Abstract

We report the construction of In2O3/Ag/In2O3 sandwich nanostructures and realization of effective coupling with surface plasmon (SP) modes. An enhancement of photoluminescence as large as 278-fold is achieved for the new nanostructures, while only eightfold is obtained from bilayer structures. The advancement of the nanostructures is that both the frequency of incidence photons and the in-plane wavevector of the excited SP modes along each side of the sandwiched nanometer metal layer are identical, thus the momenta mismatch between two SP modes which inevitably occurs in commonly used metal/dielectric bilayer structures is no longer a problem. The fulfillment of the cross coupling and resonance conditions of the two SP modes leads to the tremendous amplification of light emission. Such sandwich nanostructures can be readily extended to other dielectric/metal/dielectric nanomaterial combinations and identified as technologically useful for SP mediated light emitting devices.

© 2010 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. L. Stiles, J. A. Dieringer, N. C. Shah, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 1(1), 601–626 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. Avrutsky, Y. Zhao, and V. Kochergin, “Surface-plasmon-assisted resonant tunneling of light through a periodically corrugated thin metal film,” Opt. Lett. 25(9), 595–597 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, “Diffracted evanescent wave model for enhanced and suppressed optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3629–3651 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(19), 1393–1396 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  11. S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(2), 182–184 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. K. Gifford and D. G. Hall, “Extraordinary transmission of organic photoluminescence through an otherwise opaque metal layer via surface plasmon cross coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(20), 3679–3681 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. P. Cheng, D. Li, Z. Yuan, P. Chen, and D. Yang, “Enhancement of ZnO light emission via coupling with localized surface plasmon of Ag island film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041119 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. B. You, X. W. Zhang, Y. M. Fan, Z. G. Yin, P. F. Cai, and N. F. Chen, “Effects of the morphology of ZnO/Ag interface on the surface-plasmon-enhanced emission of ZnO films,” J. Phys. D 41(20), 205101 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  17. K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  18. F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Zeng, X. Zhang, J. Wang, L. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Large-scale growth of In2O3 nanowires and their optical properties,” Nanotechnology 15(5), 596–600 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  20. R. L. Weiher, “Electrical properties of single crystals of indium oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 33(9), 2834–2839 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  21. I. Hamberg and C. G. Granqvist, “Evaporated Sn-doped In2O3 films – basic optical-properties and applications to energy-efficient windows,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(11), R123–R159 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  22. K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 64(2), 115–134 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  24. H. Cao, X. Qiu, Y. Liang, Q. Zhu, and M. Zhao, “Room-temperature ultraviolet-emitting In2O3 nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(4), 761–763 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  25. W. S. Seo, H. H. Jo, K. Lee, and J. T. Park, “Preparation and optical properties of highly crystalline, colloidal, and size controlled indium oxide nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 15(10), 795–797 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. Zhou, W. Cai, and L. Zhang, “Photoluminescence of indium-oxide nanoparticles dispersed within pores of mesoporous silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(4), 495–497 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  27. C. Liang, G. Meng, Y. Lei, F. Phillipp, and L. Zhang, “Catalytic Growth of Semiconducting In2O3 Nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(17), 1330–1333 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  28. H. Y. Lin, C. L. Cheng, Y. Y. Chou, L. L. Huang, Y. F. Chen, and K. T. Tsen, “Enhancement of band gap emission stimulated by defect loss,” Opt. Express 14(6), 2372–2379 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of solid, (Academic, London, 1985).

