Abstract

We demonstrate the operation of a flexible optical filter based on guided mode resonances that operates in the visible regime. The filter is fabricated on a free standing polymeric membrane of 1.3 μm thickness and we show how the geometrical design parameters of the filter determine its optical properties, and how various types of filter can be made with this scheme. To highlight the versatility and robustness of the approach, we mount a filter onto a collimated fibre output and demonstrate successful wavelength filtering.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2012

G. Vincent, E. Sakat, P. Ghenuche, S. Collin, N. Bardou, S. Rommeluere, J. Primot, J. Deschamps, F. Pardo, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Spectral filtering with subwavelength gratings: overview and latest advances,” Proc. SPIE8268, 826807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Millyard, F. Min Huang, R. White, E. Spigone, J. Kivioja, and J. J. Baumberg, “Stretch-induced plasmonic anisotropy of self-assembled gold nanoparticle mats,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 073101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Consales, A. Ricciardi, A. Crescitelli, E. Esposito, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Lab-on-fiber technology: toward multifunctional optical nanoprobes,” ACS Nano6, 3163–3170 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Buet, E. Daran, D. Belharet, and A. Monmayrant, “High angular tolerance and reflectivity with narrow bandwidth cavity-resonator-integrated guided-mode resonance filter,” Opt. Express20, 9322–9327 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

C.-H. Lin, R.-L. Chern, and H.-Y. Lin, “Polarization-independent broad-band nearly perfect absorbers in the visible regime,” Opt. Express19, 415–424 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett.11, 632–636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

I. Bergmair, B. Dastmalchi, M. Bergmair, a. Saeed, W. Hilber, G. Hesser, C. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, U. Hübner, N. H. Shen, R. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Hingerl, M. Muehlberger, and R. Schoeftner, “Single and multilayer metamaterials fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology22, 325301 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. a. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol.6, 402–407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Di Falco, Y. Zhao, and A. Alu, “Optical metasurfaces with robust angular response on flexible substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 163110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010

S. P. Burgos, R. de Waele, A. Polman, and H. A. Atwater, “A single-layer wide-angle negative-index metamaterial at visible frequencies,” Nat. Mater.9, 407–412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett.10, 4222–4227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Haidar, G. Vincent, S. Collin, N. Bardou, N. Guerineau, J. Deschamps, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Free-standing subwavelength metallic gratings for snapshot multispectral imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 221104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Collin, G. Vincent, R. Haïdar, N. Bardou, S. Rommeluère, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Nearly perfect Fano transmission resonances through nanoslits drilled in a metallic membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Di Falco, M. Ploschner, and T. F. Krauss, “Flexible metamaterials at visible wavelengths,” New J. Phys.12, 113006 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Ricciardi, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, T. F. Krauss, and L. O’Faolain, “Broadband mirrors in the near-infrared based on subwavelength gratings in SOI,” IEEE Photonics J.2, 696–702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.9, 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Miroshnichenko, S. Flach, and Y. Kivshar, “Fano resonances in nanoscale structures,” Rev. Mod. Phys.82, 2257–2298 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolle, B. Zheng, N. Gibbons, J. J. Baumberg, and U. Steiner, “Stretch-tuneable dielectric mirrors and optical microcavities,” Opt. Express18, 4356–4364 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Liu, Z. Lai, H. Guo, and Y. Liu, “Guided-mode resonance filters with shallow grating,” Opt. Lett.35, 865–867 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Guerrero, M. W. C. Sze, and J. R. A. Batiller, “Deformable curvature and beam scanning with an elastomeric concave grating actuated by a shape memory alloy,” Appl. Opt.49, 3634–3639 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009

A. Alu, “Mantle cloak: invisibility induced by a surface,” Phys. Rev. B80, 1–5 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007

2006

J. Song, R. Proietti Zaccaria, M. B. Yu, and X. W. Sun, “Tunable Fano resonance in photonic crystal slabs,” Opt. Express14, 8812–8826 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. S. Joe, A. M. Satanin, and C. S. Kim, “Classical analogy of Fano resonances,” Phys. Scr.74, 259–266 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Wang and Y. Shen, “General properties of local plasmons in metal nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 1–4 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. Klein, T. Tritschler, M. Wegener, and S. Linden, “Lineshape of harmonic generation by metallic nanoparticles and metallic photonic crystal slabs,” Phys. Rev. B72, 1–12 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Borisov, F. García de Abajo, and S. Shabanov, “Role of electromagnetic trapped modes in extraordinary transmission in nanostructured materials,” Phys. Rev. B71, 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

