Abstract

Mesoscopic Epifluorescence Tomography (MEFT) is a technique derived from Laminar Optical Tomography (LOT), determining fluorescence biodistribution by tomographic means in reflectance geometry. A pencil beam is scanned over the region of interest to excite fluorophores hidden within the tissue, while a CCD camera acquires images of reflected fluorescence emissions. This configuration is advantageous whenever transillumination of the specimen is not feasible, e.g., in the presence of skin chambers or when using wavelengths in the visible range where absorption is high. We present simulation and phantom studies recovering deep GFP-like fluorescence in highly scattering and strongly absorbing media with a penetration depth up to 10mm.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23(3), 313–320 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Deliolanis, T. Lasser, D. Hyde, A. Soubret, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Free-space fluorescence molecular tomography utilizing 360° geometry projections,” Opt. Lett. 32(4), 382–384 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Da Silva, M. Leabad, C. Driol, T. Bordy, M. Debourdeau, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, and P. Rizo, “Optical calibration protocol for an x-ray and optical multimodality tomography system dedicated to small-animal examination,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), D151–D162 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. C. Vinegoni, C. Pitsouli, D. Razansky, N. Perrimon, and V. Ntziachristos, “In vivo imaging of Drosophila melanogaster pupae with mesoscopic fluorescence tomography,” Nat. Methods 5(1), 45–47 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. M. C. Hillman, D. A. Boas, A. M. Dale, and A. K. Dunn, “Laminar optical tomography: demonstration of millimeter-scale depth-resolved imaging in turbid media,” Opt. Lett. 29(14), 1650–1652 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Yuan, Q. Li, J. Jiang, A. Cable, and Y. Chen, “Three-dimensional coregistered optical coherence tomography and line-scanning fluorescence laminar optical tomography,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1615–1617 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9(1), 123–128 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
    [PubMed]
  14. R. M. Hoffman, “Recent advances on in vivo Imaging with fluorescent proteins,” Fluorescent Proteins, Second Edition 85, 485–495 (2008).
  15. A. Dunn and D. Boas, “Transport-based image reconstruction in turbid media with small source-detector separations,” Opt. Lett. 25(24), 1777–1779 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. S. L. Jacques and B. W. Pogue, “Tutorial on diffuse light transport,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(4), 041302 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L.-Q. Zheng, “MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47(2), 131–146 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. C. C. Paige and M. A. Saunders, “LSQR: An algorithm for sparse linear equations and sparse least squares,” ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 8(1), 43–71 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

2009 (5)

A. Da Silva, M. Leabad, C. Driol, T. Bordy, M. Debourdeau, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, and P. Rizo, “Optical calibration protocol for an x-ray and optical multimodality tomography system dedicated to small-animal examination,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), D151–D162 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Yuan, Q. Li, J. Jiang, A. Cable, and Y. Chen, “Three-dimensional coregistered optical coherence tomography and line-scanning fluorescence laminar optical tomography,” Opt. Lett. 34(11), 1615–1617 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

S. L. Jacques and B. W. Pogue, “Tutorial on diffuse light transport,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(4), 041302 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Vinegoni, C. Pitsouli, D. Razansky, N. Perrimon, and V. Ntziachristos, “In vivo imaging of Drosophila melanogaster pupae with mesoscopic fluorescence tomography,” Nat. Methods 5(1), 45–47 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

N. Deliolanis, T. Lasser, D. Hyde, A. Soubret, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Free-space fluorescence molecular tomography utilizing 360° geometry projections,” Opt. Lett. 32(4), 382–384 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

2005 (1)

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23(3), 313–320 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9(1), 123–128 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

1995 (1)

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L.-Q. Zheng, “MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47(2), 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (1)

C. C. Paige and M. A. Saunders, “LSQR: An algorithm for sparse linear equations and sparse least squares,” ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 8(1), 43–71 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ahlgren, U.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baldock, R.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berger, M.

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boas, D.

Boas, D. A.

Bordier, C.

B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bordy, T.

Bouchard, M. B.

B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boutet, J.

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brooks, D. H.

D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Burgess, S. A.

B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cable, A.

Chen, Y.

Coll, J. L.

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Da Silva, A.

A. Da Silva, M. Leabad, C. Driol, T. Bordy, M. Debourdeau, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, and P. Rizo, “Optical calibration protocol for an x-ray and optical multimodality tomography system dedicated to small-animal examination,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), D151–D162 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dale, A. M.

Davidson, D.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Kleine, R.

D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Debourdeau, M.

Dehghani, H.

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deliolanis, N.

Dinten, J. M.

A. Da Silva, M. Leabad, C. Driol, T. Bordy, M. Debourdeau, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, and P. Rizo, “Optical calibration protocol for an x-ray and optical multimodality tomography system dedicated to small-animal examination,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), D151–D162 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Driol, C.

Dunn, A.

Dunn, A. K.

