Abstract

In this study, molecule fluorescence modified by slit-based nanoantennas surrounded with metal gratings was investigated by employing the finite-difference time-domain method. We quantified the relative contribution of excitation and emission gains to the total fluorescence enhancement. The simulation results show that the asymmetric dual-grating (DG) antenna provides an efficient way to control the local excitation enhancement, the collection efficiency, and the quantum efficiency separately for bright emission and beaming light. We also investigated the dependence of fluorescence enhancement on the geometric parameters of the antenna, such as the nano-slit width and number of grooves. The asymmetric DG structure greatly improves the flexibility of the nanostructure design to further optimize the plasmonic enhancement effect and provides a promising route to manipulate single-molecule fluorescence emission.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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