A. Christ, T. Zentgrat, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B70, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

F. J. García-Vidal and L. Martín-Moreno, “Transmission and focusing of light in one-dimensional periodically nanostructured metals,” Phys. Rev. B66, 1–10 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1998

C. Hammond, “A symmetrical representation of the geometrical optics of the light microscope,” J. Microsc.192, 63–68 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1995

1992

R. Magnusson and S. S. Wang, “New principle for optical filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett.61, 1022–1024 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1972

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1961

U. Fano, “Effects of configuration interaction on intensities and phase shifts,” Phys. Rev.124, 1866–1878 (1961).
[CrossRef]

1893

A. Köhler, “Ein neues beleuchtungsverfahren für mikrophotographische zwecke,” Z Wiss. Mikr.10, 433–440 (1893).

Aizenberg, J.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett.11, 632–636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Alu, A.

A. Di Falco, Y. Zhao, and A. Alu, “Optical metasurfaces with robust angular response on flexible substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99, 163110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. Alu, “Mantle cloak: invisibility induced by a surface,” Phys. Rev. B80, 1–5 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Atwater, H. A.

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett.10, 4222–4227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. P. Burgos, R. de Waele, A. Polman, and H. A. Atwater, “A single-layer wide-angle negative-index metamaterial at visible frequencies,” Nat. Mater.9, 407–412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett.10, 4222–4227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baca, A. J.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. a. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol.6, 402–407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bardou, N.

G. Vincent, E. Sakat, P. Ghenuche, S. Collin, N. Bardou, S. Rommeluere, J. Primot, J. Deschamps, F. Pardo, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Spectral filtering with subwavelength gratings: overview and latest advances,” Proc. SPIE8268, 826807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Collin, G. Vincent, R. Haïdar, N. Bardou, S. Rommeluère, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Nearly perfect Fano transmission resonances through nanoslits drilled in a metallic membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Haidar, G. Vincent, S. Collin, N. Bardou, N. Guerineau, J. Deschamps, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Free-standing subwavelength metallic gratings for snapshot multispectral imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 221104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Batiller, J. R. A.

Baumberg, J. J.

M. G. Millyard, F. Min Huang, R. White, E. Spigone, J. Kivioja, and J. J. Baumberg, “Stretch-induced plasmonic anisotropy of self-assembled gold nanoparticle mats,” Appl. Phys. Lett.100, 073101 (2012).
[CrossRef]

M. Kolle, B. Zheng, N. Gibbons, J. J. Baumberg, and U. Steiner, “Stretch-tuneable dielectric mirrors and optical microcavities,” Opt. Express18, 4356–4364 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belharet, D.

Bergmair, I.

I. Bergmair, B. Dastmalchi, M. Bergmair, a. Saeed, W. Hilber, G. Hesser, C. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, U. Hübner, N. H. Shen, R. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Hingerl, M. Muehlberger, and R. Schoeftner, “Single and multilayer metamaterials fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology22, 325301 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergmair, M.

I. Bergmair, B. Dastmalchi, M. Bergmair, a. Saeed, W. Hilber, G. Hesser, C. Helgert, E. Pshenay-Severin, T. Pertsch, E. B. Kley, U. Hübner, N. H. Shen, R. Penciu, M. Kafesaki, C. M. Soukoulis, K. Hingerl, M. Muehlberger, and R. Schoeftner, “Single and multilayer metamaterials fabricated by nanoimprint lithography,” Nanotechnology22, 325301 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bogart, G. R.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. a. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol.6, 402–407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borisov, A. G.

A. G. Borisov, F. García de Abajo, and S. Shabanov, “Role of electromagnetic trapped modes in extraordinary transmission in nanostructured materials,” Phys. Rev. B71, 1–7 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Boyko, O.

Braun, P.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. a. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol.6, 402–407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Briggs, R. M.

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett.10, 4222–4227 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buet, X.

Burgos, S. P.

