W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Li, M. Jiang, and G. Wang, "Computational optical biopsy," Biomed. Eng. Online 4:36 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, "A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 679-686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, "Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography," Med. Phys. 31, 2289-2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, "Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 335-351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

W. Cong, L. Wang, and G. Wang, "Formulation of photon diffusion from spherical bioluminescent sources in an infinite homogeneous medium," Biomed. Eng. Online 3:12 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, and G. Wang, "A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena with the Monte Carlo method," Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029-1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, C. Bremer, and R. Weissleder, "Fluorescence imaging with near-infrared light: new technological advances that enable in vivo molecular imaging," Eur. Radiol. 13, 195-208 (2003).

[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, "Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner," Radiology 229, 566 (2003).

E. Aydin, C. Oliveira, and A. J. H. Goddard, "A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method," Med. Phys. 29, 2013-2023 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Rice, M. Cable, and M. Nelson, "In vivo imaging of light emitting probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432-440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Jacques, "Light distributions from point, line, and plane sources for photochemical reactions and fluorescence in turbid biological tissues," Photochem. Photobiol. 67, 23-32 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and M. Schweiger, "Statistical basis for the determination of optical path length in tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 1539-1558 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Wang, S. Jacques, and L. Zheng, "MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131-146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. Delpy, "The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: boundary and source conditions," Med. Phys. 22, 1779-1792 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cheong, S. Prahl, and A. J. Welch, "A review of the optical properties of biological tissues," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2166-2184 (1990).

[CrossRef]

S. Flock, M. Patterson, B. Wilson, and D. Wyman, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues-I: model predictions and comparison with diffusion theory," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1162-1168 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. Jacques, and A. Welch, "A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue," in Proc. SPIE 5, 102-111 (1989).

S. Flock, B. Wilson, and M. Patterson, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues--II: comparison with measurements in phantoms," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1169-1173 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Joseph, W. Wiscombe, and J. Weinman, "The delta-Eddington approximation for radiative flux transfer," J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 2452-2459 (1976).

[CrossRef]

E. Shettle and J. Weinman, "The transfer of solar irradiance through inhomogeneous turbid atmospheres evaluated by Eddington's approximation," J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 1048-1055 (1970).

[CrossRef]

B. Wilson and G. Adam, "A Monte Carlo model for the absorption and flux distributions of light in tissue," Med. Phys. 10, 824-830 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and M. Schweiger, "Statistical basis for the determination of optical path length in tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 1539-1558 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. Delpy, "The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: boundary and source conditions," Med. Phys. 22, 1779-1792 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Aydin, C. Oliveira, and A. J. H. Goddard, "A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method," Med. Phys. 29, 2013-2023 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Boas, "Diffuse photon probes of structural and dynamical properties of turbid media," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Pennsylvania, 1996).

V. Ntziachristos, C. Bremer, and R. Weissleder, "Fluorescence imaging with near-infrared light: new technological advances that enable in vivo molecular imaging," Eur. Radiol. 13, 195-208 (2003).

[PubMed]

B. Rice, M. Cable, and M. Nelson, "In vivo imaging of light emitting probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432-440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Case and P. Zweifel, Linear Transport Theory (Addison-Wesley, 1967).

S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Clarendon, 1950).

W. Cheong, S. Prahl, and A. J. Welch, "A review of the optical properties of biological tissues," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2166-2184 (1990).

[CrossRef]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, "A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 679-686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, "A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 679-686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, and G. Wang, "A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena with the Monte Carlo method," Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029-1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, L. Wang, and G. Wang, "Formulation of photon diffusion from spherical bioluminescent sources in an infinite homogeneous medium," Biomed. Eng. Online 3:12 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. Delpy, "The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: boundary and source conditions," Med. Phys. 22, 1779-1792 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Flock, M. Patterson, B. Wilson, and D. Wyman, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues-I: model predictions and comparison with diffusion theory," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1162-1168 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Flock, B. Wilson, and M. Patterson, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues--II: comparison with measurements in phantoms," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1169-1173 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Aydin, C. Oliveira, and A. J. H. Goddard, "A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method," Med. Phys. 29, 2013-2023 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and M. Schweiger, "Statistical basis for the determination of optical path length in tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 1539-1558 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. Delpy, "The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: boundary and source conditions," Med. Phys. 22, 1779-1792 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, and G. Wang, "A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena with the Monte Carlo method," Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029-1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, "Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner," Radiology 229, 566 (2003).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Academic, 1978).

