Abstract

Satellite-derived optical properties are compared to in situ mooring and ship-based measurements at a coastal site. Comparisons include remote sensing reflectance (Rrs), chlorophyll concentration (Chl) using two different Chl algorithms, and spectral absorption [apg(λ)] and backscattering coefficients [bb(555)] using three different bio-optical algorithms. For mooring/shipboard comparisons, we observed mean relative errors of 70.5%/-3.8% (SeaWiFS OC4v4), -21.4%/-49.3% (SeaWiFS Stumpf), 109.5%/13.4% (MODIS OC3m) and 0.5%/-48.9% (MODIS Stumpf) for Chl. For satellite-derived and mooring comparisons of apg(412), we found mean relative errors of -69.4% (-67.1%), -52.6% (-48.9%), and -62.7% (-65.4%) for the Arnone, GSM, and QAA algorithms for SeaWiFS (MODIS), respectively. Mean relative errors of 21.3%, 19.9%, and 16.5% were found between SeaWiFS-derived (Arnone, GSM, and QAA algorithms, respectively) and moored bb(555) measurements. Discrepancies in Rrs at blue wavelengths are attributed to the satellite atmospheric correction and sea surface variations of the moored radiometers. High spatial and temporal variability of bio-optical properties coupled with differences in measurement techniques (pixel versus point) contribute to inconsistencies between remotely sensed and in situ bio-optical properties.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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2006 (1)

P. M. Martinolich, “The Automated Satellite Data Processing System,” http://www7333.nrlssc.navy.mil/docs/aps_v3.4/user/aps/ (2006).

2005 (1)

L. W. Harding, A. Magnuson, and M. E. Mallonee, “SeaWiFS retrievals of chlorophyll in Chesapeake Bay and the mid-Atlantic bight,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 62, 75–94 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (2)

Special Issue, “Coastal Ocean Optics and Dynamics,” Oceanogr. 17, 8–95, (2004).

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

2002 (3)

2001 (2)

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and M. Sydor, “Absorption, scattering, and particle size relationships in coastal waters: Testing a new reflectance algorithm,” J. Coastal Res. 17, 328–341 (2001).

M. Kahru and B. G. Mitchell, “Seasonal and nonseasonal variability of satellite-derived chlorophyll and colored dissolved organic matter concentration in the California Current,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 2517–2529 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

1999 (1)

1998 (4)

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

R. A. Arnone, P. Martinolich, R. W. Gould, M. Sydor, R. Stumpf, and S. Ladner, “Coastal optical properties using SeaWiFS,” in Proceedings: Ocean Optics XIV Meeting (Kona, HI,1998).

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Three-dimensional modeling of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment: coupling ocean color imagery and in situ measurements,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 21,41–21,59 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (4)

1988 (2)

H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909–10,924 (1988).
[Crossref]

A. Morel, “Optical modeling of the upper ocean in relation to its biogenous matter content (Case I Waters),”J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,749–10,768 (1988).
[Crossref]

Arnone, R. A.

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5755–5772 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ladner, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, and P. M. Martinolich, “Evaluation of SeaWiFS optical producst in coastal regions” Sea Tech. 43, 29–35 (2002).

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and M. Sydor, “Absorption, scattering, and particle size relationships in coastal waters: Testing a new reflectance algorithm,” J. Coastal Res. 17, 328–341 (2001).

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and P. M. Martinolich, “Spectral dependence of the scattering coefficient in Case 1 and Case 2 waters,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2377–2383 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Three-dimensional modeling of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment: coupling ocean color imagery and in situ measurements,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 21,41–21,59 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. A. Arnone, P. Martinolich, R. W. Gould, M. Sydor, R. Stumpf, and S. Ladner, “Coastal optical properties using SeaWiFS,” in Proceedings: Ocean Optics XIV Meeting (Kona, HI,1998).

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Remote sensing estimates of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 61, 290–301 (1997).
[Crossref]

M. Sydor and R. A. Arnone, “Effect of suspended particulate and dissolved organic matter on remote sensing of coastal and riverine waters,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6905–6912 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, and V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially-coupled ocean-atmosphere model for retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” in Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing, Vol.22, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Tech. Memo. 2002-206892, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2003).

