Abstract

The fabrications of sphere-like Au nanoparticles (NPs) on sapphire, GaN, and SiO2 substrates through the irradiation of a few pulses of 266-nm laser onto Au thin films deposited on the substrates are demonstrated. The top-view diameter, contact angle on substrate, surface population density, and surface coverage percentage of the NPs can be controlled by the Au thin film thickness, laser energy density, substrate choice, and the gas or liquid, in which the Au thin film is immersed during laser irradiation. Optical transmission measurements show clear in-plane and out-of-plane localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) features, including the air resonance feature dictated by the gas or liquid immersing the NPs during transmission measurement, the in-plane substrate resonance feature controlled by the substrate material and the contact angle, and the out-of-plane resonance feature, which is strongly influenced also by the substrate material and the contact angle. Numerical simulations based on the finite-element method using the experimental parameters show highly consistent LSPR spectral positions and their variation trends. From the simulation results, one can also observe the relative importance between NP absorption and scattering in contributing to the extinction. This simple laser-irradiation method for fabricating sphere-like Au NPs of no aggregation and of strong adhesion to the substrate is useful for developing polarization-sensitive LSPR bio-sensing.

© 2009 OSA

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  2. A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A nanoscale optical biosensor: sensitivity and selectivity of an approach based on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of triangular silver nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124(35), 10596–10604 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  5. Y. Chen, K. Munechika, and D. S. Ginger, “Dependence of fluorescence intensity on the spectral overlap between fluorophores and plasmon resonant single silver nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 690–696 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Käll, and D. S. Sutherland, “Sensing characteristics of NIR localized surface plasmon resonances in gold nanorings for application as ultrasensitive biosensors,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1256–1263 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  12. W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, “Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

Y. Chen, K. Munechika, and D. S. Ginger, “Dependence of fluorescence intensity on the spectral overlap between fluorophores and plasmon resonant single silver nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 690–696 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Käll, and D. S. Sutherland, “Sensing characteristics of NIR localized surface plasmon resonances in gold nanorings for application as ultrasensitive biosensors,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1256–1263 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

B. D. Chithrani, A. A. Ghazani, and W. C. W. Chan, “Determining the size and shape dependence of gold nanoparticle uptake into mammalian cells,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 662–668 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

A. Habenicht, M. Olapinski, F. Burmeister, P. Leiderer, and J. Boneberg, “Jumping nanodroplets,” Science 309(5743), 2043–2045 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Huang, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Photothermal reshaping of prismatic Au nanoparticles in periodic monolayer arrays by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(11), 114301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Haes, W. P. Hall, L. Chang, W. L. Klein, and R. P. Van Duyne, “A localized surface plasmon resonance biosensor: first steps toward an assay for alzheimer's disease,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1029–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

M. Maillard, P. Huang, and L. Brus, “Silver nanodisk growth by surface plasmon enhanced photoreduction of adsorbed [Ag+],” Nano Lett. 3(11), 1611–1615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Käll, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical properties of gold nanorings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 057401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A nanoscale optical biosensor: sensitivity and selectivity of an approach based on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of triangular silver nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124(35), 10596–10604 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (3)

C. L. Haynes and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: a versatile nanofabrication tool for studies of size-dependent nanoparticle optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(24), 5599–5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Simakin, V. V. Voronov, G. A. Shafeev, R. Brayner, and F. Bozon-Verduraz, “Nanodisks of Au and Ag produced by laser ablation in liquid environment,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 348(3–4), 182–186 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, “Selective colorimetric detection of polynucleotides based on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Science 277(5329), 1078–1081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Y. Yu, S. S. Chang, C. L. Lee, and C. R. C. Wang, “Gold nanorods: electrochemical synthesis and optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(34), 6661–6664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

J. Bischof, D. Scherer, S. Herminghaus, and P. Leiderer, “Dewetting modes of thin metallic films: nucleation of holes and spinodal dewetting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1536–1539 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

F. Didier and J. Jupille, “The van der Waals contribution to the adhesion energy at metal-oxide interfaces,” Surf. Sci. 314(3), 378–384 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

R. Sangiorgi, M. L. Muolo, D. Chatain, and N. Eustathopoulos, “Wettability and work of adhesion of nonreactive liquid metals on silica,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(9), 742–748 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Aizpurua, J.

