Loisel, V. Vantrepotte, K. Norkvist, X. Meriaux, M. Kheireddine, J. Ras, M. Pujo-Pay, Y. Combet, K. Leblanc, G. Dall'Olmo, R. Mauriac, D. Dessailly, and T. Moutin, “Characterization of the bio-optical anomaly and diurnal variability of particulate matter, as seen from scattering and backscattering coefficients, in ultra-oligotrophic eddies of the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3295–3317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. Eom, and J. H. Ahn, “Temporal variation in Korean coastal waters using Geostationary Ocean Color Imager,” J. Coast. Res.64, 1731–1735 (2011).

2010 (5)

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Characterization of global ocean turbidity from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ocean color observations,” J. Geophys. Res.115(C11), C11022 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Satellite observations of the seasonal sediment plume in central East China Sea,” J. Mar. Syst.82(4), 280–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Zhang, J. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Cho, Y. H. Ahn, J. H. Ryu, G. Kang, and H. Youn, “Development of Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Korean J. Remote Sens.26, 157–165 (2010).

S. W. Bailey, B. A. Franz, and P. J. Werdell, “Estimation of near-infrared water-leaving reflectance for satellite ocean color data processing,” Opt. Express18(7), 7521–7527 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

M. Wang, S. Son, and W. Shi, “Evaluation of MODIS SWIR and NIR-SWIR atmospheric correction algorithm using SeaBASS data,” Remote Sens. Environ.113(3), 635–644 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, S. Son, and J. L. W. Harding., “Retrieval of diffuse attenuation coefficient in the Chesapeake Bay and turbid ocean regions for satellite ocean color applications,” J. Geophys. Res.114(C10), C10011 (2009), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and W. Shi, “Detection of ice and mixed ice-water pixels for MODIS ocean color data processing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.47(8), 2510–2518 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “An assessment of the black ocean pixel assumption for MODIS SWIR bands,” Remote Sens. Environ.113(8), 1587–1597 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (6)

M. Wang, J. Tang, and W. Shi, “MODIS-derived ocean color products along the China east coastal region,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(6), L06611 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Detection of turbid waters and absorbing aerosols for the MODIS ocean color data processing,” Remote Sens. Environ.110(2), 149–161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel, Y. Huot, B. Gentili, P. J. Werdell, S. B. Hooker, and B. A. Franz, “Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach,” Remote Sens. Environ.111(1), 69–88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, “Remote sensing of the ocean contributions from ultraviolet to near-infrared using the shortwave infrared bands: simulations,” Appl. Opt.46(9), 1535–1547 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. A. Franz, S. W. Bailey, P. J. Werdell, and C. R. McClain, “Sensor-independent approach to the vicarious calibration of satellite ocean color radiometry,” Appl. Opt.46(22), 5068–5082 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wang and W. Shi, “The NIR-SWIR combined atmospheric correction approach for MODIS ocean color data processing,” Opt. Express15(24), 15722–15733 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

2005 (4)

M. Wang, K. D. Knobelspiesse, and C. R. McClain, “Study of the Sea-Viewing Wide Field-of-View Sensor (SeaWiFS) aerosol optical property data over ocean in combination with the ocean color products,” J. Geophys. Res.110(D10), D10S06 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, “A refinement for the Rayleigh radiance computation with variation of the atmospheric pressure,” Int. J. Remote Sens.26(24), 5651–5663 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, M. Darecki, K. Carder, C. Davis, D. Stramski, and W. Rhea, “Diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance: An evaluation of remote sensing methods,” J. Geophys. Res.110(C2), C02017 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

H. R. Gordon, “Normalized water-leaving radiance: revisiting the influence of surface roughness,” Appl. Opt.44(2), 241–248 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

S. L. Yang, J. Zhang, and J. Zhu, “Response of suspended sediment concentration to tidal dynamics at a site inside the mouth of an inlet: Jiaozhou Bay (China),” Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci.8(2), 170–182 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. Neveux, C. Dupouy, J. Blanchot, A. L. Bouteiller, M. R. Landry, and S. L. Brown, “Diel dynamics of chlorophylls in high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll waters of the equatorial Pacific (180 degrees): Interactions of growth, grazing, physiological responses, and mixing,” J. Geophys. Res.108(C12), 8140 (2003), .
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