S. Jacques, "Light distributions from point, line, and plane sources for photochemical reactions and fluorescence in turbid biological tissues," Photochem. Photobiol. 67, 23-32 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Wang, S. Jacques, and L. Zheng, "MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131-146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. Jacques, and A. Welch, "A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue," in Proc. SPIE 5, 102-111 (1989).

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Li, M. Jiang, and G. Wang, "Computational optical biopsy," Biomed. Eng. Online 4:36 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, "Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography," Med. Phys. 31, 2289-2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, "Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 335-351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, "Computational optical biopsy methods, techniques and apparatus," patent disclosure filed with the University of Iowa Research Foundation in December 2003; provisional patent filed in 2004.

J. Joseph, W. Wiscombe, and J. Weinman, "The delta-Eddington approximation for radiative flux transfer," J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 2452-2459 (1976).

[CrossRef]

S. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. Jacques, and A. Welch, "A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue," in Proc. SPIE 5, 102-111 (1989).

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, "A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 679-686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, and G. Wang, "A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena with the Monte Carlo method," Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029-1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Li, M. Jiang, and G. Wang, "Computational optical biopsy," Biomed. Eng. Online 4:36 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, "Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography," Med. Phys. 31, 2289-2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, "Computational optical biopsy methods, techniques and apparatus," patent disclosure filed with the University of Iowa Research Foundation in December 2003; provisional patent filed in 2004.

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, "A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 679-686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

I. Manno, Introduction to the Monte Carlo Method (Akadémiai Kiadó, 1999).

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, "Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner," Radiology 229, 566 (2003).

G. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, "Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner," Radiology 229, 566 (2003).

B. Rice, M. Cable, and M. Nelson, "In vivo imaging of light emitting probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432-440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, C. Bremer, and R. Weissleder, "Fluorescence imaging with near-infrared light: new technological advances that enable in vivo molecular imaging," Eur. Radiol. 13, 195-208 (2003).

[PubMed]

E. Aydin, C. Oliveira, and A. J. H. Goddard, "A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method," Med. Phys. 29, 2013-2023 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Flock, M. Patterson, B. Wilson, and D. Wyman, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues-I: model predictions and comparison with diffusion theory," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1162-1168 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Flock, B. Wilson, and M. Patterson, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues--II: comparison with measurements in phantoms," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1169-1173 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cheong, S. Prahl, and A. J. Welch, "A review of the optical properties of biological tissues," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2166-2184 (1990).

[CrossRef]

S. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. Jacques, and A. Welch, "A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue," in Proc. SPIE 5, 102-111 (1989).

S. Prahl, "Light transport in tissue," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Texas at Austin, l988).

B. Rice, M. Cable, and M. Nelson, "In vivo imaging of light emitting probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432-440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. Delpy, "The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: boundary and source conditions," Med. Phys. 22, 1779-1792 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and M. Schweiger, "Statistical basis for the determination of optical path length in tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 1539-1558 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Shettle and J. Weinman, "The transfer of solar irradiance through inhomogeneous turbid atmospheres evaluated by Eddington's approximation," J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 1048-1055 (1970).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, "Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner," Radiology 229, 566 (2003).

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, and G. Wang, "A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena with the Monte Carlo method," Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029-1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Tuchin, Tissue Optics: Light Scattering Methods and Instruments for Medical Diagnosis (SPIE, 2000).

