Abstract

Ptychographic coherent X-ray diffractive imaging (PCDI) has been combined with nano-focus X-ray diffraction to study the structure and density distribution of unstained and unsliced bacterial cells, using a hard X-ray beam of 6.2keV photon energy, focused to about 90nm by a Fresnel zone plate lens. While PCDI provides images of the bacteria with quantitative contrast in real space with a resolution well below the beam size at the sample, spatially resolved small angle X-ray scattering using the same Fresnel zone plate (cellular nano-diffraction) provides structural information at highest resolution in reciprocal space up to 2nm−1. We show how the real and reciprocal space approach can be used synergistically on the same sample and with the same setup. In addition, we present 3D hard X-ray imaging of unstained bacterial cells by a combination of ptychography and tomography.

© 2012 OSA

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2012 (1)

A. Diaz, P. Trtik, M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, and O. Bunk, “Quantitative x-ray phase nanotomography,” Phys. Rev. B85, 020104 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (4)

T. H. Jensen, M. Bech, O. Bunk, M. Thomsen, A. Menzel, A. Bouchet, G. L. Duc, R. Feidenhans’l, and F. Pfeiffer, “Brain tumor imaging using small-angle x-ray scattering tomography,” Phys. Med. Biol.56, 1717–1726 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gorelick, J. Vila-Comamala, V. A. Guzenko, R. Barrett, M. Salome, and C. David, “High- efficiency fresnel zone plates for hard x-rays by 100 kev e-beam lithography and electroplating,” J. Synchrotron Radiat.18, 442–446 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Takahashi, A. Suzuki, N. Zettsu, Y. Kohmura, Y. Senba, H. Ohashi, K. Yamauchi, and T. Ishikawa, “Towards high-resolution ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Phys. Rev. B83, 214109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, A. Diaz, M. Holler, M. S. Lucas, A. Menzel, R. A. Wepf, and O. Bunk, “Phase tomography from x-ray coherent diffractive imaging projections,” Opt. Express19, 21345–21357 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (9)

M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, P. Thibault, P. Schneider, C. M. Kewish, R. Wepf, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic x-ray computed tomography at the nanoscale,” Nature467, 436–439 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Dierolf, P. Thibault, A. Menzel, C. M. Kewish, K. Jefimovs, I. Schlichting, K. von Knig, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging of weakly scattering specimens,” New J. Phys.12, 035017 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Schropp, P. Boye, J. M. Feldkamp, R. Hoppe, J. Patommel, D. Samberg, S. Stephan, K. Giewekemeyer, R. N. Wilke, T. Salditt, J. Gulden, A. P. Mancuso, I. A. Vartanyants, E. Weckert, S. Schoder, M. Burghammer, and C. G. Schroer, “Hard x-ray nanobeam characterization by coherent diffraction microscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett.96, 091102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Kewish, P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, O. Bunk, A. Menzel, J. Vila-Comamala, K. Jefimovs, and F. Pfeiffer, “Ptychographic characterization of the wavefield in the focus of reflective hard x-ray optics,” Ultramicroscopy110, 325–329 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Gorelick, V. A. Guzenko, J. Vila-Comamala, and C. David, “Direct e-beam writing of dense and high aspect ratio nanostructures in thick layers of PMMA for electroplating,” Nanotechnology21, 295303 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Nygård, O. Bunk, E. Perret, C. David, and J.F. van der Veen, “Diffraction gratings as small-angle X-ray scattering calibration standards,” J. Appl. Cryst.43, 350–351 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Giewekemeyer, P. Thibault, S. Kalbfleisch, A. Beerlink, C. M. Kewish, M. Dierolf, F. Pfeiffer, and T. Salditt, “Quantitative biological imaging by ptychographic x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA107, 529–534 (2010).
[CrossRef]

K. Giewekemeyer, H. Neubauer, S. Kalbfleisch, S. P. Krüger, and T. Salditt, “Holographic and diffractive x-ray imaging using waveguides as quasi-point sources,” New J. Phys.12, 035008 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Nelson, X. Huang, J. Steinbrener, D. Shapiro, J. Kirz, S. Marchesini, A. M. Neiman, J. J. Turner, and C. Jacobsen, “High-resolution x-ray diffraction microscopy of specifically labeled yeast cells,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA107, 7235–7239 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (7)

O. Bunk, M. Bech, T. H. Jensen, R. Feidenhans’l, T. Binderup, A. Menzel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Multimodal x-ray scatter imaging,” New J. Phys.11, 123016 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, O. Bunk, A. Menzel, and F. Pfeiffer, “Probe retrieval in ptychographic coherent diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy109, 338–343 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Maiden and J. M. Rodenburg, “An improved ptychographical phase retrieval algorithm for diffractive imaging,” Ultramicroscopy109, 1256–1262 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Kraft, A. Bergamaschi, C. Broennimann, R. Dinapoli, E. F. Eikenberry, B. Henrich, I. Johnson, A. Mozzanica, C. M. Schleputz, P. R. Willmott, and B. Schmitt, “Performance of single-photon- counting pilatus detector modules,” J. Synchrotron Radiat.16, 368–375 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, C. M. Kewish, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, and F. Pfeiffer, “Contrast mechanisms in scanning transmission x-ray microscopy,” Phys. Rev. A80, 043813 (2009).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Howells, T. Beetz, H. Chapman, C. Cui, J. Holton, C. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, S. Marchesini, H. Miao, D. Sayre, D. Shapiro, J. Spence, and D. Starodub, “An assessment of the resolution limitation due to radiation-damage in x-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Electron Spectrosc.170, 4–12 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