R. J. Uncles, J. A. Stephens, and R. E. Smith, “The dependence of estuarine turbidity on tidal intrusion length, tidal range and residence time,” Cont. Shelf Res.22(11-13), 1835–1856 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and H. R. Gordon, “Calibration of ocean color scanners: How much error is acceptable in the near-infrared,” Remote Sens. Environ.82(2-3), 497–504 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, “The Rayleigh lookup tables for the SeaWiFS data processing: Accounting for the effects of ocean surface roughness,” Int. J. Remote Sens.23(13), 2693–2702 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (2)

M. Wang, “Atmospheric correction of ocean color sensors: Computing atmospheric diffuse transmittance,” Appl. Opt.38(3), 451–455 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wang, “A sensitivity study of SeaWiFS atmospheric correction algorithm: Effects of spectral band variations,” Remote Sens. Environ.67(3), 348–359 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

H. R. Gordon, “In-orbit calibration strategy for ocean color sensors,” Remote Sens. Environ.63(3), 265–278 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res.103(C11), 24937–24953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. Guo and T. Yanagi, “Three-dimensional structure of tidal current in the East China Sea and Yellow Sea,” J. Oceanogr.54(6), 651–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

T. Yanagi, A. Morimoto, and K. Ichikawa, “Co-tidal and co-range charts for the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea derived from satellite altimetric data,” J. Oceanogr.53, 303–310 (1997).

H. Yang and H. R. Gordon, “Remote sensing of ocean color: assessment of water-leaving radiance bidirectional effects on atmospheric diffuse transmittance,” Appl. Opt.36(30), 7887–7897 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

1991 (1)

1988 (1)

1975 (1)

S. W. Jeffrey and G. F. Humphrey, “New spectrophotometric equation for determining chlorophyll a, b, c1 and c2,” Biochem. Physiol. Pflanz.167, 194–204 (1975).

Ahn, J. H.

J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Choi, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ahn, H. S. Lim, J. Eom, and J. H. Ryu, “GOCI, the world's first geostationary ocean color observation satellite, for the monitoring of temporal variability in coastal water turbidity,” J. Geophys. Res.117(C9), C09004 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. H. Ahn, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, B. Lee, and I. S. Oh, “Development of atmospheric correction algorithm for Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 247–259 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. Eom, and J. H. Ahn, “Temporal variation in Korean coastal waters using Geostationary Ocean Color Imager,” J. Coast. Res.64, 1731–1735 (2011).

Ahn, Y. H.

J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Cho, Y. H. Ahn, J. H. Ryu, G. Kang, and H. Youn, “Development of Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Korean J. Remote Sens.26, 157–165 (2010).

Al-Saadi, J.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Bailey, S. W.

Behrenfeld, M. J.

G. Dall'Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Blanchot, J.

J. Neveux, C. Dupouy, J. Blanchot, A. L. Bouteiller, M. R. Landry, and S. L. Brown, “Diel dynamics of chlorophylls in high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll waters of the equatorial Pacific (180 degrees): Interactions of growth, grazing, physiological responses, and mixing,” J. Geophys. Res.108(C12), 8140 (2003), .
[CrossRef]

Boss, E.

G. Dall'Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Bouteiller, A. L.

J. Neveux, C. Dupouy, J. Blanchot, A. L. Bouteiller, M. R. Landry, and S. L. Brown, “Diel dynamics of chlorophylls in high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll waters of the equatorial Pacific (180 degrees): Interactions of growth, grazing, physiological responses, and mixing,” J. Geophys. Res.108(C12), 8140 (2003), .
[CrossRef]

Brown, J. W.

Brown, S. L.

J. Neveux, C. Dupouy, J. Blanchot, A. L. Bouteiller, M. R. Landry, and S. L. Brown, “Diel dynamics of chlorophylls in high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll waters of the equatorial Pacific (180 degrees): Interactions of growth, grazing, physiological responses, and mixing,” J. Geophys. Res.108(C12), 8140 (2003), .
[CrossRef]

Carder, K.

Z. P. Lee, M. Darecki, K. Carder, C. Davis, D. Stramski, and W. Rhea, “Diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance: An evaluation of remote sensing methods,” J. Geophys. Res.110(C2), C02017 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Carder, K. L.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res.103(C11), 24937–24953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chance, K.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chavez, F.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Chin, M.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cho, S.