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Käll, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical properties of gold nanorings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 057401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alegret, J.

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Käll, and D. S. Sutherland, “Sensing characteristics of NIR localized surface plasmon resonances in gold nanorings for application as ultrasensitive biosensors,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1256–1263 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anker, J. N.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bischof, J.

J. Bischof, D. Scherer, S. Herminghaus, and P. Leiderer, “Dewetting modes of thin metallic films: nucleation of holes and spinodal dewetting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1536–1539 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boneberg, J.

A. Habenicht, M. Olapinski, F. Burmeister, P. Leiderer, and J. Boneberg, “Jumping nanodroplets,” Science 309(5743), 2043–2045 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bozon-Verduraz, F.

A. V. Simakin, V. V. Voronov, G. A. Shafeev, R. Brayner, and F. Bozon-Verduraz, “Nanodisks of Au and Ag produced by laser ablation in liquid environment,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 348(3–4), 182–186 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brayner, R.

A. V. Simakin, V. V. Voronov, G. A. Shafeev, R. Brayner, and F. Bozon-Verduraz, “Nanodisks of Au and Ag produced by laser ablation in liquid environment,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 348(3–4), 182–186 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Brus, L.

M. Maillard, P. Huang, and L. Brus, “Silver nanodisk growth by surface plasmon enhanced photoreduction of adsorbed [Ag+],” Nano Lett. 3(11), 1611–1615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bryant, G. W.

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Käll, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical properties of gold nanorings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 057401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burmeister, F.

A. Habenicht, M. Olapinski, F. Burmeister, P. Leiderer, and J. Boneberg, “Jumping nanodroplets,” Science 309(5743), 2043–2045 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Y.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cao, Y. C.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, W. C. W.

B. D. Chithrani, A. A. Ghazani, and W. C. W. Chan, “Determining the size and shape dependence of gold nanoparticle uptake into mammalian cells,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 662–668 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, L.

A. J. Haes, W. P. Hall, L. Chang, W. L. Klein, and R. P. Van Duyne, “A localized surface plasmon resonance biosensor: first steps toward an assay for alzheimer's disease,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1029–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. S.

Y. Y. Yu, S. S. Chang, C. L. Lee, and C. R. C. Wang, “Gold nanorods: electrochemical synthesis and optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(34), 6661–6664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chatain, D.

R. Sangiorgi, M. L. Muolo, D. Chatain, and N. Eustathopoulos, “Wettability and work of adhesion of nonreactive liquid metals on silica,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(9), 742–748 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, K. Munechika, and D. S. Ginger, “Dependence of fluorescence intensity on the spectral overlap between fluorophores and plasmon resonant single silver nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 690–696 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chithrani, B. D.

B. D. Chithrani, A. A. Ghazani, and W. C. W. Chan, “Determining the size and shape dependence of gold nanoparticle uptake into mammalian cells,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 662–668 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Didier, F.

F. Didier and J. Jupille, “The van der Waals contribution to the adhesion energy at metal-oxide interfaces,” Surf. Sci. 314(3), 378–384 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Elghanian, R.

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, “Selective colorimetric detection of polynucleotides based on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Science 277(5329), 1078–1081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

El-Sayed, I. H.

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

El-Sayed, M. A.

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Huang, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Photothermal reshaping of prismatic Au nanoparticles in periodic monolayer arrays by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(11), 114301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eustathopoulos, N.

R. Sangiorgi, M. L. Muolo, D. Chatain, and N. Eustathopoulos, “Wettability and work of adhesion of nonreactive liquid metals on silica,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(9), 742–748 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fang, N.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Funston, A. M.