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Li, M. Jiang, and G. Wang, "Computational optical biopsy," Biomed. Eng. Online 4:36 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, "Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 335-351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, "A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 679-686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, "Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography," Med. Phys. 31, 2289-2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, L. Wang, and G. Wang, "Formulation of photon diffusion from spherical bioluminescent sources in an infinite homogeneous medium," Biomed. Eng. Online 3:12 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, and G. Wang, "A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena with the Monte Carlo method," Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029-1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, "Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner," Radiology 229, 566 (2003).

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, "Computational optical biopsy methods, techniques and apparatus," patent disclosure filed with the University of Iowa Research Foundation in December 2003; provisional patent filed in 2004.

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, and G. Wang, "A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena with the Monte Carlo method," Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029-1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, L. Wang, and G. Wang, "Formulation of photon diffusion from spherical bioluminescent sources in an infinite homogeneous medium," Biomed. Eng. Online 3:12 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, "Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner," Radiology 229, 566 (2003).

L. Wang, S. Jacques, and L. Zheng, "MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131-146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Joseph, W. Wiscombe, and J. Weinman, "The delta-Eddington approximation for radiative flux transfer," J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 2452-2459 (1976).

[CrossRef]

E. Shettle and J. Weinman, "The transfer of solar irradiance through inhomogeneous turbid atmospheres evaluated by Eddington's approximation," J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 1048-1055 (1970).

[CrossRef]

V. Ntziachristos, C. Bremer, and R. Weissleder, "Fluorescence imaging with near-infrared light: new technological advances that enable in vivo molecular imaging," Eur. Radiol. 13, 195-208 (2003).

[PubMed]

S. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. Jacques, and A. Welch, "A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue," in Proc. SPIE 5, 102-111 (1989).

W. Cheong, S. Prahl, and A. J. Welch, "A review of the optical properties of biological tissues," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2166-2184 (1990).

[CrossRef]

S. Flock, M. Patterson, B. Wilson, and D. Wyman, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues-I: model predictions and comparison with diffusion theory," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1162-1168 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Flock, B. Wilson, and M. Patterson, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues--II: comparison with measurements in phantoms," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1169-1173 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Wilson and G. Adam, "A Monte Carlo model for the absorption and flux distributions of light in tissue," Med. Phys. 10, 824-830 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. C. Wilson, "Measurement of tissue optical properties: methods and theories," in Optical-Thermal Response of Laser-Irradiated Tissue, A.J.Welch and M.J. C.van Gemert, eds. (Plenum, 1995).

J. Joseph, W. Wiscombe, and J. Weinman, "The delta-Eddington approximation for radiative flux transfer," J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 2452-2459 (1976).

[CrossRef]

S. Flock, M. Patterson, B. Wilson, and D. Wyman, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues-I: model predictions and comparison with diffusion theory," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1162-1168 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Wang, S. Jacques, and L. Zheng, "MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131-146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, and G. Wang, "A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena with the Monte Carlo method," Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029-1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. Case and P. Zweifel, Linear Transport Theory (Addison-Wesley, 1967).

H. Li, J. Tian, F. Zhu, W. Cong, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, and G. Wang, "A mouse optical simulation environment (MOSE) to investigate bioluminescent phenomena with the Monte Carlo method," Acad. Radiol. 11, 1029-1038 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Li, M. Jiang, and G. Wang, "Computational optical biopsy," Biomed. Eng. Online 4:36 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, L. Wang, and G. Wang, "Formulation of photon diffusion from spherical bioluminescent sources in an infinite homogeneous medium," Biomed. Eng. Online 3:12 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Wang, S. Jacques, and L. Zheng, "MCML--Monte Carlo modeling of photon transport in multi-layered tissues," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47, 131-146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Ntziachristos, C. Bremer, and R. Weissleder, "Fluorescence imaging with near-infrared light: new technological advances that enable in vivo molecular imaging," Eur. Radiol. 13, 195-208 (2003).

