Abstract

A novel method is presented for determining the group index, intensity enhancement and delay times for waveguide gratings, based on (Rayleigh) scattering observations. This far-field scattering microscopy (FScM) method is compared with the phase shift method and a method that uses the transmission spectrum to quantify the slow wave properties. We find a minimum group velocity of 0.04c and a maximum intensity enhancement of ~14.5 for a 1000-period grating and a maximum group delay of ~80 ps for a 2000-period grating. Furthermore, we show that the FScM method can be used for both displaying the intensity distribution of the Bloch resonances and for investigating out of plane losses. Finally, an application is discussed for the slow-wave grating as index sensor able to detect a minimum cladding index change of 10-8, assuming a transmission detection limit of 10-4.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2006

A. Figotin, and I. Vitebskiy, "Slow light in photonic crystals," Waves Random Complex Media 16, 293-382 (2006).

W. C. L. Hopman, R. Dekker, D. Yudistira, W. F. A. Engbers, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and R. M. De Ridder, "Fabrication and characterization of high-quality uniform and apodized Si3N4 waveguide gratings using laser interference lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1855-1857 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, "Demonstration of a continuously variable true-time delay beamformer using a multichannel chirped fiber grating," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 861-867 (2006).

D. Yudistira, H. Hoekstra, M. Hammer, and D. Marpaung, "Slow light excitation in tapered 1D photonic crystals: Theory," Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 161-176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. V. Lambeck, "Integrated optical sensors for the chemical domain," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, R93-R116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays," Opt. Express. 13, 7145-7159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

K. Hosomi, T. Fukamachi, T. Katsuyama, and Y. Arakawa, "Group delay of a coupled-defect waveguide in a photonic crystal," Opt. Rev. 11, 300-302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Faccio, F. Bragheri, and M. Cherchi, "Optical Bloch-mode-induced quasi phase matching of quadratic interactions in one-dimensional photonic crystals," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 296-301 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals," Nat. Mater. 3, 211-219 (2004).

J. F. Lepage, and N. McCarthy, "Analysis of the diffractional properties of dual-period apodizing gratings: theoretical and experimental results," Appl. Opt. 43, 3504-3512 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, "Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1689-1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 195-203 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Hastings, M. H. Lim, J. G. Goodberlet, and H. I. Smith, "Optical waveguides with apodized sidewall gratings via spatial-phase-locked electron-beam lithography," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753-2757 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Netti, C. E. Finlayson, J. J. Baumberg, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, J. S. Wilkinson, and G. J. Parker, "Separation of photonic crystal waveguides modes using femtosecond time-of-flight," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3927-3929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

2000

D. Wiesmann, C. David, R. Germann, D. Emi, and G. L. Bona, "Apodized surface-corrugated gratings with varying duty cycles," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 639-641 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

Y. A. Vlasov, S. Petit, G. Klein, B. Honerlage, and C. Hirlimann, "Femtosecond measurements of the time of flight of photons in a three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1030-1035 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

1996

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, "Analytic expressions for the electromagnetic mode density in finite, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107-4121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1989

S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, "Novel chromatic dispersion measurement method over continuous Gigahertz tuning range," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1177-1180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1978

K. Daikoku, and A. Sugimura, "Direct measurement of wavelength dispersion in optical fibres-difference method," Electron. Lett. 14, 149-151 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Aitchison, J. S.

Allan, D. C.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, "Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1689-1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Anctil, G.

Arakawa, Y.

K. Hosomi, T. Fukamachi, T. Katsuyama, and Y. Arakawa, "Group delay of a coupled-defect waveguide in a photonic crystal," Opt. Rev. 11, 300-302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 195-203 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Baumberg, J. J.

M. C. Netti, C. E. Finlayson, J. J. Baumberg, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, J. S. Wilkinson, and G. J. Parker, "Separation of photonic crystal waveguides modes using femtosecond time-of-flight," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3927-3929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bendickson, J. M.

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, "Analytic expressions for the electromagnetic mode density in finite, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107-4121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Benisty, H.

Bertolotti, M.

