Abstract

Polarization mode dispersion (PMD) has been recognized as a significant barrier to sensitive and reproducible birefringence measurements with fiber-based, polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography systems. Here, we present a signal processing strategy that reconstructs the local retardation robustly in the presence of system PMD. The algorithm uses a spectral binning approach to limit the detrimental impact of system PMD and benefits from the final averaging of the PMD-corrected retardation vectors of the spectral bins. The algorithm was validated with numerical simulations and experimental measurements of a rubber phantom. When applied to the imaging of human cadaveric coronary arteries, the algorithm was found to yield a substantial improvement in the reconstructed birefringence maps.

© 2013 OSA

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2013 (3)

2012 (4)

D. K. Kasaragod, Z. Lu, J. Jacobs, and S. J. Matcher, “Experimental validation of an extended Jones matrix calculus model to study the 3D structural orientation of the collagen fibers in articular cartilage using polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Biomed. Opt. Express3(3), 378–387 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, A. Rupani, P. Bagnaninchi, I. Wimpenny, and A. Weightman, “Study of optical properties and proteoglycan content of tendons by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(8), 081417 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, M. Villiger, E. Regar, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Frequency domain multiplexing for speckle reduction in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 076018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (2)

M. Pircher, C. K. Hitzenberger, and U. Schmidt-Erfurth, “Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography in the human eye,” Prog. Retin. Eye Res.30(6), 431–451 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Z. Zhang and B. J. Vakoc, “Polarimetry noise in fiber-based optical coherence tomography instrumentation,” Opt. Express19(18), 16830–16842 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (2)

M. K. Al-Qaisi and T. Akkin, “Swept-source polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography based on polarization-maintaining fiber,” Opt. Express18(4), 3392–3403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Sharf, A. Wolf, and M. B. Rubin, “Arithmetic and geometric solutions for average rigid-body rotation,” Mechanism Mach. Theory45(9), 1239–1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

2008 (4)

2007 (3)

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.-C. Kuo, N.-K. Chou, C. Chou, C.-M. Lai, H.-J. Huang, S.-S. Wang, and J.-J. Shyu, “Polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography for imaging human atherosclerosis,” Appl. Opt.46(13), 2520–2527 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

2002 (3)

2001 (1)

2000 (3)

C. E. Saxer, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. H. Zhao, Z. P. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, “High-speed fiber based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin,” Opt. Lett.25(18), 1355–1357 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Dal Forno, A. Paradisi, R. Passy, and J. Von der Weid, “Experimental and theoretical modeling of polarization-mode dispersion in single-mode fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(3), 296–298 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.97(9), 4541–4550 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

Ahlers, C.

Akkin, T.

Al-Qaisi, M. K.

Bagnaninchi, P.

Y. Yang, A. Rupani, P. Bagnaninchi, I. Wimpenny, and A. Weightman, “Study of optical properties and proteoglycan content of tendons by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(8), 081417 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumann, B.

Bouma, B.

Bouma, B. E.

M. Villiger, E. Z. Zhang, S. Nadkarni, W.-Y. Oh, B. E. Bouma, and B. J. Vakoc, “Artifacts in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography caused by polarization mode dispersion,” Opt. Lett.38(6), 923–925 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Z. Zhang, W.-Y. Oh, M. L. Villiger, L. Chen, B. E. Bouma, and B. J. Vakoc, “Numerical compensation of system polarization mode dispersion in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express21(1), 1163–1180 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, M. Villiger, E. Regar, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Frequency domain multiplexing for speckle reduction in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 076018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(2), 1096–1103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bressner, J. E.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cense, B.

Chan, R. C.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

Chen, T. C.

Chen, Z. P.

Chou, C.

Chou, N.-K.

Dal Forno, A.

A. Dal Forno, A. Paradisi, R. Passy, and J. Von der Weid, “Experimental and theoretical modeling of polarization-mode dispersion in single-mode fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(3), 296–298 (2000).
[CrossRef]

de Boer, J.

de Boer, J. F.

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(2), 1096–1103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo depth-resolved birefringence measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.27(18), 1610–1612 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, “Review of polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and Stokes vector determination,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 359–371 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Saxer, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. H. Zhao, Z. P. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, “High-speed fiber based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin,” Opt. Lett.25(18), 1355–1357 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desjardins, A. E.

W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(2), 1096–1103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drexler, W.

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, “State-of-the-art retinal optical coherence tomography,” Prog. Retin. Eye Res.27(1), 45–88 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evans, J. A.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fercher, A. F.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Geissbuehler, M.

Geitzenauer, W.

Goetzinger, E.

Gordon, J. P.

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.97(9), 4541–4550 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G├Âtzinger, E.

Halpern, E.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hee, M. R.

Hitzenberger, C. K.

Houser, S. L.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

Huang, H.-J.