2009 (2)

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

P. L. Stiles, J. A. Dieringer, N. C. Shah, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 1(1), 601–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

P. Cheng, D. Li, Z. Yuan, P. Chen, and D. Yang, “Enhancement of ZnO light emission via coupling with localized surface plasmon of Ag island film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. B. You, X. W. Zhang, Y. M. Fan, Z. G. Yin, P. F. Cai, and N. F. Chen, “Effects of the morphology of ZnO/Ag interface on the surface-plasmon-enhanced emission of ZnO films,” J. Phys. D 41(20), 205101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

2005 (2)

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

F. Zeng, X. Zhang, J. Wang, L. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Large-scale growth of In2O3 nanowires and their optical properties,” Nanotechnology 15(5), 596–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(2), 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lezec and T. Thio, “Diffracted evanescent wave model for enhanced and suppressed optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,” Opt. Express 12(16), 3629–3651 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Cao, X. Qiu, Y. Liang, Q. Zhu, and M. Zhao, “Room-temperature ultraviolet-emitting In2O3 nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(4), 761–763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Seo, H. H. Jo, K. Lee, and J. T. Park, “Preparation and optical properties of highly crystalline, colloidal, and size controlled indium oxide nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 15(10), 795–797 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(19), 1393–1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Gifford and D. G. Hall, “Extraordinary transmission of organic photoluminescence through an otherwise opaque metal layer via surface plasmon cross coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(20), 3679–3681 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. Liang, G. Meng, Y. Lei, F. Phillipp, and L. Zhang, “Catalytic Growth of Semiconducting In2O3 Nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(17), 1330–1333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 64(2), 115–134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Avrutsky, Y. Zhao, and V. Kochergin, “Surface-plasmon-assisted resonant tunneling of light through a periodically corrugated thin metal film,” Opt. Lett. 25(9), 595–597 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Zhou, W. Cai, and L. Zhang, “Photoluminescence of indium-oxide nanoparticles dispersed within pores of mesoporous silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(4), 495–497 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

I. Hamberg and C. G. Granqvist, “Evaporated Sn-doped In2O3 films – basic optical-properties and applications to energy-efficient windows,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(11), R123–R159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

R. L. Weiher, “Electrical properties of single crystals of indium oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 33(9), 2834–2839 (1962).
[CrossRef]

An, J.

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arakawa, H.

K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 64(2), 115–134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Arima, V.

F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Avrutsky, I.

Axente, E.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bakalova, S.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bakker, R.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barnes, W. L.

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(2), 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(19), 1393–1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Belgrave, A. M.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blyth, R. I. R.

F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cai, P. F.

J. B. You, X. W. Zhang, Y. M. Fan, Z. G. Yin, P. F. Cai, and N. F. Chen, “Effects of the morphology of ZnO/Ag interface on the surface-plasmon-enhanced emission of ZnO films,” J. Phys. D 41(20), 205101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cai, W.

H. Zhou, W. Cai, and L. Zhang, “Photoluminescence of indium-oxide nanoparticles dispersed within pores of mesoporous silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(4), 495–497 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cao, H.

H. Cao, X. Qiu, Y. Liang, Q. Zhu, and M. Zhao, “Room-temperature ultraviolet-emitting In2O3 nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(4), 761–763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chang, H.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, N. F.

J. B. You, X. W. Zhang, Y. M. Fan, Z. G. Yin, P. F. Cai, and N. F. Chen, “Effects of the morphology of ZnO/Ag interface on the surface-plasmon-enhanced emission of ZnO films,” J. Phys. D 41(20), 205101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P.

P. Cheng, D. Li, Z. Yuan, P. Chen, and D. Yang, “Enhancement of ZnO light emission via coupling with localized surface plasmon of Ag island film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P. C.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Cheng, C. L.

Cheng, P.

P. Cheng, D. Li, Z. Yuan, P. Chen, and D. Yang, “Enhancement of ZnO light emission via coupling with localized surface plasmon of Ag island film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chou, Y. Y.

Cingo-lani, R.

F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cong, C. X.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dieringer, J. A.

P. L. Stiles, J. A. Dieringer, N. C. Shah, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 1(1), 601–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Escoubas, L.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Facchetti, A.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. M.