R. A. Arnone, B. Casey, D. Ko, J. Jollif, S. Ladner, and R. Gould, “Defining the bio-optical vertical structure and shelf exchange using ocean color combined with numerical models,” in Proceedings: AGU/ASLO/TOS Ocean Sciences Meeting (Honolulu, HI,2006).

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Optical water mass classification for ocean color imagery,” in Proceedings: Second International Conference, Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I. Levin and G. Gilbert, eds., (St. Petersburg, Russia,2003).

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, R. Smith, S. D. Ladner, and P. M. Martinolich, “Coastal transport of organic and inorganic matter from ocean color remote sensing,” in Proceedings: Oceanography Society Annual Meeting, (New Orleans, LA,2003).

Baker, K. S.

H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909–10,924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Bergmann, T.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bissett, P. W.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

Boss, E.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, C. D. Mobley, E. Boss, and W. S. Pegau, “Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1574–1582 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, “Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight,” J. Geophys. Res.107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002).
[Crossref]

Brown, J. W.

H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909–10,924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Brown, O.

H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909–10,924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Campbell, J. W.

J. W. Campbell, “Methods for quantifying the uncertainty in a chlorophyll algorithm as demonstrated for the SeaWiFS algorithm,” Remote Sens. Environ. (submitted).

Carder, K. L.

Z. Lee, K. L. Carder, and R. A. Arnone, “Deriving inherent optical properties from water color: a multiband quasi-analytical algorithm for optically deep waters,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5755–5772 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

Casey, B.

R. A. Arnone, B. Casey, D. Ko, J. Jollif, S. Ladner, and R. Gould, “Defining the bio-optical vertical structure and shelf exchange using ocean color combined with numerical models,” in Proceedings: AGU/ASLO/TOS Ocean Sciences Meeting (Honolulu, HI,2006).

Chang, G.

S. Jiang, G. Chang, D. Manov, F. Spada, and T. Dickey, “Data Report: Hyperspectral Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (HyCODE) Deployment III: 19 June – 6 August 2001,” Ocean Physics Laboratory Tech. Rep. OPL-02-01 (Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif. at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA,2001) pp. 58.

Chang, G. C.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, C. D. Mobley, E. Boss, and W. S. Pegau, “Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1574–1582 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Chang, “Analyses of bio-optical variability related to physical processes on the southern New England continental shelf: July 1996 – June 1997,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA,1999) pp. 150.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, “Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight,” J. Geophys. Res.107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002).
[Crossref]

Clark, D. K.

H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909–10,924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Cleave, M. L.

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Culver, M.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

Dickey, T.

S. Jiang, G. Chang, D. Manov, F. Spada, and T. Dickey, “Data Report: Hyperspectral Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (HyCODE) Deployment III: 19 June – 6 August 2001,” Ocean Physics Laboratory Tech. Rep. OPL-02-01 (Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif. at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA,2001) pp. 58.

Dickey, T. D.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, C. D. Mobley, E. Boss, and W. S. Pegau, “Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1574–1582 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, “Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight,” J. Geophys. Res.107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002).
[Crossref]

Du, T.

Evans, R. H.

H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909–10,924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Feldman, G. C.

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Fry, E. S

Garver, S. A.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

Glenn, S. M.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, “Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight,” J. Geophys. Res.107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gordon, H. R.

H. R. Gordon, T. Du, and T. Zhang, “Remote sensing of ocean color and aerosol properties: resolving the issue of aerosol absorption,” Appl. Opt. 36, 8670–8684 (1997).
[Crossref]

H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909–10,924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Gould, R.

R. A. Arnone, B. Casey, D. Ko, J. Jollif, S. Ladner, and R. Gould, “Defining the bio-optical vertical structure and shelf exchange using ocean color combined with numerical models,” in Proceedings: AGU/ASLO/TOS Ocean Sciences Meeting (Honolulu, HI,2006).

Gould, R. W.

S. Ladner, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, and P. M. Martinolich, “Evaluation of SeaWiFS optical producst in coastal regions” Sea Tech. 43, 29–35 (2002).

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and M. Sydor, “Absorption, scattering, and particle size relationships in coastal waters: Testing a new reflectance algorithm,” J. Coastal Res. 17, 328–341 (2001).