Bienstman, P.

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 195-203 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Bloemer, M. J.

Bogaerts, W.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 195-203 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bona, G. L.

D. Wiesmann, C. David, R. Germann, D. Emi, and G. L. Bona, "Apodized surface-corrugated gratings with varying duty cycles," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 639-641 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Borel, P. I.

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bowden, C. M.

Bragheri, F.

Bulthuis, H. F.

Charlton, M. D. B.

M. C. Netti, C. E. Finlayson, J. J. Baumberg, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, J. S. Wilkinson, and G. J. Parker, "Separation of photonic crystal waveguides modes using femtosecond time-of-flight," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3927-3929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cherchi, M.

Conti, G. N.

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ctyroky, J.

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Daikoku, K.

K. Daikoku, and A. Sugimura, "Direct measurement of wavelength dispersion in optical fibres-difference method," Electron. Lett. 14, 149-151 (1978).
[CrossRef]

David, C.

D. Wiesmann, C. David, R. Germann, D. Emi, and G. L. Bona, "Apodized surface-corrugated gratings with varying duty cycles," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 639-641 (2000).
[CrossRef]

De Angelis, C.

De La Rue, R. M.

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

De Ridder, R.

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

De Ridder, R. M.

W. C. L. Hopman, R. Dekker, D. Yudistira, W. F. A. Engbers, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and R. M. De Ridder, "Fabrication and characterization of high-quality uniform and apodized Si3N4 waveguide gratings using laser interference lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1855-1857 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

De Zutter, D.

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 195-203 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dekker, R.

W. C. L. Hopman, R. Dekker, D. Yudistira, W. F. A. Engbers, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and R. M. De Ridder, "Fabrication and characterization of high-quality uniform and apodized Si3N4 waveguide gratings using laser interference lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1855-1857 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, J. L.

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, "Demonstration of a continuously variable true-time delay beamformer using a multichannel chirped fiber grating," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 861-867 (2006).

Docter, B.

Dowling, J. P.

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, "Analytic expressions for the electromagnetic mode density in finite, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107-4121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Driessen, A.

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

D. J. W. Klunder, F. S. Tan, T. Van der Veen, H. F. Bulthuis, G. Sengo, B. Docter, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and A. Driessen, "Experimental and numerical study of SiON microresonators with air and polymer cladding," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1099-1110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Emi, D.

D. Wiesmann, C. David, R. Germann, D. Emi, and G. L. Bona, "Apodized surface-corrugated gratings with varying duty cycles," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 639-641 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Engbers, W. F. A.

W. C. L. Hopman, R. Dekker, D. Yudistira, W. F. A. Engbers, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and R. M. De Ridder, "Fabrication and characterization of high-quality uniform and apodized Si3N4 waveguide gratings using laser interference lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1855-1857 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Engelen, R. J. P.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

Faccio, D.

Fage-Pedersen, J.

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fan, B.

Ferrini, R.

Figotin, A.

A. Figotin, and I. Vitebskiy, "Slow light in photonic crystals," Waves Random Complex Media 16, 293-382 (2006).

Finlayson, C. E.

M. C. Netti, C. E. Finlayson, J. J. Baumberg, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, J. S. Wilkinson, and G. J. Parker, "Separation of photonic crystal waveguides modes using femtosecond time-of-flight," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3927-3929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Frandsen, L. H.

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fukamachi, T.

K. Hosomi, T. Fukamachi, T. Katsuyama, and Y. Arakawa, "Group delay of a coupled-defect waveguide in a photonic crystal," Opt. Rev. 11, 300-302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Genack, A. Z.

Geraghty, D. F.

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Germann, R.

D. Wiesmann, C. David, R. Germann, D. Emi, and G. L. Bona, "Apodized surface-corrugated gratings with varying duty cycles," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 639-641 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Gersen, H.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

Gilbert, S.

Goodberlet, J. G.

J. T. Hastings, M. H. Lim, J. G. Goodberlet, and H. I. Smith, "Optical waveguides with apodized sidewall gratings via spatial-phase-locked electron-beam lithography," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753-2757 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Grillet, C.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor D'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312-2314 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gringoli, F.