J. B. You, X. W. Zhang, Y. M. Fan, Z. G. Yin, P. F. Cai, and N. F. Chen, “Effects of the morphology of ZnO/Ag interface on the surface-plasmon-enhanced emission of ZnO films,” J. Phys. D 41(20), 205101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ferreira, J.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gifford, D. K.

D. K. Gifford and D. G. Hall, “Extraordinary transmission of organic photoluminescence through an otherwise opaque metal layer via surface plasmon cross coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(20), 3679–3681 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Granqvist, C. G.

I. Hamberg and C. G. Granqvist, “Evaporated Sn-doped In2O3 films – basic optical-properties and applications to energy-efficient windows,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(11), R123–R159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Ha, Y. G.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Halas, N. J.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. G.

D. K. Gifford and D. G. Hall, “Extraordinary transmission of organic photoluminescence through an otherwise opaque metal layer via surface plasmon cross coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(20), 3679–3681 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hamberg, I.

I. Hamberg and C. G. Granqvist, “Evaporated Sn-doped In2O3 films – basic optical-properties and applications to energy-efficient windows,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(11), R123–R159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hara, K.

K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 64(2), 115–134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Herz, E.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hobson, P. A.

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(19), 1393–1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Horiguchi, T.

K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 64(2), 115–134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huan, A. C. H.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Huang, L. L.

Ishikawa, F.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Janes, D. B.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, F. Y.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Jo, H. H.

W. S. Seo, H. H. Jo, K. Lee, and J. T. Park, “Preparation and optical properties of highly crystalline, colloidal, and size controlled indium oxide nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 15(10), 795–797 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ju, S.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, T.

K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 64(2), 115–134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kochergin, V.

Lai, C. W.

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lal, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

W. S. Seo, H. H. Jo, K. Lee, and J. T. Park, “Preparation and optical properties of highly crystalline, colloidal, and size controlled indium oxide nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 15(10), 795–797 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lei, D. Y.

D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lei, Y.

C. Liang, G. Meng, Y. Lei, F. Phillipp, and L. Zhang, “Catalytic Growth of Semiconducting In2O3 Nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(17), 1330–1333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

Li, D.

P. Cheng, D. Li, Z. Yuan, P. Chen, and D. Yang, “Enhancement of ZnO light emission via coupling with localized surface plasmon of Ag island film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Li, J.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liang, C.

C. Liang, G. Meng, Y. Lei, F. Phillipp, and L. Zhang, “Catalytic Growth of Semiconducting In2O3 Nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(17), 1330–1333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Y.

H. Cao, X. Qiu, Y. Liang, Q. Zhu, and M. Zhao, “Room-temperature ultraviolet-emitting In2O3 nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(4), 761–763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lin, H. Y.

Link, S.

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K. W.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marks, T. J.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Matino, F.

F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Meng, G.

C. Liang, G. Meng, Y. Lei, F. Phillipp, and L. Zhang, “Catalytic Growth of Semiconducting In2O3 Nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(17), 1330–1333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mihailescu, I. N.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Mukai, T.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narimanov, E. E.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narukawa, Y.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Niki, I.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ong, H. C.

D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ozbay, E.

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, J. T.

W. S. Seo, H. H. Jo, K. Lee, and J. T. Park, “Preparation and optical properties of highly crystalline, colloidal, and size controlled indium oxide nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 15(10), 795–797 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Persano, L.

F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Phillipp, F.

C. Liang, G. Meng, Y. Lei, F. Phillipp, and L. Zhang, “Catalytic Growth of Semiconducting In2O3 Nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(17), 1330–1333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pisignano, D.

F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Popescu, A.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, X.

H. Cao, X. Qiu, Y. Liang, Q. Zhu, and M. Zhao, “Room-temperature ultraviolet-emitting In2O3 nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(4), 761–763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rinaldi, R.

F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ristoscu, C.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sage, I.

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(2), 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(19), 1393–1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sayama, K.

K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 64(2), 115–134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seo, W. S.

