Abstract

The use of holographic structures is promising for the realization of efficient systems in backlight applications for displays. By applying surface relief gratings on top of a side-lit lightguide we realize a backlight that avoids the use of color filters. The grating is used as a light outcoupling and color-separating element. The demands for this grating are stringent and calculations have been performed to meet them. A prototype backlight, including the grating structure, has been assembled and characterized. Results of experiments are discussed.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. Serak, N. Tabiryan and B. Zeldovich, "High-efficiency 1.5 ?m thick optical axis grating and its use for laser beam combining," Opt. Lett. 32, 169-171 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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  3. D. Wright, E. Brasselet, J. Zyss, G. Langer and W. Kern, "Dye-doped organic distributed-feedback lasers with index and surface gratings: the role of pump polarization and molecular orientation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 944-950 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M.-C. Oh, K.-J. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H.-X. Chen, and K.-N. Koh, "Polymeric waveguide biosensors with calixarene monolayer for detecting potassium ion concentration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251104 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Sánchez, M. J. Escuti, C. van Heesch, C. W. M. Bastiaansen and D. J. Broer, "An efficient illumination system for liquid crystal displays incorporating an anisotropic hologram," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 094101 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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  9. D. K. G. de Boer, R. Caputo, H. J. Cornelissen, C. M. van Heesch, E. J. Hornix, M. J. J. Jak "Diffractive grating structures for colour-separating backlights," Proc. SPIE 6196, 241 (2006).
  10. M. Xu, H. P. Urbach and D. K. G. de Boer, "Simulations of birefringent gratings as polarizing color separator in backlight for flat-panel displays," Opt. Express 15, 5789 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y-S. Choi, J-S. Choi, J-H. Min, J-H. Kim, S-M. Lee, "Backlight unit for flat panel display and flat panel display apparatus having the same," U.S. patent application publication US2006/0285185 (Dec. 21, 2006).
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  14. AZ Electronic Materials. www.az-em.com
  15. ELDIM manufacturer of 2D photometers & colorimeters and Inspection systems. www.eldim.fr

2007 (2)

2006 (2)

M.-C. Oh, K.-J. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H.-X. Chen, and K.-N. Koh, "Polymeric waveguide biosensors with calixarene monolayer for detecting potassium ion concentration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. K. G. de Boer, R. Caputo, H. J. Cornelissen, C. M. van Heesch, E. J. Hornix, M. J. J. Jak "Diffractive grating structures for colour-separating backlights," Proc. SPIE 6196, 241 (2006).

2005 (1)

C. Sánchez, M. J. Escuti, C. van Heesch, C. W. M. Bastiaansen and D. J. Broer, "An efficient illumination system for liquid crystal displays incorporating an anisotropic hologram," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 094101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. Wright, E. Brasselet, J. Zyss, G. Langer and W. Kern, "Dye-doped organic distributed-feedback lasers with index and surface gratings: the role of pump polarization and molecular orientation," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 944-950 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1981 (1)

Bastiaansen, C. W. M.

C. Sánchez, M. J. Escuti, C. van Heesch, C. W. M. Bastiaansen and D. J. Broer, "An efficient illumination system for liquid crystal displays incorporating an anisotropic hologram," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 094101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Brasselet, E.

Broer, D. J.

C. Sánchez, M. J. Escuti, C. van Heesch, C. W. M. Bastiaansen and D. J. Broer, "An efficient illumination system for liquid crystal displays incorporating an anisotropic hologram," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 094101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bunning, T. J.

R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Caputo, R.

D. K. G. de Boer, R. Caputo, H. J. Cornelissen, C. M. van Heesch, E. J. Hornix, M. J. J. Jak "Diffractive grating structures for colour-separating backlights," Proc. SPIE 6196, 241 (2006).

Chen, H.-X.

M.-C. Oh, K.-J. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H.-X. Chen, and K.-N. Koh, "Polymeric waveguide biosensors with calixarene monolayer for detecting potassium ion concentration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Colgan, E. G.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Cornelissen, H. J.

D. K. G. de Boer, R. Caputo, H. J. Cornelissen, C. M. van Heesch, E. J. Hornix, M. J. J. Jak "Diffractive grating structures for colour-separating backlights," Proc. SPIE 6196, 241 (2006).

de Boer, D. K. G.

M. Xu, H. P. Urbach and D. K. G. de Boer, "Simulations of birefringent gratings as polarizing color separator in backlight for flat-panel displays," Opt. Express 15, 5789 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. K. G. de Boer, R. Caputo, H. J. Cornelissen, C. M. van Heesch, E. J. Hornix, M. J. J. Jak "Diffractive grating structures for colour-separating backlights," Proc. SPIE 6196, 241 (2006).

Escuti, M. J.

C. Sánchez, M. J. Escuti, C. van Heesch, C. W. M. Bastiaansen and D. J. Broer, "An efficient illumination system for liquid crystal displays incorporating an anisotropic hologram," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 094101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

He, G. S.

