Abstract

This paper proposes an integral volumetric imaging system that uses a coarse fly-eye lens and a fine fly-eye lens to show smooth and deep 3D image. Conventional integral volumetric imaging displays using a coarse fly-eye lens have suffered from low image quality due to distinct seam of lenses and moiré pattern caused by layered panel structure. To solve these problems the proposed system uses a fine fly-eye lens whose elemental lens has a long focal distance. By placing a fine fly-eye lens near the layered real image, the seam and the moiré are removed while the degradation of the presented 3D image is kept small.

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References

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  1. G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).
  2. B. Lee, S. Jung, S.-W. Min, and J.-H. Park, “Three-dimensional display by use of integral photography with dynamically variable image planes,” Opt. Lett. 26(19), 1481–1482 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Kim, J.-H. Park, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced three-dimensional integral imaging by use of multilayered display devices,” Appl. Opt. 45(18), 4334–4343 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Y. Kim, H. Choi, J. Kim, S.-W. Cho, Y. Kim, G. Park, and B. Lee, “Depth-enhanced integral imaging display system with electrically variable image planes using polymer-dispersed liquid-crystal layers,” Appl. Opt. 46(18), 3766–3773 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 31(1), 1208–1211 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C(11), 1911–1915 (2002).
  8. H. Kakeya, “Improving image quality of coarse integral volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 723726 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Kakeya, “Realization of undistorted volumetric multiview image with multilayered integral imaging,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20395–20404 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Ueda and H. Kakeya, “Multilayered Integral Imaging with Improved Image Clarity,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 42(1), 1116–1119 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Kodaira, A. Nakao, Y. Mano, and H. Kakeya, “Distortion correction of coarse integral volumetric imaging with large lens,” Proc. of 3DSA (2010), pp. 205–208.
  12. S. Sawada and H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral volumetric imaging with flat screen and wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78631L (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (3)

Y. Ueda and H. Kakeya, “Multilayered Integral Imaging with Improved Image Clarity,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 42(1), 1116–1119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Sawada and H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral volumetric imaging with flat screen and wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78631L (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Realization of undistorted volumetric multiview image with multilayered integral imaging,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20395–20404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (1)

H. Kakeya, “Improving image quality of coarse integral volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 723726 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (1)

2002 (1)

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C(11), 1911–1915 (2002).

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 31(1), 1208–1211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1908 (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Cho, S.-W.

Choi, H.

Jung, S.

Kakeya, H.

S. Sawada and H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral volumetric imaging with flat screen and wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78631L (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ueda and H. Kakeya, “Multilayered Integral Imaging with Improved Image Clarity,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 42(1), 1116–1119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Realization of undistorted volumetric multiview image with multilayered integral imaging,” Opt. Express 19(21), 20395–20404 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kakeya, “Improving image quality of coarse integral volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 723726 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.

Kim, Y.

Lee, B.

Lippmann, G.

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

Min, S.-W.

Ohtsuka, S.

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C(11), 1911–1915 (2002).

S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 31(1), 1208–1211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, G.

Park, J.-H.

Sakai, S.

S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 31(1), 1208–1211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sawada, S.

S. Sawada and H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral volumetric imaging with flat screen and wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78631L (2011).
[CrossRef]

Suyama, S.

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C(11), 1911–1915 (2002).

S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 31(1), 1208–1211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takada, H.

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C(11), 1911–1915 (2002).

S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 31(1), 1208–1211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, Y.

Y. Ueda and H. Kakeya, “Multilayered Integral Imaging with Improved Image Clarity,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 42(1), 1116–1119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Uehira, K.

S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 31(1), 1208–1211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

C. R. Acad. Sci. (1)

G. Lippmann, “La photograhie integrale,” C. R. Acad. Sci. 146, 446–451 (1908).

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

S. Suyama, H. Takada, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Direct-Vision 3-D Display Using a New Depth-fusing Perceptual Phenomenon in 2-D Displays with Different Depths,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E85-C(11), 1911–1915 (2002).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (3)

S. Sawada and H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral volumetric imaging with flat screen and wide viewing angle,” Proc. SPIE 7863, 78631L (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Coarse integral imaging and its applications,” Proc. SPIE 6803, 680317 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Kakeya, “Improving image quality of coarse integral volumetric display,” Proc. SPIE 7237, 723726 (2009).
[CrossRef]

SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers (2)

Y. Ueda and H. Kakeya, “Multilayered Integral Imaging with Improved Image Clarity,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 42(1), 1116–1119 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Suyama, H. Takada, K. Uehira, S. Sakai, and S. Ohtsuka, “A Novel Direct-Vision 3-D Display using Luminance-Modulated Two 2-D Images Displayed at Different Depths,” SID Int. Symp. Digest Tech. Papers 31(1), 1208–1211 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

H. Kodaira, A. Nakao, Y. Mano, and H. Kakeya, “Distortion correction of coarse integral volumetric imaging with large lens,” Proc. of 3DSA (2010), pp. 205–208.

Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: MPG (1718 KB)     
» Media 2: MPG (1068 KB)     

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Comparison between conventional integral imaging and coarse integral imaging.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical setup of CIVI.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Proposed system design.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Blur of image by fine fly-eye lens.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Blur of lens seam by fine fly-eye lens.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Prototype system.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Media 1, Media 2) Observed images presented by conventional CIVI and proposed IVI systems.

Equations (4)

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1 b 1 a = 1 f ,
l= fL Lf
1 L + 1 l = 1 f .
D= l+L l d= dL f .

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