Abstract

We numerically study the effect of the symmetry breaking on surface plasmon (SP) modes in two-dimensional dense arrays of truncated metal nanoshells (nanocups), by investigating light transmission through the arrays. We show that localized spherelike and voidlike Mie SP modes, and delocalized Bragg-type SP modes in complete nanoshell arrays become progressively weak and finally disappear when the opening angle of nanocups is increased to tens of degrees. Under higher degree of symmetry breaking, however, the coupling between spherelike and voidlike SP modes leads to an enhancement of SP resonances even though these modes are weakly excited, due to the large optical cross section of voidlike modes. Energy variations of the hybridized mode versus the opening angle are well predicted using a plasmon standing wave model. Furthermore, disappeared Bragg-type SP modes could be re as a result of near-field coupling via hot spots around the rims of nanocups.

© 2011 OSA

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  1. K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2-4), 243–247 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016623 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Cloaking a sensor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 233901 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Plasmonic band gaps and trapped plasmons on nanostructured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 116802 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. R. M. Cole, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Easily coupled whispering gallery plasmons in dielectric nanospheres embedded in gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 137401 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Radiative decay of plasmons in a metallic nanoshell,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155402 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. J. Penninkhof, L. A. Sweatlock, A. Moroz, H. A. Atwater, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Polman, “Optical cavity modes in gold shell colloids,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123105 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong coupling between localized plasmons and organic excitons in metal nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Christ, Y. Ekinci, H. H. Solak, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, and O. J. F. Martin, “Controlling Fano interference in a plasmonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 76(20), 201405R (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. M. W. Knight and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshells to nanoeggs to nanocups: Optical properties of reduced symmetry core-shell nanoparticles beyond the quasistatic limit,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 105006 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Cortie and M. Ford, “A plasmon-induced current loop in gold semi-shells,” Nanotechnology 18(23), 235704 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Ye, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Symmetry breaking induced optical properties of gold open shell nanostructures,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23765–23771 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. J. Liu, A. I. Maaroof, L. Wieczorek, and M. B. Cortie, “Fabrication of hollow metal “nanocaps” and their red-shifted optical absorption spectra,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(10), 1276–1281 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  20. P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. I. Maaroof, M. B. Cortie, N. Harris, and L. Wieczorek, “Mie and Bragg plasmons in subwavelength silver semi-shells,” Small 4(12), 2292–2299 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, G. Borghs, and G. Maes, “Fabrication, characterization, and optical properties of gold nanobowl submonolayer structures,” Langmuir 25(3), 1822–1827 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. J. Ye, C. Chen, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Strong location dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering on individual gold semishell and nanobowl particles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(37), 11222–11224 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. Y. Y. Li, J. Pan, P. Zhan, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, Z. L. Wang, W. D. Han, X. Y. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Surface plasmon coupling enhanced dielectric environment sensitivity in a quasi-three-dimensional metallic nanohole array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3546–3555 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. Z. Chen, H. Dong, J. Pan, P. Zhan, C. J. Tang, and Z. L. Wang, “Monolayer rigid arrays of cavity-controllable metallic mesoparticles: Electrochemical preparation and light transmission resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051904 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  28. N. S. King, Y. Li, C. Ayala-Orozco, T. Brannan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Angle- and spectral-dependent light scattering from plasmonic nanocups,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7254–7262 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. P. Van Dorpe and J. Ye, “Semishells: versatile plasmonic nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6774–6778 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. García de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding plasmons in nanoscale voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  31. K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  34. Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. G. Sun and C. T. Chan, “Frequency-selective absorption characteristics of a metal surface with embedded dielectric microspheres,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(3 ), 036613 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, F. J. García de Abajo, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalem, and P. N. Bartlett, “Mie plasmon enhanced diffraction of light from nanoporous metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11964–11971 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  38. B. N. Khlebtsov, V. A. Khanadeyev, J. Ye, D. W. Mackowski, G. Borghs, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Coupled plasmon resonances in monolayers of metal nanoparticles and nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035440 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  39. F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  41. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  42. H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  43. T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  44. F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79(4), 1267–1290 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  45. R. W. Wood, “Remarkable spectrum from a diffraction grating,” Philos. Mag. 4, 396–402 (1902).
  46. S. Riikonen, I. Romero, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Plasmon tunability in metallodielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235104 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  47. C. Tserkezis, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Collective plasmonic modes in ordered assemblies of metallic nanoshells,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(7), 075232 (2008).
    [CrossRef]

2011

N. S. King, Y. Li, C. Ayala-Orozco, T. Brannan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Angle- and spectral-dependent light scattering from plasmonic nanocups,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7254–7262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Van Dorpe and J. Ye, “Semishells: versatile plasmonic nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6774–6778 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010

