Abstract

We demonstrate enhanced optical guiding distances for microscopic particles using a supercontinuum light beam. The enhanced spectral bandwidth of the source leads to an elongated focal region. As a result we obtain a significant radial gradient force and axial radiation pressure force over a longer distance when compared to a monochromatic Gaussian beam. The guiding distances of up to 3mm that are observed for micron-sized particles with the supercontinuum beam are approximately twice those observed using continuous wave and femtosecond laser sources when considering beams of equivalent diameter. This guiding scheme is expected to be applicable to colloidal particles, biological cells and cold atom ensembles.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2006

I. Ricardez-Vargas, P. Rodriguez-Montero, R. Ramos-Garcia, and K. Volke-Sepulveda, "Modulated optical sieve for sorting of polydisperse microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88121116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Li, K. Shi, and Z. Liu, "Manipulation and spectroscopy of a single particle by use of white-light optical tweezers," Opt. Lett. 30, 156-158 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, V. Garces-Chavez, and K. Dholakia, "Three-dimensional optical forces and transfer of orbital angular momentum from multiringed light beams to spherical microparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 1749-1757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Z. M. Zhu, and T. G. Brown, "Polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 249-257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Little, C. T. A. Brown, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical guiding of microscopic particles in femtosecond and continuous wave Bessel light beams," Opt. Express 12, 2560-2565 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

S. J. Hart, and A. V. Terray, "Refractive-index-driven separation of colloidal polymer particles using optical chromatography," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5316-5318 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, "Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice," Nature 426, 421-424 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

F. Benabid, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, "Particle levitation and guidance in hollow-core photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 10, 1195-1203 (2002).
[PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures," Science 296, 1101-1103 (2002).

V. Garces-Chavez, K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Transfer of orbital angular momentum to an optically trapped low-index particle," Phys. Rev. A 66, 063402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E. M. Wright, "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. J. Odde, and M. J. Renn, "Laser-guided direct writing of living cells," Biotechnol. Bioeng. 67, 312-318 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

C. S. Adams, and E. Riis, "Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms," Prog. Quantum Electron. 21, 1-79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1992

1986

1970

R. R. Alfano, and S. L. Shapiro, "Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592-594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

A. Ashkin, "Accelerating and trapping of particles by radiation pressure," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156-159 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Adams, C. S.

C. S. Adams, and E. Riis, "Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms," Prog. Quantum Electron. 21, 1-79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano, and S. L. Shapiro, "Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592-594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Arlt, J.

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures," Science 296, 1101-1103 (2002).

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E. M. Wright, "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ashkin, A.

Benabid, F.

Bjorkholm, J. E.

Brevik, I.

Brown, C. T. A.

Brown, T. G.

Z. M. Zhu, and T. G. Brown, "Polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 249-257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bryant, P. E.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chavez-Cerda, S.

K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, V. Garces-Chavez, and K. Dholakia, "Three-dimensional optical forces and transfer of orbital angular momentum from multiringed light beams to spherical microparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 1749-1757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

V. Garces-Chavez, K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Transfer of orbital angular momentum to an optically trapped low-index particle," Phys. Rev. A 66, 063402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

Dholakia, K.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, V. Garces-Chavez, and K. Dholakia, "Three-dimensional optical forces and transfer of orbital angular momentum from multiringed light beams to spherical microparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 1749-1757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Little, C. T. A. Brown, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical guiding of microscopic particles in femtosecond and continuous wave Bessel light beams," Opt. Express 12, 2560-2565 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, "Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice," Nature 426, 421-424 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures," Science 296, 1101-1103 (2002).

V. Garces-Chavez, K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Transfer of orbital angular momentum to an optically trapped low-index particle," Phys. Rev. A 66, 063402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E. M. Wright, "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Dziedzic, J. M.

Garces-Chavez, V.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, V. Garces-Chavez, and K. Dholakia, "Three-dimensional optical forces and transfer of orbital angular momentum from multiringed light beams to spherical microparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 1749-1757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Little, C. T. A. Brown, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical guiding of microscopic particles in femtosecond and continuous wave Bessel light beams," Opt. Express 12, 2560-2565 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Garces-Chavez, K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Transfer of orbital angular momentum to an optically trapped low-index particle," Phys. Rev. A 66, 063402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gunn-Moore, F. J.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gussgard, R.

