Abstract

We report an experimental demonstration of optical coherence tomography for transmissive objects utilizing second-order correlation ghost imaging with thermal light. To evaluate the longitudinal resolution of our system, the concept of the imaging longitudinal coherence length is introduced, which is more accurate for judging the image quality of ghost imaging with unequal optical paths than the conventional point-to-point longitudinal coherence length. Our work should help clarify our understanding of the longitudinal coherence of thermal light, as well as provide a scheme for performing optical coherence tomography on objects that are not highly reflective.

© 2012 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601(2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost-imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, “Correlated two-photon imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2354–2356 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. X. H. Chen, Q. Liu, K. H. Luo, and L. A. Wu, “Lensless ghost imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 34, 695–697 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, ““Two-photon” coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. Cheng and S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Cai and S. Zhu, “Ghost imaging with incoherent and partially coherent light radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y.-H. Zhai, X.-H. Chen, J.-L. Zhao, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with true thermal light,” presented at CLEO/Pacific Rim, Seoul, Korea, 26-31 August 2007.
  11. G. Scarcelli, V. Barardi, and Y. H. Shih, “Phase-conjugate mirror via two-photon thermal light imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Experiment in lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, “Longitudinal coherence in thermal ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109(2008).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. L. Liu and S. S. Han, “Spatial longitudinal coherence length of a thermal source and its influence on lensless ghost imaging,” Opt. Lett. 33, 824–826 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum-optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  16. M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Demonstration of dispersion-canceled quantum-optical coherence tomography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083601 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Le Gouët, D. Venkatraman, F. N. C. Wong, and J. H. Shapiro, “Experimental realization of phase-conjugate optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 35, 1001–1003 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  19. R. Leitgeb, C. K. Hitzenberger, and A. F. Fercher, “Performance of fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 11, 889–894 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “A conceptual experiment on single-beam coincidence detection with pseudothermal light,” Opt. Express 15, 12386–12394 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  21. F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics (Science Press, 2009).
  23. Ronald E. Meyers, Keith S. Deacon, and Yanhua Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  24. Wenlin Gong and Shensheng Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

Ronald E. Meyers, Keith S. Deacon, and Yanhua Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wenlin Gong and Shensheng Han, “Correlated imaging in scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 36, 394–396 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

2009 (1)

2008 (3)

H. L. Liu and S. S. Han, “Spatial longitudinal coherence length of a thermal source and its influence on lensless ghost imaging,” Opt. Lett. 33, 824–826 (2008).
[CrossRef]

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost-imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, “Longitudinal coherence in thermal ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109(2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

2006 (3)

G. Scarcelli, V. Barardi, and Y. H. Shih, “Phase-conjugate mirror via two-photon thermal light imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Experiment in lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

Y. Cai and S. Zhu, “Ghost imaging with incoherent and partially coherent light radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601(2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhang, Y. H. Zhai, L. A. Wu, and X. H. Chen, “Correlated two-photon imaging with true thermal light,” Opt. Lett. 30, 2354–2356 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

J. Cheng and S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

R. Leitgeb, C. K. Hitzenberger, and A. F. Fercher, “Performance of fourier domain vs. time domain optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Express 11, 889–894 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Demonstration of dispersion-canceled quantum-optical coherence tomography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum-optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, ““Two-photon” coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Abouraddy, A. F.

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum-optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bache, M.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Barardi, V.

G. Scarcelli, V. Barardi, and Y. H. Shih, “Phase-conjugate mirror via two-photon thermal light imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Basano, L.

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “A conceptual experiment on single-beam coincidence detection with pseudothermal light,” Opt. Express 15, 12386–12394 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Experiment in lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bennink, R. S.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, ““Two-photon” coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bentley, S. J.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, ““Two-photon” coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

R. S. Bennink, S. J. Bentley, and R. W. Boyd, ““Two-photon” coincidence imaging with a classical source,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 113601 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Brambilla, E.

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Y.

Y. Cai and S. Zhu, “Ghost imaging with incoherent and partially coherent light radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X. H.

Chen, X.-H.

Y.-H. Zhai, X.-H. Chen, J.-L. Zhao, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with true thermal light,” presented at CLEO/Pacific Rim, Seoul, Korea, 26-31 August 2007.

