Abstract

We present a numerical study of the spectral variations of localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPR) in a 3D-probe metallic nanoparticle scanned over an inhomoegeneous dielectric surface. The possibilities for both, index monitoring and lateral resolution at nanoscale level are explored, with special attention paid to the shape of the probe and the profile of the near field underneath.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).
  2. R. A. Jensen, J. Sherin, and S. R. Emory. “Single Nanoparticle Based Optical pH Probe,” Appl. Spectr. 61, 832–838 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  3. W. R. Holland and D. G. Hall. “Surface-plasmon dispersion relation: Shifts induced by the interaction with localized plasma resonances,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 7765–7768 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Wang and W. Lin. “Electro-optically modulated localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors with gold nanoparticles,” Appl, Phys. Lett. 89, 173903 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  5. A. D. McFarland and R. P. Van Duyne. “Single Silver Nanoparticles as Real-Time Optical Sensors with Zeptomole Sensitivity,” Nano. Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne. “A Nanoscale Optical Biosensor: Sensitivity and Selectivity of an Approach Based on the Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Triangular Silver Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 10596–10604 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, and V. Sandoghdar. “Tomographic Plasmon Spectroscopy of a Single Gold Nanoparticle,” Nano. Lett. 4, 2309–2314 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar. “Optical Microscopy via Spectral Modifications of a Nanoantenna,” PRL 95, 200801 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  9. F. Moreno, F. González, and J. M. Saiz. “Plasmon spectroscopy of metallic nanoparticles above flat dielectric substrates,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1902–1904 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. A.L. González and C. Noguez. “Influence of Morphology on the Optical Properties of Metal Nanoparticles,” J. of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience 4, 231–238 (2007).
  11. G.C. Schatz. “Electrodynamics of nonspherical noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem.) 573, 73–80 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  12. E.M. Purcell and C.R. Pennypacker. “Scattering and absorption of light by non-spherical dielectric grains,” J. Astrophys. 186, 705–714 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  13. B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau. “User Guide for the Discrete Dipole Approximation Code DDSCAT 6.1,” http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0409262v2, (2004).
  14. G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin. “Optical interactions in a plasmonic particle coupled to a metallic film,” Opt. Express. 14, 9971–9981 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. E. D. Palik. Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic Press, New York, 1985).
  16. L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Triangular Nanoprisms,” Nano. Lett. 6, 2060–2065 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. L. J. Sherry, S. Chang, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Silver Nanocubes,” Nano. Lett. 5, 2034–2038 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz. “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3, 485–491 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. Noguez. “Optical properties of isolated and supported metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Maters 27, 1204–1211 (2005).
    [Crossref]

2007 (2)

R. A. Jensen, J. Sherin, and S. R. Emory. “Single Nanoparticle Based Optical pH Probe,” Appl. Spectr. 61, 832–838 (2007).
[Crossref]

A.L. González and C. Noguez. “Influence of Morphology on the Optical Properties of Metal Nanoparticles,” J. of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience 4, 231–238 (2007).

2006 (4)

T. Wang and W. Lin. “Electro-optically modulated localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors with gold nanoparticles,” Appl, Phys. Lett. 89, 173903 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin. “Optical interactions in a plasmonic particle coupled to a metallic film,” Opt. Express. 14, 9971–9981 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Triangular Nanoprisms,” Nano. Lett. 6, 2060–2065 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Moreno, F. González, and J. M. Saiz. “Plasmon spectroscopy of metallic nanoparticles above flat dielectric substrates,” Opt. Lett. 31, 1902–1904 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (3)

C. Noguez. “Optical properties of isolated and supported metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Maters 27, 1204–1211 (2005).
[Crossref]

L. J. Sherry, S. Chang, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Silver Nanocubes,” Nano. Lett. 5, 2034–2038 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar. “Optical Microscopy via Spectral Modifications of a Nanoantenna,” PRL 95, 200801 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, and V. Sandoghdar. “Tomographic Plasmon Spectroscopy of a Single Gold Nanoparticle,” Nano. Lett. 4, 2309–2314 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

A. D. McFarland and R. P. Van Duyne. “Single Silver Nanoparticles as Real-Time Optical Sensors with Zeptomole Sensitivity,” Nano. Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz. “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3, 485–491 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

A. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne. “A Nanoscale Optical Biosensor: Sensitivity and Selectivity of an Approach Based on the Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Triangular Silver Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 10596–10604 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

G.C. Schatz. “Electrodynamics of nonspherical noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem.) 573, 73–80 (2001).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

W. R. Holland and D. G. Hall. “Surface-plasmon dispersion relation: Shifts induced by the interaction with localized plasma resonances,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 7765–7768 (1983).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

E.M. Purcell and C.R. Pennypacker. “Scattering and absorption of light by non-spherical dielectric grains,” J. Astrophys. 186, 705–714 (1973).
[Crossref]

Burger, S.