J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, C. Chen, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Strong location dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering on individual gold semishell and nanobowl particles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(37), 11222–11224 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Li, J. Pan, P. Zhan, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, Z. L. Wang, W. D. Han, X. Y. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Surface plasmon coupling enhanced dielectric environment sensitivity in a quasi-three-dimensional metallic nanohole array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3546–3555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chen, H. Dong, J. Pan, P. Zhan, C. J. Tang, and Z. L. Wang, “Monolayer rigid arrays of cavity-controllable metallic mesoparticles: Electrochemical preparation and light transmission resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009

J. Ye, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Symmetry breaking induced optical properties of gold open shell nanostructures,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23765–23771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, G. Borghs, and G. Maes, “Fabrication, characterization, and optical properties of gold nanobowl submonolayer structures,” Langmuir 25(3), 1822–1827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Cloaking a sensor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008

B. N. Khlebtsov, V. A. Khanadeyev, J. Ye, D. W. Mackowski, G. Borghs, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Coupled plasmon resonances in monolayers of metal nanoparticles and nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035440 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Tserkezis, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Collective plasmonic modes in ordered assemblies of metallic nanoshells,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(7), 075232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Penninkhof, L. A. Sweatlock, A. Moroz, H. A. Atwater, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Polman, “Optical cavity modes in gold shell colloids,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshells to nanoeggs to nanocups: Optical properties of reduced symmetry core-shell nanoparticles beyond the quasistatic limit,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 105006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Maaroof, M. B. Cortie, N. Harris, and L. Wieczorek, “Mie and Bragg plasmons in subwavelength silver semi-shells,” Small 4(12), 2292–2299 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. García de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding plasmons in nanoscale voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Cortie and M. Ford, “A plasmon-induced current loop in gold semi-shells,” Nanotechnology 18(23), 235704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. Christ, Y. Ekinci, H. H. Solak, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, and O. J. F. Martin, “Controlling Fano interference in a plasmonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 76(20), 201405R (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79(4), 1267–1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun and C. T. Chan, “Frequency-selective absorption characteristics of a metal surface with embedded dielectric microspheres,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(3 ), 036613 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, F. J. García de Abajo, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalem, and P. N. Bartlett, “Mie plasmon enhanced diffraction of light from nanoporous metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11964–11971 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong coupling between localized plasmons and organic excitons in metal nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Cole, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Easily coupled whispering gallery plasmons in dielectric nanospheres embedded in gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 137401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Plasmonic band gaps and trapped plasmons on nanostructured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 116802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, A. I. Maaroof, L. Wieczorek, and M. B. Cortie, “Fabrication of hollow metal “nanocaps” and their red-shifted optical absorption spectra,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(10), 1276–1281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016623 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Riikonen, I. Romero, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Plasmon tunability in metallodielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Radiative decay of plasmons in a metallic nanoshell,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001

S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2-4), 243–247 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1902

R. W. Wood, “Remarkable spectrum from a diffraction grating,” Philos. Mag. 4, 396–402 (1902).

Abdelsalam, M.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. García de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding plasmons in nanoscale voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cole, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Easily coupled whispering gallery plasmons in dielectric nanospheres embedded in gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 137401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Plasmonic band gaps and trapped plasmons on nanostructured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 116802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abdelsalam, M. E.

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong coupling between localized plasmons and organic excitons in metal nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abdelsalem, M. E.

Aizpurua, J.

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Cloaking a sensor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016623 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Atwater, H. A.

J. J. Penninkhof, L. A. Sweatlock, A. Moroz, H. A. Atwater, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Polman, “Optical cavity modes in gold shell colloids,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123105 (2008).
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Averitt, R. D.

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2-4), 243–247 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ayala-Orozco, C.

N. S. King, Y. Li, C. Ayala-Orozco, T. Brannan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Angle- and spectral-dependent light scattering from plasmonic nanocups,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7254–7262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, Y. J.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartlett, P. N.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. García de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding plasmons in nanoscale voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong coupling between localized plasmons and organic excitons in metal nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Cole, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Easily coupled whispering gallery plasmons in dielectric nanospheres embedded in gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 137401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, F. J. García de Abajo, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalem, and P. N. Bartlett, “Mie plasmon enhanced diffraction of light from nanoporous metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11964–11971 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Plasmonic band gaps and trapped plasmons on nanostructured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 116802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumberg, J. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. García de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding plasmons in nanoscale voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong coupling between localized plasmons and organic excitons in metal nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Cole, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Easily coupled whispering gallery plasmons in dielectric nanospheres embedded in gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 137401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, F. J. García de Abajo, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalem, and P. N. Bartlett, “Mie plasmon enhanced diffraction of light from nanoporous metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11964–11971 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Plasmonic band gaps and trapped plasmons on nanostructured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 116802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birkin, P. R.

