Abstract

Sub-20 fs pulses of the third, fourth, and fifth harmonics of a Ti:sapphire laser are simultaneously generated using cascaded four-wave mixing in filamentation propagation of the fundamental frequency and the second harmonic pulses in Ne gas. Reflective optics under vacuum are employed after the four-wave mixing to minimize material dispersion of the optical pulses. The cross-correlation between 198 and 159 nm pulses of 18 fs is achieved without dispersion compensation. This new light source is applied to time-resolved photoelectron imaging of carbon disulfide (CS2).

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Zuo, T. Fuji, and T. Suzuki, “Spectral phase transfer to ultrashort UV pulses through four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16183–16192 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. M. Ghotbi, P. Trabs, M. Beutler, and F. Noack, “Generation of tunable sub-45 femtosecond pulses by noncollinear four-wave mixing,” Opt. Lett. 38(4), 486–488 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. A. Braun, G. Korn, X. Liu, D. Du, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Self-channeling of high-peak-power femtosecond laser pulses in air,” Opt. Lett. 20(1), 73–75 (1995).
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  8. T. Fuji, T. Suzuki, E. Serebryannikov, and A. Zheltikov, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063822 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 013601 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. L. Chin, F. Théberge, and W. Liu, “Filamentation nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 477–483 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  12. T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2481–2483 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Suzuki, T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron imaging of ultrafast S2→S1 internal conversion through conical intersection in pyrazine,” J. Chem. Phys. 132(17), 174302 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. U. Even, J. Jortner, D. Noy, N. Lavie, and C. Cossart-Magos, “Cooling of large molecules below 1 K and He clusters formation,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(18), 8068–8071 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of non-adiabatic electronic dynamics in gas and liquid phases,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 31(2), 265–318 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. A. Garcia, L. Nahon, and I. Powis, “Two-dimensional charged particle image inversion using a polar basis function expansion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4989–4996 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. R. J. Hemley, D. G. Leopold, J. L. Roebber, and V. Vaida, “The direct ultraviolet-absorption spectrum of the 1Σg+ → 1B2(1Σu+) transition of jet-cooled CS2,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(11), 5219–5227 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. Farmanara, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, “Ultrafast predissociation and coherent phenomena in CS2 excited by femtosecond laser pulses at 194-207 nm,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(12), 5338–5343 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Fuji, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Excited-State Dynamics of CS2 Studied by Photoelectron Imaging with a Time Resolution of 22 fs,” Chem. Asian J. 6(11), 3028–3034 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (2)

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, T. Horio, S. Adachi, and T. Suzuki, “Simultaneous generation of ultrashort pulses at 158 and 198 nm in a single filamentation cell by cascaded four-wave mixing in Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 815–819 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of non-adiabatic electronic dynamics in gas and liquid phases,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 31(2), 265–318 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (3)

M. Beutler, M. Ghotbi, and F. Noack, “Generation of intense sub-20-fs vacuum ultraviolet pulses compressed by material dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 36(19), 3726–3728 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Excited-State Dynamics of CS2 Studied by Photoelectron Imaging with a Time Resolution of 22 fs,” Chem. Asian J. 6(11), 3028–3034 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (4)

2009 (1)

T. Fuji, T. Suzuki, E. Serebryannikov, and A. Zheltikov, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

2006 (1)

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

G. A. Garcia, L. Nahon, and I. Powis, “Two-dimensional charged particle image inversion using a polar basis function expansion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4989–4996 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

U. Even, J. Jortner, D. Noy, N. Lavie, and C. Cossart-Magos, “Cooling of large molecules below 1 K and He clusters formation,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(18), 8068–8071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

P. Farmanara, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, “Ultrafast predissociation and coherent phenomena in CS2 excited by femtosecond laser pulses at 194-207 nm,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(12), 5338–5343 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1983 (1)

R. J. Hemley, D. G. Leopold, J. L. Roebber, and V. Vaida, “The direct ultraviolet-absorption spectrum of the 1Σg+ → 1B2(1Σu+) transition of jet-cooled CS2,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(11), 5219–5227 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, S.

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, T. Horio, S. Adachi, and T. Suzuki, “Simultaneous generation of ultrashort pulses at 158 and 198 nm in a single filamentation cell by cascaded four-wave mixing in Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 815–819 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Aközbek, N.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Becker, A.

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beutler, M.

Bisgaard, C. Z.

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Braun, A.

Chin, S. L.

S. L. Chin, F. Théberge, and W. Liu, “Filamentation nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 477–483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clarkin, O. J.

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Cossart-Magos, C.

U. Even, J. Jortner, D. Noy, N. Lavie, and C. Cossart-Magos, “Cooling of large molecules below 1 K and He clusters formation,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(18), 8068–8071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Du, D.

Durfee, C. G.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Even, U.

U. Even, J. Jortner, D. Noy, N. Lavie, and C. Cossart-Magos, “Cooling of large molecules below 1 K and He clusters formation,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(18), 8068–8071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Farmanara, P.