Ibragimov, E.

Iftimia, N.

Jacobs, J.

Jang, I. K.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasaragod, D. K.

Kemp, N. J.

Kim, K. H.

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kogelnik, H.

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.97(9), 4541–4550 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuo, W.-C.

Lai, C.-M.

Lasser, T.

Lu, Z.

Lydon, M.

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maguluri, G.

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Makita, S.

Matcher, S. J.

Michels, S.

Milner, T. E.

J. Park, N. J. Kemp, H. N. Zaatari, H. G. Rylander, and T. E. Milner, “Differential geometry of normalized Stokes vector trajectories in anisotropic media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A23(3), 679–690 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, “Review of polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and Stokes vector determination,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 359–371 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nadkarni, S.

Nadkarni, S. K.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nelson, J. S.

Nishioka, N. S.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, W. Y.

W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(2), 1096–1103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oh, W.-Y.

Paradisi, A.

A. Dal Forno, A. Paradisi, R. Passy, and J. Von der Weid, “Experimental and theoretical modeling of polarization-mode dispersion in single-mode fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(3), 296–298 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, B.

Park, B. H.

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(2), 1096–1103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo depth-resolved birefringence measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.27(18), 1610–1612 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Saxer, J. F. de Boer, B. H. Park, Y. H. Zhao, Z. P. Chen, and J. S. Nelson, “High-speed fiber based polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography of in vivo human skin,” Opt. Lett.25(18), 1355–1357 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J.

Passy, R.

A. Dal Forno, A. Paradisi, R. Passy, and J. Von der Weid, “Experimental and theoretical modeling of polarization-mode dispersion in single-mode fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(3), 296–298 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pierce, M.

Pierce, M. C.

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Cense, T. C. Chen, B. H. Park, M. C. Pierce, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo depth-resolved birefringence measurements of the human retinal nerve fiber layer by polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett.27(18), 1610–1612 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pircher, M.

Regar, E.

G. van Soest, M. Villiger, E. Regar, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Frequency domain multiplexing for speckle reduction in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 076018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rubin, M. B.

I. Sharf, A. Wolf, and M. B. Rubin, “Arithmetic and geometric solutions for average rigid-body rotation,” Mechanism Mach. Theory45(9), 1239–1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Rupani, A.

Y. Yang, A. Rupani, P. Bagnaninchi, I. Wimpenny, and A. Weightman, “Study of optical properties and proteoglycan content of tendons by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(8), 081417 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rylander, H. G.

Saxer, C. E.

Schmidt-Erfurth, U.

Sharf, I.

I. Sharf, A. Wolf, and M. B. Rubin, “Arithmetic and geometric solutions for average rigid-body rotation,” Mechanism Mach. Theory45(9), 1239–1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sheridan, R.

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shishkov, M.

W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(2), 1096–1103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shtengel, G.

Shyu, J.-J.

Sticker, M.

Suh, S.

Suter, M. J.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swanson, E. A.

Tearney, G.

Tearney, G. J.

G. van Soest, M. Villiger, E. Regar, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Frequency domain multiplexing for speckle reduction in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 076018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(2), 1096–1103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vakoc, B. J.

van der Steen, A. F. W.

G. van Soest, M. Villiger, E. Regar, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Frequency domain multiplexing for speckle reduction in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 076018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Soest, G.

G. van Soest, M. Villiger, E. Regar, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Frequency domain multiplexing for speckle reduction in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 076018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villiger, M.

M. Villiger, E. Z. Zhang, S. Nadkarni, W.-Y. Oh, B. E. Bouma, and B. J. Vakoc, “Artifacts in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography caused by polarization mode dispersion,” Opt. Lett.38(6), 923–925 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. van Soest, M. Villiger, E. Regar, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Frequency domain multiplexing for speckle reduction in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 076018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Villiger, M. L.

Von der Weid, J.

A. Dal Forno, A. Paradisi, R. Passy, and J. Von der Weid, “Experimental and theoretical modeling of polarization-mode dispersion in single-mode fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(3), 296–298 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S.-S.

Weightman, A.

Y. Yang, A. Rupani, P. Bagnaninchi, I. Wimpenny, and A. Weightman, “Study of optical properties and proteoglycan content of tendons by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(8), 081417 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Whittaker, P.

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wimpenny, I.

Y. Yang, A. Rupani, P. Bagnaninchi, I. Wimpenny, and A. Weightman, “Study of optical properties and proteoglycan content of tendons by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(8), 081417 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wolf, A.

I. Sharf, A. Wolf, and M. B. Rubin, “Arithmetic and geometric solutions for average rigid-body rotation,” Mechanism Mach. Theory45(9), 1239–1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yamanari, M.

Yang, Y.

Y. Yang, A. Rupani, P. Bagnaninchi, I. Wimpenny, and A. Weightman, “Study of optical properties and proteoglycan content of tendons by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(8), 081417 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yasuno, Y.