S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borghs, G.

J. Ye, C. Chen, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Strong location dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering on individual gold semishell and nanobowl particles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(37), 11222–11224 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
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J. Ye, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Symmetry breaking induced optical properties of gold open shell nanostructures,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23765–23771 (2009).
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J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, G. Borghs, and G. Maes, “Fabrication, characterization, and optical properties of gold nanobowl submonolayer structures,” Langmuir 25(3), 1822–1827 (2009).
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B. N. Khlebtsov, V. A. Khanadeyev, J. Ye, D. W. Mackowski, G. Borghs, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Coupled plasmon resonances in monolayers of metal nanoparticles and nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035440 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Borisov, A. G.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Brandl, D. W.

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brannan, T.

N. S. King, Y. Li, C. Ayala-Orozco, T. Brannan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Angle- and spectral-dependent light scattering from plasmonic nanocups,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7254–7262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, C. T.

G. Sun and C. T. Chan, “Frequency-selective absorption characteristics of a metal surface with embedded dielectric microspheres,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(3 ), 036613 (2006).
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Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C.

J. Ye, C. Chen, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Strong location dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering on individual gold semishell and nanobowl particles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(37), 11222–11224 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Z.

Z. Chen, H. Dong, J. Pan, P. Zhan, C. J. Tang, and Z. L. Wang, “Monolayer rigid arrays of cavity-controllable metallic mesoparticles: Electrochemical preparation and light transmission resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
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Christ, A.

A. Christ, Y. Ekinci, H. H. Solak, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, and O. J. F. Martin, “Controlling Fano interference in a plasmonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 76(20), 201405R (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cintra, S.

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cole, R. M.

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. García de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding plasmons in nanoscale voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cole, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Easily coupled whispering gallery plasmons in dielectric nanospheres embedded in gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 137401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coronado, E.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cortie, M.

M. Cortie and M. Ford, “A plasmon-induced current loop in gold semi-shells,” Nanotechnology 18(23), 235704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Cortie, M. B.

A. I. Maaroof, M. B. Cortie, N. Harris, and L. Wieczorek, “Mie and Bragg plasmons in subwavelength silver semi-shells,” Small 4(12), 2292–2299 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, A. I. Maaroof, L. Wieczorek, and M. B. Cortie, “Fabrication of hollow metal “nanocaps” and their red-shifted optical absorption spectra,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(10), 1276–1281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Coyle, S.

S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Vlaminck, I.

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dong, H.

Z. Chen, H. Dong, J. Pan, P. Zhan, C. J. Tang, and Z. L. Wang, “Monolayer rigid arrays of cavity-controllable metallic mesoparticles: Electrochemical preparation and light transmission resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
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Ebbesen, T. W.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ekinci, Y.

A. Christ, Y. Ekinci, H. H. Solak, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, and O. J. F. Martin, “Controlling Fano interference in a plasmonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 76(20), 201405R (2007).
[CrossRef]

Engheta, N.

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Cloaking a sensor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016623 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Enoch, S.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ford, M.

M. Cortie and M. Ford, “A plasmon-induced current loop in gold semi-shells,” Nanotechnology 18(23), 235704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gantzounis, G.

C. Tserkezis, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Collective plasmonic modes in ordered assemblies of metallic nanoshells,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(7), 075232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

García de Abajo, F. J.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
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F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79(4), 1267–1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. García de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding plasmons in nanoscale voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, F. J. García de Abajo, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalem, and P. N. Bartlett, “Mie plasmon enhanced diffraction of light from nanoporous metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11964–11971 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Riikonen, I. Romero, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Plasmon tunability in metallodielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Radiative decay of plasmons in a metallic nanoshell,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ghanem, M. A.

S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gippius, N. A.

A. Christ, Y. Ekinci, H. H. Solak, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, and O. J. F. Martin, “Controlling Fano interference in a plasmonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 76(20), 201405R (2007).
[CrossRef]

Grupp, D. E.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hafner, J. H.

H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

N. S. King, Y. Li, C. Ayala-Orozco, T. Brannan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Angle- and spectral-dependent light scattering from plasmonic nanocups,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7254–7262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Knight and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshells to nanoeggs to nanocups: Optical properties of reduced symmetry core-shell nanoparticles beyond the quasistatic limit,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 105006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2-4), 243–247 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Han, W. D.

Hao, F.

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, N.