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and P. M. Martinolich, “Spectral dependence of the scattering coefficient in Case 1 and Case 2 waters,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2377–2383 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Three-dimensional modeling of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment: coupling ocean color imagery and in situ measurements,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 21,41–21,59 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. A. Arnone, P. Martinolich, R. W. Gould, M. Sydor, R. Stumpf, and S. Ladner, “Coastal optical properties using SeaWiFS,” in Proceedings: Ocean Optics XIV Meeting (Kona, HI,1998).

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Remote sensing estimates of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 61, 290–301 (1997).
[Crossref]

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, R. Smith, S. D. Ladner, and P. M. Martinolich, “Coastal transport of organic and inorganic matter from ocean color remote sensing,” in Proceedings: Oceanography Society Annual Meeting, (New Orleans, LA,2003).

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Optical water mass classification for ocean color imagery,” in Proceedings: Second International Conference, Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I. Levin and G. Gilbert, eds., (St. Petersburg, Russia,2003).

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, and V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially-coupled ocean-atmosphere model for retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” in Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing, Vol.22, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Tech. Memo. 2002-206892, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2003).

Gregg, W. W.

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Harding, L. W.

L. W. Harding, A. Magnuson, and M. E. Mallonee, “SeaWiFS retrievals of chlorophyll in Chesapeake Bay and the mid-Atlantic bight,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 62, 75–94 (2005).
[Crossref]

Hooker, S. B.

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Irwin, A.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jiang, S.

S. Jiang, G. Chang, D. Manov, F. Spada, and T. Dickey, “Data Report: Hyperspectral Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (HyCODE) Deployment III: 19 June – 6 August 2001,” Ocean Physics Laboratory Tech. Rep. OPL-02-01 (Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif. at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA,2001) pp. 58.

Jollif, J.

R. A. Arnone, B. Casey, D. Ko, J. Jollif, S. Ladner, and R. Gould, “Defining the bio-optical vertical structure and shelf exchange using ocean color combined with numerical models,” in Proceedings: AGU/ASLO/TOS Ocean Sciences Meeting (Honolulu, HI,2006).

Kahru, M.

M. Kahru and B. G. Mitchell, “Seasonal and nonseasonal variability of satellite-derived chlorophyll and colored dissolved organic matter concentration in the California Current,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 2517–2529 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kirkpatrick, G.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ko, D.

R. A. Arnone, B. Casey, D. Ko, J. Jollif, S. Ladner, and R. Gould, “Defining the bio-optical vertical structure and shelf exchange using ocean color combined with numerical models,” in Proceedings: AGU/ASLO/TOS Ocean Sciences Meeting (Honolulu, HI,2006).

Kuring, N.

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Ladner, S.

S. Ladner, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, and P. M. Martinolich, “Evaluation of SeaWiFS optical producst in coastal regions” Sea Tech. 43, 29–35 (2002).

R. A. Arnone, P. Martinolich, R. W. Gould, M. Sydor, R. Stumpf, and S. Ladner, “Coastal optical properties using SeaWiFS,” in Proceedings: Ocean Optics XIV Meeting (Kona, HI,1998).

R. A. Arnone, B. Casey, D. Ko, J. Jollif, S. Ladner, and R. Gould, “Defining the bio-optical vertical structure and shelf exchange using ocean color combined with numerical models,” in Proceedings: AGU/ASLO/TOS Ocean Sciences Meeting (Honolulu, HI,2006).

Ladner, S. D.

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, R. Smith, S. D. Ladner, and P. M. Martinolich, “Coastal transport of organic and inorganic matter from ocean color remote sensing,” in Proceedings: Oceanography Society Annual Meeting, (New Orleans, LA,2003).

Lee, Z.

Magnuson, A.

L. W. Harding, A. Magnuson, and M. E. Mallonee, “SeaWiFS retrievals of chlorophyll in Chesapeake Bay and the mid-Atlantic bight,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 62, 75–94 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mallonee, M. E.

L. W. Harding, A. Magnuson, and M. E. Mallonee, “SeaWiFS retrievals of chlorophyll in Chesapeake Bay and the mid-Atlantic bight,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 62, 75–94 (2005).
[Crossref]

Manov, D.

