Abstract

Light scattering techniques are widely used in many fields of condensed and soft matter physics. Usually these methods are based on the study of the scattered light in the far field. Recently, a new family of near field detection schemes has been developed, mainly for the study of small angle light scattering. These techniques are based on the detection of the light intensity near to the sample, where light scattered at different directions overlaps but can be distinguished by Fourier transform analysis. Here we report for the first time data obtained with a dynamic near field scattering instrument, measuring both polarized and depolarized scattered light. Advantages of this procedure over the traditional far field detection include the immunity to stray light problems and the possibility to obtain a large number of statistical samples for many different wave vectors in a single instantane s measurement. By using the proposed technique we have measured the translational and rotational diffusion coefficients of rod-like colloidal particles. The obtained data are in very good agreement with the data acquired with a traditional light scattering apparatus.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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2008 (1)

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 272-282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

F. Scheffold and R. Cerbino, "New trends in light scattering," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 12, 50-57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Y. A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, "Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy," Opt. express 15, 275-282 (2007).

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

R. Bandyopadhyay, A. S. Gittings, S. S. Suh, P. K. Dixon, and D. J. Durian, "Speckle-visibility spectroscopy: A tool to study time-varying dynamics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 110-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Oh, J. O. de Z’arate, J. Sengers, and G. Ahlers, "Dynamics of fluctuations in a fluid below the onset of Rayleigh-B’enard convection," Phys. Rev. E 69, 1-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

G. H. Koenderink, H. Y. Zhang, D. G. A. L. Aarts, M. P. Lettinga, A. P. Philipse, and G. Nagele, "On the validity of Stokes-Einstein-Debye relations for rotational diffusion in colloidal suspensions," Faraday Discuss. 123, 335-354 (2003).

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

S. P. Trainoff and D. S. Cannell, "Physical optics treatment of the shadowgraph," Phys. Fluids 14, 1340-1363 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

L. Cipelletti and D. Weitz, "Ultralow-angle dynamic light scattering with a charge coupled device camera based multispeckle, multitau correlator," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3214-3221 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Pusey, "Suppression of multiple scattering by photon cross-correlation techniques," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 4, 177-185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

F. Ferri, "Use of a charge coupled device camera for low-angle elastic light scattering," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2265-2274 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Bellini, V. Degiorgio, F. Mantegazza, F. Ajmone-Marsan, and C. Scarnecchia, "Electrokinetic properties of colloids of variable charge. 1. Electrophoretic and electrooptic characterization," J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8228-8237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

V. Degiorgio, R. Piazza, T. Bellini, and M. Visca, "Static and dynamic light scattering study of fluorinated polymer colloids with a crystalline internal structure," Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 48, 61-91 (1994).

1992 (1)

T. Sugimoto and K. Sakata, "Preparation of monodisperse pseudocubic 〈-Fe2O3 particles from condensed ferric hydroxide gel," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 152587-590 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. Schatzel, "Suppression of multiple-scattering by photon cross-correlation techniques," J. Mod. Opt. 38, 1849-1865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

R. Piazza, J. Stavans, T. Bellini, and V. Degiorgio, "Light scattering study of crystalline latex particles," Opt. Commun. 73(4), 263-267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Thomas and S. Tjin, "Fiber optics dynamic light-scattering (FODLS) from moderately concentrated suspensions," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 129, 15-31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134-1137 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Bellini, R. Piazza, C. Sozzi, and V. Degiorgio, "Electric Birefringence of a Dispersion of Electrically Charged Anisotropic Particles," Europhys. Lett. 7(6), 561-565 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Aarts, D. G. A. L.

G. H. Koenderink, H. Y. Zhang, D. G. A. L. Aarts, M. P. Lettinga, A. P. Philipse, and G. Nagele, "On the validity of Stokes-Einstein-Debye relations for rotational diffusion in colloidal suspensions," Faraday Discuss. 123, 335-354 (2003).

Ahlers, G.

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ajmone-Marsan, F.