R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hornix, E. J.

D. K. G. de Boer, R. Caputo, H. J. Cornelissen, C. M. van Heesch, E. J. Hornix, M. J. J. Jak "Diffractive grating structures for colour-separating backlights," Proc. SPIE 6196, 241 (2006).

Jak, M. J. J.

D. K. G. de Boer, R. Caputo, H. J. Cornelissen, C. M. van Heesch, E. J. Hornix, M. J. J. Jak "Diffractive grating structures for colour-separating backlights," Proc. SPIE 6196, 241 (2006).

Jakubiak, R.

R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kang, J. W.

J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kern, W.

Kim, D. Y.

J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J. P.

J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.J.

J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.-J.

M.-C. Oh, K.-J. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H.-X. Chen, and K.-N. Koh, "Polymeric waveguide biosensors with calixarene monolayer for detecting potassium ion concentration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kim, M. J.

J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koh, K.-N.

M.-C. Oh, K.-J. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H.-X. Chen, and K.-N. Koh, "Polymeric waveguide biosensors with calixarene monolayer for detecting potassium ion concentration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Langer, G.

Lee, J. S.

J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.-H.

M.-C. Oh, K.-J. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H.-X. Chen, and K.-N. Koh, "Polymeric waveguide biosensors with calixarene monolayer for detecting potassium ion concentration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maker, P.

Moharam, M. G.

Muller, R.

Nakano, D.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Natarajan, L.V.

R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nishikai, A.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Noguchi, M.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Numata, H.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Oh, M.-C.

M.-C. Oh, K.-J. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H.-X. Chen, and K.-N. Koh, "Polymeric waveguide biosensors with calixarene monolayer for detecting potassium ion concentration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ono, S.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Prasad, P. N.

R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Sánchez, C.

C. Sánchez, M. J. Escuti, C. van Heesch, C. W. M. Bastiaansen and D. J. Broer, "An efficient illumination system for liquid crystal displays incorporating an anisotropic hologram," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 094101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Serak, S.

Singh, R.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Suzuki, M.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Tabiryan, N.

Taira, Y.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Tondiglia, V.

R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Urbach, H. P.

Vaia, R. A.

R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Heesch, C.

C. Sánchez, M. J. Escuti, C. van Heesch, C. W. M. Bastiaansen and D. J. Broer, "An efficient illumination system for liquid crystal displays incorporating an anisotropic hologram," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 094101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

van Heesch, C. M.

D. K. G. de Boer, R. Caputo, H. J. Cornelissen, C. M. van Heesch, E. J. Hornix, M. J. J. Jak "Diffractive grating structures for colour-separating backlights," Proc. SPIE 6196, 241 (2006).

Wang, X.

Wilson, D.

Wright, D.

Xu, M.

Yamada, F.

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

Yoo, S. J.

J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zeldovich, B.

Zyss, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

R. Jakubiak, L.V. Natarajan, V. Tondiglia, G. S. He, P. N. Prasad, T. J. Bunning and R. A. Vaia, "Electrically switchable lasing from pyrromethene 597 embedded holographic-polymer dispersed liquid crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 6095 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M.-C. Oh, K.-J. Kim, J.-H. Lee, H.-X. Chen, and K.-N. Koh, "Polymeric waveguide biosensors with calixarene monolayer for detecting potassium ion concentration," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 251104 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Kang, M. J. Kim, J. P. Kim, S. J. Yoo, J. S. Lee, D. Y. Kim, and J.J. Kim "Polymeric wavelength filters fabricated using holographic surface relief gratings on azobenzene-containing polymer films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82, 3823 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Sánchez, M. J. Escuti, C. van Heesch, C. W. M. Bastiaansen and D. J. Broer, "An efficient illumination system for liquid crystal displays incorporating an anisotropic hologram," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 094101 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

D. K. G. de Boer, R. Caputo, H. J. Cornelissen, C. M. van Heesch, E. J. Hornix, M. J. J. Jak "Diffractive grating structures for colour-separating backlights," Proc. SPIE 6196, 241 (2006).

Other (5)

Y-S. Choi, J-S. Choi, J-H. Min, J-H. Kim, S-M. Lee, "Backlight unit for flat panel display and flat panel display apparatus having the same," U.S. patent application publication US2006/0285185 (Dec. 21, 2006).

Grating solver development company. www.gsolver.com

AZ Electronic Materials. www.az-em.com

ELDIM manufacturer of 2D photometers & colorimeters and Inspection systems. www.eldim.fr

8. Y. Taira, D. Nakano, H. Numata, A. Nishikai, S. Ono, F. Yamada, M. Suzuki, M. Noguchi, R. Singh, E. G. Colgan, "Low-power LCD using a novel optical system," SID 02 Digest 1313-1315 (2002); F. Yamada, S. Ono, Y. Taira, "Dual layered very thin flat surface micro prism array directly molded in an LCD cell," Eurodisplay 2002, 339-342 (2002).

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