W. S. Seo, H. H. Jo, K. Lee, and J. T. Park, “Preparation and optical properties of highly crystalline, colloidal, and size controlled indium oxide nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 15(10), 795–797 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shah, N. C.

P. L. Stiles, J. A. Dieringer, N. C. Shah, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 1(1), 601–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shalaev, V. M.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, Z. X.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shvartser, A.

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sima, F.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Socol, G.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stefan, N.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stiles, P. L.

P. L. Stiles, J. A. Dieringer, N. C. Shah, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 1(1), 601–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Stout, S.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sugihara, H.

K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 64(2), 115–134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sum, T. C.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, H. D.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sun, X. W.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Suteewong, T.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szekeres, A.

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tang, Y. D.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

Tsen, K. T.

Van Duyne, R. P.

P. L. Stiles, J. A. Dieringer, N. C. Shah, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 1(1), 601–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

F. Zeng, X. Zhang, J. Wang, L. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Large-scale growth of In2O3 nanowires and their optical properties,” Nanotechnology 15(5), 596–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Zeng, X. Zhang, J. Wang, L. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Large-scale growth of In2O3 nanowires and their optical properties,” Nanotechnology 15(5), 596–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wasey, J. A. E.

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(2), 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(19), 1393–1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wedge, S.

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(2), 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(19), 1393–1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weiher, R. L.

R. L. Weiher, “Electrical properties of single crystals of indium oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 33(9), 2834–2839 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Wiesner, U.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, D.

P. Cheng, D. Li, Z. Yuan, P. Chen, and D. Yang, “Enhancement of ZnO light emission via coupling with localized surface plasmon of Ag island film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, Z. G.

J. B. You, X. W. Zhang, Y. M. Fan, Z. G. Yin, P. F. Cai, and N. F. Chen, “Effects of the morphology of ZnO/Ag interface on the surface-plasmon-enhanced emission of ZnO films,” J. Phys. D 41(20), 205101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

You, J. B.

J. B. You, X. W. Zhang, Y. M. Fan, Z. G. Yin, P. F. Cai, and N. F. Chen, “Effects of the morphology of ZnO/Ag interface on the surface-plasmon-enhanced emission of ZnO films,” J. Phys. D 41(20), 205101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, Z.

P. Cheng, D. Li, Z. Yuan, P. Chen, and D. Yang, “Enhancement of ZnO light emission via coupling with localized surface plasmon of Ag island film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, F.

F. Zeng, X. Zhang, J. Wang, L. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Large-scale growth of In2O3 nanowires and their optical properties,” Nanotechnology 15(5), 596–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, L.

F. Zeng, X. Zhang, J. Wang, L. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Large-scale growth of In2O3 nanowires and their optical properties,” Nanotechnology 15(5), 596–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Liang, G. Meng, Y. Lei, F. Phillipp, and L. Zhang, “Catalytic Growth of Semiconducting In2O3 Nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(17), 1330–1333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhou, W. Cai, and L. Zhang, “Photoluminescence of indium-oxide nanoparticles dispersed within pores of mesoporous silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(4), 495–497 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

F. Zeng, X. Zhang, J. Wang, L. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Large-scale growth of In2O3 nanowires and their optical properties,” Nanotechnology 15(5), 596–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X. W.

J. B. You, X. W. Zhang, Y. M. Fan, Z. G. Yin, P. F. Cai, and N. F. Chen, “Effects of the morphology of ZnO/Ag interface on the surface-plasmon-enhanced emission of ZnO films,” J. Phys. D 41(20), 205101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, M.

H. Cao, X. Qiu, Y. Liang, Q. Zhu, and M. Zhao, “Room-temperature ultraviolet-emitting In2O3 nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(4), 761–763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

Zhou, C.

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, W. Cai, and L. Zhang, “Photoluminescence of indium-oxide nanoparticles dispersed within pores of mesoporous silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(4), 495–497 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, G.

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, Q.