O. Bunk, M. Dierolf, S. Kynde, I. Johnson, O. Marti, and F. Pfeiffer, “Influence of the overlap parameter on the convergence of the ptychographical iterative engine,” Ultramicroscopy108, 481–487 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Thibault, M. Dierolf, A. Menzel, O. Bunk, C. David, and F. Pfeiffer, “High-resolution scanning x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Science321, 379–382 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, G. J. Williams, J. N. Clark, A. G. Peele, M. A. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys.4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Guizar-Sicairos, S.T. Thurman, and J.R. Fienup, “Efficient subpixel image registration algorithms,” Opt. Lett.33, 156–158 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

J. M. Rodenburg, A. C. Hurst, A. G. Cullis, B. R. Dobson, F. Pfeiffer, O. Bunk, C. David, K. Jefimovs, and I. Johnson, “Hard-x-ray lensless imaging of extended objects,” Phys. Rev. Lett.98, 034801 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gourrier, W. Wagermaier, M. Burghammer, D. Lammie, H. S. Gupta, P. Fratzl, C. Riekel, T. J. Wess, and O. Paris, “Scanning x-ray imaging with small-angle scattering contrast,” J. Appl. Crystallogr.40, 78–82 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (5)

M. Eltsov and J. Dubochet, “Rebuttal: Ring-like nucleoids and dna repair in deinococcus radio-durans,” J. Bacteriol.188, 6052 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Eltsov and J. Dubochet, “Study of the deinococcus radiodurans nucleoid by cryoelectron microscopy of vitreous sections: supplementary comments,” J. Bacteriol.188, 6053–6058 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Minsky, E. Shimoni, and J. Englander, “Rebuttal: study of the deinococcus radiodurans nucleoid,” J. Bacteriol.188, 6059 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Williams, H. M. Quiney, B. B. Dhal, C. Q. Tran, K. A. Nugent, A. G. Peele, D. Paterson, and M. D. de Jonge, “Fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett.97, 025506 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. N. Chapman, A. Barty, S. Marchesini, A. Noy, S. P. Hau-Riege, C. Cui, M. R. Howells, R. Rosen, H. He, J. C. H. Spence, U. Weierstall, T. Beetz, C. Jacobsen, and D. Shapiro, “High-resolution ab initio three-dimensional x-ray diffraction microscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A23, 1179–1200 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

M. Eltsov and J. Dubochet, “Fine structure of the deinococcus radiodurans nucleoid revealed by cryoelectron microscopy of vitreous sections,” J. Bacteriol.187, 8047–8054 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zimmerman and J. Battista, “A ring-like nucleoid is not necessary for radioresistance in the deinococcaceae,” BMC Microbiol.5, 17 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Shapiro, P. Thibault, T. Beetz, V. Elser, M. Howells, C. Jacobsen, J. Kirz, E. Lima, H. Miao, A. M. Neiman, and D. Sayre, “Biological imaging by soft x-ray diffraction microscopy,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA102, 15343–15346 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

J. M. Rodenburg and H. M. L. Faulkner, “A phase retrieval algorithm for shifting illumination,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85, 4795–4797 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

G. Morrison, W. Eaton, R. Barrett, and P. Charalambous, “STXM imaging with a configured detector,” J. Phys. IV France104, 547–550 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Levin-Zaidman, J. Englander, E. Shimoni, A. K. Sharma, K. W. Minton, and A. Minsky, “Ringlike structure of the deinococcus radiodurans genome: a key to radioresistance?,” Science299, 254–256 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

O. Paris, D. Loidl, H. Peterlik, M. Muller, H. Lichtenegger, and P. Fratzl, “The internal structure of single carbon fibers determined by simultaneous small- and wide-angle scattering,” J. Appl. Crystallogr.33, 695–699 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

S. Rinnerthaler, P. Roschger, H. F. Jakob, A. Nader, K. Klaushofer, and P. Fratzl, “Scanning small angle x-ray scattering analysis of human bone sections,” Calcified Tissue Int.64, 422–429 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Miao, P. Charalambous, J. Kirz, and D. Sayre, “Extending the methodology of x-ray crystallography to allow imaging of micrometre-sized non-crystalline specimens,” Nature400, 342–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

P. Fratzl, H. F. Jakob, S. Rinnerthaler, P. Roschger, and K. Klaushofer, “Position-resolved small-angle x-ray scattering of complex biological materials,” J. Appl. Crystallogr.30, 765–769 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

J. Dubochet, M. Adrian, J.-J. Chang, J.-C. Homo, J. Lepault, A.W. McDowall, and P. Schultz, “Cryo-Electron microscopy of vitrified specimens,” Q. Rev. Biophys.21, 129–228 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

1982 (1)

Abbey, B.

D. J. Vine, G. J. Williams, B. Abbey, M. A. Pfeifer, J. N. Clark, M. D. de Jonge, I. McNulty, A. G. Peele, and K. A. Nugent, “Ptychographic fresnel coherent diffractive imaging,” Phys. Rev. A80, 063823 (2009).
[CrossRef]

B. Abbey, K. A. Nugent, G. J. Williams, J. N. Clark, A. G. Peele, M. A. Pfeifer, M. de Jonge, and I. McNulty, “Keyhole coherent diffractive imaging,” Nat. Phys.4, 394–398 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Adrian, M.

J. Dubochet, M. Adrian, J.-J. Chang, J.-C. Homo, J. Lepault, A.W. McDowall, and P. Schultz, “Cryo-Electron microscopy of vitrified specimens,” Q. Rev. Biophys.21, 129–228 (1988).
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