Hamann, H. F.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hammer, M.

D. Yudistira, H. Hoekstra, M. Hammer, and D. Marpaung, "Slow light excitation in tapered 1D photonic crystals: Theory," Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 161-176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hastings, J. T.

J. T. Hastings, M. H. Lim, J. G. Goodberlet, and H. I. Smith, "Optical waveguides with apodized sidewall gratings via spatial-phase-locked electron-beam lithography," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753-2757 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Haus, J. W.

Helfert, S.

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Hirlimann, C.

Y. A. Vlasov, S. Petit, G. Klein, B. Honerlage, and C. Hirlimann, "Femtosecond measurements of the time of flight of photons in a three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1030-1035 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hoekstra, H.

D. Yudistira, H. Hoekstra, M. Hammer, and D. Marpaung, "Slow light excitation in tapered 1D photonic crystals: Theory," Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 161-176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

Hoekstra, H. J. W. M.

W. C. L. Hopman, R. Dekker, D. Yudistira, W. F. A. Engbers, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and R. M. De Ridder, "Fabrication and characterization of high-quality uniform and apodized Si3N4 waveguide gratings using laser interference lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1855-1857 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. J. W. Klunder, F. S. Tan, T. Van der Veen, H. F. Bulthuis, G. Sengo, B. Docter, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and A. Driessen, "Experimental and numerical study of SiON microresonators with air and polymer cladding," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 1099-1110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Honerlage, B.

Y. A. Vlasov, S. Petit, G. Klein, B. Honerlage, and C. Hirlimann, "Femtosecond measurements of the time of flight of photons in a three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1030-1035 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Honkanen, S.

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hopman, W. C. L.

W. C. L. Hopman, R. Dekker, D. Yudistira, W. F. A. Engbers, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and R. M. De Ridder, "Fabrication and characterization of high-quality uniform and apodized Si3N4 waveguide gratings using laser interference lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1855-1857 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

Horiuchi, Y.

S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, "Novel chromatic dispersion measurement method over continuous Gigahertz tuning range," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1177-1180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hosomi, K.

K. Hosomi, T. Fukamachi, T. Katsuyama, and Y. Arakawa, "Group delay of a coupled-defect waveguide in a photonic crystal," Opt. Rev. 11, 300-302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Houdre, R.

Hu, Y.

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hugonin, J. P.

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Hunter, D. B.

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, "Demonstration of a continuously variable true-time delay beamformer using a multichannel chirped fiber grating," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 861-867 (2006).

Jacobsen, R. S.

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays," Opt. Express. 13, 7145-7159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals," Nat. Mater. 3, 211-219 (2004).

Johnson, S. G.

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays," Opt. Express. 13, 7145-7159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Karle, T. J.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

Katsuyama, T.

K. Hosomi, T. Fukamachi, T. Katsuyama, and Y. Arakawa, "Group delay of a coupled-defect waveguide in a photonic crystal," Opt. Rev. 11, 300-302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Klaasse, G.

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Klein, G.

Y. A. Vlasov, S. Petit, G. Klein, B. Honerlage, and C. Hirlimann, "Femtosecond measurements of the time of flight of photons in a three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1030-1035 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Klunder, D. J. W.

Kopp, V. I.

Korterik, J. P.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

Krauss, T. F.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

Kuchinsky, S.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, "Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1689-1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kuipers, L.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

Lalanne, P.

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Lambeck, P. V.

P. V. Lambeck, "Integrated optical sensors for the chemical domain," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, R93-R116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

Lavrinenko, A. V.

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lepage, J. F.

Letartre, X.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor D'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312-2314 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lim, M. H.

J. T. Hastings, M. H. Lim, J. G. Goodberlet, and H. I. Smith, "Optical waveguides with apodized sidewall gratings via spatial-phase-locked electron-beam lithography," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753-2757 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Loncar, M.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, "Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1689-1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Madasamy, P.

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Marpaung, D.