Cheng, J.

J. Cheng and S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D’Angelo, M.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601(2005).
[CrossRef]

Deacon, K. S.

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost-imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Deacon, Keith S.

Ronald E. Meyers, Keith S. Deacon, and Yanhua Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fercher, A. F.

Ferri, F.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, “Longitudinal coherence in thermal ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109(2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gatti, A.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, “Longitudinal coherence in thermal ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109(2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Gergory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Wenlin

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics (Science Press, 2009).

Han, S.

J. Cheng and S. Han, “Incoherent coincidence imaging and its applicability in X-ray diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 093903 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Han, S. S.

Han, Shensheng

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hitzenberger, C. K.

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Le Gouët, J.

Leitgeb, R.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. L.

Liu, Q.

Lugiato, L. A.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Luo, K. H.

Luo, K.-H.

Y.-H. Zhai, X.-H. Chen, J.-L. Zhao, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with true thermal light,” presented at CLEO/Pacific Rim, Seoul, Korea, 26-31 August 2007.

Magatti, D.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, L. A. Lugiato, and A. Gatti, “Differential ghost imaging,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104, 253603 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, “Longitudinal coherence in thermal ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109(2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Meyers, R.

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost-imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meyers, Ronald E.

Ronald E. Meyers, Keith S. Deacon, and Yanhua Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nasr, M. B.

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Demonstration of dispersion-canceled quantum-optical coherence tomography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum-optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Ottonello, P.

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “A conceptual experiment on single-beam coincidence detection with pseudothermal light,” Opt. Express 15, 12386–12394 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Experiment in lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pittman, T. B.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sala, V. G.

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, “Longitudinal coherence in thermal ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109(2008).
[CrossRef]

Saleh, B. E. A.

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Demonstration of dispersion-canceled quantum-optical coherence tomography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum-optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scarcelli, G.

G. Scarcelli, V. Barardi, and Y. H. Shih, “Phase-conjugate mirror via two-photon thermal light imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601(2005).
[CrossRef]

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sergienko, A. V.

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Demonstration of dispersion-canceled quantum-optical coherence tomography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum-optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shapiro, J. H.

Shih, Y. H.

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost-imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. Scarcelli, V. Barardi, and Y. H. Shih, “Phase-conjugate mirror via two-photon thermal light imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601(2005).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shih, Yanhua

Ronald E. Meyers, Keith S. Deacon, and Yanhua Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Strekalov, D. V.

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Teich, M. C.

M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Demonstration of dispersion-canceled quantum-optical coherence tomography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 083601 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum-optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Valencia, A.

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601(2005).
[CrossRef]

Venkatraman, D.

Wong, F. N. C.

Wu, L. A.

Wu, L.-A.

Y.-H. Zhai, X.-H. Chen, J.-L. Zhao, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with true thermal light,” presented at CLEO/Pacific Rim, Seoul, Korea, 26-31 August 2007.

Zhai, Y. H.

Zhai, Y.-H.

Y.-H. Zhai, X.-H. Chen, J.-L. Zhao, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with true thermal light,” presented at CLEO/Pacific Rim, Seoul, Korea, 26-31 August 2007.

Zhang, D.

Zhao, J.-L.

Y.-H. Zhai, X.-H. Chen, J.-L. Zhao, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with true thermal light,” presented at CLEO/Pacific Rim, Seoul, Korea, 26-31 August 2007.

Zhu, S.

Y. Cai and S. Zhu, “Ghost imaging with incoherent and partially coherent light radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

G. Scarcelli, V. Barardi, and Y. H. Shih, “Phase-conjugate mirror via two-photon thermal light imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88, 061106 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Basano and P. Ottonello, “Experiment in lensless ghost imaging with thermal light,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 091109 (2006).
[CrossRef]

F. Ferri, D. Magatti, V. G. Sala, and A. Gatti, “Longitudinal coherence in thermal ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92, 261109(2008).
[CrossRef]

Ronald E. Meyers, Keith S. Deacon, and Yanhua Shih, “Turbulence-free ghost imaging,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 98, 111115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

A. Gatti, M. Bache, D. Magatti, E. Brambilla, F. Ferri, and L. A. Lugiato, “Coherent imaging with pseudo-thermal incoherent light,” J. Mod. Opt. 53, 739–760 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. A (3)