P. Farmanara, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, “Ultrafast predissociation and coherent phenomena in CS2 excited by femtosecond laser pulses at 194-207 nm,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(12), 5338–5343 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, T. Horio, S. Adachi, and T. Suzuki, “Simultaneous generation of ultrashort pulses at 158 and 198 nm in a single filamentation cell by cascaded four-wave mixing in Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 815–819 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Excited-State Dynamics of CS2 Studied by Photoelectron Imaging with a Time Resolution of 22 fs,” Chem. Asian J. 6(11), 3028–3034 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, and T. Suzuki, “Spectral phase transfer to ultrashort UV pulses through four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16183–16192 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Suzuki, T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron imaging of ultrafast S2→S1 internal conversion through conical intersection in pyrazine,” J. Chem. Phys. 132(17), 174302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, T. Suzuki, E. Serebryannikov, and A. Zheltikov, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2481–2483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Garcia, G. A.

G. A. Garcia, L. Nahon, and I. Powis, “Two-dimensional charged particle image inversion using a polar basis function expansion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4989–4996 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ghotbi, M.

Hemley, R. J.

R. J. Hemley, D. G. Leopold, J. L. Roebber, and V. Vaida, “The direct ultraviolet-absorption spectrum of the 1Σg+ → 1B2(1Σu+) transition of jet-cooled CS2,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(11), 5219–5227 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hertel, I. V.

Hockett, P.

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Horio, T.

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, T. Horio, S. Adachi, and T. Suzuki, “Simultaneous generation of ultrashort pulses at 158 and 198 nm in a single filamentation cell by cascaded four-wave mixing in Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 815–819 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Excited-State Dynamics of CS2 Studied by Photoelectron Imaging with a Time Resolution of 22 fs,” Chem. Asian J. 6(11), 3028–3034 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Suzuki, T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron imaging of ultrafast S2→S1 internal conversion through conical intersection in pyrazine,” J. Chem. Phys. 132(17), 174302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2481–2483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jortner, J.

U. Even, J. Jortner, D. Noy, N. Lavie, and C. Cossart-Magos, “Cooling of large molecules below 1 K and He clusters formation,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(18), 8068–8071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

Lavie, N.

U. Even, J. Jortner, D. Noy, N. Lavie, and C. Cossart-Magos, “Cooling of large molecules below 1 K and He clusters formation,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(18), 8068–8071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Leopold, D. G.

R. J. Hemley, D. G. Leopold, J. L. Roebber, and V. Vaida, “The direct ultraviolet-absorption spectrum of the 1Σg+ → 1B2(1Σu+) transition of jet-cooled CS2,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(11), 5219–5227 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W.

S. L. Chin, F. Théberge, and W. Liu, “Filamentation nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 477–483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, X.

Misoguti, L.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mourou, G.

Murnane, M. M.

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nahon, L.

G. A. Garcia, L. Nahon, and I. Powis, “Two-dimensional charged particle image inversion using a polar basis function expansion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4989–4996 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Noy, D.

U. Even, J. Jortner, D. Noy, N. Lavie, and C. Cossart-Magos, “Cooling of large molecules below 1 K and He clusters formation,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(18), 8068–8071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Powis, I.

G. A. Garcia, L. Nahon, and I. Powis, “Two-dimensional charged particle image inversion using a polar basis function expansion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4989–4996 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Radloff, W.

P. Farmanara, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, “Ultrafast predissociation and coherent phenomena in CS2 excited by femtosecond laser pulses at 194-207 nm,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(12), 5338–5343 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Roebber, J. L.

R. J. Hemley, D. G. Leopold, J. L. Roebber, and V. Vaida, “The direct ultraviolet-absorption spectrum of the 1Σg+ → 1B2(1Σu+) transition of jet-cooled CS2,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(11), 5219–5227 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Serebryannikov, E.

T. Fuji, T. Suzuki, E. Serebryannikov, and A. Zheltikov, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

Stert, V.

P. Farmanara, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, “Ultrafast predissociation and coherent phenomena in CS2 excited by femtosecond laser pulses at 194-207 nm,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(12), 5338–5343 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stolow, A.

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, T.

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, T. Horio, S. Adachi, and T. Suzuki, “Simultaneous generation of ultrashort pulses at 158 and 198 nm in a single filamentation cell by cascaded four-wave mixing in Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 815–819 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of non-adiabatic electronic dynamics in gas and liquid phases,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 31(2), 265–318 (2012).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Excited-State Dynamics of CS2 Studied by Photoelectron Imaging with a Time Resolution of 22 fs,” Chem. Asian J. 6(11), 3028–3034 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, and T. Suzuki, “Spectral phase transfer to ultrashort UV pulses through four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16183–16192 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Suzuki, T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron imaging of ultrafast S2→S1 internal conversion through conical intersection in pyrazine,” J. Chem. Phys. 132(17), 174302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Fuji, T. Suzuki, E. Serebryannikov, and A. Zheltikov, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Generation of 12 fs deep-ultraviolet pulses by four-wave mixing through filamentation in neon gas,” Opt. Lett. 32(17), 2481–2483 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suzuki, Y.

