Abstract

An effective optical design method is proposed to solve the problem of adjustable view angle for infrared illuminator in active night vision systems. A novel total internal reflection (TIR) lens with three segments of the side surface is designed as the secondary optics of infrared emitting diode (IRED). It can provide three modes with different view angles to achieve a complete coverage of the monitored area. As an example, a novel TIR lens is designed for SONY FCB-EX 480CP camera. Optical performance of the novel TIR lens is investigated by both numerical simulation and experiments. The results demonstrate that it can meet the requirements of different irradiation distances quit well with view angles of 7.5°, 22° and 50°. The mean optical efficiency is improved from 62% to 75% and the mean irradiance uniformity is improved from 65% to 85% compared with the traditional structure.

© 2013 OSA

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References

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  1. J. Moisel, “Solid state night vision systems,” Proc. SPIE 5663, 47–54 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  2. R. M. Wu, Z. R. Zheng, H. F. Li, and X. Liu, “Optimization design of irradiance array for LED uniform rectangular illumination,” Appl. Opt. 51(13), 2257–2263 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. S. Zhao, K. Wang, F. Chen, D. Wu, and S. Liu, “Lens design of LED searchlight of high brightness and distant spot,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28(5), 815–820 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. Sony, http://pro.sony.com/bbsccms/assets/files/mkt/indauto/manuals/FCB-EX480C_EX48C_Technical_Manual.pdf .
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    [Crossref]
  6. J. J. Chen and C. T. Lin, “Freeform surface design for a light-emitting diode–based collimating lens,” Opt. Eng. 49(9), 093001 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  7. K. L. Huang, J. J. Chen, T. Y. Wang, and L. L. Huang, “Free-form lens design for LED indoor illumination,” Proc. SPIE 7852, 78521D, 78521D-8 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  8. F. Zhao, “Practical reflector design and calculation for general illumination,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420J, 59420J-9 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2012 (1)

2011 (2)

S. Zhao, K. Wang, F. Chen, D. Wu, and S. Liu, “Lens design of LED searchlight of high brightness and distant spot,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 28(5), 815–820 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Y. Cai, Y. C. Lo, and C. C. Sun, “Optical design of the focal adjustable flashlight based on a power white-LED,” Proc. SPIE 8128, 812806, 812806-5 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

J. J. Chen and C. T. Lin, “Freeform surface design for a light-emitting diode–based collimating lens,” Opt. Eng. 49(9), 093001 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. L. Huang, J. J. Chen, T. Y. Wang, and L. L. Huang, “Free-form lens design for LED indoor illumination,” Proc. SPIE 7852, 78521D, 78521D-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

2005 (2)

F. Zhao, “Practical reflector design and calculation for general illumination,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420J, 59420J-9 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Moisel, “Solid state night vision systems,” Proc. SPIE 5663, 47–54 (2005).
[Crossref]

Cai, J. Y.

J. Y. Cai, Y. C. Lo, and C. C. Sun, “Optical design of the focal adjustable flashlight based on a power white-LED,” Proc. SPIE 8128, 812806, 812806-5 (2011).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

Chen, J. J.

J. J. Chen and C. T. Lin, “Freeform surface design for a light-emitting diode–based collimating lens,” Opt. Eng. 49(9), 093001 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. L. Huang, J. J. Chen, T. Y. Wang, and L. L. Huang, “Free-form lens design for LED indoor illumination,” Proc. SPIE 7852, 78521D, 78521D-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huang, K. L.

K. L. Huang, J. J. Chen, T. Y. Wang, and L. L. Huang, “Free-form lens design for LED indoor illumination,” Proc. SPIE 7852, 78521D, 78521D-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Huang, L. L.

K. L. Huang, J. J. Chen, T. Y. Wang, and L. L. Huang, “Free-form lens design for LED indoor illumination,” Proc. SPIE 7852, 78521D, 78521D-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, H. F.

Lin, C. T.