D. Yudistira, H. Hoekstra, M. Hammer, and D. Marpaung, "Slow light excitation in tapered 1D photonic crystals: Theory," Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 161-176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Massudi, R.

McCarthy, N.

McNab, S. J.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

Midrio, M.

Mochizuki, K.

S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, "Novel chromatic dispersion measurement method over continuous Gigahertz tuning range," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1177-1180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Modotto, D.

Moll, N.

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

Moosburger, J.

Morrell, M. M.

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Moulin, G.

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nalesso, G. F.

Nedeljkovic, D.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, "Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1689-1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Netti, M. C.

M. C. Netti, C. E. Finlayson, J. J. Baumberg, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, J. S. Wilkinson, and G. J. Parker, "Separation of photonic crystal waveguides modes using femtosecond time-of-flight," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3927-3929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O'Boyle, M.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Parker, G. J.

M. C. Netti, C. E. Finlayson, J. J. Baumberg, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, J. S. Wilkinson, and G. J. Parker, "Separation of photonic crystal waveguides modes using femtosecond time-of-flight," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3927-3929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Parker, M. E.

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, "Demonstration of a continuously variable true-time delay beamformer using a multichannel chirped fiber grating," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 861-867 (2006).

Pearsall, T. P.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, "Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1689-1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Petit, S.

Y. A. Vlasov, S. Petit, G. Klein, B. Honerlage, and C. Hirlimann, "Femtosecond measurements of the time of flight of photons in a three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1030-1035 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Petracek, J.

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Peucheret, C.

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pezzetta, D.

Piche, M.

Pottier, P.

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

Povinelli, M. L.

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays," Opt. Express. 13, 7145-7159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Poyhonen, P.

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pregla, R.

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Qiu, M.

Rojo-Romeo, P.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor D'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312-2314 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, S.

S. Ryu, Y. Horiuchi, and K. Mochizuki, "Novel chromatic dispersion measurement method over continuous Gigahertz tuning range," J. Lightwave Technol. 7, 1177-1180 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Scalora, M.

D. Pezzetta, C. Sibilia, M. Bertolotti, J. W. Haus, M. Scalora, M. J. Bloemer, and C. M. Bowden, "Photonic-bandgap structures in planar nonlinear waveguides: application to second-harmonic generation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 18, 1326-1333 (2001).

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, "Analytic expressions for the electromagnetic mode density in finite, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107-4121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, "Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1689-1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor D'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312-2314 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sengo, G.

Shizhong, X.

L. Xuhui, C. Xiangfei, Y. Yuzhe, and X. Shizhong, "A novel apodization technique of variable duty cycle for sampled grating," Opt. Commun. 225, 301-305 (2003).

Sibilia, C.

Smith, H. I.

J. T. Hastings, M. H. Lim, J. G. Goodberlet, and H. I. Smith, "Optical waveguides with apodized sidewall gratings via spatial-phase-locked electron-beam lithography," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753-2757 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soljacic, M.

M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals," Nat. Mater. 3, 211-219 (2004).

Stoffer, R.

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

Sugimura, A.

K. Daikoku, and A. Sugimura, "Direct measurement of wavelength dispersion in optical fibres-difference method," Electron. Lett. 14, 149-151 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Taillaert, D.

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 195-203 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tan, F. S.

Van der Veen, T.

van Hulst, N. F.

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

van Lith, J.

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

Viktorovitch, P.

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor D'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312-2314 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vitebskiy, I.

A. Figotin, and I. Vitebskiy, "Slow light in photonic crystals," Waves Random Complex Media 16, 293-382 (2006).

Vithana, H. K. M.

Vlasov, Y. A.

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

Y. A. Vlasov, S. Petit, G. Klein, B. Honerlage, and C. Hirlimann, "Femtosecond measurements of the time of flight of photons in a three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1030-1035 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vuckovic, J.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, "Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1689-1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wiesmann, D.

D. Wiesmann, C. David, R. Germann, D. Emi, and G. L. Bona, "Apodized surface-corrugated gratings with varying duty cycles," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 639-641 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wilkinson, J. S.