A. I. Maaroof, M. B. Cortie, N. Harris, and L. Wieczorek, “Mie and Bragg plasmons in subwavelength silver semi-shells,” Small 4(12), 2292–2299 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, X. Y.

Kelf, T. A.

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong coupling between localized plasmons and organic excitons in metal nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, F. J. García de Abajo, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalem, and P. N. Bartlett, “Mie plasmon enhanced diffraction of light from nanoporous metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11964–11971 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Plasmonic band gaps and trapped plasmons on nanostructured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 116802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kelly, K. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Khanadeyev, V. A.

B. N. Khlebtsov, V. A. Khanadeyev, J. Ye, D. W. Mackowski, G. Borghs, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Coupled plasmon resonances in monolayers of metal nanoparticles and nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035440 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khlebtsov, B. N.

B. N. Khlebtsov, V. A. Khanadeyev, J. Ye, D. W. Mackowski, G. Borghs, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Coupled plasmon resonances in monolayers of metal nanoparticles and nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035440 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Khlebtsov, N. G.

B. N. Khlebtsov, V. A. Khanadeyev, J. Ye, D. W. Mackowski, G. Borghs, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Coupled plasmon resonances in monolayers of metal nanoparticles and nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035440 (2008).
[CrossRef]

King, N. S.

N. S. King, Y. Li, C. Ayala-Orozco, T. Brannan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Angle- and spectral-dependent light scattering from plasmonic nanocups,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7254–7262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, M. W.

M. W. Knight and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshells to nanoeggs to nanocups: Optical properties of reduced symmetry core-shell nanoparticles beyond the quasistatic limit,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 105006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Koerkamp, K. J.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuipers, L.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kundu, J.

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lagae, L.

J. Ye, C. Chen, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Strong location dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering on individual gold semishell and nanobowl particles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(37), 11222–11224 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Symmetry breaking induced optical properties of gold open shell nanostructures,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23765–23771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lassiter, B.

H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le, F.

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, J. Q.

S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

N. S. King, Y. Li, C. Ayala-Orozco, T. Brannan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Angle- and spectral-dependent light scattering from plasmonic nanocups,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7254–7262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y. Y.

Liu, J.

J. Liu, A. I. Maaroof, L. Wieczorek, and M. B. Cortie, “Fabrication of hollow metal “nanocaps” and their red-shifted optical absorption spectra,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(10), 1276–1281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S. Q.

S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lodewijks, K.

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lu, W.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, X.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maaroof, A. I.

A. I. Maaroof, M. B. Cortie, N. Harris, and L. Wieczorek, “Mie and Bragg plasmons in subwavelength silver semi-shells,” Small 4(12), 2292–2299 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, A. I. Maaroof, L. Wieczorek, and M. B. Cortie, “Fabrication of hollow metal “nanocaps” and their red-shifted optical absorption spectra,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(10), 1276–1281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mackowski, D. W.

B. N. Khlebtsov, V. A. Khanadeyev, J. Ye, D. W. Mackowski, G. Borghs, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Coupled plasmon resonances in monolayers of metal nanoparticles and nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035440 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maes, G.

J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, C. Chen, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Strong location dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering on individual gold semishell and nanobowl particles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(37), 11222–11224 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Symmetry breaking induced optical properties of gold open shell nanostructures,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23765–23771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, G. Borghs, and G. Maes, “Fabrication, characterization, and optical properties of gold nanobowl submonolayer structures,” Langmuir 25(3), 1822–1827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mahajan, S.

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. García de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding plasmons in nanoscale voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cole, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Easily coupled whispering gallery plasmons in dielectric nanospheres embedded in gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 137401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maier, S. A.

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martin, O. J. F.

A. Christ, Y. Ekinci, H. H. Solak, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, and O. J. F. Martin, “Controlling Fano interference in a plasmonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 76(20), 201405R (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ming, N. B.

Y. Y. Li, J. Pan, P. Zhan, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, Z. L. Wang, W. D. Han, X. Y. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Surface plasmon coupling enhanced dielectric environment sensitivity in a quasi-three-dimensional metallic nanohole array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3546–3555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Moroz, A.

J. J. Penninkhof, L. A. Sweatlock, A. Moroz, H. A. Atwater, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Polman, “Optical cavity modes in gold shell colloids,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nehl, C. L.

H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Netti, M. C.

S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nordlander, P.

N. S. King, Y. Li, C. Ayala-Orozco, T. Brannan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Angle- and spectral-dependent light scattering from plasmonic nanocups,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7254–7262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oldenburg, S. J.

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2-4), 243–247 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pan, J.