S. Cho, Y. H. Ahn, J. H. Ryu, G. Kang, and H. Youn, “Development of Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Korean J. Remote Sens.26, 157–165 (2010).

Choi, J. K.

J. K. Choi, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ahn, H. S. Lim, J. Eom, and J. H. Ryu, “GOCI, the world's first geostationary ocean color observation satellite, for the monitoring of temporal variability in coastal water turbidity,” J. Geophys. Res.117(C9), C09004 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. Eom, and J. H. Ahn, “Temporal variation in Korean coastal waters using Geostationary Ocean Color Imager,” J. Coast. Res.64, 1731–1735 (2011).

Coble, P.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Combet, Y.

H. Loisel, V. Vantrepotte, K. Norkvist, X. Meriaux, M. Kheireddine, J. Ras, M. Pujo-Pay, Y. Combet, K. Leblanc, G. Dall'Olmo, R. Mauriac, D. Dessailly, and T. Moutin, “Characterization of the bio-optical anomaly and diurnal variability of particulate matter, as seen from scattering and backscattering coefficients, in ultra-oligotrophic eddies of the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3295–3317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Courties, C.

G. Dall'Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dall'Olmo, G.

G. Dall'Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Loisel, V. Vantrepotte, K. Norkvist, X. Meriaux, M. Kheireddine, J. Ras, M. Pujo-Pay, Y. Combet, K. Leblanc, G. Dall'Olmo, R. Mauriac, D. Dessailly, and T. Moutin, “Characterization of the bio-optical anomaly and diurnal variability of particulate matter, as seen from scattering and backscattering coefficients, in ultra-oligotrophic eddies of the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3295–3317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Darecki, M.

Z. P. Lee, M. Darecki, K. Carder, C. Davis, D. Stramski, and W. Rhea, “Diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance: An evaluation of remote sensing methods,” J. Geophys. Res.110(C2), C02017 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Davis, C.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Z. P. Lee, M. Darecki, K. Carder, C. Davis, D. Stramski, and W. Rhea, “Diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance: An evaluation of remote sensing methods,” J. Geophys. Res.110(C2), C02017 (2005), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Dessailly, D.

H. Loisel, V. Vantrepotte, K. Norkvist, X. Meriaux, M. Kheireddine, J. Ras, M. Pujo-Pay, Y. Combet, K. Leblanc, G. Dall'Olmo, R. Mauriac, D. Dessailly, and T. Moutin, “Characterization of the bio-optical anomaly and diurnal variability of particulate matter, as seen from scattering and backscattering coefficients, in ultra-oligotrophic eddies of the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3295–3317 (2011).
[CrossRef]

DiGiacomo, P. M.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ding, J.

M. Zhang, J. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dong, Q.

M. Zhang, J. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dupouy, C.

J. Neveux, C. Dupouy, J. Blanchot, A. L. Bouteiller, M. R. Landry, and S. L. Brown, “Diel dynamics of chlorophylls in high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll waters of the equatorial Pacific (180 degrees): Interactions of growth, grazing, physiological responses, and mixing,” J. Geophys. Res.108(C12), 8140 (2003), .
[CrossRef]

Edwards, D.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eldering, A.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eom, J.

J. K. Choi, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ahn, H. S. Lim, J. Eom, and J. H. Ryu, “GOCI, the world's first geostationary ocean color observation satellite, for the monitoring of temporal variability in coastal water turbidity,” J. Geophys. Res.117(C9), C09004 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. Eom, and J. H. Ahn, “Temporal variation in Korean coastal waters using Geostationary Ocean Color Imager,” J. Coast. Res.64, 1731–1735 (2011).

Evans, R. H.

Fishman, J.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Franz, B. A.

Garver, S. A.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res.103(C11), 24937–24953 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gentili, B.

A. Morel, Y. Huot, B. Gentili, P. J. Werdell, S. B. Hooker, and B. A. Franz, “Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach,” Remote Sens. Environ.111(1), 69–88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Morel and B. Gentili, “Diffuse reflectance of oceanic waters: its dependence on Sun angle as influenced by the molecular scattering contribution,” Appl. Opt.30(30), 4427–4438 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goes, J.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, H. R.

Greenwood, N.

G. Neukermans, K. G. Ruddick, and N. Greenwood, “Diurnal variability of turbidity and light attenuation in the southern North Sea from SEVIRI geostationary sensor,” Remote Sens. Environ.124, 564–580 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Guo, X.

