Abstract

While it has been demonstrated that, above its resolution limit, Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) microscopy can map chiral local field enhancements, below that limit, structural defects were found to play a major role. Here we show that, even below the resolution limit, the contributions from chiral local field enhancements to the SHG signal can dominate over those by structural defects. We report highly homogeneous SHG micrographs of star-shaped gold nanostructures, where the SHG circular dichroism effect is clearly visible from virtually every single nanostructure. Most likely, size and geometry determine the dominant contributions to the SHG signal in nanostructured systems.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  45. I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, and C. C. Davis, “Near-field second harmonic generation from a rough metal surface,” Phys. Rev. B 56(15), 9290–9293 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  46. A. V. Zayats, T. Kalkbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, “Second-harmonic generation from individual surface defects under local excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 61(7), 4545–4548 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  47. S. Kujala, B. K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipolar analysis of second-harmonic radiation from gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17196–17208 (2008).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (8)

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Centini, A. Benedetti, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Coupled 2D Ag nano-resonator chains for enhanced and spatially tailored second harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 19(9), 8218–8232 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Huttunen, G. Bautista, M. Decker, S. Linden, M. Wegener, and M. Kauranen, “Nonlinear chiral imaging of subwavelength-sized twisted-cross gold nanodimers,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 46–56 (2011).
[CrossRef]

M. Zdanowicz, S. Kujala, H. Husu, and M. Kauranen, “Effective medium multipolar tensor analysis of second-harmonic generation from metal nanoparticles,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023025 (2011).
[CrossRef]

G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. Volski, N. Verellen, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “On the use of the method of moments in plasmonic applications,” Radio Sci. 46, RS0E02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (9)

C. G. Biris and N. C. Panoiu, “Second harmonic generation in metamaterials based on homogeneous centrosymmetric nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, J. Duboisset, F. Bertorelle, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Three-dimensional mapping of single gold nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous transparent matrix using optical second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22314–22323 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Benedetti, M. Centini, C. Sibilia, and M. Bertolotti, “Engineering the second harmonic generation pattern from coupled gold nanowires,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 27(3), 408–416 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Schön, N. Bonod, E. Devaux, J. Wenger, H. Rigneault, T. W. Ebbesen, and S. Brasselet, “Enhanced second-harmonic generation from individual metallic nanoapertures,” Opt. Lett. 35(23), 4063–4065 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C.-L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Interference between selected dipoles and octupoles in the optical second-harmonic generation from spherical gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 077401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sheng, A. Best, H.-J. Butt, W. Krolikowski, A. Arie, and K. Koynov, “Three-dimensional ferroelectric domain visualization by Cerenkov-type second harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 18(16), 16539–16545 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (9)

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Foerier, I. A. Kolmychek, O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. Verbiest, and V. K. Valev, “Optical second harmonic generation chiral spectroscopy,” ChemPhysChem 10(9-10), 1431–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zeng and J. V. Moloney, “Volume electric dipole origin of second-harmonic generation from metallic membrane with noncentrosymmetric patterns,” Opt. Lett. 34(18), 2844–2846 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Cao, N. C. Panoiu, R. D. R. Bhat, and R. M. Osgood., “Surface second-harmonic generation from scattering of surface plasmon polaritons from radially symmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Wang, F. J. Rodríguez, W. M. Albers, R. Ahorinta, J. E. Sipe, and M. Kauranen, “Surface and bulk contributions to the second-order nonlinear optical response of a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 233402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Belardini, M. C. Larciprete, M. Centini, E. Fazio, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, A. Toma, D. Chiappe, and F. Buatier de Mongeot, “Tailored second harmonic generation from self-organized metal nano-wires arrays,” Opt. Express 17(5), 3603–3609 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Zeng, W. Hoyer, J. Liu, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Classical theory for second-harmonic generation from metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (3)

W. L. Schaich, “Second harmonic generation by periodically-structured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kujala, B. K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipolar analysis of second-harmonic radiation from gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17196–17208 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