S. Jiang, G. Chang, D. Manov, F. Spada, and T. Dickey, “Data Report: Hyperspectral Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (HyCODE) Deployment III: 19 June – 6 August 2001,” Ocean Physics Laboratory Tech. Rep. OPL-02-01 (Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif. at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA,2001) pp. 58.

Maritorena, S.

S. Maritorena, D. A. Siegel, and A. R. Peterson, “Optimization of a semianalytical ocean color model for global-scale applications,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2705–2714 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

Martinolich, P.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

R. A. Arnone, P. Martinolich, R. W. Gould, M. Sydor, R. Stumpf, and S. Ladner, “Coastal optical properties using SeaWiFS,” in Proceedings: Ocean Optics XIV Meeting (Kona, HI,1998).

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, and V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially-coupled ocean-atmosphere model for retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” in Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing, Vol.22, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Tech. Memo. 2002-206892, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2003).

Martinolich, P. M.

P. M. Martinolich, “The Automated Satellite Data Processing System,” http://www7333.nrlssc.navy.mil/docs/aps_v3.4/user/aps/ (2006).

S. Ladner, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, and P. M. Martinolich, “Evaluation of SeaWiFS optical producst in coastal regions” Sea Tech. 43, 29–35 (2002).

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and P. M. Martinolich, “Spectral dependence of the scattering coefficient in Case 1 and Case 2 waters,” Appl. Opt. 38, 2377–2383 (1999).
[Crossref]

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, R. Smith, S. D. Ladner, and P. M. Martinolich, “Coastal transport of organic and inorganic matter from ocean color remote sensing,” in Proceedings: Oceanography Society Annual Meeting, (New Orleans, LA,2003).

McClain, C.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

McClain, C. R.

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

Mitchell, B. G.

M. Kahru and B. G. Mitchell, “Seasonal and nonseasonal variability of satellite-derived chlorophyll and colored dissolved organic matter concentration in the California Current,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 2517–2529 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mobley, C. D.

Moline, M. A.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, “Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight,” J. Geophys. Res.107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002).
[Crossref]

Morel, A.

A. Morel, “Optical modeling of the upper ocean in relation to its biogenous matter content (Case I Waters),”J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,749–10,768 (1988).
[Crossref]

O’Reilly, J. E.

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. E. O’Reilly, and 24 Coauthors, “SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, Part 3,” in NASA Tech. Memo. 2000-206892, Vol. 11, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2000) 49 pp.

Oliver, M. J.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

Orrico, C.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

Pegau, W. S.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, C. D. Mobley, E. Boss, and W. S. Pegau, “Toward closure of upwelling radiance in coastal waters,” Appl. Opt. 42, 1574–1582 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, “Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight,” J. Geophys. Res.107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002).
[Crossref]

Pennock, J. R.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

Perl, J.

J. Perl and C. Trees, “The SDSU (CHORS) Method,” in The Second SeaWiFS HPLC Analysis Round-Robin Experiment (SeaHARRE-2), Hooker et al., eds. (NASA/TM-2005-212785, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2005) 112 pp.

Peterson, A. R.

Pope, R. M.

Ransibrahmanakul, V.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, and V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially-coupled ocean-atmosphere model for retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” in Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing, Vol.22, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Tech. Memo. 2002-206892, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2003).

V. Ransibrahmanakul and R. P. Stumpf, “Correcting ocean color reflectance for absorbing aerosols,” Int. J. Remote Sens. (in press).

Schofield, O.

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schofield, O. M.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, “Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight,” J. Geophys. Res.107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002).
[Crossref]

Siegel, D. A.

S. Maritorena, D. A. Siegel, and A. R. Peterson, “Optimization of a semianalytical ocean color model for global-scale applications,” Appl. Opt. 41, 2705–2714 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

Smith, R.

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, R. Smith, S. D. Ladner, and P. M. Martinolich, “Coastal transport of organic and inorganic matter from ocean color remote sensing,” in Proceedings: Oceanography Society Annual Meeting, (New Orleans, LA,2003).

Smith, R. C.

H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909–10,924 (1988).
[Crossref]

Spada, F.