R. Meyers, K. S. Deacon, and Y. H. Shih, “Ghost-imaging experiment by measuring reflected photons,” Phys. Rev. A 77, 041801(R) (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, D. V. Strekalov, and A. V. Sergienko, “Optical imaging by means of two-photon quantum entanglement,” Phys. Rev. A 52, R3429 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. F. Abouraddy, M. B. Nasr, B. E. A. Saleh, A. V. Sergienko, and M. C. Teich, “Quantum-optical coherence tomography with dispersion cancellation,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 053817 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

Y. Cai and S. Zhu, “Ghost imaging with incoherent and partially coherent light radiation,” Phys. Rev. E 71, 056607 (2005).
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Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

A. Valencia, G. Scarcelli, M. D’Angelo, and Y. H. Shih, “Two-photon imaging with thermal light,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 063601(2005).
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Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gergory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

J. W. Goodman, Speckle Phenomena in Optics (Science Press, 2009).

Y.-H. Zhai, X.-H. Chen, J.-L. Zhao, K.-H. Luo, and L.-A. Wu, “Quantum optical coherence tomography with true thermal light,” presented at CLEO/Pacific Rim, Seoul, Korea, 26-31 August 2007.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of transmission thermal OCT. Db, bucket detector which collects all the light passing through the objects; Da, spatially resolving detector; Obj1, Obj2, objects to be imaged; BS, 11 beamsplitter.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Schematic of our experimental setup. D1, D2, spatially resolving detectors; Obj1, Obj2, imaginary objects; BS, beamsplitter. The two detectors are located in the planes corresponding to the two imaginary objects, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The two imaginary objects in our experiment, which are transparent except for an opaque rectangle at two different positions. Speckles are shown in the transparent regions.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental results obtained at z1=24cm (row 1), z1=22cm (row 2), z1=20cm (row 3), z1=18cm (row 4), and z1=16cm (row 5) with z2 fixed at 24 cm. The bucket signal is correlated with detector 2. Left column, 2D ghost images; right column, horizontal profiles of the images, obtained by averaging along the length of the rectangle. The images are obtained over 5000 independent random patterns.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Experimental result for z1=16cm and z2=24cm. The bucket signal is correlated with detector 1. (a) The 2D ghost image. (b) Horizontal profile of the image, obtained by averaging along the length of the rectangle. The image is obtained over 5000 independent random patterns.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Point-to-point second-order correlation functions with different maximum values and widths, corresponding to values of η equal to 1, 0.75, 0.5, 0.25, and 0. Parameter a0 is chosen as 1. When η=1, the two fields are identical with maximum correlation; η=0 indicates the fields are totally uncorrelated. The two vertical lines indicate the object region.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The imaging second-order correlation function gimage(2) as a function of the point-to-point second-order correlation for different object sizes, where γ is the ratio of the size to 1/a0. The circles indicate the values of the imaging longitudinal coherence length. The five curves correspond to γ=1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, on which the circles are located at gΔz(2)=0.423, 0.271, 0.183, 0.145, and 0.115, respectively.

Equations (11)

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g(2)(xa,ya)=Ia(xa,ya)IbIa(xa,ya)Ib,
Ia(xa,ya)=I1(x1,y1)Ib=IT1O1O2.
Ia(xa,ya)=I2(x2,y2)Ib=IT2O1O2.
g(2)=IbIaIbIa=(IaIb)IaIaIbIa=(O1+O2)I1O1+O2I1.
g(2)=(O1+O2)I2O1+O2I2.
(O1+O2)In=O1In+O2In,n=1,2,
I1(x1)I2(x2)=gΔz(2)(Δx)I1(x1)I2(x2),
gimage(2)(x1)=IbIa(xa)IbIa(xa)=objI2(x2)I1(x1)dx2objI2(x2)dx2I1(x1)=I2(x2)I1(x1)objgΔz(2)(Δx)dx2SobjI2(x2)I1(x1)=objgΔz(2)(Δx)dΔxSobj,
g0(2)(Δx)=1+(sin(a0Δx)a0Δx)2,
gΔz(2)(Δx)dΔx=g0(2)(Δx)dΔx,
gΔz(2)(Δx)=1+η(sin(ηa0Δx)ηa0Δx)2,

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