X. Guo and T. Yanagi, “Three-dimensional structure of tidal current in the East China Sea and Yellow Sea,” J. Oceanogr.54(6), 651–668 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, H. J.

J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Harding, J. L. W.

M. Wang, S. Son, and J. L. W. Harding., “Retrieval of diffuse attenuation coefficient in the Chesapeake Bay and turbid ocean regions for satellite ocean color applications,” J. Geophys. Res.114(C10), C10011 (2009), doi:.
[CrossRef]

Hardman-Mountford, N.

G. Dall'Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Herman, J.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, S. B.

A. Morel, Y. Huot, B. Gentili, P. J. Werdell, S. B. Hooker, and B. A. Franz, “Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach,” Remote Sens. Environ.111(1), 69–88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hu, C.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Humphrey, G. F.

S. W. Jeffrey and G. F. Humphrey, “New spectrophotometric equation for determining chlorophyll a, b, c1 and c2,” Biochem. Physiol. Pflanz.167, 194–204 (1975).

Huot, Y.

A. Morel, Y. Huot, B. Gentili, P. J. Werdell, S. B. Hooker, and B. A. Franz, “Examining the consistency of products derived from various ocean color sensors in open ocean (Case 1) waters in the perspective of a multi-sensor approach,” Remote Sens. Environ.111(1), 69–88 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ichikawa, K.

T. Yanagi, A. Morimoto, and K. Ichikawa, “Co-tidal and co-range charts for the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea derived from satellite altimetric data,” J. Oceanogr.53, 303–310 (1997).

Inoue, K.

T. Yanagi and K. Inoue, “Tide and tidal current in the Yellow/East China Seas,” Mer (Paris)32, 153–165 (1994).

Iraci, L. T.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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Jacob, D. J.

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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. H. Ahn, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, B. Lee, and I. S. Oh, “Development of atmospheric correction algorithm for Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 247–259 (2012).
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J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
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Z. P. Lee, M. Darecki, K. Carder, C. Davis, D. Stramski, and W. Rhea, “Diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance: An evaluation of remote sensing methods,” J. Geophys. Res.110(C2), C02017 (2005), doi:.
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W. Shi, M. Wang, X. Li, and W. G. Pichel, “Ocean sand ridge signatures in the Bohai Sea observed by satellite ocean color and synthetic aperture radar measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(8), 1926–1934 (2011).
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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H. Loisel, V. Vantrepotte, K. Norkvist, X. Meriaux, M. Kheireddine, J. Ras, M. Pujo-Pay, Y. Combet, K. Leblanc, G. Dall'Olmo, R. Mauriac, D. Dessailly, and T. Moutin, “Characterization of the bio-optical anomaly and diurnal variability of particulate matter, as seen from scattering and backscattering coefficients, in ultra-oligotrophic eddies of the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3295–3317 (2011).
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J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
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J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res.103(C11), 24937–24953 (1998).
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J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
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H. Loisel, V. Vantrepotte, K. Norkvist, X. Meriaux, M. Kheireddine, J. Ras, M. Pujo-Pay, Y. Combet, K. Leblanc, G. Dall'Olmo, R. Mauriac, D. Dessailly, and T. Moutin, “Characterization of the bio-optical anomaly and diurnal variability of particulate matter, as seen from scattering and backscattering coefficients, in ultra-oligotrophic eddies of the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3295–3317 (2011).
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. Neveux, C. Dupouy, J. Blanchot, A. L. Bouteiller, M. R. Landry, and S. L. Brown, “Diel dynamics of chlorophylls in high-nutrient, low-chlorophyll waters of the equatorial Pacific (180 degrees): Interactions of growth, grazing, physiological responses, and mixing,” J. Geophys. Res.108(C12), 8140 (2003), .
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. H. Ahn, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, B. Lee, and I. S. Oh, “Development of atmospheric correction algorithm for Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 247–259 (2012).
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O'Reilly, J. E.

J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res.103(C11), 24937–24953 (1998).
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Ovidio, F.

Park, Y. J.

J. H. Ahn, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, B. Lee, and I. S. Oh, “Development of atmospheric correction algorithm for Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 247–259 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Choi, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ahn, H. S. Lim, J. Eom, and J. H. Ryu, “GOCI, the world's first geostationary ocean color observation satellite, for the monitoring of temporal variability in coastal water turbidity,” J. Geophys. Res.117(C9), C09004 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
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Pichel, W. G.

