Abstract

We report on the realization of solid immersion lens (SIL)-based near-field (NF) optics with an annular aperture, which is targeted to achieve high optical resolution. A numerical aperture (NA) = 1.84 hemisphere SIL-optics with an annular aperture achieves higher optical resolution than the conventional NA = 2.0 SIL-optics. The designed aperture is fabricated by photo-lithography and dry-etching technique. Experimental verification of the designed optics was performed through beam spot profile measurement under NF imaging conditions. A 15% smaller full-width-at-half-maximum spot diameter is obtained by the aperture. We verified that this method gives an improvement of the resolution in the optical imaging systems requiring higher resolution.

© 2010 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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2009 (4)

Y. J. Yoon, C. K. Min, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, T. Hong, and K. Lee, “Solid Immersion Lens Optical Head for High-Numerical-Aperture Cover-Layered Incident Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, K. S. Park, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Cover-layer-protected solid immersion lens-based near-field recording with an annular aperture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26(8), 1882–1888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, K. S. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Feasibility study of the application of radially polarized illumination to solid immersion lens-based near-field optics,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 1961–1963 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, H. Choi, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Effect of Annular Aperture on Solid Immersion Lens-Based Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6804–6808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, “Creation of a needle of longitudinally polarized light in vacuum using binary optics,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 501–505 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kim, Y. J. Yoon, H. Choi, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Effects of optical variables in immersion lens-based near-field optics,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13933–13948 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

C. A. Verschuren, D. M. Bruls, B. Yin, J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, and F. Zijp, “High-Density Near-Field Recording on Cover-Layer Protected Discs Using an Actuated 1.45 Numerical Aperture Solid Immersion Lens in a Robust and Practical System,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3889–3893 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, D. M. Bruls, C. A. Verschuren, B. Yin, and F. Zijp, “Towards a Multi-Layer Near-Field Recording System: Dual-Layer Recording Results,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3894–3897 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

A. S. van de Nes, L. Billy, S. F. Pereira, and J. J. M. Braat, “Calculation of the vectorial field distribution in a stratified focal region of a high numerical aperture imaging system,” Opt. Express 12(7), 1281–1293 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. F. Pereira and A. S. van de Nes, “Superresolution by means of polarisation, phase and amplitude pupil masks,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 119–124 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Liu and S. H. Park, “Numerical analysis of an annular-aperture solid immersion lens,” Opt. Lett. 29(15), 1742–1744 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Zhang, H. C. Ciao, and C. W. Zheng, “Diffractive super-resolution elements applied to near-field optical data storage with solid immersion lens,” N. J. Phys. 6, 75–82 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Song, H. D. Kwon, Y. J. Yoon, K. S. Jung, N. C. Park, and Y.-P. Park, “Aspherical Solid Immersion Lens of Integrated Optical Head for Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1082–1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

1997 (1)

Akiyama, Y.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Billy, L.

Braat, J. J. M.

Bruls, D. M.

C. A. Verschuren, D. M. Bruls, B. Yin, J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, and F. Zijp, “High-Density Near-Field Recording on Cover-Layer Protected Discs Using an Actuated 1.45 Numerical Aperture Solid Immersion Lens in a Robust and Practical System,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3889–3893 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, D. M. Bruls, C. A. Verschuren, B. Yin, and F. Zijp, “Towards a Multi-Layer Near-Field Recording System: Dual-Layer Recording Results,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3894–3897 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.

W. C. Kim, Y. J. Yoon, H. Choi, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Effects of optical variables in immersion lens-based near-field optics,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13933–13948 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, H. Choi, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Effect of Annular Aperture on Solid Immersion Lens-Based Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6804–6808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chong, C. T.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, “Creation of a needle of longitudinally polarized light in vacuum using binary optics,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 501–505 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ciao, H. C.

Y. J. Zhang, H. C. Ciao, and C. W. Zheng, “Diffractive super-resolution elements applied to near-field optical data storage with solid immersion lens,” N. J. Phys. 6, 75–82 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujiura, K.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Furuki, M.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gan, F.