V. K. Valev, A. Kirilyuk, F. Dalla Longa, J. Kohlhepp, B. Koopmans, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of periodic oscillations in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation at the Mn∕Co interface,” Phys. Rev. B 75(1), 012401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Kujala, B. K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipole interference in the second-harmonic optical radiation from gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(16), 167403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Canfield, S. Kujala, K. Laiho, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Chirality arising from small defects in gold nanoparticle arrays,” Opt. Express 14(2), 950–955 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

P. Fischer and F. Hache, “Nonlinear optical spectroscopy of chiral molecules,” Chirality 17(8), 421–437 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, “Magnetization-induced-second-harmonic generation from surfaces and interfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(1), 148–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. V. Murzina, E. M. Kim, R. V. Kapra, A. A. Fedyanin, M. Inoue, A. F. Kravets, S. V. Kuznetsova, M. V. Ivanchenko, and V. G. Lifshits, “Magnetization-induced second- and third-harmonic generation in magnetic thin films and nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(1), 138–147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, M. Gruyters, A. Kirilyuk, and Th. Rasing, “Influence of quadratic contributions in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation studies of magnetization reversal,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(15), 3027–3031 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “A chiral route to negative refraction,” Science 306(5700), 1353–1355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

C. Anceau, S. Brasselet, J. Zyss, and P. Gadenne, “Local second-harmonic generation enhancement on gold nanostructures probed by two-photon microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 28(9), 713–715 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, “Near-field second-harmonic generation induced by local field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(1), 013903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalkbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, “Second-harmonic generation from individual surface defects under local excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 61(7), 4545–4548 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and C. C. Davis, “Observation of localized plasmonic excitations in thin metal films with near-field second-harmonic microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 93–96 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, and C. C. Davis, “Near-field second harmonic generation from a rough metal surface,” Phys. Rev. B 56(15), 9290–9293 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Phys. Chem. 97(7), 1383–1388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, E. D. Mishina, and A. V. Petukhov, “Lightning rod effect in surface-enhanced second-harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 40, 1012–1015 (1984).

1983 (1)

H. W. K. Tom, T. F. Heinz, and Y. R. Shen, “Second-harmonic reflection from silicon surfaces and its relation to structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51(21), 1983–1986 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

C. H. Lee, R. K. Chang, and N. Bloembergen, “Nonlinear electroreflectance in silicon and silver,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(5), 167–170 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Abdenour, A.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Adam, P.-M.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ahorinta, R.

F. X. Wang, F. J. Rodríguez, W. M. Albers, R. Ahorinta, J. E. Sipe, and M. Kauranen, “Surface and bulk contributions to the second-order nonlinear optical response of a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 233402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Aktsipetrov, O. A.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Foerier, I. A. Kolmychek, O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. Verbiest, and V. K. Valev, “Optical second harmonic generation chiral spectroscopy,” ChemPhysChem 10(9-10), 1431–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. V. Murzina, E. M. Kim, R. V. Kapra, A. A. Fedyanin, M. Inoue, A. F. Kravets, S. V. Kuznetsova, M. V. Ivanchenko, and V. G. Lifshits, “Magnetization-induced second- and third-harmonic generation in magnetic thin films and nanoparticles,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(1), 138–147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, E. D. Mishina, and A. V. Petukhov, “Lightning rod effect in surface-enhanced second-harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 40, 1012–1015 (1984).

Albers, W. M.

F. X. Wang, F. J. Rodríguez, W. M. Albers, R. Ahorinta, J. E. Sipe, and M. Kauranen, “Surface and bulk contributions to the second-order nonlinear optical response of a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 233402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Allegrini, M.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ameloot, M.

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anceau, C.

Arie, A.

Bachelier, G.

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Interference between selected dipoles and octupoles in the optical second-harmonic generation from spherical gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 077401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, J. Duboisset, F. Bertorelle, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Three-dimensional mapping of single gold nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous transparent matrix using optical second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22314–22323 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baranova, I. M.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, E. D. Mishina, and A. V. Petukhov, “Lightning rod effect in surface-enhanced second-harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 40, 1012–1015 (1984).