S. Jiang, G. Chang, D. Manov, F. Spada, and T. Dickey, “Data Report: Hyperspectral Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (HyCODE) Deployment III: 19 June – 6 August 2001,” Ocean Physics Laboratory Tech. Rep. OPL-02-01 (Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif. at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA,2001) pp. 58.

Steward, R. G.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

Stumpf, R.

R. A. Arnone, P. Martinolich, R. W. Gould, M. Sydor, R. Stumpf, and S. Ladner, “Coastal optical properties using SeaWiFS,” in Proceedings: Ocean Optics XIV Meeting (Kona, HI,1998).

Stumpf, R. P.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

V. Ransibrahmanakul and R. P. Stumpf, “Correcting ocean color reflectance for absorbing aerosols,” Int. J. Remote Sens. (in press).

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, and V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially-coupled ocean-atmosphere model for retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” in Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing, Vol.22, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Tech. Memo. 2002-206892, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2003).

Subramaniam, A.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

Sydor, M.

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and M. Sydor, “Absorption, scattering, and particle size relationships in coastal waters: Testing a new reflectance algorithm,” J. Coastal Res. 17, 328–341 (2001).

R. A. Arnone, P. Martinolich, R. W. Gould, M. Sydor, R. Stumpf, and S. Ladner, “Coastal optical properties using SeaWiFS,” in Proceedings: Ocean Optics XIV Meeting (Kona, HI,1998).

M. Sydor and R. A. Arnone, “Effect of suspended particulate and dissolved organic matter on remote sensing of coastal and riverine waters,” Appl. Opt. 36, 6905–6912 (1997).
[Crossref]

Tester, P. A.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

Trees, C.

J. Perl and C. Trees, “The SDSU (CHORS) Method,” in The Second SeaWiFS HPLC Analysis Round-Robin Experiment (SeaHARRE-2), Hooker et al., eds. (NASA/TM-2005-212785, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2005) 112 pp.

Weidemann, A. D.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, “Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight,” J. Geophys. Res.107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002).
[Crossref]

Zhang, T.

Appl. Opt. (7)

Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science (1)

L. W. Harding, A. Magnuson, and M. E. Mallonee, “SeaWiFS retrievals of chlorophyll in Chesapeake Bay and the mid-Atlantic bight,” Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 62, 75–94 (2005).
[Crossref]

Int. J. Remote Sens. (1)

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Three-dimensional modeling of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment: coupling ocean color imagery and in situ measurements,” Int. J. Remote Sens. 19, 21,41–21,59 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Coastal Res. (1)

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, and M. Sydor, “Absorption, scattering, and particle size relationships in coastal waters: Testing a new reflectance algorithm,” J. Coastal Res. 17, 328–341 (2001).

J. Geophys. Res. (5)

O. Schofield, T. Bergmann, M. J. Oliver, A. Irwin, G. Kirkpatrick, P. W. Bissett, M. A. Moline, and C. Orrico, “Inversion of the spectral absorption in the optically complex coastal waters of the Mid-Atlantic Bight,” J. Geophys. Res. 109, doi:10.1029/2003JC002071 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. E. O’Reilly, S. Maritorena, B. G. Mitchell, D. A. Siegel, K. L. Carder, S. A. Garver, M. Kahru, and C. McClain, “Ocean color chlorophyll algorithms for SeaWiFS,” J. Geophys. Res. 103, 24,937–24,953 (1998).
[Crossref]

H. R. Gordon, O. Brown, R. H. Evans, J. W. Brown, R. C. Smith, K. S. Baker, and D. K. Clark, “A semianalytical radiance model of ocean color,” J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,909–10,924 (1988).
[Crossref]

M. Kahru and B. G. Mitchell, “Seasonal and nonseasonal variability of satellite-derived chlorophyll and colored dissolved organic matter concentration in the California Current,” J. Geophys. Res. 106, 2517–2529 (2001).
[Crossref]

A. Morel, “Optical modeling of the upper ocean in relation to its biogenous matter content (Case I Waters),”J. Geophys. Res. 93, 10,749–10,768 (1988).
[Crossref]

Limnol. Oceanogr. (1)

Special Issue, “Light in Shallow Waters,” Limnol. Oceanogr. 48 (2003).

Oceanogr. (1)

Special Issue, “Coastal Ocean Optics and Dynamics,” Oceanogr. 17, 8–95, (2004).