Y. Y. Li, J. Pan, P. Zhan, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, Z. L. Wang, W. D. Han, X. Y. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Surface plasmon coupling enhanced dielectric environment sensitivity in a quasi-three-dimensional metallic nanohole array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3546–3555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Chen, H. Dong, J. Pan, P. Zhan, C. J. Tang, and Z. L. Wang, “Monolayer rigid arrays of cavity-controllable metallic mesoparticles: Electrochemical preparation and light transmission resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Peng, R. W.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Penninkhof, J. J.

J. J. Penninkhof, L. A. Sweatlock, A. Moroz, H. A. Atwater, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Polman, “Optical cavity modes in gold shell colloids,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Polman, A.

J. J. Penninkhof, L. A. Sweatlock, A. Moroz, H. A. Atwater, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Polman, “Optical cavity modes in gold shell colloids,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Popov, V. V.

Prodan, E.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qiu, M.

Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Radloff, C.

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Riikonen, S.

S. Riikonen, I. Romero, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Plasmon tunability in metallodielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Romero, I.

S. Riikonen, I. Romero, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Plasmon tunability in metallodielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ruan, Z.

Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, A. E.

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Segerink, F. B.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shao, J.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheng, P.

C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Shu, D. J.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solak, H. H.

A. Christ, Y. Ekinci, H. H. Solak, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, and O. J. F. Martin, “Controlling Fano interference in a plasmonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 76(20), 201405R (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sonnefraud, Y.

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stefanou, N.

C. Tserkezis, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Collective plasmonic modes in ordered assemblies of metallic nanoshells,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(7), 075232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sugawara, Y.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Cole, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Easily coupled whispering gallery plasmons in dielectric nanospheres embedded in gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 137401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, F. J. García de Abajo, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalem, and P. N. Bartlett, “Mie plasmon enhanced diffraction of light from nanoporous metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11964–11971 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong coupling between localized plasmons and organic excitons in metal nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Plasmonic band gaps and trapped plasmons on nanostructured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 116802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, G.

C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Sun and C. T. Chan, “Frequency-selective absorption characteristics of a metal surface with embedded dielectric microspheres,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(3 ), 036613 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, J.

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sweatlock, L. A.

J. J. Penninkhof, L. A. Sweatlock, A. Moroz, H. A. Atwater, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Polman, “Optical cavity modes in gold shell colloids,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tang, C. J.

Z. Chen, H. Dong, J. Pan, P. Zhan, C. J. Tang, and Z. L. Wang, “Monolayer rigid arrays of cavity-controllable metallic mesoparticles: Electrochemical preparation and light transmission resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Teperik, T. V.

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, F. J. García de Abajo, T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalem, and P. N. Bartlett, “Mie plasmon enhanced diffraction of light from nanoporous metal surfaces,” Opt. Express 14(25), 11964–11971 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Radiative decay of plasmons in a metallic nanoshell,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tikhodeev, S. G.

A. Christ, Y. Ekinci, H. H. Solak, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, and O. J. F. Martin, “Controlling Fano interference in a plasmonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 76(20), 201405R (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tserkezis, C.

C. Tserkezis, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Collective plasmonic modes in ordered assemblies of metallic nanoshells,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(7), 075232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Urzhumov, Y. A.

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Blaaderen, A.

J. J. Penninkhof, L. A. Sweatlock, A. Moroz, H. A. Atwater, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Polman, “Optical cavity modes in gold shell colloids,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Van Dorpe, P.

P. Van Dorpe and J. Ye, “Semishells: versatile plasmonic nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6774–6778 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, C. Chen, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Strong location dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering on individual gold semishell and nanobowl particles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(37), 11222–11224 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ye, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Symmetry breaking induced optical properties of gold open shell nanostructures,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23765–23771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, G. Borghs, and G. Maes, “Fabrication, characterization, and optical properties of gold nanobowl submonolayer structures,” Langmuir 25(3), 1822–1827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Hulst, N. F.

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Roy, W.

J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, G. Borghs, and G. Maes, “Fabrication, characterization, and optical properties of gold nanobowl submonolayer structures,” Langmuir 25(3), 1822–1827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verellen, N.

J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H. T.

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Q. J.

S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. L.

Z. Chen, H. Dong, J. Pan, P. Zhan, C. J. Tang, and Z. L. Wang, “Monolayer rigid arrays of cavity-controllable metallic mesoparticles: Electrochemical preparation and light transmission resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Li, J. Pan, P. Zhan, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, Z. L. Wang, W. D. Han, X. Y. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Surface plasmon coupling enhanced dielectric environment sensitivity in a quasi-three-dimensional metallic nanohole array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3546–3555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Westcott, S. L.

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2-4), 243–247 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Whittaker, D. M.

