Abstract

In the paraxial Debye regime, simple and power-efficient pupil filters are designed to break the diffraction limit along a large depth of focus (DOF) for the Gaussian beam. Dependences of the superresolution factor, DOF gain, Strehl ratio, sidelobe strength, and axial intensity nonuniformity on the Gaussian profile in the pupil plane are characterized using the numerical method. Optimal filter designs are proposed for either high-resolution or ultra-large-DOF applications followed by experimental verifications.

© 2008 Optical Society of America

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2007 (6)

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. S. Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nat. Phys. 3, 129-134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, G. Yuan, W. Tan, L. Shi, and T. Chong, “Spot size and depth of focus in optical data storage system,” Opt. Eng. 46, 065201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

L. Liu, C. Liu, W. C. Howe, C. J. R. Sheppard, and N. Chen, “Binary-phase spatial filter for real-time swept-source optical coherence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2375-2377 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. R. Sheppard, S. Ledesma, J. Campos, and J. C. Escalera, “Improved expressions for performance parameters for complex filters,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1713-1715 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (3)

H. Wang, L. Shi, G. Yuan, X. S. Miao, W. Tan, and T. Chong, “Subwavelength and superresolution nondiffraction beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yelin, I. Rizvi, W. White, J. Motz J, T. Hasan, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Three-dimensional miniature endoscopy,” Nature (London) 443, 765-765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sanner, N. Huot, E. Audouard, C. Larat, J. -P. Huignard, and B. Loiseaux, “Programmable focal spot shaping of amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1479-1481 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

2003 (2)

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. D. Aguirre, P. Hsiung, T. H. Ko, I. Hartl, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence microscopy for high-speed, in vivo cellular imaging,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2064-2066 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2001 (2)

H. Wang and F. Gan, “High focal depth with a pure-phase apodizer,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5658-5662 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, Z. Chen, and F. Gan, “Phase-shifting apodizer for next generation digital versatile disk,” Opt. Eng. 40, 991-994 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1997 (1)

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography,” Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1978 (1)

Aguirre, A. D.

Ahn, Y. -C.

Aretz, H. T.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Audouard, E.

Boppart, S. A.

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. S. Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nat. Phys. 3, 129-134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, C. Pitris, S. A. Boppart, X. D. Li, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1221-1223 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography,” Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bouma, B. E.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yelin, I. Rizvi, W. White, J. Motz J, T. Hasan, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Three-dimensional miniature endoscopy,” Nature (London) 443, 765-765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography,” Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brenner, M.

Brezinski, M. E.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography,” Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Campos, J.

Carney, P. S.

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. S. Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nat. Phys. 3, 129-134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chan, R. C.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, N.

Chen, Y.

Chen, Z.

Chong, T.

H. Wang, G. Yuan, W. Tan, L. Shi, and T. Chong, “Spot size and depth of focus in optical data storage system,” Opt. Eng. 46, 065201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, L. Shi, G. Yuan, X. S. Miao, W. Tan, and T. Chong, “Subwavelength and superresolution nondiffraction beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

de Boer, J. F.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desjardins, A. E.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drexler, W.

Escalera, J. C.

Evans, J. A.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gan, F.

Goodnow, J.

Halpern, E. F.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

Hasan, T.

D. Yelin, I. Rizvi, W. White, J. Motz J, T. Hasan, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Three-dimensional miniature endoscopy,” Nature (London) 443, 765-765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hegedus, Z. S.

Herz, P. R.

Houser, S. L.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Howe, W. C.

Hsiung, P.

Huignard, J. -P.

Huot, N.

Iftimia, N.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ippen, E. P.

Jang, I.-K.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jung, W.

Kärtner, F. X.

Kauffman, C. R.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, T. H.

Larat, C.

Ledesma, S.

Li, X. D.

Liu, C.

Liu, L.

Loiseaux, B.

MacNeill, B. M.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Madden, K.

Marks, D. L.

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. S. Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nat. Phys. 3, 129-134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

McCormick, D. T.

Miao, X. S.

H. Wang, L. Shi, G. Yuan, X. S. Miao, W. Tan, and T. Chong, “Subwavelength and superresolution nondiffraction beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Morgner, U.

Moselewski, F.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Motz J, J.

D. Yelin, I. Rizvi, W. White, J. Motz J, T. Hasan, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Three-dimensional miniature endoscopy,” Nature (London) 443, 765-765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nishioka, N. S.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petersen, C.

Pitris, C.

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, C. Pitris, S. A. Boppart, X. D. Li, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1221-1223 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography,” Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ralston, T. S.

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. S. Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nat. Phys. 3, 129-134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Rizvi, I.

D. Yelin, I. Rizvi, W. White, J. Motz J, T. Hasan, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Three-dimensional miniature endoscopy,” Nature (London) 443, 765-765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sanner, N.