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar. “Optical Microscopy via Spectral Modifications of a Nanoantenna,” PRL 95, 200801 (2005).
[Crossref]

Chang, S.

L. J. Sherry, S. Chang, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Silver Nanocubes,” Nano. Lett. 5, 2034–2038 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Draine, B. T.

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau. “User Guide for the Discrete Dipole Approximation Code DDSCAT 6.1,” http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0409262v2, (2004).

Emory, S. R.

R. A. Jensen, J. Sherin, and S. R. Emory. “Single Nanoparticle Based Optical pH Probe,” Appl. Spectr. 61, 832–838 (2007).
[Crossref]

Flatau, P. J.

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau. “User Guide for the Discrete Dipole Approximation Code DDSCAT 6.1,” http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0409262v2, (2004).

González, A.L.

A.L. González and C. Noguez. “Influence of Morphology on the Optical Properties of Metal Nanoparticles,” J. of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience 4, 231–238 (2007).

González, F.

Haes, A.

A. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne. “A Nanoscale Optical Biosensor: Sensitivity and Selectivity of an Approach Based on the Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Triangular Silver Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 10596–10604 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hâkanson, U.

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar. “Optical Microscopy via Spectral Modifications of a Nanoantenna,” PRL 95, 200801 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, and V. Sandoghdar. “Tomographic Plasmon Spectroscopy of a Single Gold Nanoparticle,” Nano. Lett. 4, 2309–2314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hall, D. G.

W. R. Holland and D. G. Hall. “Surface-plasmon dispersion relation: Shifts induced by the interaction with localized plasma resonances,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 7765–7768 (1983).
[Crossref]

Henkel, C.

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar. “Optical Microscopy via Spectral Modifications of a Nanoantenna,” PRL 95, 200801 (2005).
[Crossref]

Holland, W. R.

W. R. Holland and D. G. Hall. “Surface-plasmon dispersion relation: Shifts induced by the interaction with localized plasma resonances,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 7765–7768 (1983).
[Crossref]

Jensen, R. A.

R. A. Jensen, J. Sherin, and S. R. Emory. “Single Nanoparticle Based Optical pH Probe,” Appl. Spectr. 61, 832–838 (2007).
[Crossref]

Jin, R.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Triangular Nanoprisms,” Nano. Lett. 6, 2060–2065 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kalkbrenner, T.

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar. “Optical Microscopy via Spectral Modifications of a Nanoantenna,” PRL 95, 200801 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, and V. Sandoghdar. “Tomographic Plasmon Spectroscopy of a Single Gold Nanoparticle,” Nano. Lett. 4, 2309–2314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lévêque, G.

G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin. “Optical interactions in a plasmonic particle coupled to a metallic film,” Opt. Express. 14, 9971–9981 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lin, W.

T. Wang and W. Lin. “Electro-optically modulated localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors with gold nanoparticles,” Appl, Phys. Lett. 89, 173903 (2006).
[Crossref]

Martin, O. J. F.

G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin. “Optical interactions in a plasmonic particle coupled to a metallic film,” Opt. Express. 14, 9971–9981 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McFarland, A. D.

A. D. McFarland and R. P. Van Duyne. “Single Silver Nanoparticles as Real-Time Optical Sensors with Zeptomole Sensitivity,” Nano. Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003).
[Crossref]

Mirkin, C. A.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Triangular Nanoprisms,” Nano. Lett. 6, 2060–2065 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mock, J. J.

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz. “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3, 485–491 (2003).
[Crossref]

Moreno, F.

Noguez, C.

A.L. González and C. Noguez. “Influence of Morphology on the Optical Properties of Metal Nanoparticles,” J. of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience 4, 231–238 (2007).

C. Noguez. “Optical properties of isolated and supported metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Maters 27, 1204–1211 (2005).
[Crossref]

Palik, E. D.

E. D. Palik. Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic Press, New York, 1985).

Pennypacker, C.R.

E.M. Purcell and C.R. Pennypacker. “Scattering and absorption of light by non-spherical dielectric grains,” J. Astrophys. 186, 705–714 (1973).
[Crossref]

Purcell, E.M.

E.M. Purcell and C.R. Pennypacker. “Scattering and absorption of light by non-spherical dielectric grains,” J. Astrophys. 186, 705–714 (1973).
[Crossref]

Raether, H.

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

Saiz, J. M.

Sandoghdar, V.

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar. “Optical Microscopy via Spectral Modifications of a Nanoantenna,” PRL 95, 200801 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, and V. Sandoghdar. “Tomographic Plasmon Spectroscopy of a Single Gold Nanoparticle,” Nano. Lett. 4, 2309–2314 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schädle, A.

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar. “Optical Microscopy via Spectral Modifications of a Nanoantenna,” PRL 95, 200801 (2005).
[Crossref]

Schatz, G. C.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Triangular Nanoprisms,” Nano. Lett. 6, 2060–2065 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. Chang, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Silver Nanocubes,” Nano. Lett. 5, 2034–2038 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schatz, G.C.

