We propose a method of designing pupil filters for transverse super-resolution without making use of recursive algorithms or the parabolic approximation for the point spread function (PSF). We represent the amplitude of the PSF as an expansion of orthogonal functions from the Fourier-Bessel transform of a Dini series. Their coefficients are related with desired features of the PSF, such as the transversal super-resolution gain and the intensity of the secondary maxima. We show the possibility to derive closed formulas to obtain large super-resolution gains with tolerable side-lobe intensities, at the expense of increasing the intensity of a chosen secondary lobe.
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Robert M. Lewitt
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7(10) 1834-1846 (1990)
Virendra N. Mahajan
Appl. Opt. 22(19) 3035-3041 (1983)
Appl. Opt. 25(2) 244-251 (1986)