Godfried, H. P.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hayashi, S.

Honda, M.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hong, T.

Y. J. Yoon, C. K. Min, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, T. Hong, and K. Lee, “Solid Immersion Lens Optical Head for High-Numerical-Aperture Cover-Layered Incident Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Houwman, E. P.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ichimura, I.

Ide, N.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ishimoto, T.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jung, K. S.

T. Song, H. D. Kwon, Y. J. Yoon, K. S. Jung, N. C. Park, and Y.-P. Park, “Aspherical Solid Immersion Lens of Integrated Optical Head for Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1082–1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kawakubo, O.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kim, W. C.

Kino, G. S.

Kondo, T.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kriele, P. A. C.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, H. D.

T. Song, H. D. Kwon, Y. J. Yoon, K. S. Jung, N. C. Park, and Y.-P. Park, “Aspherical Solid Immersion Lens of Integrated Optical Head for Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1082–1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K.

Y. J. Yoon, C. K. Min, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, T. Hong, and K. Lee, “Solid Immersion Lens Optical Head for High-Numerical-Aperture Cover-Layered Incident Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.

Lukyanchuk, B.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, “Creation of a needle of longitudinally polarized light in vacuum using binary optics,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 501–505 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Min, C. K.

Y. J. Yoon, C. K. Min, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, T. Hong, and K. Lee, “Solid Immersion Lens Optical Head for High-Numerical-Aperture Cover-Layered Incident Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mizukuki, T.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nakaoki, A.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nelissen, W. H. M.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. S.

Park, N. C.

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, K. S. Park, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Cover-layer-protected solid immersion lens-based near-field recording with an annular aperture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26(8), 1882–1888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, K. S. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Feasibility study of the application of radially polarized illumination to solid immersion lens-based near-field optics,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 1961–1963 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Yoon, C. K. Min, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, T. Hong, and K. Lee, “Solid Immersion Lens Optical Head for High-Numerical-Aperture Cover-Layered Incident Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, H. Choi, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Effect of Annular Aperture on Solid Immersion Lens-Based Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6804–6808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

W. C. Kim, Y. J. Yoon, H. Choi, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Effects of optical variables in immersion lens-based near-field optics,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13933–13948 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Song, H. D. Kwon, Y. J. Yoon, K. S. Jung, N. C. Park, and Y.-P. Park, “Aspherical Solid Immersion Lens of Integrated Optical Head for Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1082–1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. H.

Park, Y. P.

Park, Y.-P.

T. Song, H. D. Kwon, Y. J. Yoon, K. S. Jung, N. C. Park, and Y.-P. Park, “Aspherical Solid Immersion Lens of Integrated Optical Head for Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1082–1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pels, G. J.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pereira, S. F.

Saito, K.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Saito, N.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Sasaura, M.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Schaich, T. J.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sheppard, C.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, “Creation of a needle of longitudinally polarized light in vacuum using binary optics,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 501–505 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shi, L.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, “Creation of a needle of longitudinally polarized light in vacuum using binary optics,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 501–505 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Shimouma, T.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinoda, M.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shinohara, N.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Song, T.

T. Song, H. D. Kwon, Y. J. Yoon, K. S. Jung, N. C. Park, and Y.-P. Park, “Aspherical Solid Immersion Lens of Integrated Optical Head for Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1082–1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Spaaij, P. G. M.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Takeda, M.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

van de Nes, A. S.

van den Eerenbeemd, J. M. A.

J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, D. M. Bruls, C. A. Verschuren, B. Yin, and F. Zijp, “Towards a Multi-Layer Near-Field Recording System: Dual-Layer Recording Results,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3894–3897 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Verschuren, D. M. Bruls, B. Yin, J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, and F. Zijp, “High-Density Near-Field Recording on Cover-Layer Protected Discs Using an Actuated 1.45 Numerical Aperture Solid Immersion Lens in a Robust and Practical System,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3889–3893 (2007).
[CrossRef]

van Oerle, B. M.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Verschuren, C. A.