[PubMed]

W. Cheong, S. Prahl, and A. J. Welch, "A review of the optical properties of biological tissues," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 2166-2184 (1990).

[CrossRef]

S. Flock, B. Wilson, and M. Patterson, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues--II: comparison with measurements in phantoms," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1169-1173 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Flock, M. Patterson, B. Wilson, and D. Wyman, "Monte Carlo modeling of light propagation in highly scattering tissues-I: model predictions and comparison with diffusion theory," IEEE Trans. Biomed. Eng. 36, 1162-1168 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Shettle and J. Weinman, "The transfer of solar irradiance through inhomogeneous turbid atmospheres evaluated by Eddington's approximation," J. Atmos. Sci. 27, 1048-1055 (1970).

[CrossRef]

J. Joseph, W. Wiscombe, and J. Weinman, "The delta-Eddington approximation for radiative flux transfer," J. Atmos. Sci. 33, 2452-2459 (1976).

[CrossRef]

B. Rice, M. Cable, and M. Nelson, "In vivo imaging of light emitting probes," J. Biomed. Opt. 6, 432-440 (2001).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Wilson and G. Adam, "A Monte Carlo model for the absorption and flux distributions of light in tissue," Med. Phys. 10, 824-830 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Schweiger, S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and D. Delpy, "The finite element method for the propagation of light in scattering media: boundary and source conditions," Med. Phys. 22, 1779-1792 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Aydin, C. Oliveira, and A. J. H. Goddard, "A comparison between transport and diffusion calculations using a finite element-spherical harmonics radiation transport method," Med. Phys. 29, 2013-2023 (2002).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, "Uniqueness theorems in bioluminescence tomography," Med. Phys. 31, 2289-2299 (2004).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

W. Cong, G. Wang, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, M. Jiang, L. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, P. McCray, J. Zabner, and A. Cong, "A practical reconstruction method for bioluminescence tomography," Opt. Express 13, 6756-6771 (2005).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Jacques, "Light distributions from point, line, and plane sources for photochemical reactions and fluorescence in turbid biological tissues," Photochem. Photobiol. 67, 23-32 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Arridge, M. Hiraoka, and M. Schweiger, "Statistical basis for the determination of optical path length in tissue," Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 1539-1558 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Prahl, M. Keijzer, S. Jacques, and A. Welch, "A Monte Carlo model of light propagation in tissue," in Proc. SPIE 5, 102-111 (1989).

W. Cong, D. Kumar, Y. Liu, A. Cong, and G. Wang, "A practical method to determine the light source distribution in bioluminescent imaging," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 679-686 (2004).

[CrossRef]

M. Jiang and G. Wang, "Image reconstruction for bioluminescence tomography," in Proc. SPIE 5535, 335-351 (2004).

[CrossRef]

G. Wang, E. Hoffman, G. McLennan, L. Wang, M. Suter, and J. Meinel, "Development of the first bioluminescent CT scanner," Radiology 229, 566 (2003).

V. Tuchin, Tissue Optics: Light Scattering Methods and Instruments for Medical Diagnosis (SPIE, 2000).

B. C. Wilson, "Measurement of tissue optical properties: methods and theories," in Optical-Thermal Response of Laser-Irradiated Tissue, A.J.Welch and M.J. C.van Gemert, eds. (Plenum, 1995).

I. Manno, Introduction to the Monte Carlo Method (Akadémiai Kiadó, 1999).

S. Chandrasekhar, Radiative Transfer (Clarendon, 1950).

K. Case and P. Zweifel, Linear Transport Theory (Addison-Wesley, 1967).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Academic, 1978).

G. Wang, Y. Li, and M. Jiang, "Computational optical biopsy methods, techniques and apparatus," patent disclosure filed with the University of Iowa Research Foundation in December 2003; provisional patent filed in 2004.

S. Prahl, "Light transport in tissue," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Texas at Austin, l988).

D. Boas, "Diffuse photon probes of structural and dynamical properties of turbid media," Ph.D. dissertation (University of Pennsylvania, 1996).