M. C. Netti, C. E. Finlayson, J. J. Baumberg, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, J. S. Wilkinson, and G. J. Parker, "Separation of photonic crystal waveguides modes using femtosecond time-of-flight," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3927-3929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xiangfei, C.

L. Xuhui, C. Xiangfei, Y. Yuzhe, and X. Shizhong, "A novel apodization technique of variable duty cycle for sampled grating," Opt. Commun. 225, 301-305 (2003).

Xuhui, L.

L. Xuhui, C. Xiangfei, Y. Yuzhe, and X. Shizhong, "A novel apodization technique of variable duty cycle for sampled grating," Opt. Commun. 225, 301-305 (2003).

Yudistira, D.

D. Yudistira, H. Hoekstra, M. Hammer, and D. Marpaung, "Slow light excitation in tapered 1D photonic crystals: Theory," Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 161-176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, R. Dekker, D. Yudistira, W. F. A. Engbers, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and R. M. De Ridder, "Fabrication and characterization of high-quality uniform and apodized Si3N4 waveguide gratings using laser interference lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1855-1857 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

Yuzhe, Y.

L. Xuhui, C. Xiangfei, Y. Yuzhe, and X. Shizhong, "A novel apodization technique of variable duty cycle for sampled grating," Opt. Commun. 225, 301-305 (2003).

Zoorob, M. E.

M. C. Netti, C. E. Finlayson, J. J. Baumberg, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, J. S. Wilkinson, and G. J. Parker, "Separation of photonic crystal waveguides modes using femtosecond time-of-flight," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3927-3929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zsigri, B.

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

M. Loncar, D. Nedeljkovic, T. P. Pearsall, J. Vuckovic, A. Scherer, S. Kuchinsky, and D. C. Allan, "Experimental and theoretical confirmation of Bloch-mode light propagation in planar photonic crystal waveguides," Appl. Phys. Lett. 80, 1689-1691 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Netti, C. E. Finlayson, J. J. Baumberg, M. D. B. Charlton, M. E. Zoorob, J. S. Wilkinson, and G. J. Parker, "Separation of photonic crystal waveguides modes using femtosecond time-of-flight," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3927-3929 (2002).
[CrossRef]

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor D'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, "Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312-2314 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Daikoku, and A. Sugimura, "Direct measurement of wavelength dispersion in optical fibres-difference method," Electron. Lett. 14, 149-151 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron.

W. C. L. Hopman, P. Pottier, D. Yudistira, J. van Lith, P. V. Lambeck, R. M. De La Rue, A. Driessen, H. Hoekstra, and R. M. de Ridder, "Quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal as a compact building-block for refractometric optical sensors," IEEE J. Sel. Tops. Quantum Electron. 11, 11-16 (2005).

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

W. C. L. Hopman, R. Dekker, D. Yudistira, W. F. A. Engbers, H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, and R. M. De Ridder, "Fabrication and characterization of high-quality uniform and apodized Si3N4 waveguide gratings using laser interference lithography," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1855-1857 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiesmann, C. David, R. Germann, D. Emi, and G. L. Bona, "Apodized surface-corrugated gratings with varying duty cycles," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 639-641 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech.

D. B. Hunter, M. E. Parker, and J. L. Dexter, "Demonstration of a continuously variable true-time delay beamformer using a multichannel chirped fiber grating," IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech. 54, 861-867 (2006).

J. Lightwave Technol.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B

J. T. Hastings, M. H. Lim, J. G. Goodberlet, and H. I. Smith, "Optical waveguides with apodized sidewall gratings via spatial-phase-locked electron-beam lithography," J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 20, 2753-2757 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meas. Sci. Technol.

P. V. Lambeck, "Integrated optical sensors for the chemical domain," Meas. Sci. Technol. 17, R93-R116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Mater.

M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals," Nat. Mater. 3, 211-219 (2004).