J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, D. M. Bruls, C. A. Verschuren, B. Yin, and F. Zijp, “Towards a Multi-Layer Near-Field Recording System: Dual-Layer Recording Results,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3894–3897 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Verschuren, D. M. Bruls, B. Yin, J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, and F. Zijp, “High-Density Near-Field Recording on Cover-Layer Protected Discs Using an Actuated 1.45 Numerical Aperture Solid Immersion Lens in a Robust and Practical System,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3889–3893 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, “Creation of a needle of longitudinally polarized light in vacuum using binary optics,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 501–505 (2008).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang and F. Gan, “Phase-shifting apodizers for increasing focal depth,” Appl. Opt. 41(25), 5263–5266 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang and F. Gan, “High focal depth with a pure-phase apodizer,” Appl. Opt. 40(31), 5658–5662 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, M.

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamasaki, T.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yin, B.

J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, D. M. Bruls, C. A. Verschuren, B. Yin, and F. Zijp, “Towards a Multi-Layer Near-Field Recording System: Dual-Layer Recording Results,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3894–3897 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Verschuren, D. M. Bruls, B. Yin, J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, and F. Zijp, “High-Density Near-Field Recording on Cover-Layer Protected Discs Using an Actuated 1.45 Numerical Aperture Solid Immersion Lens in a Robust and Practical System,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3889–3893 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, Y. J.

Y. J. Yoon, C. K. Min, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, T. Hong, and K. Lee, “Solid Immersion Lens Optical Head for High-Numerical-Aperture Cover-Layered Incident Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, K. S. Park, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Cover-layer-protected solid immersion lens-based near-field recording with an annular aperture,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 26(8), 1882–1888 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, K. S. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Feasibility study of the application of radially polarized illumination to solid immersion lens-based near-field optics,” Opt. Lett. 34(13), 1961–1963 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. C. Kim, Y. J. Yoon, H. Choi, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Effects of optical variables in immersion lens-based near-field optics,” Opt. Express 16(18), 13933–13948 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, H. Choi, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Effect of Annular Aperture on Solid Immersion Lens-Based Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6804–6808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Song, H. D. Kwon, Y. J. Yoon, K. S. Jung, N. C. Park, and Y.-P. Park, “Aspherical Solid Immersion Lens of Integrated Optical Head for Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1082–1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yukumoto, T.

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y. J.

Y. J. Zhang, H. C. Ciao, and C. W. Zheng, “Diffractive super-resolution elements applied to near-field optical data storage with solid immersion lens,” N. J. Phys. 6, 75–82 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, C. W.

Y. J. Zhang, H. C. Ciao, and C. W. Zheng, “Diffractive super-resolution elements applied to near-field optical data storage with solid immersion lens,” N. J. Phys. 6, 75–82 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zijp, F.

J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, D. M. Bruls, C. A. Verschuren, B. Yin, and F. Zijp, “Towards a Multi-Layer Near-Field Recording System: Dual-Layer Recording Results,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3894–3897 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Verschuren, D. M. Bruls, B. Yin, J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, and F. Zijp, “High-Density Near-Field Recording on Cover-Layer Protected Discs Using an Actuated 1.45 Numerical Aperture Solid Immersion Lens in a Robust and Practical System,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3889–3893 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (9)

Y. J. Yoon, W. C. Kim, H. Choi, N. C. Park, and Y. P. Park, “Effect of Annular Aperture on Solid Immersion Lens-Based Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 47(8), 6804–6808 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, A. Nakaoki, M. Sasaura, and K. Fujiura, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Solid Immersion Lens Made of KTaO3 Monocrystal,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1332–1335 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Verschuren, D. M. Bruls, B. Yin, J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, and F. Zijp, “High-Density Near-Field Recording on Cover-Layer Protected Discs Using an Actuated 1.45 Numerical Aperture Solid Immersion Lens in a Robust and Practical System,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3889–3893 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. M. A. van den Eerenbeemd, D. M. Bruls, C. A. Verschuren, B. Yin, and F. Zijp, “Towards a Multi-Layer Near-Field Recording System: Dual-Layer Recording Results,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(No. 6B), 3894–3897 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Yoon, C. K. Min, W. C. Kim, N. C. Park, Y. P. Park, T. Hong, and K. Lee, “Solid Immersion Lens Optical Head for High-Numerical-Aperture Cover-Layered Incident Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A040 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, M. Yamamoto, T. J. Schaich, B. M. van Oerle, H. P. Godfried, P. A. C. Kriele, E. P. Houwman, W. H. M. Nelissen, G. J. Pels, and P. G. M. Spaaij, “High-Density Near-Field Readout Using Diamond Solid Immersion Lens,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 45(No. 2B), 1311–1313 (2006).
[CrossRef]