S. P. Burgos, R. de Waele, A. Polman, and H. A. Atwater, “A single-layer wide-angle negative-index metamaterial at visible frequencies,” Nat. Mater.9, 407–412 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cain, T.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. a. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol.6, 402–407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campopiano, S.

A. Ricciardi, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, T. F. Krauss, and L. O’Faolain, “Broadband mirrors in the near-infrared based on subwavelength gratings in SOI,” IEEE Photonics J.2, 696–702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Capasso, F.

D. J. Lipomi, R. V. Martinez, M. A. Kats, S. H. Kang, P. Kim, J. Aizenberg, F. Capasso, and G. M. Whitesides, “Patterning the tips of optical fibers with metallic nanostructures using nanoskiving,” Nano Lett.11, 632–636 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Carlson, A.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. a. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol.6, 402–407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chanda, D.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. a. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol.6, 402–407 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chern, R.-L.

Chong, C. T.

B. Luk’yanchuk, N. I. Zheludev, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, P. Nordlander, H. Giessen, and C. T. Chong, “The Fano resonance in plasmonic nanostructures and metamaterials,” Nat. Mater.9, 707–715 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Christ, A.

A. Christ, T. Zentgrat, J. Kuhl, S. G. Tikhodeev, N. Gippius, and H. Giessen, “Optical properties of planar metallic photonic crystal structures: experiment and theory,” Phys. Rev. B70, 1–15 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical constants of the noble metals,” Phys. Rev. B6, 4370–4379 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Collin, S.

G. Vincent, E. Sakat, P. Ghenuche, S. Collin, N. Bardou, S. Rommeluere, J. Primot, J. Deschamps, F. Pardo, J.-L. Pelouard, and R. Haidar, “Spectral filtering with subwavelength gratings: overview and latest advances,” Proc. SPIE8268, 826807 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Collin, G. Vincent, R. Haïdar, N. Bardou, S. Rommeluère, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Nearly perfect Fano transmission resonances through nanoslits drilled in a metallic membrane,” Phys. Rev. Lett.104, 1–4 (2010).
[CrossRef]

R. Haidar, G. Vincent, S. Collin, N. Bardou, N. Guerineau, J. Deschamps, and J.-L. Pelouard, “Free-standing subwavelength metallic gratings for snapshot multispectral imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 221104 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Consales, M.

M. Consales, A. Ricciardi, A. Crescitelli, E. Esposito, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Lab-on-fiber technology: toward multifunctional optical nanoprobes,” ACS Nano6, 3163–3170 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crescitelli, A.

M. Consales, A. Ricciardi, A. Crescitelli, E. Esposito, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Lab-on-fiber technology: toward multifunctional optical nanoprobes,” ACS Nano6, 3163–3170 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cusano, A.

M. Consales, A. Ricciardi, A. Crescitelli, E. Esposito, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Lab-on-fiber technology: toward multifunctional optical nanoprobes,” ACS Nano6, 3163–3170 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ricciardi, S. Campopiano, A. Cusano, T. F. Krauss, and L. O’Faolain, “Broadband mirrors in the near-infrared based on subwavelength gratings in SOI,” IEEE Photonics J.2, 696–702 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Cutolo, A.

M. Consales, A. Ricciardi, A. Crescitelli, E. Esposito, A. Cutolo, and A. Cusano, “Lab-on-fiber technology: toward multifunctional optical nanoprobes,” ACS Nano6, 3163–3170 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daran, E.

Dastmalchi, B.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

a) Schematic of grating with relevant parameters labelled. b) SEM image of a fabricated grating. c) The bandstructure of a waveguide of 1.3 μm thickness with a grating of period 500 nm. The width of the plot is that of the first Brillouin Zone, and the frequency range is restricted to the visible spectrum.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of the transmission, reflection, and absorption properties of a filter with g=500 nm, d=1.3 μm, and t=30 nm on the duty cycle. The same colour bar is used for all three plots. The green lines show the duty cycle value of the fabricated sample (the T spectrum being shown in Fig. 4).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulated (left) and measured (right) angle resolved spectra showing the bandstructure of the sample: g=500 nm, d=1.3 μm, t=30 nm and a=150 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Direct filtering on top of a collimated fibre output. The fibre, with insets showing size of the membrane (left) and mounting geometry (right) in shown in (a). The simulated, free space measured, and fibre mounted spectra are shown in panels (b)–(d).

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