T. Bellini, V. Degiorgio, F. Mantegazza, F. Ajmone-Marsan, and C. Scarnecchia, "Electrokinetic properties of colloids of variable charge. 1. Electrophoretic and electrooptic characterization," J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8228-8237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bandyopadhyay, R.

R. Bandyopadhyay, A. S. Gittings, S. S. Suh, P. K. Dixon, and D. J. Durian, "Speckle-visibility spectroscopy: A tool to study time-varying dynamics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 110-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bellini, T.

T. Bellini, V. Degiorgio, F. Mantegazza, F. Ajmone-Marsan, and C. Scarnecchia, "Electrokinetic properties of colloids of variable charge. 1. Electrophoretic and electrooptic characterization," J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8228-8237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. Degiorgio, R. Piazza, T. Bellini, and M. Visca, "Static and dynamic light scattering study of fluorinated polymer colloids with a crystalline internal structure," Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 48, 61-91 (1994).

R. Piazza, J. Stavans, T. Bellini, and V. Degiorgio, "Light scattering study of crystalline latex particles," Opt. Commun. 73(4), 263-267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Bellini, R. Piazza, C. Sozzi, and V. Degiorgio, "Electric Birefringence of a Dispersion of Electrically Charged Anisotropic Particles," Europhys. Lett. 7(6), 561-565 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brogioli, D.

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 272-282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, A. Vailati, and D. Brogioli, "Near-field intensity correlations of scattered light," Appl. Opt. 40, 4036-4040 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cannell, D.

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cannell, D. S.

S. P. Trainoff and D. S. Cannell, "Physical optics treatment of the shadowgraph," Phys. Fluids 14, 1340-1363 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Carpineti, M.

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, A. Vailati, and D. Brogioli, "Near-field intensity correlations of scattered light," Appl. Opt. 40, 4036-4040 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cassina, V.

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 272-282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cerbino, R.

F. Scheffold and R. Cerbino, "New trends in light scattering," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 12, 50-57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chaikin, P. M.

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134-1137 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cipelletti, L.

L. Cipelletti and D. Weitz, "Ultralow-angle dynamic light scattering with a charge coupled device camera based multispeckle, multitau correlator," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3214-3221 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Croccolo, F.

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 272-282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Degiorgio, V.

T. Bellini, V. Degiorgio, F. Mantegazza, F. Ajmone-Marsan, and C. Scarnecchia, "Electrokinetic properties of colloids of variable charge. 1. Electrophoretic and electrooptic characterization," J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8228-8237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. Degiorgio, R. Piazza, T. Bellini, and M. Visca, "Static and dynamic light scattering study of fluorinated polymer colloids with a crystalline internal structure," Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 48, 61-91 (1994).

R. Piazza, J. Stavans, T. Bellini, and V. Degiorgio, "Light scattering study of crystalline latex particles," Opt. Commun. 73(4), 263-267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Bellini, R. Piazza, C. Sozzi, and V. Degiorgio, "Electric Birefringence of a Dispersion of Electrically Charged Anisotropic Particles," Europhys. Lett. 7(6), 561-565 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Dixon, P. K.

R. Bandyopadhyay, A. S. Gittings, S. S. Suh, P. K. Dixon, and D. J. Durian, "Speckle-visibility spectroscopy: A tool to study time-varying dynamics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 110-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Durian, D. J.

R. Bandyopadhyay, A. S. Gittings, S. S. Suh, P. K. Dixon, and D. J. Durian, "Speckle-visibility spectroscopy: A tool to study time-varying dynamics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 110-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferri, F.

F. Ferri, "Use of a charge coupled device camera for low-angle elastic light scattering," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2265-2274 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Giglio, M.

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, A. Vailati, and D. Brogioli, "Near-field intensity correlations of scattered light," Appl. Opt. 40, 4036-4040 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gittings, A. S.

R. Bandyopadhyay, A. S. Gittings, S. S. Suh, P. K. Dixon, and D. J. Durian, "Speckle-visibility spectroscopy: A tool to study time-varying dynamics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 110-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grier, D. G.