Nature

Y. A. Vlasov, M. O'Boyle, H. F. Hamann, and S. J. McNab, "Active control of slow light on a chip with photonic crystal waveguides," Nature 438, 65-69 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

L. Xuhui, C. Xiangfei, Y. Yuzhe, and X. Shizhong, "A novel apodization technique of variable duty cycle for sampled grating," Opt. Commun. 225, 301-305 (2003).

Opt. Eng.

P. Madasamy, G. N. Conti, P. Poyhonen, Y. Hu, M. M. Morrell, D. F. Geraghty, S. Honkanen, and N. Peyghambarian, "Waveguide distributed Bragg reflector laser arrays in erbium doped glass made by dry Ag film ion exchange," Opt. Eng. 41, 1084-1086 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express.

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 11, 2927-2939 (2003).

R. S. Jacobsen, A. V. Lavrinenko, L. H. Frandsen, C. Peucheret, B. Zsigri, G. Moulin, J. Fage-Pedersen, and P. I. Borel, "Direct experimental and numerical determination of extremely high group indices in photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express. 13, 7861-7871 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Povinelli, S. G. Johnson, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Slow-light, band-edge waveguides for tunable time delays," Opt. Express. 13, 7145-7159 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Quantum Electron.

D. Yudistira, H. Hoekstra, M. Hammer, and D. Marpaung, "Slow light excitation in tapered 1D photonic crystals: Theory," Opt. Quantum Electron. 38, 161-176 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Ctyroky, S. Helfert, R. Pregla, P. Bienstman, R. Baets, R. De Ridder, R. Stoffer, G. Klaasse, J. Petracek, P. Lalanne, J. P. Hugonin, and R. M. De La Rue, "Bragg waveguide grating as a 1D photonic band gap structure: COST 268 modelling task," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 455-470 (2002).

W. Bogaerts, P. Bienstman, D. Taillaert, R. Baets, and D. De Zutter, "Out-of-plane scattering in 1-D photonic crystal slabs," Opt. Quantum Electron. 34, 195-203 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Rev.

K. Hosomi, T. Fukamachi, T. Katsuyama, and Y. Arakawa, "Group delay of a coupled-defect waveguide in a photonic crystal," Opt. Rev. 11, 300-302 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

J. M. Bendickson, J. P. Dowling, and M. Scalora, "Analytic expressions for the electromagnetic mode density in finite, one-dimensional, photonic band-gap structures," Phys. Rev. E 53, 4107-4121 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. A. Vlasov, S. Petit, G. Klein, B. Honerlage, and C. Hirlimann, "Femtosecond measurements of the time of flight of photons in a three-dimensional photonic crystal," Phys. Rev. E 60, 1030-1035 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett

H. Gersen, T. J. Karle, R. J. P. Engelen, W. Bogaerts, J. P. Korterik, N. F. van Hulst, T. F. Krauss, and L. Kuipers, "Real-space observation of ultraslow light in photonic crystal waveguides," Phys. Rev. Lett 94 073903 (2005).

Waves Random Complex Media

A. Figotin, and I. Vitebskiy, "Slow light in photonic crystals," Waves Random Complex Media 16, 293-382 (2006).

Other

H. J. W. M. Hoekstra, W. C. L. Hopman, J. Kautz, R. Dekker, and R. M. de Ridder, "A simple coupled mode model for near band-edge phenomena in grated waveguides," accepted for publication in Opt. Quantum Electron. (2006).

C. E. Finlayson, F. Cattaneo, N. M. B. Perney, J. J. Baumberg, M. C. Netti, M. E. Zoorob, M. D. B. Charlton, and G. J. Parker, "Slow light and chromatic temporal dispersion in photonic crystal waveguides using femtosecond time of flight," Phys. Rev. E 73, 016619/1-10 (2006).

M. Notomi, K. Yamada, A. Shinya, J. Takahashi, C. Takahashi, and I. Yokohama, "Extremely large group-velocity dispersion of line-defect waveguides in photonic crystal slabs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 253902/1-4 (2001).

H. C. Wu, Z. M. Sheng, and J. Zhang, "Chirped pulse compression in nonuniform plasma Bragg gratings," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 201502/1-3 (2005).

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