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

García de Abajo, F. J.

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Käll, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical properties of gold nanorings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 057401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ghazani, A. A.

B. D. Chithrani, A. A. Ghazani, and W. C. W. Chan, “Determining the size and shape dependence of gold nanoparticle uptake into mammalian cells,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 662–668 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ginger, D. S.

Y. Chen, K. Munechika, and D. S. Ginger, “Dependence of fluorescence intensity on the spectral overlap between fluorophores and plasmon resonant single silver nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 690–696 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Habenicht, A.

A. Habenicht, M. Olapinski, F. Burmeister, P. Leiderer, and J. Boneberg, “Jumping nanodroplets,” Science 309(5743), 2043–2045 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haes, A. J.

A. J. Haes, W. P. Hall, L. Chang, W. L. Klein, and R. P. Van Duyne, “A localized surface plasmon resonance biosensor: first steps toward an assay for alzheimer's disease,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1029–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A nanoscale optical biosensor: sensitivity and selectivity of an approach based on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of triangular silver nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124(35), 10596–10604 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hägglund, C.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, “Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hall, W. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Haes, W. P. Hall, L. Chang, W. L. Klein, and R. P. Van Duyne, “A localized surface plasmon resonance biosensor: first steps toward an assay for alzheimer's disease,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1029–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hanarp, P.

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Käll, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical properties of gold nanorings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 057401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hao, E.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Haynes, C. L.

C. L. Haynes and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: a versatile nanofabrication tool for studies of size-dependent nanoparticle optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(24), 5599–5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Herminghaus, S.

J. Bischof, D. Scherer, S. Herminghaus, and P. Leiderer, “Dewetting modes of thin metallic films: nucleation of holes and spinodal dewetting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1536–1539 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, P.

M. Maillard, P. Huang, and L. Brus, “Silver nanodisk growth by surface plasmon enhanced photoreduction of adsorbed [Ag+],” Nano Lett. 3(11), 1611–1615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W.

W. Huang, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Photothermal reshaping of prismatic Au nanoparticles in periodic monolayer arrays by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(11), 114301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jain, P. K.

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, R.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, R. C.

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jupille, J.

F. Didier and J. Jupille, “The van der Waals contribution to the adhesion energy at metal-oxide interfaces,” Surf. Sci. 314(3), 378–384 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Käll, M.

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Käll, and D. S. Sutherland, “Sensing characteristics of NIR localized surface plasmon resonances in gold nanorings for application as ultrasensitive biosensors,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1256–1263 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Käll, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical properties of gold nanorings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 057401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasemo, B.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, “Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Klein, W. L.

A. J. Haes, W. P. Hall, L. Chang, W. L. Klein, and R. P. Van Duyne, “A localized surface plasmon resonance biosensor: first steps toward an assay for alzheimer's disease,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1029–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Larsson, E. M.

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Käll, and D. S. Sutherland, “Sensing characteristics of NIR localized surface plasmon resonances in gold nanorings for application as ultrasensitive biosensors,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1256–1263 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, C. L.

Y. Y. Yu, S. S. Chang, C. L. Lee, and C. R. C. Wang, “Gold nanorods: electrochemical synthesis and optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(34), 6661–6664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. S.

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leiderer, P.

A. Habenicht, M. Olapinski, F. Burmeister, P. Leiderer, and J. Boneberg, “Jumping nanodroplets,” Science 309(5743), 2043–2045 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Bischof, D. Scherer, S. Herminghaus, and P. Leiderer, “Dewetting modes of thin metallic films: nucleation of holes and spinodal dewetting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1536–1539 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Letsinger, R. L.

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, “Selective colorimetric detection of polynucleotides based on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Science 277(5329), 1078–1081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liz-Marzán, L. M.

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luo, Q.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lyandres, O.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Maillard, M.