Bautista, G.

Beauvillain, P.

V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Belardini, A.

Benedetti, A.

Benichou, E.

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, J. Duboisset, F. Bertorelle, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Three-dimensional mapping of single gold nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous transparent matrix using optical second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22314–22323 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Interference between selected dipoles and octupoles in the optical second-harmonic generation from spherical gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 077401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bertolotti, M.

Bertorelle, F.

Best, A.

Beversluis, M.

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, “Near-field second-harmonic generation induced by local field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(1), 013903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhat, R. D. R.

L. Cao, N. C. Panoiu, R. D. R. Bhat, and R. M. Osgood., “Surface second-harmonic generation from scattering of surface plasmon polaritons from radially symmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Biagioni, P.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Biris, C. G.

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Biris and N. C. Panoiu, “Second harmonic generation in metamaterials based on homogeneous centrosymmetric nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

C. H. Lee, R. K. Chang, and N. Bloembergen, “Nonlinear electroreflectance in silicon and silver,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(5), 167–170 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Bonod, N.

Bouhelier, A.

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, “Near-field second-harmonic generation induced by local field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(1), 013903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brasselet, S.

Brevet, P.-F.

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, J. Duboisset, F. Bertorelle, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Three-dimensional mapping of single gold nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous transparent matrix using optical second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22314–22323 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Interference between selected dipoles and octupoles in the optical second-harmonic generation from spherical gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 077401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brueck, S. R. J.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Brun, A.

V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Buatier de Mongeot, F.

Butet, J.

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Interference between selected dipoles and octupoles in the optical second-harmonic generation from spherical gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 077401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, J. Duboisset, F. Bertorelle, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Three-dimensional mapping of single gold nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous transparent matrix using optical second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22314–22323 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Butt, H.-J.

Byers, J. D.

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Phys. Chem. 97(7), 1383–1388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Canfield, B. K.

Cao, L.

L. Cao, N. C. Panoiu, R. D. R. Bhat, and R. M. Osgood., “Surface second-harmonic generation from scattering of surface plasmon polaritons from radially symmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Celebrano, M.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Centini, M.

Cerullo, G.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chang, R. K.

C. H. Lee, R. K. Chang, and N. Bloembergen, “Nonlinear electroreflectance in silicon and silver,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 18(5), 167–170 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Chiappe, D.

Dadap, J. I.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dalla Longa, F.

V. K. Valev, A. Kirilyuk, F. Dalla Longa, J. Kohlhepp, B. Koopmans, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of periodic oscillations in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation at the Mn∕Co interface,” Phys. Rev. B 75(1), 012401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Davis, C. C.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and C. C. Davis, “Observation of localized plasmonic excitations in thin metal films with near-field second-harmonic microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 93–96 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, and C. C. Davis, “Near-field second harmonic generation from a rough metal surface,” Phys. Rev. B 56(15), 9290–9293 (1997).
[CrossRef]

De Clercq, B.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Decker, M.

Denkova, D.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

Dong, J.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Duboisset, J.

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, J. Duboisset, F. Bertorelle, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Three-dimensional mapping of single gold nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous transparent matrix using optical second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22314–22323 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duò, L.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

Eisenthal, K. B.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fan, W.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fazio, E.

Fedotov, V. A.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Fedyanin, A. A.

Ferré, J.

V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Finazzi, M.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, P.

P. Fischer and F. Hache, “Nonlinear optical spectroscopy of chiral molecules,” Chirality 17(8), 421–437 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Foerier, S.

S. Foerier, I. A. Kolmychek, O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. Verbiest, and V. K. Valev, “Optical second harmonic generation chiral spectroscopy,” ChemPhysChem 10(9-10), 1431–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gadenne, P.

Georges, P.

V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gillijns, W.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
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Grand, J.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Grange, R.