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Y. A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, "Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy," Opt. express 15, 275-282 (2007).

Herbolzheimer, E.

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134-1137 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Y. A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, "Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy," Opt. express 15, 275-282 (2007).

Koenderink, G. H.

G. H. Koenderink, H. Y. Zhang, D. G. A. L. Aarts, M. P. Lettinga, A. P. Philipse, and G. Nagele, "On the validity of Stokes-Einstein-Debye relations for rotational diffusion in colloidal suspensions," Faraday Discuss. 123, 335-354 (2003).

Lee, S. H.

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Y. A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, "Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy," Opt. express 15, 275-282 (2007).

Lettinga, M. P.

G. H. Koenderink, H. Y. Zhang, D. G. A. L. Aarts, M. P. Lettinga, A. P. Philipse, and G. Nagele, "On the validity of Stokes-Einstein-Debye relations for rotational diffusion in colloidal suspensions," Faraday Discuss. 123, 335-354 (2003).

Mantegazza, F.

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 272-282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Bellini, V. Degiorgio, F. Mantegazza, F. Ajmone-Marsan, and C. Scarnecchia, "Electrokinetic properties of colloids of variable charge. 1. Electrophoretic and electrooptic characterization," J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8228-8237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nagele, G.

G. H. Koenderink, H. Y. Zhang, D. G. A. L. Aarts, M. P. Lettinga, A. P. Philipse, and G. Nagele, "On the validity of Stokes-Einstein-Debye relations for rotational diffusion in colloidal suspensions," Faraday Discuss. 123, 335-354 (2003).

Oh, J.

J. Oh, J. O. de Z’arate, J. Sengers, and G. Ahlers, "Dynamics of fluctuations in a fluid below the onset of Rayleigh-B’enard convection," Phys. Rev. E 69, 1-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Philipse, A. P.

G. H. Koenderink, H. Y. Zhang, D. G. A. L. Aarts, M. P. Lettinga, A. P. Philipse, and G. Nagele, "On the validity of Stokes-Einstein-Debye relations for rotational diffusion in colloidal suspensions," Faraday Discuss. 123, 335-354 (2003).

Piazza, R.

V. Degiorgio, R. Piazza, T. Bellini, and M. Visca, "Static and dynamic light scattering study of fluorinated polymer colloids with a crystalline internal structure," Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 48, 61-91 (1994).

R. Piazza, J. Stavans, T. Bellini, and V. Degiorgio, "Light scattering study of crystalline latex particles," Opt. Commun. 73(4), 263-267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Bellini, R. Piazza, C. Sozzi, and V. Degiorgio, "Electric Birefringence of a Dispersion of Electrically Charged Anisotropic Particles," Europhys. Lett. 7(6), 561-565 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pine, D. J.

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134-1137 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Pusey, P. N.

P. N. Pusey, "Suppression of multiple scattering by photon cross-correlation techniques," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 4, 177-185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Roichman, Y.

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Y. A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, "Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy," Opt. express 15, 275-282 (2007).

Sakata, K.

T. Sugimoto and K. Sakata, "Preparation of monodisperse pseudocubic 〈-Fe2O3 particles from condensed ferric hydroxide gel," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 152587-590 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Salerno, D.

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 272-282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Scarnecchia, C.

T. Bellini, V. Degiorgio, F. Mantegazza, F. Ajmone-Marsan, and C. Scarnecchia, "Electrokinetic properties of colloids of variable charge. 1. Electrophoretic and electrooptic characterization," J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8228-8237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schatzel, K.

K. Schatzel, "Suppression of multiple-scattering by photon cross-correlation techniques," J. Mod. Opt. 38, 1849-1865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Scheffold, F.

F. Scheffold and R. Cerbino, "New trends in light scattering," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 12, 50-57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sozzi, C.