Economou, E. N.

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

Garofalakis, A.

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

Gruber, J.

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hecksher-Sørensen, J.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hervé, L.

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hill, B.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hillman, E. M. C.

B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. C. Hillman, D. A. Boas, A. M. Dale, and A. K. Dunn, “Laminar optical tomography: demonstration of millimeter-scale depth-resolved imaging in turbid media,” Opt. Lett. 29(14), 1650–1652 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hutchins, M.

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hyde, D.

D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

N. Deliolanis, T. Lasser, D. Hyde, A. Soubret, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Free-space fluorescence molecular tomography utilizing 360° geometry projections,” Opt. Lett. 32(4), 382–384 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hypnarowski, J.

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iranmahboob, A.

B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacques, S. L.

S. L. Jacques and B. W. Pogue, “Tutorial on diffuse light transport,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(4), 041302 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L.-Q. Zheng, “MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47(2), 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, J.

Josserand, V.

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kepshire, D.

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khayat, M.

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kioussis, D.

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

Koenig, A.

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krucker, T.

D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Lasser, T.

Leabad, M.

Leblond, F.

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lehrer, N.

B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Q.

MacLaurin, S. A.

D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mamalaki, C.

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

Meyer, H.

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

Miller, E.

D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mincu, N.

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ntziachristos, V.

D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

C. Vinegoni, C. Pitsouli, D. Razansky, N. Perrimon, and V. Ntziachristos, “In vivo imaging of Drosophila melanogaster pupae with mesoscopic fluorescence tomography,” Nat. Methods 5(1), 45–47 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Deliolanis, T. Lasser, D. Hyde, A. Soubret, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Free-space fluorescence molecular tomography utilizing 360° geometry projections,” Opt. Lett. 32(4), 382–384 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23(3), 313–320 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9(1), 123–128 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paige, C. C.

C. C. Paige and M. A. Saunders, “LSQR: An algorithm for sparse linear equations and sparse least squares,” ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 8(1), 43–71 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Papamatheakis, J.

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

Peltié, P.

A. Da Silva, M. Leabad, C. Driol, T. Bordy, M. Debourdeau, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, and P. Rizo, “Optical calibration protocol for an x-ray and optical multimodality tomography system dedicated to small-animal examination,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), D151–D162 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Perrimon, N.

C. Vinegoni, C. Pitsouli, D. Razansky, N. Perrimon, and V. Ntziachristos, “In vivo imaging of Drosophila melanogaster pupae with mesoscopic fluorescence tomography,” Nat. Methods 5(1), 45–47 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Perry, P.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pitsouli, C.

C. Vinegoni, C. Pitsouli, D. Razansky, N. Perrimon, and V. Ntziachristos, “In vivo imaging of Drosophila melanogaster pupae with mesoscopic fluorescence tomography,” Nat. Methods 5(1), 45–47 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Pogue, B. W.

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Jacques and B. W. Pogue, “Tutorial on diffuse light transport,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(4), 041302 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Razansky, D.

C. Vinegoni, C. Pitsouli, D. Razansky, N. Perrimon, and V. Ntziachristos, “In vivo imaging of Drosophila melanogaster pupae with mesoscopic fluorescence tomography,” Nat. Methods 5(1), 45–47 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ripoll, J.

N. Deliolanis, T. Lasser, D. Hyde, A. Soubret, J. Ripoll, and V. Ntziachristos, “Free-space fluorescence molecular tomography utilizing 360° geometry projections,” Opt. Lett. 32(4), 382–384 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23(3), 313–320 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rizo, P.

A. Da Silva, M. Leabad, C. Driol, T. Bordy, M. Debourdeau, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, and P. Rizo, “Optical calibration protocol for an x-ray and optical multimodality tomography system dedicated to small-animal examination,” Appl. Opt. 48(10), D151–D162 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ross, A.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saunders, M. A.

C. C. Paige and M. A. Saunders, “LSQR: An algorithm for sparse linear equations and sparse least squares,” ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 8(1), 43–71 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sharpe, J.

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soubret, A.

Vinegoni, C.

C. Vinegoni, C. Pitsouli, D. Razansky, N. Perrimon, and V. Ntziachristos, “In vivo imaging of Drosophila melanogaster pupae with mesoscopic fluorescence tomography,” Nat. Methods 5(1), 45–47 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. V.

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23(3), 313–320 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, L.-H.

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L.-Q. Zheng, “MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47(2), 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weissleder, R.

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23(3), 313–320 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9(1), 123–128 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, B.

B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, S.

Zacharakis, G.

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

Zheng, L.-Q.