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C.-L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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V. K. Valev, M. Gruyters, A. Kirilyuk, and Th. Rasing, “Influence of quadratic contributions in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation studies of magnetization reversal,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(15), 3027–3031 (2005) (b).
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A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, “Near-field second-harmonic generation induced by local field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(1), 013903 (2003).
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J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
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T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Phys. Chem. 97(7), 1383–1388 (1993).
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Y. Zeng, W. Hoyer, J. Liu, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Classical theory for second-harmonic generation from metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hsieh, C.-L.

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C.-L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207402 (2010).
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M. Zdanowicz, S. Kujala, H. Husu, and M. Kauranen, “Effective medium multipolar tensor analysis of second-harmonic generation from metal nanoparticles,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023025 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Huttunen, M. J.

Inoue, M.

Ivanchenko, M. V.

Jefimovs, K.

Jeyaram, Y.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jonin, C.

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Interference between selected dipoles and octupoles in the optical second-harmonic generation from spherical gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 077401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, J. Duboisset, F. Bertorelle, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Three-dimensional mapping of single gold nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous transparent matrix using optical second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22314–22323 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalkbrenner, T.

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalkbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, “Second-harmonic generation from individual surface defects under local excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 61(7), 4545–4548 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kapra, R. V.

Kauranen, M.

M. Zdanowicz, S. Kujala, H. Husu, and M. Kauranen, “Effective medium multipolar tensor analysis of second-harmonic generation from metal nanoparticles,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023025 (2011).
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F. X. Wang, F. J. Rodríguez, W. M. Albers, R. Ahorinta, J. E. Sipe, and M. Kauranen, “Surface and bulk contributions to the second-order nonlinear optical response of a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 233402 (2009).
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S. Kujala, B. K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipolar analysis of second-harmonic radiation from gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17196–17208 (2008).
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S. Kujala, B. K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipole interference in the second-harmonic optical radiation from gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(16), 167403 (2007).
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B. K. Canfield, S. Kujala, K. Laiho, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Chirality arising from small defects in gold nanoparticle arrays,” Opt. Express 14(2), 950–955 (2006).
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Kim, E. M.

Kirilyuk, A.

V. K. Valev, A. Kirilyuk, F. Dalla Longa, J. Kohlhepp, B. Koopmans, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of periodic oscillations in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation at the Mn∕Co interface,” Phys. Rev. B 75(1), 012401 (2007).
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A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, “Magnetization-induced-second-harmonic generation from surfaces and interfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(1), 148–167 (2005).
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V. K. Valev, M. Gruyters, A. Kirilyuk, and Th. Rasing, “Influence of quadratic contributions in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation studies of magnetization reversal,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(15), 3027–3031 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Koch, S. W.

Y. Zeng, W. Hoyer, J. Liu, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Classical theory for second-harmonic generation from metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235109 (2009).
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Kohlhepp, J.

V. K. Valev, A. Kirilyuk, F. Dalla Longa, J. Kohlhepp, B. Koopmans, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of periodic oscillations in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation at the Mn∕Co interface,” Phys. Rev. B 75(1), 012401 (2007).
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S. Foerier, I. A. Kolmychek, O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. Verbiest, and V. K. Valev, “Optical second harmonic generation chiral spectroscopy,” ChemPhysChem 10(9-10), 1431–1434 (2009).
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Koopmans, B.

V. K. Valev, A. Kirilyuk, F. Dalla Longa, J. Kohlhepp, B. Koopmans, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of periodic oscillations in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation at the Mn∕Co interface,” Phys. Rev. B 75(1), 012401 (2007).
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Koschny, T.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
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Koynov, K.

Kravets, A. F.

Krishna, S.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Krolikowski, W.

Kujala, S.

M. Zdanowicz, S. Kujala, H. Husu, and M. Kauranen, “Effective medium multipolar tensor analysis of second-harmonic generation from metal nanoparticles,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023025 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Kujala, B. K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipolar analysis of second-harmonic radiation from gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17196–17208 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kujala, B. K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipole interference in the second-harmonic optical radiation from gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(16), 167403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. K. Canfield, S. Kujala, K. Laiho, K. Jefimovs, J. Turunen, and M. Kauranen, “Chirality arising from small defects in gold nanoparticle arrays,” Opt. Express 14(2), 950–955 (2006).
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Kuznetsova, S. V.