Remote Sens. Environ. (1)

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Remote sensing estimates of inherent optical properties in a coastal environment,” Remote Sens. Environ. 61, 290–301 (1997).
[Crossref]

Sea Tech. (2)

C. R. McClain, M. L. Cleave, G. C. Feldman, W. W. Gregg, S. B. Hooker, and N. Kuring, “Science quality SeaWiFS data for global biosphere research,” Sea Tech. 39, 10–16 (1998).

S. Ladner, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, and P. M. Martinolich, “Evaluation of SeaWiFS optical producst in coastal regions” Sea Tech. 43, 29–35 (2002).

Other (15)

R. A. Arnone, B. Casey, D. Ko, J. Jollif, S. Ladner, and R. Gould, “Defining the bio-optical vertical structure and shelf exchange using ocean color combined with numerical models,” in Proceedings: AGU/ASLO/TOS Ocean Sciences Meeting (Honolulu, HI,2006).

J. W. Campbell, “Methods for quantifying the uncertainty in a chlorophyll algorithm as demonstrated for the SeaWiFS algorithm,” Remote Sens. Environ. (submitted).

V. Ransibrahmanakul and R. P. Stumpf, “Correcting ocean color reflectance for absorbing aerosols,” Int. J. Remote Sens. (in press).

J. E. O’Reilly, and 24 Coauthors, “SeaWiFS Postlaunch Calibration and Validation Analyses, Part 3,” in NASA Tech. Memo. 2000-206892, Vol. 11, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds., (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2000) 49 pp.

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, V. Ransibrahmanakul, P. A. Tester, R. G. Steward, A. Subramaniam, M. Culver, and J. R. Pennock, “SeaWiFS ocean color data for US southeast coastal waters,” in Proceedings: 6th Int. Conference on Remote Sensing for Marine and Coastal Environments, (Charleston, NC,2000) pp. 25–27.

G. C. Chang, T. D. Dickey, O. M. Schofield, A. D. Weidemann, E. Boss, W. S. Pegau, M. A. Moline, and S. M. Glenn, “Nearshore processes and bio-optical properties in the New York Bight,” J. Geophys. Res.107, 3133, doi:10.1029/2001JC001018 (2002).
[Crossref]

R. W. Gould and R. A. Arnone, “Optical water mass classification for ocean color imagery,” in Proceedings: Second International Conference, Current Problems in Optics of Natural Waters, I. Levin and G. Gilbert, eds., (St. Petersburg, Russia,2003).

R. W. Gould, R. A. Arnone, R. Smith, S. D. Ladner, and P. M. Martinolich, “Coastal transport of organic and inorganic matter from ocean color remote sensing,” in Proceedings: Oceanography Society Annual Meeting, (New Orleans, LA,2003).

G. C. Chang, “Analyses of bio-optical variability related to physical processes on the southern New England continental shelf: July 1996 – June 1997,” Ph.D. dissertation (University of California, Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA,1999) pp. 150.

S. Jiang, G. Chang, D. Manov, F. Spada, and T. Dickey, “Data Report: Hyperspectral Coastal Ocean Dynamics Experiment (HyCODE) Deployment III: 19 June – 6 August 2001,” Ocean Physics Laboratory Tech. Rep. OPL-02-01 (Ocean Physics Lab., Univ. of Calif. at Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA,2001) pp. 58.

C. D. Mobley, Light and Water: Radiative Transfer in Natural Waters (Academic Press, San Diego,1994).

J. Perl and C. Trees, “The SDSU (CHORS) Method,” in The Second SeaWiFS HPLC Analysis Round-Robin Experiment (SeaHARRE-2), Hooker et al., eds. (NASA/TM-2005-212785, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2005) 112 pp.

P. M. Martinolich, “The Automated Satellite Data Processing System,” http://www7333.nrlssc.navy.mil/docs/aps_v3.4/user/aps/ (2006).

R. A. Arnone, P. Martinolich, R. W. Gould, M. Sydor, R. Stumpf, and S. Ladner, “Coastal optical properties using SeaWiFS,” in Proceedings: Ocean Optics XIV Meeting (Kona, HI,1998).