M. Maillard, P. Huang, and L. Brus, “Silver nanodisk growth by surface plasmon enhanced photoreduction of adsorbed [Ag+],” Nano Lett. 3(11), 1611–1615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Métraux, G. S.

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mirkin, C. A.

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, “Selective colorimetric detection of polynucleotides based on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Science 277(5329), 1078–1081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mucic, R. C.

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, “Selective colorimetric detection of polynucleotides based on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Science 277(5329), 1078–1081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mulvaney, P.

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Munechika, K.

Y. Chen, K. Munechika, and D. S. Ginger, “Dependence of fluorescence intensity on the spectral overlap between fluorophores and plasmon resonant single silver nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 690–696 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muolo, M. L.

R. Sangiorgi, M. L. Muolo, D. Chatain, and N. Eustathopoulos, “Wettability and work of adhesion of nonreactive liquid metals on silica,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(9), 742–748 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Myroshnychenko, V.

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Novo, C.

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Olapinski, M.

A. Habenicht, M. Olapinski, F. Burmeister, P. Leiderer, and J. Boneberg, “Jumping nanodroplets,” Science 309(5743), 2043–2045 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pastoriza-Santos, I.

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petersson, G.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, “Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qian, W.

W. Huang, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Photothermal reshaping of prismatic Au nanoparticles in periodic monolayer arrays by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(11), 114301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez-Fernández, J.

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sangiorgi, R.

R. Sangiorgi, M. L. Muolo, D. Chatain, and N. Eustathopoulos, “Wettability and work of adhesion of nonreactive liquid metals on silica,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(9), 742–748 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scherer, D.

J. Bischof, D. Scherer, S. Herminghaus, and P. Leiderer, “Dewetting modes of thin metallic films: nucleation of holes and spinodal dewetting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1536–1539 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shafeev, G. A.

A. V. Simakin, V. V. Voronov, G. A. Shafeev, R. Brayner, and F. Bozon-Verduraz, “Nanodisks of Au and Ag produced by laser ablation in liquid environment,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 348(3–4), 182–186 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shah, N. C.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sherry, L. J.

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simakin, A. V.

A. V. Simakin, V. V. Voronov, G. A. Shafeev, R. Brayner, and F. Bozon-Verduraz, “Nanodisks of Au and Ag produced by laser ablation in liquid environment,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 348(3–4), 182–186 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Srituravanich, W.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Storhoff, J. J.

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, “Selective colorimetric detection of polynucleotides based on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Science 277(5329), 1078–1081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sutherland, D. S.

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Käll, and D. S. Sutherland, “Sensing characteristics of NIR localized surface plasmon resonances in gold nanorings for application as ultrasensitive biosensors,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1256–1263 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Käll, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical properties of gold nanorings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 057401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Duyne, R. P.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. J. Haes, W. P. Hall, L. Chang, W. L. Klein, and R. P. Van Duyne, “A localized surface plasmon resonance biosensor: first steps toward an assay for alzheimer's disease,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1029–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A nanoscale optical biosensor: sensitivity and selectivity of an approach based on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of triangular silver nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124(35), 10596–10604 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. L. Haynes and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: a versatile nanofabrication tool for studies of size-dependent nanoparticle optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(24), 5599–5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Voronov, V. V.

A. V. Simakin, V. V. Voronov, G. A. Shafeev, R. Brayner, and F. Bozon-Verduraz, “Nanodisks of Au and Ag produced by laser ablation in liquid environment,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 348(3–4), 182–186 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. R. C.

Y. Y. Yu, S. S. Chang, C. L. Lee, and C. R. C. Wang, “Gold nanorods: electrochemical synthesis and optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(34), 6661–6664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Y. Y.

Y. Y. Yu, S. S. Chang, C. L. Lee, and C. R. C. Wang, “Gold nanorods: electrochemical synthesis and optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(34), 6661–6664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zäch, M.

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, “Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, J.