W. Shi, M. Wang, X. Li, and W. G. Pichel, “Ocean sand ridge signatures in the Bohai Sea observed by satellite ocean color and synthetic aperture radar measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(8), 1926–1934 (2011).
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Pickering, K.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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G. Dall'Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
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G. Dall'Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
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H. Loisel, V. Vantrepotte, K. Norkvist, X. Meriaux, M. Kheireddine, J. Ras, M. Pujo-Pay, Y. Combet, K. Leblanc, G. Dall'Olmo, R. Mauriac, D. Dessailly, and T. Moutin, “Characterization of the bio-optical anomaly and diurnal variability of particulate matter, as seen from scattering and backscattering coefficients, in ultra-oligotrophic eddies of the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3295–3317 (2011).
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Ras, J.

H. Loisel, V. Vantrepotte, K. Norkvist, X. Meriaux, M. Kheireddine, J. Ras, M. Pujo-Pay, Y. Combet, K. Leblanc, G. Dall'Olmo, R. Mauriac, D. Dessailly, and T. Moutin, “Characterization of the bio-optical anomaly and diurnal variability of particulate matter, as seen from scattering and backscattering coefficients, in ultra-oligotrophic eddies of the Mediterranean Sea,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3295–3317 (2011).
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Rhea, W.

Z. P. Lee, M. Darecki, K. Carder, C. Davis, D. Stramski, and W. Rhea, “Diffuse attenuation coefficient of downwelling irradiance: An evaluation of remote sensing methods,” J. Geophys. Res.110(C2), C02017 (2005), doi:.
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Rijkeboer, M.

Ruddick, K. G.

G. Neukermans, K. G. Ruddick, and N. Greenwood, “Diurnal variability of turbidity and light attenuation in the southern North Sea from SEVIRI geostationary sensor,” Remote Sens. Environ.124, 564–580 (2012).
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K. G. Ruddick, F. Ovidio, and M. Rijkeboer, “Atmospheric correction of SeaWiFS imagery for turbid coastal and inland waters,” Appl. Opt.39(6), 897–912 (2000).
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J. H. Ahn, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, B. Lee, and I. S. Oh, “Development of atmospheric correction algorithm for Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 247–259 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Choi, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ahn, H. S. Lim, J. Eom, and J. H. Ryu, “GOCI, the world's first geostationary ocean color observation satellite, for the monitoring of temporal variability in coastal water turbidity,” J. Geophys. Res.117(C9), C09004 (2012), doi:.
[CrossRef]

J. E. Moon, Y. J. Park, J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. H. Ahn, J. E. Min, Y. B. Son, S. J. Lee, H. J. Han, and Y. H. Ahn, “Initial validation of GOCI water products against in situ data collected around Korean Peninsula for 2010–2011,” Ocean Sci. J.47(3), 261–277 (2012).
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J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. Eom, and J. H. Ahn, “Temporal variation in Korean coastal waters using Geostationary Ocean Color Imager,” J. Coast. Res.64, 1731–1735 (2011).

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Salisbury, J.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
[CrossRef]