S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieczorek, L.

A. I. Maaroof, M. B. Cortie, N. Harris, and L. Wieczorek, “Mie and Bragg plasmons in subwavelength silver semi-shells,” Small 4(12), 2292–2299 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Liu, A. I. Maaroof, L. Wieczorek, and M. B. Cortie, “Fabrication of hollow metal “nanocaps” and their red-shifted optical absorption spectra,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(10), 1276–1281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wood, R. W.

R. W. Wood, “Remarkable spectrum from a diffraction grating,” Philos. Mag. 4, 396–402 (1902).

Wu, J.

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S.

S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Y.

H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, J.

P. Van Dorpe and J. Ye, “Semishells: versatile plasmonic nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6774–6778 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, C. Chen, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Strong location dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering on individual gold semishell and nanobowl particles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(37), 11222–11224 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Ye, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Symmetry breaking induced optical properties of gold open shell nanostructures,” Opt. Express 17(26), 23765–23771 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, G. Borghs, and G. Maes, “Fabrication, characterization, and optical properties of gold nanobowl submonolayer structures,” Langmuir 25(3), 1822–1827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. N. Khlebtsov, V. A. Khanadeyev, J. Ye, D. W. Mackowski, G. Borghs, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Coupled plasmon resonances in monolayers of metal nanoparticles and nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035440 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, X. G.

S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhan, P.

Z. Chen, H. Dong, J. Pan, P. Zhan, C. J. Tang, and Z. L. Wang, “Monolayer rigid arrays of cavity-controllable metallic mesoparticles: Electrochemical preparation and light transmission resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Li, J. Pan, P. Zhan, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, Z. L. Wang, W. D. Han, X. Y. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Surface plasmon coupling enhanced dielectric environment sensitivity in a quasi-three-dimensional metallic nanohole array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3546–3555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. H.

Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W. Y.

C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, L. L.

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, D.

S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, S. N.

Y. Y. Li, J. Pan, P. Zhan, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, Z. L. Wang, W. D. Han, X. Y. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Surface plasmon coupling enhanced dielectric environment sensitivity in a quasi-three-dimensional metallic nanohole array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3546–3555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y. Y.

S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zi, J.

Y. Y. Li, J. Pan, P. Zhan, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, Z. L. Wang, W. D. Han, X. Y. Jiang, and J. Zi, “Surface plasmon coupling enhanced dielectric environment sensitivity in a quasi-three-dimensional metallic nanohole array,” Opt. Express 18(4), 3546–3555 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

ACS Nano

N. S. King, Y. Li, C. Ayala-Orozco, T. Brannan, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Angle- and spectral-dependent light scattering from plasmonic nanocups,” ACS Nano 5(9), 7254–7262 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Van Dorpe and J. Ye, “Semishells: versatile plasmonic nanoparticles,” ACS Nano 5(9), 6774–6778 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Ye, N. Verellen, W. Van Roy, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Plasmonic modes of metallic semishells in a polymer film,” ACS Nano 4(3), 1457–1464 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Le, D. W. Brandl, Y. A. Urzhumov, H. Wang, J. Kundu, N. J. Halas, J. Aizpurua, and P. Nordlander, “Metallic nanoparticle arrays: a common substrate for both surface-enhanced Raman scattering and surface-enhanced infrared absorption,” ACS Nano 2(4), 707–718 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)

Z. Chen, P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, J. H. Zhang, W. Y. Zhang, N. B. Ming, C. T. Chan, and P. Sheng, “Two- and three-dimensional ordered structures of hollow silver spheres prepared by colloidal crystal templating,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 16(5), 417–422 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Liu, A. I. Maaroof, L. Wieczorek, and M. B. Cortie, “Fabrication of hollow metal “nanocaps” and their red-shifted optical absorption spectra,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 17(10), 1276–1281 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Zhan, Z. L. Wang, H. Dong, J. Sun, J. Wu, H. T. Wang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, and J. Zi, “The anomalous infrared transmission of gold films on two-dimensional colloidal crystals,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 18(12), 1612–1616 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

Z. Chen, H. Dong, J. Pan, P. Zhan, C. J. Tang, and Z. L. Wang, “Monolayer rigid arrays of cavity-controllable metallic mesoparticles: Electrochemical preparation and light transmission resonances,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(5), 051904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Wu, Q. J. Wang, X. G. Yin, J. Q. Li, D. Zhu, S. Q. Liu, and Y. Y. Zhu, “Enhanced optical transmission: Role of the localized surface plasmon,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(10), 101113 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

S. J. Oldenburg, R. D. Averitt, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, “Nanoengineering of optical resonances,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 288(2-4), 243–247 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