T. Fuji, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Excited-State Dynamics of CS2 Studied by Photoelectron Imaging with a Time Resolution of 22 fs,” Chem. Asian J. 6(11), 3028–3034 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Suzuki, T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron imaging of ultrafast S2→S1 internal conversion through conical intersection in pyrazine,” J. Chem. Phys. 132(17), 174302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Théberge, F.

S. L. Chin, F. Théberge, and W. Liu, “Filamentation nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 477–483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trabs, P.

Vaida, V.

R. J. Hemley, D. G. Leopold, J. L. Roebber, and V. Vaida, “The direct ultraviolet-absorption spectrum of the 1Σg+ → 1B2(1Σu+) transition of jet-cooled CS2,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(11), 5219–5227 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Zheltikov, A.

T. Fuji, T. Suzuki, E. Serebryannikov, and A. Zheltikov, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zuo, P.

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, T. Horio, S. Adachi, and T. Suzuki, “Simultaneous generation of ultrashort pulses at 158 and 198 nm in a single filamentation cell by cascaded four-wave mixing in Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 815–819 (2012).
[CrossRef]

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, and T. Suzuki, “Spectral phase transfer to ultrashort UV pulses through four-wave mixing,” Opt. Express 18(15), 16183–16192 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

P. Zuo, T. Fuji, T. Horio, S. Adachi, and T. Suzuki, “Simultaneous generation of ultrashort pulses at 158 and 198 nm in a single filamentation cell by cascaded four-wave mixing in Ar,” Appl. Phys. B 108(4), 815–819 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. L. Chin, F. Théberge, and W. Liu, “Filamentation nonlinear optics,” Appl. Phys. B 86(3), 477–483 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Asian J. (1)

T. Fuji, Y. Suzuki, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Excited-State Dynamics of CS2 Studied by Photoelectron Imaging with a Time Resolution of 22 fs,” Chem. Asian J. 6(11), 3028–3034 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy of non-adiabatic electronic dynamics in gas and liquid phases,” Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 31(2), 265–318 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (4)

Y. Suzuki, T. Fuji, T. Horio, and T. Suzuki, “Time-resolved photoelectron imaging of ultrafast S2→S1 internal conversion through conical intersection in pyrazine,” J. Chem. Phys. 132(17), 174302 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Even, J. Jortner, D. Noy, N. Lavie, and C. Cossart-Magos, “Cooling of large molecules below 1 K and He clusters formation,” J. Chem. Phys. 112(18), 8068–8071 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Hemley, D. G. Leopold, J. L. Roebber, and V. Vaida, “The direct ultraviolet-absorption spectrum of the 1Σg+ → 1B2(1Σu+) transition of jet-cooled CS2,” J. Chem. Phys. 79(11), 5219–5227 (1983).
[CrossRef]

P. Farmanara, V. Stert, and W. Radloff, “Ultrafast predissociation and coherent phenomena in CS2 excited by femtosecond laser pulses at 194-207 nm,” J. Chem. Phys. 111(12), 5338–5343 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Phys. (1)

P. Hockett, C. Z. Bisgaard, O. J. Clarkin, and A. Stolow, “Time-resolved imaging of purely valence-electron dynamics during a chemical reaction,” Nat. Phys. 7(8), 612–615 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

T. Fuji, T. Suzuki, E. Serebryannikov, and A. Zheltikov, “Experimental and theoretical investigation of a multicolor filament,” Phys. Rev. A 80(6), 063822 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

L. Misoguti, S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, R. Bartels, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of broadband VUV light using third-order cascaded processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(1), 013601 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Théberge, N. Aközbek, W. Liu, A. Becker, and S. L. Chin, “Tunable ultrashort laser pulses generated through filamentation in gases,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(2), 023904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. A. Garcia, L. Nahon, and I. Powis, “Two-dimensional charged particle image inversion using a polar basis function expansion,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75(11), 4989–4996 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Schematic diagram of the experimental setup. (b) Schematic drawing of the differential pumping system. All dimensions are given in millimeters.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical spectra (a) 3ω, (b) 4ω, and (c) 5ω.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Pressure dependence of the measured pulse energies for 3ω (diamonds), 4ω (squares) and 5ω (circles). The energies of the ω and 2ω input beams were 430 and 370 μJ, respectively. The filled/open symbols indicate the energies measured with/without an output pinhole. (b) A typical cross-correlation trace between 4ω and 5ω measured by non-resonant (1 + 1’) two-photon ionization of Xe (circles). The solid line shows a Gaussian with FWHM of 18 fs. The vertical scale corresponds to averaged ion counts per 10 seconds.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Schematic potential energy diagram of CS2. Two-dimensional (2D) map of photoelectron kinetic energy (PKE) distributions as a function of the pump-probe delay time using (b) 3ω probe pulse and (c) 5ω probe pulse. Figure 4(b) is reproduced from [20].

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