Yoon, S. J.

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yun, S.

Yun, S. H.

W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(2), 1096–1103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zaatari, H. N.

Zhang, E. Z.

Zhao, Y. H.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Biomed. Opt. Express (1)

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

A. Dal Forno, A. Paradisi, R. Passy, and J. Von der Weid, “Experimental and theoretical modeling of polarization-mode dispersion in single-mode fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.12(3), 296–298 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. (1)

S. K. Nadkarni, M. C. Pierce, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, P. Whittaker, B. E. Bouma, J. E. Bressner, E. Halpern, S. L. Houser, and G. J. Tearney, “Measurement of Collagen and Smooth Muscle Cell Content in Atherosclerotic Plaques Using Polarization-Sensitive Optical Coherence Tomography,” J. Am. Coll. Cardiol.49(13), 1474–1481 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (4)

G. van Soest, M. Villiger, E. Regar, G. J. Tearney, B. E. Bouma, and A. F. W. van der Steen, “Frequency domain multiplexing for speckle reduction in optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(7), 076018 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. F. de Boer and T. E. Milner, “Review of polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography and Stokes vector determination,” J. Biomed. Opt.7(3), 359–371 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Yang, A. Rupani, P. Bagnaninchi, I. Wimpenny, and A. Weightman, “Study of optical properties and proteoglycan content of tendons by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(8), 081417 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. H. Kim, M. C. Pierce, G. Maguluri, B. H. Park, S. J. Yoon, M. Lydon, R. Sheridan, and J. F. de Boer, “In vivo imaging of human burn injuries with polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt.17(6), 066012 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mechanism Mach. Theory (1)

I. Sharf, A. Wolf, and M. B. Rubin, “Arithmetic and geometric solutions for average rigid-body rotation,” Mechanism Mach. Theory45(9), 1239–1251 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Med. (1)

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, W. Y. Oh, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I. K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med.12(12), 1429–1433 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (12)

C. K. Hitzenberger, E. Goetzinger, M. Sticker, M. Pircher, and A. F. Fercher, “Measurement and imaging of birefringence and optic axis orientation by phase resolved polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express9(13), 780–790 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Park, M. Pierce, B. Cense, and J. de Boer, “Real-time multi-functional optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express11(7), 782–793 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yun, G. Tearney, J. de Boer, N. Iftimia, and B. Bouma, “High-speed optical frequency-domain imaging,” Opt. Express11(22), 2953–2963 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yun, G. Tearney, J. de Boer, and B. Bouma, “Removing the depth-degeneracy in optical frequency domain imaging with frequency shifting,” Opt. Express12(20), 4822–4828 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Geissbuehler and T. Lasser, “How to Display Data by Color Schemes Compatible with Red-Green Color Perception Deficiencies,” Opt. Express21(8), 9862–9874 (2013).
[CrossRef]

E. Z. Zhang, W.-Y. Oh, M. L. Villiger, L. Chen, B. E. Bouma, and B. J. Vakoc, “Numerical compensation of system polarization mode dispersion in polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express21(1), 1163–1180 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Y. Oh, S. H. Yun, B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishkov, A. E. Desjardins, B. H. Park, J. F. de Boer, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “High-speed polarization sensitive optical frequency domain imaging with frequency multiplexing,” Opt. Express16(2), 1096–1103 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Yamanari, S. Makita, and Y. Yasuno, “Polarization-sensitive swept-source optical coherence tomography with continuous source polarization modulation,” Opt. Express16(8), 5892–5906 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, M. Pircher, W. Geitzenauer, C. Ahlers, B. Baumann, S. Michels, U. Schmidt-Erfurth, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Retinal pigment epithelium segmentation by polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express16(21), 16410–16422 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Götzinger, B. Baumann, M. Pircher, and C. K. Hitzenberger, “Polarization maintaining fiber based ultra-high resolution spectral domain polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express17(25), 22704–22717 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. K. Al-Qaisi and T. Akkin, “Swept-source polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography based on polarization-maintaining fiber,” Opt. Express18(4), 3392–3403 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Z. Zhang and B. J. Vakoc, “Polarimetry noise in fiber-based optical coherence tomography instrumentation,” Opt. Express19(18), 16830–16842 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1)

J. P. Gordon and H. Kogelnik, “PMD fundamentals: Polarization mode dispersion in optical fibers,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.97(9), 4541–4550 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prog. Retin. Eye Res. (2)

W. Drexler and J. G. Fujimoto, “State-of-the-art retinal optical coherence tomography,” Prog. Retin. Eye Res.27(1), 45–88 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pircher, C. K. Hitzenberger, and U. Schmidt-Erfurth, “Polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography in the human eye,” Prog. Retin. Eye Res.30(6), 431–451 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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