Labardi, M.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
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Linden, S.

Liu, J.

Y. Zeng, W. Hoyer, J. Liu, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Classical theory for second-harmonic generation from metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235109 (2009).
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S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
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Malloy, K. J.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
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V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
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Meyer, P.

V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
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Mishina, E. D.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, E. D. Mishina, and A. V. Petukhov, “Lightning rod effect in surface-enhanced second-harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 40, 1012–1015 (1984).

Mlynek, J.

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalkbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, “Second-harmonic generation from individual surface defects under local excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 61(7), 4545–4548 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

Y. Zeng, W. Hoyer, J. Liu, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Classical theory for second-harmonic generation from metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235109 (2009).
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V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
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G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. Volski, N. Verellen, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “On the use of the method of moments in plasmonic applications,” Radio Sci. 46, RS0E02 (2011).
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V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murzina, T. V.

Novotny, L.

A. Bouhelier, M. Beversluis, A. Hartschuh, and L. Novotny, “Near-field second-harmonic generation induced by local field enhancement,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(1), 013903 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osgood, R. M.

L. Cao, N. C. Panoiu, R. D. R. Bhat, and R. M. Osgood., “Surface second-harmonic generation from scattering of surface plasmon polaritons from radially symmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Paddubrouskaya, H.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panoiu, N. C.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Biris and N. C. Panoiu, “Second harmonic generation in metamaterials based on homogeneous centrosymmetric nanowires,” Phys. Rev. B 81(19), 195102 (2010).
[CrossRef]

L. Cao, N. C. Panoiu, R. D. R. Bhat, and R. M. Osgood., “Surface second-harmonic generation from scattering of surface plasmon polaritons from radially symmetric nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235416 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Panoiu, N.-C.

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.-S.

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pavlov, V. V.

V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, “A chiral route to negative refraction,” Science 306(5700), 1353–1355 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petkov, V.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petralli-Mallow, T.

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Phys. Chem. 97(7), 1383–1388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Petukhov, A. V.

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, E. D. Mishina, and A. V. Petukhov, “Lightning rod effect in surface-enhanced second-harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 40, 1012–1015 (1984).

Plum, E.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Polli, D.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C.-L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pu, Y.

Y. Pu, R. Grange, C.-L. Hsieh, and D. Psaltis, “Nonlinear optical properties of core-shell nanocavities for enhanced second-harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207402 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rasing, Th.

V. K. Valev, A. Kirilyuk, F. Dalla Longa, J. Kohlhepp, B. Koopmans, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of periodic oscillations in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation at the Mn∕Co interface,” Phys. Rev. B 75(1), 012401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Kirilyuk and Th. Rasing, “Magnetization-induced-second-harmonic generation from surfaces and interfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22(1), 148–167 (2005).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, M. Gruyters, A. Kirilyuk, and Th. Rasing, “Influence of quadratic contributions in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation studies of magnetization reversal,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(15), 3027–3031 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Rigneault, H.

Rodríguez, F. J.

F. X. Wang, F. J. Rodríguez, W. M. Albers, R. Ahorinta, J. E. Sipe, and M. Kauranen, “Surface and bulk contributions to the second-order nonlinear optical response of a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 233402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Russier-Antoine, I.

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Interference between selected dipoles and octupoles in the optical second-harmonic generation from spherical gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(7), 077401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, G. Bachelier, J. Duboisset, F. Bertorelle, I. Russier-Antoine, C. Jonin, E. Benichou, and P.-F. Brevet, “Three-dimensional mapping of single gold nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous transparent matrix using optical second-harmonic generation,” Opt. Express 18(21), 22314–22323 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandoghdar, V.

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalkbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, “Second-harmonic generation from individual surface defects under local excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 61(7), 4545–4548 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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W. L. Schaich, “Second harmonic generation by periodically-structured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Schön, P.

Shan, J.