T. Ishimoto, A. Nakaoki, K. Saito, T. Yamasaki, T. Yukumoto, S. Kim, T. Kondo, T. Mizukuki, O. Kawakubo, M. Honda, N. Shinohara, and N. Saito, “High-Density Recording with a Near-Field Optical Disk System Using a Medium with a Top Layer of High Refractive Index,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 48(3), 03A015 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Shinoda, K. Saito, T. Ishimoto, T. Kondo, A. Nakaoki, N. Ide, M. Furuki, M. Takeda, Y. Akiyama, T. Shimouma, and M. Yamamoto, “High-Density Near-Field Optical Disc Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 44(No. 5B), 3537–3541 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. Song, H. D. Kwon, Y. J. Yoon, K. S. Jung, N. C. Park, and Y.-P. Park, “Aspherical Solid Immersion Lens of Integrated Optical Head for Near-Field Recording,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 42(Part 1, No. 2B), 1082–1089 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. J. Phys. (1)

Y. J. Zhang, H. C. Ciao, and C. W. Zheng, “Diffractive super-resolution elements applied to near-field optical data storage with solid immersion lens,” N. J. Phys. 6, 75–82 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

H. Wang, L. Shi, B. Lukyanchuk, C. Sheppard, and C. T. Chong, “Creation of a needle of longitudinally polarized light in vacuum using binary optics,” Nat. Photonics 2(8), 501–505 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. F. Pereira and A. S. van de Nes, “Superresolution by means of polarisation, phase and amplitude pupil masks,” Opt. Commun. 234(1-6), 119–124 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

J. W. Smith, Modern Optical Engineering, 3rd ed. (McGraw-Hill, New York, 2001), Chap. 11.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Designed annular aperture for the NA = 1.84 SIL-based NF optics with the cover-layer protected multilayer media. The aperture works the binary transmittance and phase retardation of the incident beam in front of the entrance pupil. The multilayer media is assumed to have a cover-layer of refractive index 2.0, and the upper limit of an effective NA is set to 2.0.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Focused beam behaviors in the focal region given a λ/8 air-gap distance for the NA = 1.84 near-field optics in the cases with and without and annular aperture and the NA = 2.0 near-field optics in the case without an annular aperture. (a) Spot profiles along the radial axis, (b) FWHM spot radius of the normalized radial intensity behaviors, and (c) normalized intensity distributions along the optical axis.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Fabricated annular aperture arrays and main annular aperture. Transmittance modulation annular aperture with zone 2 = 1.30mm (NA = 1.0) and zone 1 = 0.78mm (NA = 0.6). Annular aperture arrays are fabricated by a photolithography process; nickel is then deposited onto the glass substrate.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Schematic diagram and experiment set-up to observe the focused beam spot profile. The reflected exit pupil images corresponding to the distance between two SIL optical head are presented, and the optical alignment and the contact condition of the conjugate SIL optical head can be confirmed.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculation results in the cases without and with an annular aperture. The simulation model is the surface-focusing near-field optics which is the same configuration as the experiment.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Results of the focused beam spot profile on the bottom surface of the SIL optical head without and with the annular aperture. The results of the calculation and the experiment are compared: the dashed line and the solid line show the measurement results and the calculation results, respectively.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Optical characteristic comparison between the cases with and without an annular aperture in multilayer media

Tables Icon

Table 2 Optical resolution comparison of simulation and experiment results between the cases with and without an annular aperture

Metrics