J. J. Penninkhof, L. A. Sweatlock, A. Moroz, H. A. Atwater, A. van Blaaderen, and A. Polman, “Optical cavity modes in gold shell colloids,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(12), 123105 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B

K. L. Kelly, E. Coronado, L. L. Zhao, and G. C. Schatz, “The optical properties of metal nanoparticles: the influence of size, shape, and dielectric environment,” J. Phys. Chem. B 107(3), 668–677 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, K. Lodewijks, I. De Vlaminck, G. Maes, and G. Borghs, “Fabrication and optical properties of gold semishells,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3110–3115 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Condens. Matter

C. Tserkezis, G. Gantzounis, and N. Stefanou, “Collective plasmonic modes in ordered assemblies of metallic nanoshells,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 20(7), 075232 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir

J. Ye, P. Van Dorpe, W. Van Roy, G. Borghs, and G. Maes, “Fabrication, characterization, and optical properties of gold nanobowl submonolayer structures,” Langmuir 25(3), 1822–1827 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Lett.

R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, F. J. García de Abajo, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Understanding plasmons in nanoscale voids,” Nano Lett. 7(7), 2094–2100 (2007).
[CrossRef]

F. Hao, Y. Sonnefraud, P. Van Dorpe, S. A. Maier, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “Symmetry breaking in plasmonic nanocavities: subradiant LSPR sensing and a tunable Fano resonance,” Nano Lett. 8(11), 3983–3988 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology

M. Cortie and M. Ford, “A plasmon-induced current loop in gold semi-shells,” Nanotechnology 18(23), 235704 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics

T. V. Teperik, F. J. García de Abajo, A. G. Borisov, M. Abdelsalam, P. N. Bartlett, Y. Sugawara, and J. J. Baumberg, “Omnidirectional absorption in nanostructured metal surfaces,” Nat. Photonics 2(5), 299–301 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nature

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, “Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays,” Nature 391(6668), 667–669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

New J. Phys.

M. W. Knight and N. J. Halas, “Nanoshells to nanoeggs to nanocups: Optical properties of reduced symmetry core-shell nanoparticles beyond the quasistatic limit,” New J. Phys. 10(10), 105006 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Philos. Mag.

R. W. Wood, “Remarkable spectrum from a diffraction grating,” Philos. Mag. 4, 396–402 (1902).

Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys.

J. Ye, C. Chen, L. Lagae, G. Maes, G. Borghs, and P. Van Dorpe, “Strong location dependent surface enhanced Raman scattering on individual gold semishell and nanobowl particles,” Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 12(37), 11222–11224 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B

B. N. Khlebtsov, V. A. Khanadeyev, J. Ye, D. W. Mackowski, G. Borghs, and N. G. Khlebtsov, “Coupled plasmon resonances in monolayers of metal nanoparticles and nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 77(3), 035440 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Christ, Y. Ekinci, H. H. Solak, N. A. Gippius, S. G. Tikhodeev, and O. J. F. Martin, “Controlling Fano interference in a plasmonic lattice,” Phys. Rev. B 76(20), 201405R (2007).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Teperik, V. V. Popov, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Radiative decay of plasmons in a metallic nanoshell,” Phys. Rev. B 69(15), 155402 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Riikonen, I. Romero, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Plasmon tunability in metallodielectric metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. B 71(23), 235104 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Tang, Z. L. Wang, W. Y. Zhang, S. N. Zhu, N. B. Ming, G. Sun, and P. Sheng, “Localized and delocalized surface-plasmon-mediated light tunneling through monolayer hexagonal-close-packed metallic nanoshells,” Phys. Rev. B 80(16), 165401 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, D. E. Grupp, T. W. Ebbesen, and H. J. Lezec, “Surface plasmons enhance optical transmission through subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. B 58(11), 6779–6782 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, R. M. Cole, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, S. Cintra, S. Mahajan, A. E. Russell, and P. N. Bartlett, “Localized and delocalized plasmons in metallic nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. B 74(24), 245415 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys.