T. Bellini, R. Piazza, C. Sozzi, and V. Degiorgio, "Electric Birefringence of a Dispersion of Electrically Charged Anisotropic Particles," Europhys. Lett. 7(6), 561-565 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Stavans, J.

R. Piazza, J. Stavans, T. Bellini, and V. Degiorgio, "Light scattering study of crystalline latex particles," Opt. Commun. 73(4), 263-267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sugimoto, T.

T. Sugimoto and K. Sakata, "Preparation of monodisperse pseudocubic 〈-Fe2O3 particles from condensed ferric hydroxide gel," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 152587-590 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Suh, S. S.

R. Bandyopadhyay, A. S. Gittings, S. S. Suh, P. K. Dixon, and D. J. Durian, "Speckle-visibility spectroscopy: A tool to study time-varying dynamics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 110-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, J. C.

J. C. Thomas and S. Tjin, "Fiber optics dynamic light-scattering (FODLS) from moderately concentrated suspensions," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 129, 15-31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tjin, S.

J. C. Thomas and S. Tjin, "Fiber optics dynamic light-scattering (FODLS) from moderately concentrated suspensions," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 129, 15-31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Trainoff, S. P.

S. P. Trainoff and D. S. Cannell, "Physical optics treatment of the shadowgraph," Phys. Fluids 14, 1340-1363 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vailati, A.

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. Cannell, "Use of dynamic Schlieren to study fluctuations during free diffusion," Appl. Opt. 45, 2166-2173 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, A. Vailati, and D. Brogioli, "Near-field intensity correlations of scattered light," Appl. Opt. 40, 4036-4040 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

van Blaaderen, S. M. Y. A.

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Y. A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, "Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy," Opt. express 15, 275-282 (2007).

van Oostrum, P.

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Y. A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, "Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy," Opt. express 15, 275-282 (2007).

Visca, M.

V. Degiorgio, R. Piazza, T. Bellini, and M. Visca, "Static and dynamic light scattering study of fluorinated polymer colloids with a crystalline internal structure," Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 48, 61-91 (1994).

Weitz, D.

L. Cipelletti and D. Weitz, "Ultralow-angle dynamic light scattering with a charge coupled device camera based multispeckle, multitau correlator," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3214-3221 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Weitz, D. A.

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134-1137 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M.

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yi, G. R.

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Y. A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, "Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy," Opt. express 15, 275-282 (2007).

Zhang, H. Y.

G. H. Koenderink, H. Y. Zhang, D. G. A. L. Aarts, M. P. Lettinga, A. P. Philipse, and G. Nagele, "On the validity of Stokes-Einstein-Debye relations for rotational diffusion in colloidal suspensions," Faraday Discuss. 123, 335-354 (2003).

Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

V. Degiorgio, R. Piazza, T. Bellini, and M. Visca, "Static and dynamic light scattering study of fluorinated polymer colloids with a crystalline internal structure," Adv. Colloid Interface Sci. 48, 61-91 (1994).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "Heterodyne near-field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 4109-4111 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. (2)

F. Scheffold and R. Cerbino, "New trends in light scattering," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 12, 50-57 (2007).
[CrossRef]

P. N. Pusey, "Suppression of multiple scattering by photon cross-correlation techniques," Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 4, 177-185 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (2)

T. Bellini, R. Piazza, C. Sozzi, and V. Degiorgio, "Electric Birefringence of a Dispersion of Electrically Charged Anisotropic Particles," Europhys. Lett. 7(6), 561-565 (1988).
[CrossRef]

D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, and M. Giglio, "A schlieren method for ultra-low angle light scattering measurements," Europhys. Lett. 63, 220-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Faraday Discuss. (1)

G. H. Koenderink, H. Y. Zhang, D. G. A. L. Aarts, M. P. Lettinga, A. P. Philipse, and G. Nagele, "On the validity of Stokes-Einstein-Debye relations for rotational diffusion in colloidal suspensions," Faraday Discuss. 123, 335-354 (2003).