J. J. Chen and C. T. Lin, “Freeform surface design for a light-emitting diode–based collimating lens,” Opt. Eng. 49(9), 093001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Liu, S.

Liu, X.

Lo, Y. C.

J. Y. Cai, Y. C. Lo, and C. C. Sun, “Optical design of the focal adjustable flashlight based on a power white-LED,” Proc. SPIE 8128, 812806, 812806-5 (2011).
[Crossref]

Moisel, J.

J. Moisel, “Solid state night vision systems,” Proc. SPIE 5663, 47–54 (2005).
[Crossref]

Sun, C. C.

J. Y. Cai, Y. C. Lo, and C. C. Sun, “Optical design of the focal adjustable flashlight based on a power white-LED,” Proc. SPIE 8128, 812806, 812806-5 (2011).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

Wang, T. Y.

K. L. Huang, J. J. Chen, T. Y. Wang, and L. L. Huang, “Free-form lens design for LED indoor illumination,” Proc. SPIE 7852, 78521D, 78521D-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

Wu, D.

Wu, R. M.

Zhao, F.

F. Zhao, “Practical reflector design and calculation for general illumination,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420J, 59420J-9 (2005).
[Crossref]

Zhao, S.

Zheng, Z. R.

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Eng. (1)

J. J. Chen and C. T. Lin, “Freeform surface design for a light-emitting diode–based collimating lens,” Opt. Eng. 49(9), 093001 (2010).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (4)

K. L. Huang, J. J. Chen, T. Y. Wang, and L. L. Huang, “Free-form lens design for LED indoor illumination,” Proc. SPIE 7852, 78521D, 78521D-8 (2010).
[Crossref]

F. Zhao, “Practical reflector design and calculation for general illumination,” Proc. SPIE 5942, 59420J, 59420J-9 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Moisel, “Solid state night vision systems,” Proc. SPIE 5663, 47–54 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Y. Cai, Y. C. Lo, and C. C. Sun, “Optical design of the focal adjustable flashlight based on a power white-LED,” Proc. SPIE 8128, 812806, 812806-5 (2011).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Sony, http://pro.sony.com/bbsccms/assets/files/mkt/indauto/manuals/FCB-EX480C_EX48C_Technical_Manual.pdf .

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Radiation distributions of the IR-illuminator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The view angles versus distance of the IR-illuminator and the camera.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Two dimensional structure of the proposed TIR lens.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Front view of and (b) side view of the novel TIR lens.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Simulation irradiance map; (b) experimental irradiance map; (c) comparison of the irradiance distribution between simulation and experiment with view angle of 50°.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Simulation irradiance map; (b) experimental irradiance map; (c) comparison of the irradiance distribution between simulation and experiment with view angle of 22°.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Simulation irradiance map; (b) experimental irradiance map; (c) comparison of the irradiance distribution between simulation and experiment with view angle of 7.5°.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Parameters of the Novel TIR Lens

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison between the Novel TIR Lens and Traditional Structure

Equations (12)

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E= W t / (π D IR 2 tan 2 (α/2 ))
E E m
W t / (π D IR 2 tan 2 (α/2 )) E m
h 2× D c ×tan(β/2 ) η
I(φ)=cosφ
ϕ s (φ)= I(φ) dw=π sin 2 φ
ϕ refract ( φ r )=π sin 2 φ r , φ r [ 0, φ c ]
ϕ TIR ( φ TIR )=π( sin 2 φ b sin 2 φ TIR ), φ TIR [ φ a , φ b ]
I(γ)= I 0 cos 3 (γ)
ϕ t (γ)= I 0 π(1/ cos 2 γ1 ),γ[ 0, α m 2 ]
ϕ t (γ)= ϕ refract ( φ r )+ ϕ TIR ( φ TIR )
φ TIR =arcsin( ( sin 2 φ r + sin 2 φ b ) I 0 (1/ cos 2 γ1 ) )

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