Schlendorf, K. H.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt, J.

Schneider, K.

Sepehr, A.

Sheppard, C. J. R.

Shi, L.

H. Wang, G. Yuan, W. Tan, L. Shi, and T. Chong, “Spot size and depth of focus in optical data storage system,” Opt. Eng. 46, 065201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, L. Shi, G. Yuan, X. S. Miao, W. Tan, and T. Chong, “Subwavelength and superresolution nondiffraction beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Shishko, M.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shishkov, M.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shishkov, Milen

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Southern, J. F.

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography,” Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suter, M. J.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T Aretz, H.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takano, M.

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tan, W.

H. Wang, G. Yuan, W. Tan, L. Shi, and T. Chong, “Spot size and depth of focus in optical data storage system,” Opt. Eng. 46, 065201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, L. Shi, G. Yuan, X. S. Miao, W. Tan, and T. Chong, “Subwavelength and superresolution nondiffraction beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tearney, G. J.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Yelin, I. Rizvi, W. White, J. Motz J, T. Hasan, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Three-dimensional miniature endoscopy,” Nature (London) 443, 765-765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography,” Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tien, N. C.

Vakoc, B. J.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.

H. Wang, G. Yuan, W. Tan, L. Shi, and T. Chong, “Spot size and depth of focus in optical data storage system,” Opt. Eng. 46, 065201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, L. Shi, G. Yuan, X. S. Miao, W. Tan, and T. Chong, “Subwavelength and superresolution nondiffraction beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang and F. Gan, “Phase-shifting apodizers for increasing focal depth,” Appl. Opt. 41, 5263-5266 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Wang, Z. Chen, and F. Gan, “Phase-shifting apodizer for next generation digital versatile disk,” Opt. Eng. 40, 991-994 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang and F. Gan, “High focal depth with a pure-phase apodizer,” Appl. Opt. 40, 5658-5662 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y. O.

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

White, W.

D. Yelin, I. Rizvi, W. White, J. Motz J, T. Hasan, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Three-dimensional miniature endoscopy,” Nature (London) 443, 765-765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, T.

Wong, B.

WY, O. h.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yabushita, H.

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yelin, D.

D. Yelin, I. Rizvi, W. White, J. Motz J, T. Hasan, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Three-dimensional miniature endoscopy,” Nature (London) 443, 765-765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, G.

H. Wang, G. Yuan, W. Tan, L. Shi, and T. Chong, “Spot size and depth of focus in optical data storage system,” Opt. Eng. 46, 065201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, L. Shi, G. Yuan, X. S. Miao, W. Tan, and T. Chong, “Subwavelength and superresolution nondiffraction beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yun, S. H.

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. Wang, L. Shi, G. Yuan, X. S. Miao, W. Tan, and T. Chong, “Subwavelength and superresolution nondiffraction beam,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 171102 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Circulation (2)

G. J. Tearney, H. Yabushita, S. L. Houser, H. T. Aretz, I.-K. Jang, K. H. Schlendorf, C. R. Kauffman, M. Shishkov, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “Quantification of macrophage content in atherosclerotic plaques by optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 107, 113-119 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I.-K. Jang, G. J. Tearney, B. M. MacNeill, M. Takano, F. Moselewski, N. Iftimia, M. Shishkov, S. L. Houser, H. T Aretz, E. F. Halpern, and B. E. Bouma, “In vivo characterization of coronary atherosclerotic plaque using optical coherence tomography,” Circulation 111, 1551-1555 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gastrointest. Endosc. (1)

B. J. Vakoc, M. Shishko, S. H. Yun, O. h. WY, M. J. Suter, A. E. Desjardins, J. A. Evans, N. S. Nishioka, G. J. Tearney, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive esophageal microscopy by using optical frequency-domain imaging,” Gastrointest. Endosc. 65, 898-905 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Nat. Med. (1)

S. H. Yun, G. J. Tearney, B. J. Vakoc, Milen Shishkov, Y. O. Wang, A. E. Desjardins, M. J. Suter, R. C. Chan, J. A. Evans, I.-K. Jang, N. S. Nishioka, J. F. de Boer, and B. E. Bouma, “Comprehensive volumetric optical microscopy in vivo,” Nat. Med. 12, 1429-1433 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nat. Phys. (1)

T. S. Ralston, D. L. Marks, P. S. Carney, and S. A. Boppart, “Interferometric synthetic aperture microscopy,” Nat. Phys. 3, 129-134 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

D. Yelin, I. Rizvi, W. White, J. Motz J, T. Hasan, B. E. Bouma, and G. J. Tearney, “Three-dimensional miniature endoscopy,” Nature (London) 443, 765-765 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