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Bellini, V. Degiorgio, F. Mantegazza, F. Ajmone-Marsan, and C. Scarnecchia, "Electrokinetic properties of colloids of variable charge. 1. Electrophoretic and electrooptic characterization," J. Chem. Phys. 103, 8228-8237 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (2)

J. C. Thomas and S. Tjin, "Fiber optics dynamic light-scattering (FODLS) from moderately concentrated suspensions," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 129, 15-31 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Sugimoto and K. Sakata, "Preparation of monodisperse pseudocubic 〈-Fe2O3 particles from condensed ferric hydroxide gel," J. Colloid Interface Sci. 152587-590 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

K. Schatzel, "Suppression of multiple-scattering by photon cross-correlation techniques," J. Mod. Opt. 38, 1849-1865 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Piazza, J. Stavans, T. Bellini, and V. Degiorgio, "Light scattering study of crystalline latex particles," Opt. Commun. 73(4), 263-267 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. express (1)

S. H. Lee, Y. Roichman, G. R. Yi, S. H. Kim, S. M. Y. A. van Blaaderen, P. van Oostrum, and D. G. Grier, "Characterizing and tracking single colloidal particles with video holographic microscopy," Opt. express 15, 275-282 (2007).

D. Brogioli, F. Croccolo, V. Cassina, D. Salerno, and F. Mantegazza, "Nano-particle characterization by using Exposure Time Dependent Spectrum and scattering in the near field methods: how to get fast dynamics with low-speed CCD camera." Opt. Express 16, 272-282 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Fluids (1)

S. P. Trainoff and D. S. Cannell, "Physical optics treatment of the shadowgraph," Phys. Fluids 14, 1340-1363 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

J. Oh, J. O. de Z’arate, J. Sengers, and G. Ahlers, "Dynamics of fluctuations in a fluid below the onset of Rayleigh-B’enard convection," Phys. Rev. E 69, 1-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

M. Wu, G. Ahlers, and D. Cannell, "Thermally induced fluctuations below the onset of Reyleight-Benard convection," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1743-1746 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Pine, D. A. Weitz, P. M. Chaikin, and E. Herbolzheimer, "Diffusing-wave spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 1134-1137 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Giglio, M. Carpineti, and A. Vailati, "Space intensity correlations in the near field of the scattered light: a direct measurement of the density correlation function g(r)," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1416-1419 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

F. Ferri, "Use of a charge coupled device camera for low-angle elastic light scattering," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 2265-2274 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. Cipelletti and D. Weitz, "Ultralow-angle dynamic light scattering with a charge coupled device camera based multispeckle, multitau correlator," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 70, 3214-3221 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Bandyopadhyay, A. S. Gittings, S. S. Suh, P. K. Dixon, and D. J. Durian, "Speckle-visibility spectroscopy: A tool to study time-varying dynamics," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 76, 110-111 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (7)

S. Sacanna, "Novel Routes to Model Colloids: ellipsoids, lattices and stable meso-emulsions," Ph.D. thesis, Utrecht University (2007). ISBN 978-90-393-4598-6.

B. Berne and R. Pecora, Dynamic Light Scattering: With Applications to Chemistry, Biology, and Physics (Dover, New York, 2000).

J. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (Roberts & Company, Englewood, 2005).

D. Brogioli, "Near Field Speckles," Ph.D. thesis, Universit`a degli Studi di Cagliari (2002), www.geocities.com/dbrogioli/nfs phd.

F. Croccolo, D. Brogioli, A. Vailati, M. Giglio, and D. Cannell, "Non-diffusive decay of gradient driven fluctuations in a free-diffusion process," Phys. Rev. E 76, 41,112-1-9 (2007).

D. Magatti, M. D. Alaimo, M. A. C. Potenza, and F. Ferri, "Dynamic heterodyne near field scattering," Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 241,101-1-3 (2008).

R. Cerbino and V. Trappe, "Differential Dynamic Microscopy: Probing Wave Vector Dependent Dynamics with a Microscope," Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 188,102-1-4 (2008).

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