J. I. Dadap, J. Shan, K. B. Eisenthal, and T. F. Heinz, “Second-harmonic Rayleigh scattering from a sphere of centrosymmetric material,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83(20), 4045–4048 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

H. W. K. Tom, T. F. Heinz, and Y. R. Shen, “Second-harmonic reflection from silicon surfaces and its relation to structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51(21), 1983–1986 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Sheng, Y.

Sibilia, C.

Silhanek, A. V.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sipe, J. E.

F. X. Wang, F. J. Rodríguez, W. M. Albers, R. Ahorinta, J. E. Sipe, and M. Kauranen, “Surface and bulk contributions to the second-order nonlinear optical response of a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 233402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Smisdom, N.

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smolyaninov, I. I.

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and C. C. Davis, “Observation of localized plasmonic excitations in thin metal films with near-field second-harmonic microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 93–96 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, and C. C. Davis, “Near-field second harmonic generation from a rough metal surface,” Phys. Rev. B 56(15), 9290–9293 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Soukoulis, C. M.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Svirko, Y.

S. Kujala, B. K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipolar analysis of second-harmonic radiation from gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Express 16(22), 17196–17208 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Kujala, B. K. Canfield, M. Kauranen, Y. Svirko, and J. Turunen, “Multipole interference in the second-harmonic optical radiation from gold nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 98(16), 167403 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tessier, G.

V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tom, H. W. K.

H. W. K. Tom, T. F. Heinz, and Y. R. Shen, “Second-harmonic reflection from silicon surfaces and its relation to structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 51(21), 1983–1986 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Toma, A.

Turunen, J.

Valev, V. K.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Foerier, I. A. Kolmychek, O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. Verbiest, and V. K. Valev, “Optical second harmonic generation chiral spectroscopy,” ChemPhysChem 10(9-10), 1431–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. Kirilyuk, F. Dalla Longa, J. Kohlhepp, B. Koopmans, and Th. Rasing, “Observation of periodic oscillations in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation at the Mn∕Co interface,” Phys. Rev. B 75(1), 012401 (2007).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, M. Gruyters, A. Kirilyuk, and Th. Rasing, “Influence of quadratic contributions in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation studies of magnetization reversal,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(15), 3027–3031 (2005) (b).
[CrossRef]

Van Dorpe, P.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vandenbosch, G. A.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vandenbosch, G. A. E.

G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. Volski, N. Verellen, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “On the use of the method of moments in plasmonic applications,” Radio Sci. 46, RS0E02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verbiest, T.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Foerier, I. A. Kolmychek, O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. Verbiest, and V. K. Valev, “Optical second harmonic generation chiral spectroscopy,” ChemPhysChem 10(9-10), 1431–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verellen, N.

G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. Volski, N. Verellen, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “On the use of the method of moments in plasmonic applications,” Radio Sci. 46, RS0E02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, N. Verellen, W. Gillijns, P. Van Dorpe, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. Vandenbosch, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Asymmetric optical second-harmonic generation from chiral G-shaped gold nanostructures,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(12), 127401 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volodin, A.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volski, V.

G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. Volski, N. Verellen, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “On the use of the method of moments in plasmonic applications,” Radio Sci. 46, RS0E02 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Volskiy, V.

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wegener, M.

Wenger, J.

Wong, T. M.

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Phys. Chem. 97(7), 1383–1388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, F.

F. X. Wang, F. J. Rodríguez, W. M. Albers, R. Ahorinta, J. E. Sipe, and M. Kauranen, “Surface and bulk contributions to the second-order nonlinear optical response of a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 233402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yee, H. I.

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Phys. Chem. 97(7), 1383–1388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zavelani-Rossi, M.

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zayats, A. V.

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalkbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, “Second-harmonic generation from individual surface defects under local excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 61(7), 4545–4548 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and C. C. Davis, “Observation of localized plasmonic excitations in thin metal films with near-field second-harmonic microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 93–96 (1999).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, and C. C. Davis, “Near-field second harmonic generation from a rough metal surface,” Phys. Rev. B 56(15), 9290–9293 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zdanowicz, M.