H. Cao, X. Qiu, Y. Liang, Q. Zhu, and M. Zhao, “Room-temperature ultraviolet-emitting In2O3 nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(4), 761–763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (3)

P. A. Hobson, S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, I. Sage, and W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon mediated emission from organic light emitting diodes,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 14(19), 1393–1396 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. S. Seo, H. H. Jo, K. Lee, and J. T. Park, “Preparation and optical properties of highly crystalline, colloidal, and size controlled indium oxide nanoparticles,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 15(10), 795–797 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Liang, G. Meng, Y. Lei, F. Phillipp, and L. Zhang, “Catalytic Growth of Semiconducting In2O3 Nanofibers,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 13(17), 1330–1333 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) (1)

P. L. Stiles, J. A. Dieringer, N. C. Shah, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy,” Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif) 1(1), 601–626 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (8)

S. Wedge, J. A. E. Wasey, W. L. Barnes, and I. Sage, “Coupled surface plasmon-polariton mediated photoluminescence from a top-emitting organic light-emitting structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(2), 182–184 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Gifford and D. G. Hall, “Extraordinary transmission of organic photoluminescence through an otherwise opaque metal layer via surface plasmon cross coupling,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 80(20), 3679–3681 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. Cheng, D. Li, Z. Yuan, P. Chen, and D. Yang, “Enhancement of ZnO light emission via coupling with localized surface plasmon of Ag island film,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041119 (2008).
[CrossRef]

C. W. Lai, J. An, and H. C. Ong, “Surface-plasmon-mediated emission from metal-capped ZnO thin films,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86(25), 251105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. W. Liu, Y. D. Tang, C. X. Cong, T. C. Sum, A. C. H. Huan, Z. X. Shen, L. Wang, F. Y. Jiang, X. W. Sun, and H. D. Sun, “Giant enhancement of top emission from ZnO thin film by nanopatterned Pt,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 94(15), 151102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhou, W. Cai, and L. Zhang, “Photoluminescence of indium-oxide nanoparticles dispersed within pores of mesoporous silica,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75(4), 495–497 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Cao, X. Qiu, Y. Liang, Q. Zhu, and M. Zhao, “Room-temperature ultraviolet-emitting In2O3 nanowires,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83(4), 761–763 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Lei and H. C. Ong, “Enhanced forward emission from ZnO via surface plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91(21), 211107 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

R. L. Weiher, “Electrical properties of single crystals of indium oxide,” J. Appl. Phys. 33(9), 2834–2839 (1962).
[CrossRef]

I. Hamberg and C. G. Granqvist, “Evaporated Sn-doped In2O3 films – basic optical-properties and applications to energy-efficient windows,” J. Appl. Phys. 60(11), R123–R159 (1986).
[CrossRef]

G. Socol, E. Axente, C. Ristoscu, F. Sima, A. Popescu, N. Stefan, I. N. Mihailescu, L. Escoubas, J. Ferreira, S. Bakalova, and A. Szekeres, “Enhanced gas sensing of Au nanocluster-doped or –coated zinc oxide thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(8), 083103 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

J. B. You, X. W. Zhang, Y. M. Fan, Z. G. Yin, P. F. Cai, and N. F. Chen, “Effects of the morphology of ZnO/Ag interface on the surface-plasmon-enhanced emission of ZnO films,” J. Phys. D 41(20), 205101 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

S. Ju, J. Li, J. Liu, P. C. Chen, Y. G. Ha, F. Ishikawa, H. Chang, C. Zhou, A. Facchetti, D. B. Janes, and T. J. Marks, “Transparent active matrix organic light-emitting diode displays driven by nanowire transistor circuitry,” Nano Lett. 8(4), 997–1004 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nanotechnology (1)

F. Zeng, X. Zhang, J. Wang, L. Wang, and L. Zhang, “Large-scale growth of In2O3 nanowires and their optical properties,” Nanotechnology 15(5), 596–600 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater. (1)