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M. Wang, C. J. Nim, S. Son, and W. Shi, “Characterization of turbidity in Florida’s Lake Okeechobee and Caloosahatchee and St. Lucie estuaries using MODIS-Aqua measurements,” Water Res.46(16), 5410–5422 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Sea ice properties in the Bohai Sea measured by MODIS-Aqua: 2. Study of sea ice seasonal and interannual variability,” J. Mar. Syst.95, 41–49 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and W. Shi, “Sensor noise effects of the SWIR bands on MODIS-derived ocean color products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.50(9), 3280–3292 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Sea ice properties in the Bohai Sea measured by MODIS-Aqua: 1. Satellite algorithm development,” J. Mar. Syst.95, 32–40 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, W. Shi, and L. Jiang, “Atmospheric correction using near-infrared bands for satellite ocean color data processing in the turbid western Pacific region,” Opt. Express20(2), 741–753 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Satellite views of the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr.104, 30–45 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, M. Wang, X. Li, and W. G. Pichel, “Ocean sand ridge signatures in the Bohai Sea observed by satellite ocean color and synthetic aperture radar measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(8), 1926–1934 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, W. Shi, and J. Tang, “Water property monitoring and assessment for China's inland Lake Taihu from MODIS-Aqua measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(3), 841–854 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi, M. Wang, and L. Jiang, “Spring-neap tidal effects on satellite ocean color observations in the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res.116(C12), C12032 (2011), doi:.
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Satellite observations of the seasonal sediment plume in central East China Sea,” J. Mar. Syst.82(4), 280–285 (2010).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Characterization of global ocean turbidity from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ocean color observations,” J. Geophys. Res.115(C11), C11022 (2010), doi:.
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “An assessment of the black ocean pixel assumption for MODIS SWIR bands,” Remote Sens. Environ.113(8), 1587–1597 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, S. Son, and W. Shi, “Evaluation of MODIS SWIR and NIR-SWIR atmospheric correction algorithm using SeaBASS data,” Remote Sens. Environ.113(3), 635–644 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and W. Shi, “Detection of ice and mixed ice-water pixels for MODIS ocean color data processing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.47(8), 2510–2518 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, J. Tang, and W. Shi, “MODIS-derived ocean color products along the China east coastal region,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(6), L06611 (2007), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and W. Shi, “The NIR-SWIR combined atmospheric correction approach for MODIS ocean color data processing,” Opt. Express15(24), 15722–15733 (2007).
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W. Shi and M. Wang, “Detection of turbid waters and absorbing aerosols for the MODIS ocean color data processing,” Remote Sens. Environ.110(2), 149–161 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and W. Shi, “Cloud masking for ocean color data processing in the coastal regions,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(11), 3196–3205 (2006).
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J. E. O'Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. R. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res.103(C11), 24937–24953 (1998).
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M. Wang, C. J. Nim, S. Son, and W. Shi, “Characterization of turbidity in Florida’s Lake Okeechobee and Caloosahatchee and St. Lucie estuaries using MODIS-Aqua measurements,” Water Res.46(16), 5410–5422 (2012).
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M. Wang, S. Son, and J. L. W. Harding., “Retrieval of diffuse attenuation coefficient in the Chesapeake Bay and turbid ocean regions for satellite ocean color applications,” J. Geophys. Res.114(C10), C10011 (2009), doi:.
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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R. J. Uncles, J. A. Stephens, and R. E. Smith, “The dependence of estuarine turbidity on tidal intrusion length, tidal range and residence time,” Cont. Shelf Res.22(11-13), 1835–1856 (2002).
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M. Wang, W. Shi, and J. Tang, “Water property monitoring and assessment for China's inland Lake Taihu from MODIS-Aqua measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(3), 841–854 (2011).
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M. Zhang, J. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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R. J. Uncles, J. A. Stephens, and R. E. Smith, “The dependence of estuarine turbidity on tidal intrusion length, tidal range and residence time,” Cont. Shelf Res.22(11-13), 1835–1856 (2002).
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Wang, J.

J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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W. Shi and M. Wang, “Sea ice properties in the Bohai Sea measured by MODIS-Aqua: 2. Study of sea ice seasonal and interannual variability,” J. Mar. Syst.95, 41–49 (2012).
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M. Wang, C. J. Nim, S. Son, and W. Shi, “Characterization of turbidity in Florida’s Lake Okeechobee and Caloosahatchee and St. Lucie estuaries using MODIS-Aqua measurements,” Water Res.46(16), 5410–5422 (2012).
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M. Wang and W. Shi, “Sensor noise effects of the SWIR bands on MODIS-derived ocean color products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.50(9), 3280–3292 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Sea ice properties in the Bohai Sea measured by MODIS-Aqua: 1. Satellite algorithm development,” J. Mar. Syst.95, 32–40 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, W. Shi, and L. Jiang, “Atmospheric correction using near-infrared bands for satellite ocean color data processing in the turbid western Pacific region,” Opt. Express20(2), 741–753 (2012).
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W. Shi and M. Wang, “Satellite views of the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea,” Prog. Oceanogr.104, 30–45 (2012).
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M. Wang, W. Shi, and J. Tang, “Water property monitoring and assessment for China's inland Lake Taihu from MODIS-Aqua measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(3), 841–854 (2011).
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W. Shi, M. Wang, X. Li, and W. G. Pichel, “Ocean sand ridge signatures in the Bohai Sea observed by satellite ocean color and synthetic aperture radar measurements,” Remote Sens. Environ.115(8), 1926–1934 (2011).
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W. Shi, M. Wang, and L. Jiang, “Spring-neap tidal effects on satellite ocean color observations in the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, and East China Sea,” J. Geophys. Res.116(C12), C12032 (2011), doi:.
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W. Shi and M. Wang, “Satellite observations of the seasonal sediment plume in central East China Sea,” J. Mar. Syst.82(4), 280–285 (2010).
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W. Shi and M. Wang, “Characterization of global ocean turbidity from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ocean color observations,” J. Geophys. Res.115(C11), C11022 (2010), doi:.
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W. Shi and M. Wang, “An assessment of the black ocean pixel assumption for MODIS SWIR bands,” Remote Sens. Environ.113(8), 1587–1597 (2009).
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M. Wang, S. Son, and W. Shi, “Evaluation of MODIS SWIR and NIR-SWIR atmospheric correction algorithm using SeaBASS data,” Remote Sens. Environ.113(3), 635–644 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Wang, S. Son, and J. L. W. Harding., “Retrieval of diffuse attenuation coefficient in the Chesapeake Bay and turbid ocean regions for satellite ocean color applications,” J. Geophys. Res.114(C10), C10011 (2009), doi:.
[CrossRef]