M. Zdanowicz, S. Kujala, H. Husu, and M. Kauranen, “Effective medium multipolar tensor analysis of second-harmonic generation from metal nanoparticles,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023025 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Y.

Y. Zeng, W. Hoyer, J. Liu, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Classical theory for second-harmonic generation from metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Zeng and J. V. Moloney, “Volume electric dipole origin of second-harmonic generation from metallic membrane with noncentrosymmetric patterns,” Opt. Lett. 34(18), 2844–2846 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

S. Zhang, Y.-S. Park, J. Li, X. Lu, W. Zhang, and X. Zhang, “Negative refractive index in chiral metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(2), 023901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheludev, N. I.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, X.

V. K. Valev, X. Zheng, C. G. Biris, A. V. Silhanek, V. Volskiy, B. De Clercq, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, N. C. Panoiu, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “The Origin of Second Harmonic Generation Hotspots in Chiral Optical Metamaterials,” Opt. Mater. Express 1(1), 36–45 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, Y. Jeyaram, D. Denkova, B. De Clercq, V. Petkov, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, W. Gillijns, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, O. A. Aktsipetrov, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Hotspot decorations map plasmonic patterns with the resolution of scanning probe techniques,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 106(22), 226803 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

E. Plum, J. Zhou, J. Dong, V. A. Fedotov, T. Koschny, C. M. Soukoulis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Metamaterial with negative index due to chirality,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 035407 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zyss, J.

ACS Nano (1)

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, H. Paddubrouskaya, A. Volodin, C. G. Biris, N. C. Panoiu, B. De Clercq, M. Ameloot, O. A. Aktsipetrov, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmons reveal the direction of magnetization in nickel nanostructures,” ACS Nano 5(1), 91–96 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Zavelani-Rossi, M. Celebrano, P. Biagioni, D. Polli, M. Finazzi, L. Duò, G. Cerullo, M. Labardi, M. Allegrini, J. Grand, and P.-M. Adam, “Near-field second-harmonic generation in single gold nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(9), 093119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

ChemPhysChem (1)

S. Foerier, I. A. Kolmychek, O. A. Aktsipetrov, T. Verbiest, and V. K. Valev, “Optical second harmonic generation chiral spectroscopy,” ChemPhysChem 10(9-10), 1431–1434 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chirality (1)

P. Fischer and F. Hache, “Nonlinear optical spectroscopy of chiral molecules,” Chirality 17(8), 421–437 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

T. Petralli-Mallow, T. M. Wong, J. D. Byers, H. I. Yee, and J. M. Hicks, “Circular dichroism spectroscopy at interfaces: a surface second harmonic generation study,” J. Phys. Chem. 97(7), 1383–1388 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

V. V. Pavlov, J. Ferré, P. Meyer, G. Tessier, P. Georges, A. Brun, P. Beauvillain, and V. Mathet, “Linear and non-linear magneto-optical studies of Pt/Co/Pt thin films,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 13(44), 9867–9878 (2001).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

O. A. Aktsipetrov, I. M. Baranova, E. D. Mishina, and A. V. Petukhov, “Lightning rod effect in surface-enhanced second-harmonic generation,” JETP Lett. 40, 1012–1015 (1984).

Nano Lett. (3)

W. Fan, S. Zhang, N.-C. Panoiu, A. Abdenour, S. Krishna, R. M. Osgood, K. J. Malloy, and S. R. J. Brueck, “Second Harmonic Generation from a Nanopatterned Isotropic Nonlinear Material,” Nano Lett. 6(5), 1027–1030 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Butet, J. Duboisset, G. Bachelier, I. Russier-Antoine, E. Benichou, C. Jonin, and P.-F. Brevet, “Optical second harmonic generation of single metallic nanoparticles embedded in a homogeneous medium,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1717–1721 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. K. Valev, N. Smisdom, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “Plasmonic ratchet wheels: switching circular dichroism by arranging chiral nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 9(11), 3945–3948 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Zdanowicz, S. Kujala, H. Husu, and M. Kauranen, “Effective medium multipolar tensor analysis of second-harmonic generation from metal nanoparticles,” New J. Phys. 13(2), 023025 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. V. Zayats, I. I. Smolyaninov, and C. C. Davis, “Observation of localized plasmonic excitations in thin metal films with near-field second-harmonic microscopy,” Opt. Commun. 169(1-6), 93–96 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. B (9)