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, J. G.

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Hägglund, M. Zäch, G. Petersson, and B. Kasemo, “Electromagnetic coupling of light into a silicon solar cell by nanodisk plasmons,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(5), 053110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. V. Simakin, V. V. Voronov, G. A. Shafeev, R. Brayner, and F. Bozon-Verduraz, “Nanodisks of Au and Ag produced by laser ablation in liquid environment,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 348(3–4), 182–186 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (1)

V. Myroshnychenko, J. Rodríguez-Fernández, I. Pastoriza-Santos, A. M. Funston, C. Novo, P. Mulvaney, L. M. Liz-Marzán, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Modelling the optical response of gold nanoparticles,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 37(9), 1792–1805 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

R. Sangiorgi, M. L. Muolo, D. Chatain, and N. Eustathopoulos, “Wettability and work of adhesion of nonreactive liquid metals on silica,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 71(9), 742–748 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

A. J. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne, “A nanoscale optical biosensor: sensitivity and selectivity of an approach based on the localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of triangular silver nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124(35), 10596–10604 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

W. Huang, W. Qian, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Photothermal reshaping of prismatic Au nanoparticles in periodic monolayer arrays by femtosecond laser pulses,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(11), 114301 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (3)

C. L. Haynes and R. P. Van Duyne, “Nanosphere lithography: a versatile nanofabrication tool for studies of size-dependent nanoparticle optics,” J. Phys. Chem. B 105(24), 5599–5611 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Y. Yu, S. S. Chang, C. L. Lee, and C. R. C. Wang, “Gold nanorods: electrochemical synthesis and optical properties,” J. Phys. Chem. B 101(34), 6661–6664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Jain, K. S. Lee, I. H. El-Sayed, and M. A. El-Sayed, “Calculated absorption and scattering properties of gold nanoparticles of different size, shape, and composition: applications in biological imaging and biomedicine,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(14), 7238–7248 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (7)

A. J. Haes, W. P. Hall, L. Chang, W. L. Klein, and R. P. Van Duyne, “A localized surface plasmon resonance biosensor: first steps toward an assay for alzheimer's disease,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1029–1034 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. D. Chithrani, A. A. Ghazani, and W. C. W. Chan, “Determining the size and shape dependence of gold nanoparticle uptake into mammalian cells,” Nano Lett. 6(4), 662–668 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, K. Munechika, and D. S. Ginger, “Dependence of fluorescence intensity on the spectral overlap between fluorophores and plasmon resonant single silver nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 7(3), 690–696 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. M. Larsson, J. Alegret, M. Käll, and D. S. Sutherland, “Sensing characteristics of NIR localized surface plasmon resonances in gold nanorings for application as ultrasensitive biosensors,” Nano Lett. 7(5), 1256–1263 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Srituravanich, N. Fang, C. Sun, Q. Luo, and X. Zhang, “Plasmonic nanolithography,” Nano Lett. 4(6), 1085–1088 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Maillard, P. Huang, and L. Brus, “Silver nanodisk growth by surface plasmon enhanced photoreduction of adsorbed [Ag+],” Nano Lett. 3(11), 1611–1615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Sherry, R. C. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy of single silver triangular nanoprisms,” Nano Lett. 6(9), 2060–2065 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

J. N. Anker, W. P. Hall, O. Lyandres, N. C. Shah, J. Zhao, and R. P. Van Duyne, “Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors,” Nat. Mater. 7(6), 442–453 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nature (1)

R. Jin, Y. C. Cao, E. Hao, G. S. Métraux, G. C. Schatz, and C. A. Mirkin, “Controlling anisotropic nanoparticle growth through plasmon excitation,” Nature 425(6957), 487–490 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

J. Aizpurua, P. Hanarp, D. S. Sutherland, M. Käll, G. W. Bryant, and F. J. García de Abajo, “Optical properties of gold nanorings,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 90(5), 057401 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Bischof, D. Scherer, S. Herminghaus, and P. Leiderer, “Dewetting modes of thin metallic films: nucleation of holes and spinodal dewetting,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77(8), 1536–1539 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (3)