M. Wang and W. Shi, “Detection of ice and mixed ice-water pixels for MODIS ocean color data processing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.47(8), 2510–2518 (2009).
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M. Wang, J. Tang, and W. Shi, “MODIS-derived ocean color products along the China east coastal region,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(6), L06611 (2007), doi:.
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M. Wang and W. Shi, “The NIR-SWIR combined atmospheric correction approach for MODIS ocean color data processing,” Opt. Express15(24), 15722–15733 (2007).
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M. Wang, “Remote sensing of the ocean contributions from ultraviolet to near-infrared using the shortwave infrared bands: simulations,” Appl. Opt.46(9), 1535–1547 (2007).
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W. Shi and M. Wang, “Detection of turbid waters and absorbing aerosols for the MODIS ocean color data processing,” Remote Sens. Environ.110(2), 149–161 (2007).
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M. Wang, “Aerosol polarization effects on atmospheric correction and aerosol retrievals in ocean color remote sensing,” Appl. Opt.45(35), 8951–8963 (2006).
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M. Wang, “Effects of ocean surface reflectance variation with solar elevation on normalized water-leaving radiance,” Appl. Opt.45(17), 4122–4128 (2006).
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M. Wang and W. Shi, “Cloud masking for ocean color data processing in the coastal regions,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(11), 3196–3205 (2006).
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M. Wang, “A refinement for the Rayleigh radiance computation with variation of the atmospheric pressure,” Int. J. Remote Sens.26(24), 5651–5663 (2005).
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S. Cho, Y. H. Ahn, J. H. Ryu, G. Kang, and H. Youn, “Development of Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI),” Korean J. Remote Sens.26, 157–165 (2010).

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S. L. Yang, J. Zhang, and J. Zhu, “Response of suspended sediment concentration to tidal dynamics at a site inside the mouth of an inlet: Jiaozhou Bay (China),” Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci.8(2), 170–182 (2004).
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M. Zhang, J. Tang, Q. Dong, Q. Song, and J. Ding, “Retrieval of total suspended matter concentration in the Yellow and East China Seas from MODIS imagery,” Remote Sens. Environ.114(2), 392–403 (2010).
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G. Dall'Olmo, E. Boss, M. J. Behrenfeld, T. K. Westberry, C. Courties, L. Prieur, M. Pujo-Pay, N. Hardman-Mountford, and T. Moutin, “Inferring phytoplankton carbon and eco-physiological rates from diel cycles of spectral particulate beam-attenuation coefficient,” Biogeosciences8(11), 3423–3439 (2011).
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J. Fishman, L. T. Iraci, J. Al-Saadi, K. Chance, F. Chavez, M. Chin, P. Coble, C. Davis, P. M. DiGiacomo, D. Edwards, A. Eldering, J. Goes, J. Herman, C. Hu, D. J. Jacob, C. Jordan, S. R. Kawa, R. Key, X. Liu, S. Lohrenz, A. Mannino, V. Natraj, D. Neil, J. Neu, M. Newchurch, K. Pickering, J. Salisbury, H. Sosik, A. Subramaniam, M. Tzortziou, J. Wang, and M. Wang, “The United States' next generation of atmospheric composition and coastal ecosystem measurements: NASA's geostationary coastal and air pollution events (GEO-CAPE) mission,” Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc.93(10), 1547–1566 (2012).
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M. Wang, J. Tang, and W. Shi, “MODIS-derived ocean color products along the China east coastal region,” Geophys. Res. Lett.34(6), L06611 (2007), doi:.
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S. L. Yang, J. Zhang, and J. Zhu, “Response of suspended sediment concentration to tidal dynamics at a site inside the mouth of an inlet: Jiaozhou Bay (China),” Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci.8(2), 170–182 (2004).
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IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens. (3)