R. P. Stumpf, R. A. Arnone, R. W. Gould, P. Martinolich, and V. Ransibrahmanakul, “A partially-coupled ocean-atmosphere model for retrieval of water-leaving radiance from SeaWiFS in coastal waters,” in Algorithm Updates for the Fourth SeaWiFS Data Reprocessing, Vol.22, S. B. Hooker and E. R. Firestone, eds. (NASA Tech. Memo. 2002-206892, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD,2003).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Mooring time series of (a) Chl at 5 m, (b) apg(440) and (c) cpg(650) at 5 m (solid blue lines) and 20 m (dashed red lines); (d) SeaWiFS-derived Chl image at the LEO-15 site on 21 July 2001. The black circle indicates the mooring location. The blue circle indicates Hudson Bay plume waters.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Map of ship stations. Circles indicate locations of Rrs measurements and squares indicate filter pad samples for chlorophyll and other pigments.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Mooring-measured Rrs (solid blue lines with filled circles) compared with (a) and (b) SeaWiFS-derived (dashed red lines with triangles) Rrs on 16 July and 31 July 2001, respectively; and (c) and (d) MODIS-derived (dashed pink lines with squares) Rrs on 14 July and 21 July 2001, respectively. Ship-measured Rrs (solid blue line with open circles) is compared with SeaWiFS- and MODIS-derived Rrs on 31 July 2001 at (e) Station 5 and (f) Station 6 (see Fig. 2 for station locations). Note the issues with the satellite atmospheric correction factors.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Time series of Chl measured in situ (solid blue lines with filled circles), derived from SeaWiFS using the OC4v4 algorithm (green open triangles) and Stumpf algorithm (red open squares), and derived from MODIS using the OC3m algorithm (pink filled triangles) and Stumpf algorithm (cyan filled squares); (b) and (c) images of MODIS-derived Chl on 14 and 31 July 2001, respectively. The black circles indicate the mooring location.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Time series of in situ mooring (solid blue lines and filled circles), and SeaWiFS- (open symbols) and MODIS-derived (filled symbols) apg at (a) 412 nm, (b) 440 nm (443 nm for SeaWiFS and MODIS) nm, (c) 488 nm (490 nm for SeaWiFS), and (d) 555 nm (551 nm for MODIS) wavelengths. In situ mooring (solid blue lines with filled circles) and (e) SeaWiFS-derived spectral absorption on 30 June 2001, and (f) MODIS-derived spectral absorption on 5 July 2001. Derivations using the Arnone, GSM01, and QAA algorithms are shown as green (SeaWiFS) and pink (MODIS) triangles, black (SeaWiFS) and orange (MODIS) diamonds, and red (SeaWiFS) and cyan (MODIS) squares.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Time series of backscattering measured in situ at the mooring (solid blue lines with filled circles, 589 nm) and estimated from SeaWiFS data (555 nm) using the Arnone (green triangles), GSM01 (black triangles), and QAA (red squares) algorithms. Note: the HydroScat-6 failed after about nine days.

Tables (4)

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Table 1(a). Linear regression results for comparisons between satellite-derived (SeaWiFS and MODIS) and in situ measured (mooring and ship measurements) Rrs.

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Table 1(b). Average relative error (%) between satellite-derived and in situ measured Rrs. Rel err (%) = 100* (Rrs satellite - Rrs in situ)/(Rrs in situ) and Avg rel err (%) = Σ Rel err /n

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Table 2. Average relative error (%) between satellite-derived and in situ measured Chl. Number of comparison samples in parentheses.

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Table 3. Linear regression results and average relative error (%) between satellite-derived (SeaWiFS and MODIS) and in situ measured (mooring and ship measurements) total minus water absorption coefficient, apg(λ).

Equations (6)

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R rs ( λ ) = L w ( λ ) E d ( λ ) .
K L ( λ ) = d dz [ In L u ( λ , z ) ] ,
= 1 Δz In L u ( λ , z 2 ) L u ( λ , z 1 ) ,
L w ( λ ) = t n 2 L u ( λ , 0 )
R rs ( λ ) = C ( λ ) * b b ( λ ) a ( λ ) ,
b b ( 670 ) = R rs ( 670 ) * a w ( 670 ) 0.051 ,

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