Hart, S. J.

S. J. Hart, and A. V. Terray, "Refractive-index-driven separation of colloidal polymer particles using optical chromatography," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5316-5318 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J. C.

Li, P.

Lindmo, T.

Little, H.

Liu, Z.

MacDonald, M. P.

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, "Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice," Nature 426, 421-424 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures," Science 296, 1101-1103 (2002).

Milne, G.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Odde, D. J.

D. J. Odde, and M. J. Renn, "Laser-guided direct writing of living cells," Biotechnol. Bioeng. 67, 312-318 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papagiakoumou, E.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paterson, L.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures," Science 296, 1101-1103 (2002).

Ramos-Garcia, R.

I. Ricardez-Vargas, P. Rodriguez-Montero, R. Ramos-Garcia, and K. Volke-Sepulveda, "Modulated optical sieve for sorting of polydisperse microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88121116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Renn, M. J.

D. J. Odde, and M. J. Renn, "Laser-guided direct writing of living cells," Biotechnol. Bioeng. 67, 312-318 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ricardez-Vargas, I.

I. Ricardez-Vargas, P. Rodriguez-Montero, R. Ramos-Garcia, and K. Volke-Sepulveda, "Modulated optical sieve for sorting of polydisperse microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88121116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Riches, A. C.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Riis, E.

C. S. Adams, and E. Riis, "Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms," Prog. Quantum Electron. 21, 1-79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Montero, P.

I. Ricardez-Vargas, P. Rodriguez-Montero, R. Ramos-Garcia, and K. Volke-Sepulveda, "Modulated optical sieve for sorting of polydisperse microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88121116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. S. J.

Shapiro, S. L.

R. R. Alfano, and S. L. Shapiro, "Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592-594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shi, K.

Sibbett, W.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Little, C. T. A. Brown, V. Garces-Chavez, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Optical guiding of microscopic particles in femtosecond and continuous wave Bessel light beams," Opt. Express 12, 2560-2565 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures," Science 296, 1101-1103 (2002).

V. Garces-Chavez, K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Transfer of orbital angular momentum to an optically trapped low-index particle," Phys. Rev. A 66, 063402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Soneson, J.

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E. M. Wright, "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Spalding, G. C.

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, "Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice," Nature 426, 421-424 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tatarkova, S. A.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Terray, A. V.

S. J. Hart, and A. V. Terray, "Refractive-index-driven separation of colloidal polymer particles using optical chromatography," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5316-5318 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Volke-Sepulveda, K.

I. Ricardez-Vargas, P. Rodriguez-Montero, R. Ramos-Garcia, and K. Volke-Sepulveda, "Modulated optical sieve for sorting of polydisperse microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88121116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, V. Garces-Chavez, and K. Dholakia, "Three-dimensional optical forces and transfer of orbital angular momentum from multiringed light beams to spherical microparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 1749-1757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. P. MacDonald, L. Paterson, K. Volke-Sepulveda, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Creation and manipulation of three-dimensional optically trapped structures," Science 296, 1101-1103 (2002).

V. Garces-Chavez, K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Transfer of orbital angular momentum to an optically trapped low-index particle," Phys. Rev. A 66, 063402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wright, E. M.

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E. M. Wright, "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams," Phys. Rev. A 63, 063602 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z. M.

Z. M. Zhu, and T. G. Brown, "Polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 249-257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

L. Paterson, E. Papagiakoumou, G. Milne, V. Garces-Chavez, S. A. Tatarkova, W. Sibbett, F. J. Gunn-Moore, P. E. Bryant, A. C. Riches, and K. Dholakia, "Light-induced cell separation in a tailored optical landscape," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 123901 (2005).
[CrossRef]

I. Ricardez-Vargas, P. Rodriguez-Montero, R. Ramos-Garcia, and K. Volke-Sepulveda, "Modulated optical sieve for sorting of polydisperse microparticles," Appl. Phys. Lett. 88121116 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Hart, and A. V. Terray, "Refractive-index-driven separation of colloidal polymer particles using optical chromatography," Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 5316-5318 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Biotechnol. Bioeng.