M. Wang and W. Shi, “Cloud masking for ocean color data processing in the coastal regions,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.44(11), 3196–3205 (2006).
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M. Wang and W. Shi, “Detection of ice and mixed ice-water pixels for MODIS ocean color data processing,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.47(8), 2510–2518 (2009).
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M. Wang and W. Shi, “Sensor noise effects of the SWIR bands on MODIS-derived ocean color products,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Rem. Sens.50(9), 3280–3292 (2012).
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M. Wang, “A refinement for the Rayleigh radiance computation with variation of the atmospheric pressure,” Int. J. Remote Sens.26(24), 5651–5663 (2005).
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M. Wang, “The Rayleigh lookup tables for the SeaWiFS data processing: Accounting for the effects of ocean surface roughness,” Int. J. Remote Sens.23(13), 2693–2702 (2002).
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J. H. Ryu, J. K. Choi, J. Eom, and J. H. Ahn, “Temporal variation in Korean coastal waters using Geostationary Ocean Color Imager,” J. Coast. Res.64, 1731–1735 (2011).

J. Geophys. Res. (8)

W. Shi and M. Wang, “Characterization of global ocean turbidity from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer ocean color observations,” J. Geophys. Res.115(C11), C11022 (2010), doi:.
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Map of the GOCI coverage, which includes the Bohai Sea, Yellow Sea, East China Sea, Japan/East Sea, and part of the South China Sea. Locations of the in situ measurements for GOCI ocean color data evaluations are marked in solid red circles. The black box in the Bohai Sea is the region used to characterize the diurnal variability of the ocean environments measured by GOCI.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

GOCI-measured various ocean color product images which were acquired on April 5, 2011 at noon local time for (a) true color image, (b) nLw(443), (c) nLw(490), (d) nLw(555), (e) nLw(660), (f) nLw(865), (g) chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl-a), and (h) diffuse attenuation coefficient at the wavelength of 490 nm (Kd(490)).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

GOCI-derived ocean optical and biological properties compared with in situ measurements for (a) nLw(412), nLw(443), and nLw(490), (b) nLw(555), nLw(660), and nLw(680), (c) nLw(745) and nLw(865), and (d) Chl-a. In plots, the matchup fitting coefficients for slope, intercept (Int.), and correlation coefficient (R) are provided.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Maps of GOCI-derived diffuse attenuation coefficient at the wavelength of 490 nm (Kd(490)) in the Bohai Sea region on April 5, 2011 at the local time of (a) 9:00, (b) 10:00, (c) 11:00, (d) 12:00, (e) 13:00, (f) 14:00, (g) 15:00, and (h) 16:00. Region for further data analysis and quantification is marked with the black box in plot 4(a).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

GOCI-measured diurnal variability on April 5, 2011 for (a) nLw(λ) at GOCI bands of 412, 443, 490, 555, 660, and 680 nm and (b) Kd(490) in the location of central Bohai Sea as marked in Fig. 4(a).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Composite images of GOCI-measured ocean color products at the local noon derived from GOCI measurements from March to December of 2011 (10 months) for (a) nLw(412), (b) nLw(443), (c) nLw(490), (d) nLw(555), (e) nLw(660), (f) nLw(680), (g) nLw(865), (h) Chl-a (logscale), and (i) Kd(490) (logscale).

Equations (2)

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n L w ( 745 )= c 1 K d ( 490 )+ c 2 K d ( 490 ) 2 + c 3 K d ( 490 ) 3 + c 4 K d ( 490 ) 4 ,
n L w ( 865 )= b 1 n L w ( 745 )+ b 2 n L w ( 745 ) 2 ,

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