Y. Zeng, W. Hoyer, J. Liu, S. W. Koch, and J. V. Moloney, “Classical theory for second-harmonic generation from metallic nanoparticles,” Phys. Rev. B 79(23), 235109 (2009).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Schaich, “Second harmonic generation by periodically-structured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. B 78(19), 195416 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. X. Wang, F. J. Rodríguez, W. M. Albers, R. Ahorinta, J. E. Sipe, and M. Kauranen, “Surface and bulk contributions to the second-order nonlinear optical response of a gold film,” Phys. Rev. B 80(23), 233402 (2009).
[CrossRef]

I. I. Smolyaninov, A. V. Zayats, and C. C. Davis, “Near-field second harmonic generation from a rough metal surface,” Phys. Rev. B 56(15), 9290–9293 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Zayats, T. Kalkbrenner, V. Sandoghdar, and J. Mlynek, “Second-harmonic generation from individual surface defects under local excitation,” Phys. Rev. B 61(7), 4545–4548 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Phys. Status Solidi (1)

V. K. Valev, M. Gruyters, A. Kirilyuk, and Th. Rasing, “Influence of quadratic contributions in magnetization-induced second harmonic generation studies of magnetization reversal,” Phys. Status Solidi 242(15), 3027–3031 (2005) (b).
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Radio Sci. (1)

G. A. E. Vandenbosch, V. Volski, N. Verellen, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “On the use of the method of moments in plasmonic applications,” Radio Sci. 46, RS0E02 (2011).
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Science (1)

J. B. Pendry, “A chiral route to negative refraction,” Science 306(5700), 1353–1355 (2004).
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Small (1)

V. K. Valev, A. V. Silhanek, B. De Clercq, W. Gillijns, Y. Jeyaram, X. Zheng, V. Volskiy, O. A. Aktsipetrov, G. A. E. Vandenbosch, M. Ameloot, V. V. Moshchalkov, and T. Verbiest, “U-shaped switches for optical information processing at the nanoscale,” Small 7(18), 2573–2576 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

T. Verbiest, K. Clays, and V. Rodriguez, Second-Order Nonlinear Optical Characterization Technique (CRC Press, 2009).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Atomic force microscopy reveals numerous defects in the fabricated nanostructures. The spiral arms of the stars exhibit discontinuities, variations in size and bumps, for both the right-handed, in (a), and the left-handed, in (b), curved stars.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the second harmonic generation microscopy technique in the inverted geometry.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Numerical simulation of the local currents induced at the surface of the “perfect” nanostructures in response to left-hand, in (a), and right-hand, in (b), circularly polarized light. The direction of rotation for circularly polarized light is indicated with the oriented white circles.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) is sensitive to chirality and homogenous throughout the arrays. SHG from the right-handed, in (a) and (b), and from the left-handed, in (c) and (d), array of star-shaped nanostructures. SEM micrographs are shown in the insets. The SHG response was recorded for left-hand, in (a) and (c), and right-hand, in (b) and (d), circularly polarized light.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Second Harmonic Generation – Circular Dichroism from the two arrays of star-shaped gold nanostructures. The SHG signal due to right-hand circular polarization was subtracted from the SHG signal due to left-hand circular polarization, for the left-handed and the right-handed nanostructures, in (a) and (b), respectively. The scale represents the pixel intensity. In (c), a histogram shows all the pixels in (a) and (b) with a given pixel intensity.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Numerical simulation of the local currents induced at the surface of the “defective” nanostructures in response to left-hand, in (a), and right-hand, in (b), circularly polarized light. The direction of rotation for circularly polarized light is indicated with the oriented white circles.

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