D. J. Odde, and M. J. Renn, "Laser-guided direct writing of living cells," Biotechnol. Bioeng. 67, 312-318 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

M. P. MacDonald, G. C. Spalding, and K. Dholakia, "Microfluidic sorting in an optical lattice," Nature 426, 421-424 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys.

Z. M. Zhu, and T. G. Brown, "Polarization properties of supercontinuum spectra generated in birefringent photonic crystal fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 249-257 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, V. Garces-Chavez, and K. Dholakia, "Three-dimensional optical forces and transfer of orbital angular momentum from multiringed light beams to spherical microparticles," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B-Opt.Phys. 21, 1749-1757 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

V. Garces-Chavez, K. Volke-Sepulveda, S. Chavez-Cerda, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, "Transfer of orbital angular momentum to an optically trapped low-index particle," Phys. Rev. A 66, 063402 (2002).
[CrossRef]

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Supplementary Material (1)

» Media 1: GIF (74 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

On-axis intensity distributions I(0,z) and (inset) beam profiles I(r,z p ) of the focused radiation for the continuous wave (solid line), femtosecond (dashed line) Ti:Sapphire laser and the supercontinuum radiation (dotted line). The lens material made of borosilicate crown glass (BK7).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Axial optical force F(0,z) for (a) 5µm diameter and (b) 10µm diameter polymer spheres for the continuous wave (solid lines), femtosecond (dashed lines) laser and the supercontinuum radiation (dotted lines). Insets show more detailed comparisons for cw and femtosecond lasers.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The radial forces on 5µm spheres for the three beams employed in the experiment as a function of radial displacement r for a variety of marked propagation distances z. The colors correspond to cw (blue, solid), fs (green, dashed) and SC (red, dotted). Note how the radial force persists for the SC over a much longer distance than the other beams in turn supporting the notion of a longer guiding distance using this source

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical guiding distances for 1, 2, 5 and 10 micron particles. The 1 micron particles are not guided in the supercontinuum beam for the reasons discussed in the text.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The variation of average guiding velocity through the optical guide is shown for 5 micron spheres in a supercontinuum, femtosecond and continuous wave beam, each taken at 50mW. The line is given as a guide to the eye. Similar curves have been found for the guiding velocities of 2 micron spheres.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

5 micron particles are shown over a distance of 2.94mm, guided in a supercontinuum. The scattered light from the guided particle changes color as it moves through the focal region from deep blue to dark red. Note the heating effect of the infrared in the region around 2.75mm which lifts the particle due to convective heating out of the guide. [Media 1]

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Experimental parameters of the light sources: λ0 is the central wavelength, Δλ the bandwidth (FWHM), Δω/ω the relative bandwidth (1/e), w 0 the Gaussian beam waist before the focusing lens and D the beam diameter (FWHM) at the focus.

Equations (5)

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w ( z , λ ) = w 0 n m ( λ ) [ ( 1 1 f ( λ ) { d + z d n m ( λ ) } ) 2 + ( λ π w 0 2 { d + z d n m ( λ ) } ) 2 ]
I ( r , z ) = λ S ( λ ) · I λ ( r , z ) = λ S ( λ ) · 2 π w 2 ( z , λ ) · e 2 ( r w ( z , λ ) ) 2 .
F z ( r = 0 , z ) = n m ( λ ) R 0 2 2 c P 0 λ S ( λ ) [ 0 π 2 0 2 π I λ ( r 0 , z 0 ) Re { Q ( θ , θ t ; λ ) } sin 2 θ d φ d θ ] ,
F r ( r , z = z 0 ) = n m ( λ ) R 0 2 2 c P 0 λ S ( λ ) [ 0 π 2 0 2 π I λ ( r 0 , z 0 ) Im { Q ( θ , θ t ; λ ) } sin 2 θ cos φ d θ d θ ] ,
Q ( θ , θ t ; λ ) = 1 + R exp ( 2 i θ ) T 2 exp { 2 i ( θ θ t ) } + R exp ( 2 i θ ) 1 + R 2 + 2 R cos 2 θ t .

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