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 72(1), 016623 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Sun and C. T. Chan, “Frequency-selective absorption characteristics of a metal surface with embedded dielectric microspheres,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 73(3 ), 036613 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Y. J. Bao, R. W. Peng, D. J. Shu, M. Wang, X. Lu, J. Shao, W. Lu, and N. B. Ming, “Role of interference between localized and propagating surface waves on the extraordinary optical transmission through a subwavelength-aperture array,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(8), 087401 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Koerkamp, S. Enoch, F. B. Segerink, N. F. van Hulst, and L. Kuipers, “Strong influence of hole shape on extraordinary transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92(18), 183901 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Ruan and M. Qiu, “Enhanced transmission through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes: the role of localized waveguide resonances,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 96(23), 233901 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Alù and N. Engheta, “Cloaking a sensor,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(23), 233901 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Coyle, M. C. Netti, J. J. Baumberg, M. A. Ghanem, P. R. Birkin, P. N. Bartlett, and D. M. Whittaker, “Confined plasmons in metallic nanocavities,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 87(17), 176801 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. A. Kelf, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Plasmonic band gaps and trapped plasmons on nanostructured metal surfaces,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 95(11), 116802 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. M. Cole, Y. Sugawara, J. J. Baumberg, S. Mahajan, M. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Easily coupled whispering gallery plasmons in dielectric nanospheres embedded in gold films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(13), 137401 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Sugawara, T. A. Kelf, J. J. Baumberg, M. E. Abdelsalam, and P. N. Bartlett, “Strong coupling between localized plasmons and organic excitons in metal nanovoids,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 97(26), 266808 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A.

H. Wang, Y. Wu, B. Lassiter, C. L. Nehl, J. H. Hafner, P. Nordlander, and N. J. Halas, “Symmetry breaking in individual plasmonic nanoparticles,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 103(29), 10856–10860 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

F. J. García de Abajo, “Colloquium: Light scattering by particle and hole arrays,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 79(4), 1267–1290 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Science

E. Prodan, C. Radloff, N. J. Halas, and P. Nordlander, “A hybridization model for the plasmon response of complex nanostructures,” Science 302(5644), 419–422 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Small

A. I. Maaroof, M. B. Cortie, N. Harris, and L. Wieczorek, “Mie and Bragg plasmons in subwavelength silver semi-shells,” Small 4(12), 2292–2299 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(Color online) Schematic of a 2D HCP array of silver nanocups with an opening. The metallic nanocups lie on the xoy plane and the origin of the coordinate locates at the center of one nanocup. The surrounding media are divided into two parts: the dielectric spheres with radius r1 and relative permittivity ε1 embedded within nanocups, the remaining part with a relative permittivity ε2. The incident light is normally incident on the array with its polarization along the x direction.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(Color online) (a) The transmission spectrum of a whole nanoshell array with r1 = 200 nm, r2 = 250 nm, ε1 = ε2 = 1.0 and a = 520 nm. (b) The normal incidence transmission spectra of the opening nanocup array as a function of the opening angle θ and wavelength, displayed in the form of a color scale diagram.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(Color online) (a)-(i) Normalized electric field distributions on the xoz plane at the transmission resonances with the corresponding wavelengths and opening angles marked as points 1-9 in Fig. 2(b). The blue arrows in (a) and (d) represent field direction. White signs “+” and “-” stand for positive and negative charges, respectively.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(Color online) (a) Dispersion diagram for a 2D HCP array of metallic nanocups in air with an inner radius r1 = 200 nm, outer radius r2 = 250 nm, lattice period a = 520 nm, opening angle θ = 10° for p-polarized incident light at the azimuth angle of array φ = 0°. Overlaid black dashed lines represent the dispersion relations of SPPs modes associated with reciprocal vectors Gmn of the 2D lattice. (b) Normal incidence transmittance spectra of the nanocup array with the same parameter in (a) except for different array periods a = 520 nm, 530 nm, 540 nm, 550 nm. Individual spectra are vertically offset by 1.0 for clarity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(Color online) (a)-(c) Normalized electric field distributions on the xoz plane at the transmission resonances with the corresponding wavelengths and opening angles marked as points 10-12 in Fig. 2(b).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(Color online) Normal incidence transmission spectra of nanocup arrays with the same opening angle θ = 130° but the outside filled with different values of relative permittivity ε2. The relative permittivity ε1 of the dielectric medium within the nanocups is fixed at ε1 = 1.0. Some red arrows are added to emphasize redshift trend of the corresponding mode. (b) ε1 takes values of 1.0, 1.5, and 2.0, while ε2 = 1.0 is fixed. The insets show the electric field distributions on the xoz plane corresponding to the peaks labeled as λ1, λ2, and λ3. In (a) and (b) individual spectra is vertically offset by 1.0 from one another for clarity.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(Color online) The resonant wavelengths of the hybridized mode of voidlike and hexapolar spherelike modes as a function of the opening angle θ, obtained from a plasmon standing wave model and numerical simulations for the nanocup array with the period a = 520 nm. Inset schematically shows the plasmon standing wave model.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(Color online) (a)-(d) Normalized electric field distributions on the xoz plane at the transmission resonances with the corresponding wavelengths and opening angles marked as points 13-16 in Fig. 2(b).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(Color online) The same as Fig. 4 but for the opening angle θ = 50°.

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