H. Wang, Z. Chen, and F. Gan, “Phase-shifting apodizer for next generation digital versatile disk,” Opt. Eng. 40, 991-994 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, G. Yuan, W. Tan, L. Shi, and T. Chong, “Spot size and depth of focus in optical data storage system,” Opt. Eng. 46, 065201 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

L. Liu, C. Liu, W. C. Howe, C. J. R. Sheppard, and N. Chen, “Binary-phase spatial filter for real-time swept-source optical coherence microscopy,” Opt. Lett. 32, 2375-2377 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. R. Sheppard and T. Wilson, “Depth of field in the scanning microscope,” Opt. Lett. 3, 115-117 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. R. Herz, Y. Chen, A. D. Aguirre, K. Schneider, P. Hsiung, J. G. Fujimoto, K. Madden, J. Schmitt, J. Goodnow, and C. Petersen, “Micromotor endoscope catheter for in vivo, ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 29, 2261-2263 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Jung, D. T. McCormick, Y. -C. Ahn, A. Sepehr, M. Brenner, B. Wong, N. C. Tien, and Z. Chen, “In vivo three-dimensional spectral domain endoscopic optical coherence tomography using a microelectromechanical system mirror,” Opt. Lett. 32, 3239-3241 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Drexler, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, C. Pitris, S. A. Boppart, X. D. Li, E. P. Ippen, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1221-1223 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. D. Aguirre, P. Hsiung, T. H. Ko, I. Hartl, and J. G. Fujimoto, “High-resolution optical coherence microscopy for high-speed, in vivo cellular imaging,” Opt. Lett. 28, 2064-2066 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. J. R. Sheppard, S. Ledesma, J. Campos, and J. C. Escalera, “Improved expressions for performance parameters for complex filters,” Opt. Lett. 32, 1713-1715 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Sanner, N. Huot, E. Audouard, C. Larat, J. -P. Huignard, and B. Loiseaux, “Programmable focal spot shaping of amplified femtosecond laser pulses,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1479-1481 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

G. J. Tearney, M. E. Brezinski, B. E. Bouma, S. A. Boppart, C. Pitris, J. F. Southern, and J. G. Fujimoto, “In vivo endoscopic optical biopsy with optical coherence tomography,” Science 276, 2037-2039 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spot size in the focal plane for conventional and BPSF optimized focusing.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Strehl ratio for conventional and BPSF optimized focusing.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Sidelobe strength for conventional and BPSF optimized focusing.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Axial intensity nonuniformity for conventional and BPSF optimized focusing.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Intensity distribution of (a) conventional focusing and focusing with (b) Filter 1 and (c) Filter 2 when the pupil radius isdefined by 50% power level; intensity distribution of (d) conventional focusing andfocusing with (e) Filter 3 and (f) Filter 4 when the pupil radius is defined by 1% power level; intensity distribution of the (g) conventional focusing and focusing with (h) Filter 5 and (i) Filter 6 when the pupil radius is defined by 0.1% power level.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated transverse intensity distributions in the focal plane of (a) conventional focus and focuses obtained with (b) Filter 1 and (c) Filter 2; transverse intensity distribution of (d) conventional focus and focuses obtained with (e) Filter 1 and (f) Filter 2 at z = 18 mm ; transverse intensity distributions of (g) conventional focus and focuses obtained with (h) Filter 1 and (i) Filter 2 at z = 22 mm . ( a ) ( i ) corresponding measured intensity. Image size: 0.6 mm × 0.6 mm . (g)–(i): (Media 1).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured transverse intensity profiles ( z = 0 ) of conventional focusing (dashed curve, red online) and focusing with Filter 1 (dotted curve) and Filter 2 (solid curve, blue online).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Calculated transverse intensity distributions in the focal plane of (a) conventional focus and focuses obtained with (b) Filter 3 and (c) Filter 4; transverse intensity distribution of (d) conventional focus and focuses obtained with (e) Filter 3 and (f) Filter 4 at z = 16 mm ; transverse intensity distributions of (g) conventional focus and focuses obtained with (h) Filter 3 and (i) Filter 4 at z = 36 mm . ( a ) ( i ) corresponding measured intensity. Image size: 0.6 mm × 0.6 mm . (g)–(i): (Media 2 ).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Measured transverse intensity profiles of the conventional (conv.) focus at z = 0 (solid curve, red online) and focus obtained with Filter 3 at z = 0 (dotted curve), z = 8 mm (dashed curve, orange online), z = 16 mm (dash-dot curve, blue online) and z = 32 mm (crosses, green online).

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Dimension Parameters of the Depth-Invariant Superresolving Filters

Tables Icon

Table 2 Performance Parameters of Optimized Filters for Pupil Radius Defined by 50% and 1% Power Level

Tables Icon

Table 3 Optimized Parameters of the Ultra-Large-DOF Filters

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