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L.-Q. Zheng, “MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47(2), 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

ACM Trans. Math. Softw. (1)

C. C. Paige and M. A. Saunders, “LSQR: An algorithm for sparse linear equations and sparse least squares,” ACM Trans. Math. Softw. 8(1), 43–71 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. (1)

L.-H. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L.-Q. Zheng, “MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues,” Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47(2), 131–146 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt. (2)

S. L. Jacques and B. W. Pogue, “Tutorial on diffuse light transport,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(4), 041302 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Koenig, L. Hervé, V. Josserand, M. Berger, J. Boutet, A. Da Silva, J. M. Dinten, P. Peltié, J. L. Coll, and P. Rizo, “In vivo mice lung tumor follow-up with fluorescence diffuse optical tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 13(1), 011008 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mol. Imaging (1)

A. Garofalakis, G. Zacharakis, H. Meyer, E. N. Economou, C. Mamalaki, J. Papamatheakis, D. Kioussis, V. Ntziachristos, and J. Ripoll, “Three-dimensional in vivo imaging of green fluorescent protein-expressing T cells in mice with noncontact fluorescence molecular tomography,” Mol. Imaging 6(2), 96–107 (2007).
[PubMed]

Nat. Biotechnol. (1)

V. Ntziachristos, J. Ripoll, L. V. Wang, and R. Weissleder, “Looking and listening to light: the evolution of whole-body photonic imaging,” Nat. Biotechnol. 23(3), 313–320 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Med. (1)

R. Weissleder and V. Ntziachristos, “Shedding light onto live molecular targets,” Nat. Med. 9(1), 123–128 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Methods (1)

C. Vinegoni, C. Pitsouli, D. Razansky, N. Perrimon, and V. Ntziachristos, “In vivo imaging of Drosophila melanogaster pupae with mesoscopic fluorescence tomography,” Nat. Methods 5(1), 45–47 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Neuroimage (1)

D. Hyde, R. de Kleine, S. A. MacLaurin, E. Miller, D. H. Brooks, T. Krucker, and V. Ntziachristos, “Hybrid FMT-CT imaging of amyloid-beta plaques in a murine Alzheimer’s disease model,” Neuroimage 44(4), 1304–1311 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (2)

B. Yuan, S. A. Burgess, A. Iranmahboob, M. B. Bouchard, N. Lehrer, C. Bordier, and E. M. C. Hillman, “A system for high-resolution depth-resolved optical imaging of fluorescence and absorption contrast,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043706–1 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Kepshire, N. Mincu, M. Hutchins, J. Gruber, H. Dehghani, J. Hypnarowski, F. Leblond, M. Khayat, and B. W. Pogue, “A microcomputed tomography guided fluorescence tomography system for small animal molecular imaging,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 80(4), 043701 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

J. Sharpe, U. Ahlgren, P. Perry, B. Hill, A. Ross, J. Hecksher-Sørensen, R. Baldock, and D. Davidson, “Optical projection tomography as a tool for 3D microscopy and gene expression studies,” Science 296(5567), 541–545 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

R. M. Hoffman, “Recent advances on in vivo Imaging with fluorescent proteins,” Fluorescent Proteins, Second Edition 85, 485–495 (2008).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Exemplary source-detector sensitivity functions as calculated by Monte Carlo simulations (normalized to one, µa = 0.1mm-1, µs = 20mm-1, g = 0.9). A and C indicate the top and B and D the side views of the three dimensional simulated sensitivity functions. As the effective distance between the source (arrow down) and detector (arrow up) increases, the sensitivity profile of the measurements gradually reaches deeper into the medium.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic setup of the Mesoscopic Epi-Fluorescence Tomography system.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Simulation of maximum penetration depth. (A) Slice in the region of interest of the simulated slab including six different fluorescent tube emitters at different depths. White emitters contain double the amount of simulated fluorophores. (B) Corresponding slice of the reconstructed fluorescence distribution and (C) deviation of fluorescent input and reconstruction.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Characterization of the system performance. (A) Measured leakage of the excitation light as a function of exposure time. (B) Calculated contrast to noise ratio for different tube depths.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Demonstration of the LSQR algorithm’s potential to reconstruct spatially and intensity-wise variable emitter distributions. Slices parallel to the surface at the depth of the tube for the fluorescent input (A) and reconstructed fluorescence distribution (C). Transversal slices through the middle of the tubes for the fluorescent input (B) and reconstruction (D).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

MEFT phantom imaging results. (A) Summation of all acquired images where the tube centre was located at a depth of 200µm. (B, C) Tomographic slices through the volume of reconstructed fluorescence where the tube was located at a depth of 200µm. (B) A slice parallel to the surface at the depth of the tube. (C) Transversal slice through the reconstructed tube. (D) Plot of the reconstructed tube diameter (FWHM) for different depths of the tube. The constant line depicts the actual tube diameter. The constant line with dots indicates the tube diameter of the raw measurements. The dashed curve shows the reconstructed diameter in y-direction and the dotted in z-direction. (E) Reconstructed depth in comparison to actual depth where the constant line indicates the actual and the dashed curve the reconstructed depths.

Metrics