G.C. Schatz. “Electrodynamics of nonspherical noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem.) 573, 73–80 (2001).
[Crossref]

Schultz, S.

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz. “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3, 485–491 (2003).
[Crossref]

Sherin, J.

R. A. Jensen, J. Sherin, and S. R. Emory. “Single Nanoparticle Based Optical pH Probe,” Appl. Spectr. 61, 832–838 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sherry, L. J.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Triangular Nanoprisms,” Nano. Lett. 6, 2060–2065 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. Chang, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Silver Nanocubes,” Nano. Lett. 5, 2034–2038 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Smith, D. R.

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz. “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3, 485–491 (2003).
[Crossref]

Van Duyne, R. P.

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Triangular Nanoprisms,” Nano. Lett. 6, 2060–2065 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. Chang, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Silver Nanocubes,” Nano. Lett. 5, 2034–2038 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. D. McFarland and R. P. Van Duyne. “Single Silver Nanoparticles as Real-Time Optical Sensors with Zeptomole Sensitivity,” Nano. Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003).
[Crossref]

A. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne. “A Nanoscale Optical Biosensor: Sensitivity and Selectivity of an Approach Based on the Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Triangular Silver Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 10596–10604 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, T.

T. Wang and W. Lin. “Electro-optically modulated localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors with gold nanoparticles,” Appl, Phys. Lett. 89, 173903 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wiley, B.J.

L. J. Sherry, S. Chang, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Silver Nanocubes,” Nano. Lett. 5, 2034–2038 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xia, Y.

L. J. Sherry, S. Chang, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Silver Nanocubes,” Nano. Lett. 5, 2034–2038 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl, Phys. Lett. (1)

T. Wang and W. Lin. “Electro-optically modulated localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors with gold nanoparticles,” Appl, Phys. Lett. 89, 173903 (2006).
[Crossref]

Appl. Spectr. (1)

R. A. Jensen, J. Sherin, and S. R. Emory. “Single Nanoparticle Based Optical pH Probe,” Appl. Spectr. 61, 832–838 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

A. Haes and R. P. Van Duyne. “A Nanoscale Optical Biosensor: Sensitivity and Selectivity of an Approach Based on the Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Triangular Silver Nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 124, 10596–10604 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Astrophys. (1)

E.M. Purcell and C.R. Pennypacker. “Scattering and absorption of light by non-spherical dielectric grains,” J. Astrophys. 186, 705–714 (1973).
[Crossref]

J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem.) (1)

G.C. Schatz. “Electrodynamics of nonspherical noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle aggregates,” J. Mol. Struct. (Theochem.) 573, 73–80 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience (1)

A.L. González and C. Noguez. “Influence of Morphology on the Optical Properties of Metal Nanoparticles,” J. of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience 4, 231–238 (2007).

Nano Lett. (1)

J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and S. Schultz. “Local refractive index dependence of plasmon resonance spectra from individual nanoparticles,” Nano Lett. 3, 485–491 (2003).
[Crossref]

Nano. Lett. (4)

L. J. Sherry, R. Jin, C. A. Mirkin, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Triangular Nanoprisms,” Nano. Lett. 6, 2060–2065 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. J. Sherry, S. Chang, B.J. Wiley, Y. Xia, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne. “Localized Surface Plasmon Resonance Spectroscopy of Single Silver Nanocubes,” Nano. Lett. 5, 2034–2038 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, and V. Sandoghdar. “Tomographic Plasmon Spectroscopy of a Single Gold Nanoparticle,” Nano. Lett. 4, 2309–2314 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. D. McFarland and R. P. Van Duyne. “Single Silver Nanoparticles as Real-Time Optical Sensors with Zeptomole Sensitivity,” Nano. Lett. 3, 1057–1062 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express. (1)

G. Lévêque and O. J. F. Martin. “Optical interactions in a plasmonic particle coupled to a metallic film,” Opt. Express. 14, 9971–9981 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Maters (1)

C. Noguez. “Optical properties of isolated and supported metal nanoparticles,” Opt. Maters 27, 1204–1211 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

W. R. Holland and D. G. Hall. “Surface-plasmon dispersion relation: Shifts induced by the interaction with localized plasma resonances,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 7765–7768 (1983).
[Crossref]

PRL (1)

T. Kalkbrenner, U. Hâkanson, A. Schädle, S. Burger, C. Henkel, and V. Sandoghdar. “Optical Microscopy via Spectral Modifications of a Nanoantenna,” PRL 95, 200801 (2005).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

E. D. Palik. Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids, (Academic Press, New York, 1985).

B. T. Draine and P. J. Flatau. “User Guide for the Discrete Dipole Approximation Code DDSCAT 6.1,” http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0409262v2, (2004).

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