Abstract

Perceptual resolution and crosstalk of active and passive stereoscopic 3D displays are evaluated by subjective tests. Test patterns of gratings with various contrast and spatial frequencies are used to determine the contrast thresholds, from which the contrast sensitivity of human visual systems is obtained. Perceptual resolution tests show that viewers can perceive the highest vertical frequency on active displays, but not on passive displays. However, the contrast sensitivity is higher for passive displays than active displays for all other frequencies. Viewers can perceive frequency components with lower contrast, except for the highest frequency, more easily on passive displays than on active displays. Perceptual crosstalk tests show that interocular crosstalk is a function of spatial frequency. Crosstalk is lower on passive displays than on active displays.

© 2013 IEEE

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  2. S. Triantaphillidou, R. E. Jacobson, "Measurements of the modulation transfer function of image displays," Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 48, 58-65 (2004).
  3. C. Owsley, "Contrast sensitivity," Ophthalmol. Clin. N. Amer. 16, 171-177 (2003).
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  5. J. Kane, “3D Display resolution,” http://www.videoessentials.com/3D.php.
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  9. W. Bloos, “Ghosting Test—Standard method for determining ghost image,” http://www.stereoforum.org/viewtopic.php?f=16&t=53.
  10. L. Wang, T. Kees, Y. Tu, L. Chen, P. Zhang, T. Zhang, I. Heynderickx, "Crosstalk evaluation in stereoscopic displays," Journal of Display Technology 7, 208-214 (2011).
  11. D.-H. Kang, E.-J. Lee, J.-H. Lee, J.-K. Song, "Perceptual strength of 3-D crosstalk in both achromatic and color images in stereoscopic 3-D displays," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 21, 32353-3261 (2012).
  12. L. Lipton, "Factors affecting hosting in time-multiplexed plano-stereoscopic CRT display systems," Proc. SPIE (1987) pp. 7578.
  13. R. Kaptein, I. Heynderickx, "Effect of crosstalk in multi-view autostereoscopic 3D displays on perceived image quality," SID Symp. Dig. (2007) pp. 12201223.
  14. A. Woods, S. Tan, "Characterising sources of ghosting in time-sequential stereoscopic video displays," Proc. SPIE (2001) pp. 6677.
  15. Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, T. Tanabe, "3D crosstalk of stereoscopic (3-D) display using patterned retarder and corresponding glasses," Proc. IDW (2008) pp. 11351138.
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2012 (1)

D.-H. Kang, E.-J. Lee, J.-H. Lee, J.-K. Song, "Perceptual strength of 3-D crosstalk in both achromatic and color images in stereoscopic 3-D displays," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 21, 32353-3261 (2012).

2011 (1)

L. Wang, T. Kees, Y. Tu, L. Chen, P. Zhang, T. Zhang, I. Heynderickx, "Crosstalk evaluation in stereoscopic displays," Journal of Display Technology 7, 208-214 (2011).

2005 (1)

S. A. Julious, "Sample size of 12 per group rule of thumb for a pilot study," Pharmac. Statist. 4, 287291 (2005).

2004 (1)

S. Triantaphillidou, R. E. Jacobson, "Measurements of the modulation transfer function of image displays," Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 48, 58-65 (2004).

2003 (1)

C. Owsley, "Contrast sensitivity," Ophthalmol. Clin. N. Amer. 16, 171-177 (2003).

IEEE Trans. Image Process. (1)

D.-H. Kang, E.-J. Lee, J.-H. Lee, J.-K. Song, "Perceptual strength of 3-D crosstalk in both achromatic and color images in stereoscopic 3-D displays," IEEE Trans. Image Process. 21, 32353-3261 (2012).

Journal of Imaging Science and Technology (1)

S. Triantaphillidou, R. E. Jacobson, "Measurements of the modulation transfer function of image displays," Journal of Imaging Science and Technology 48, 58-65 (2004).

Journal of Display Technology (1)

L. Wang, T. Kees, Y. Tu, L. Chen, P. Zhang, T. Zhang, I. Heynderickx, "Crosstalk evaluation in stereoscopic displays," Journal of Display Technology 7, 208-214 (2011).

Ophthalmol. Clin. N. Amer. (1)

C. Owsley, "Contrast sensitivity," Ophthalmol. Clin. N. Amer. 16, 171-177 (2003).

Pharmac. Statist. (1)

S. A. Julious, "Sample size of 12 per group rule of thumb for a pilot study," Pharmac. Statist. 4, 287291 (2005).

Other (12)

G. D. Boreman, Modulation Transfer Function in Optical and Electro-Optical Systems (SPIE Press, 2001).

L. Lipton, "Factors affecting hosting in time-multiplexed plano-stereoscopic CRT display systems," Proc. SPIE (1987) pp. 7578.

R. Kaptein, I. Heynderickx, "Effect of crosstalk in multi-view autostereoscopic 3D displays on perceived image quality," SID Symp. Dig. (2007) pp. 12201223.

A. Woods, S. Tan, "Characterising sources of ghosting in time-sequential stereoscopic video displays," Proc. SPIE (2001) pp. 6677.

Y. Yoshihara, H. Ujike, T. Tanabe, "3D crosstalk of stereoscopic (3-D) display using patterned retarder and corresponding glasses," Proc. IDW (2008) pp. 11351138.

A. Michelson, Studies in Optics (Univ. Chicago Press, 1927).

M. J. Jenquin, "A bridge between modulation transfer function and minimum resolvable contrast," Proc. SPIE (1995) pp. 380-385.

J. Kane, “3D Display resolution,” http://www.videoessentials.com/3D.php.

J. S. Kim, M. S. Banks, "Effective spatial resolution of temporally and spatially interlaced stereo 3D televisions," 2012 SID Int. Symp. Seminar, and Exhibition (2012).

A. Woods, "Understanding crosstalk in stereoscopic displays," Three-Dimensional Syst. Appl. Conf. (2010).

R. M. Soneira, “3D TV display technology shoot-out,” http://www.displaymate.com/3D_TV_ShootOut_1.htm.

W. Bloos, “Ghosting Test—Standard method for determining ghost image,” http://www.stereoforum.org/viewtopic.php?f=16&t=53.

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