Abstract

This paper proposes a class-based spectral estimation method for high-resolution red, green, and blue (RGB) images and corresponding low-resolution spectral data. Each spectrum in the low-resolution data is assumed to be a mixture of spectra of different classes. Then, the spectral estimation matrix for every class is derived using a regression approach, in which the clustering results of the high-resolution RGB image are used to incorporate spectral unmixing. Experiments confirm reduced normalized root mean squared error for the spectral images if the number of classes in the clustering is appropriately selected. In addition, the experimental results show that the spectra are accurately reconstructed even when they are observed as mixed spectra in the low-resolution data.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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