R. Elghanian, J. J. Storhoff, R. C. Mucic, R. L. Letsinger, and C. A. Mirkin, “Selective colorimetric detection of polynucleotides based on the distance-dependent optical properties of gold nanoparticles,” Science 277(5329), 1078–1081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Jin, Y. Cao, C. A. Mirkin, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and J. G. Zheng, “Photoinduced conversion of silver nanospheres to nanoprisms,” Science 294(5548), 1901–1903 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Habenicht, M. Olapinski, F. Burmeister, P. Leiderer, and J. Boneberg, “Jumping nanodroplets,” Science 309(5743), 2043–2045 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. (1)

F. Didier and J. Jupille, “The van der Waals contribution to the adhesion energy at metal-oxide interfaces,” Surf. Sci. 314(3), 378–384 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of optical constants of solids II (Academic Press, Boston, 1991).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Plan-view SEM images of the Au thin film (10 nm in thickness) on sapphire substrate (sample A) before laser irradiation; (b) Plan-view SEM image of the NPs after laser irradiation; (c) Tilted SEM image after laser irradiation; (d) Top-view diameter distribution of the NPs formed on sapphire substrate. The insert of part (d) shows the definition of the contact angle.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Plan-view (a) and tilted (b) SEM images of NPs on GaN (sample B), and tilted SEM image of NPs on SiO2 (c) (sample C). In part (d), a plan-view SEM image of the Au nanostructures after furnace-based thermal annealing at 800°C for 30 min is demonstrated.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectra of the Au NPs on sapphire (sample A) and SiO2 (sample C) under the s- (Sapphire-s and SiO2-s) and p-polarized (Sapphire-p and SiO2-p) excitation conditions when the incident angle is 60 degrees with respect to the normal direction.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Transmission spectra of the Au NPs on GaN (sample B) under the s- (GaN-s, laser treatment) and p-polarized (GaN-p, laser treatment) excitation conditions when the incident angle is 60 degrees with respect to the normal direction. For comparison, the transmission spectra of the Au nanostructures on GaN fabricated by furnace-based thermal annealing are also shown (GaN-s, thermal anneal and GaN-p, thermal anneal).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Simulated absorption (A-), scattering (S-), and extinction (E-) spectra of the s- and p-polarized excitation with the incident angle at 60 degrees; (b) and (c): Distributions of electrical field magnitudes under s-polarized excitation at 515 and 570 nm, corresponding to the AR and IPSR features, respectively; (d): Distributions of electrical field magnitudes under p-polarized excitation at 550 nm, corresponding to the combinations of the OPR, AR, and IPSR features.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Simulated absorption, scattering, and extinction spectra of an Au NP with the parameters given for the results in Fig. 5 but completely surrounded by the media of air (a) and sapphire (b) refractive indices. The results of a perfectly spherical NP (85 nm in diameter) as labeled by “-sphere” are also shown in either part (a) or (b) for comparison. The insert shows the distribution of electrical field magnitude at 560 nm, indicating that this kink feature corresponding to the quadrupolar LSPR.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Simulated absorption, scattering, and extinction spectra of an Au NP on GaN with the sand p-polarized excitations.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Transmission spectra of the samples of Au NPs on sapphire fabricated with air (sample A), water (sample D), and methanol (sample E) coverage on Au thin films during laser irradiation under the s- and p-polarized excitations.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

Simulated absorption, scattering, and extinction spectra of the Au NPs fabricated with air, water, and methanol coverage on Au thin films during laser irradiation under the s- (a) and p-polarized (b) excitations (for comparing with the data of samples A, D, and E).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Various Au NP parameters under various fabrication conditions.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

γSVγSLγLVcosθc=0,
γLV(1+cosθc)=ΔWSLV.

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