K. Okamoto, I. Niki, A. Shvartser, Y. Narukawa, T. Mukai, and A. Scherer, “Surface-plasmon-enhanced light emitters based on InGaN quantum wells,” Nat. Mater. 3(9), 601–605 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

S. Lal, S. Link, and N. J. Halas, “Nano-optics from sensing to waveguiding,” Nat. Photonics 1(11), 641–648 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, “Surface plasmon subwavelength optics,” Nature 424(6950), 824–830 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Noginov, G. Zhu, A. M. Belgrave, R. Bakker, V. M. Shalaev, E. E. Narimanov, S. Stout, E. Herz, T. Suteewong, and U. Wiesner, “Demonstration of a spaser-based nanolaser,” Nature 460(7259), 1110–1112 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. Matino, L. Persano, V. Arima, D. Pisignano, R. I. R. Blyth, R. Cingo-lani, and R. Rinaldi, “Electronic structure of indium-tin-oxide flms fabricated by reactive electron-beam deposition,” Phys. Rev. B 72(8), 085437 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

E. Ozbay, “Plasmonics: merging photonics and electronics at nanoscale dimensions,” Science 311(5758), 189–193 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells (1)

K. Hara, T. Horiguchi, T. Kinoshita, K. Sayama, H. Sugihara, and H. Arakawa, “Highly efficient photon-to-electron conversion with mercurochrome-sensitized nanoporous oxide semiconductor solar cells,” Sol. Energy Mater. Sol. Cells 64(2), 115–134 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of solid, (Academic, London, 1985).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic images of three structures on Si substrates, the layer thicknesses, as well as the excitation and PL signal collection configurations are illustrated:(a) an In2O3 monolayer sample, (b) a Ag /In2O3 bilayer sample, (c) an In2O3/Ag/In2O3 sandwich nanostructure sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The top view FESEM images: (a) an In2O3(50 nm) monolayer sample and (b) a Ag(21 nm)/In2O3(50 nm) bilayer sample. The inset in the image (a) is an amplified view of the In2O3(50 nm) monolayer sample.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The top view and cross-sectional FESEM images for the In2O3(50 nm)/Ag/In2O3(50 nm) sandwich nanostructures: (a) and (b) for the In2O3(50 nm)/Ag(15 nm)/In2O3(50 nm) sample; (c) and (d) for the In2O3(50 nm)/Ag(21 nm)/In2O3(50 nm) sample.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Photoluminescence spectra of the Ag/In2O3(50 nm) bilayer samples with different thicknesses of Ag layers. The spectrum of the bare In2O3 monolayer is plotted for comparison. The inset in (a) individually shows the PL spectrum of the bare In2O3(50 nm) monolayer sample. (b) The dependence of the NBE-EER for the Ag/In2O3(50 nm) bilayer structures on the thickness of Ag layers, with the definition I ( A g / I n 2 O 3 ) / I ( I n 2 O 3 ) .

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Photoluminescence spectra of the In2O3(50 nm)/Ag/In2O3(50 nm) sandwich nanostructures with different thicknesses of Ag layers. The spectrum of the bare In2O3 is also plotted for comparison. (b) The dependence of the NBE-EER for the sandwich nanostructures on the thickness of Ag layers, with the definition I ( I n 2 O 3 / A g / I n 2 O 3 ) / I ( I n 2 O 3 ) .

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) and (b) are the EER spectra of the Ag/In2O3(50 nm) and In2O3(50 nm)/Ag/In2O3(50 nm) samples derived from Figs. 4(a) and 5(a), using the definition I ( A g / I n 2 O 3 ) / I ( I n 2 O 3 ) and I ( I n 2 O 3 / A g / I n 2 O 3 ) / I ( I n 2 O 3 ) , respectively. (c) and (d) show the peak intensities and the corresponding peak positions of the b labeled EER bands from spectra (a) and (b), respectively.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

k S P = ( ω c ) ε d ε m ε d + ε m

Metrics