Abstract

A mesoporous composite silica film loaded with organic dye has been successfully synthesized by a solgel reaction process and a simple postgrafting method at room temperature. The composite film was characterized by x-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, UV–Vis, photoluminescence (PL) spectra, and laser performance, and the results confirmed the existence of dyes in the channels of the silica film. A blue-shift and fluorescence property in the PL spectrum was observed from the composite film compared with that of dye molecules in C2H5OH solution. The spectrum narrowing phenomena has been observed when the composite film is pumped at λp=355nm by a Nd:YAG pulsed laser. A narrower, higher peak was observed in emission spectra from the mesostructured composite silica film compared with the PL spectrum of dye in C2H5OH solution. There is a substantial reduction in the full width at half-maximum of the emitting light, which results in peaks with linewidths of 26 nm or more. This collapse of the emission spectrum is one of the signatures of the presence of amplified spontaneous emission.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Florian, B. Thomas, P. P. Markus, C. B. Thorbjorn, and W. K. Alexander, “Tunable laser thin film interrogation,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 979–983 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Zou, S. Q. Lou, and G. L. Yin, “A wavelength-tunable fiber laser based on a twin-core fiber comb filter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 45, 629–633 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. V. Deshpande and U. Kumar, “Efficient lasing action from rhodamine-110(Rh-110) impregnated sol-gel silica samples prepared by dip method,” J. Lumin. 130, 839–844 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533–2535 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. U. Scherf, S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, and R. F. Mahrt, “Conjugated polymers: lasing and stimulated emission,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 143–154 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. S. Park, B. An, and C. S. Ha, “High-quality and mesotructured organosilica monolith as a potential UV sensor,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 111, 367–378 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  10. U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. Zhao, J. Sun, Q. Li, and G. D. Stucky, “Morphological control of highly ordered large pore mesoporous silica SBA-15,” Chem. Mater. 12, 275–279 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant control of phases in the synthesis of mesoporous silica-based materials,” Chem. Mater. 8, 1147–1160 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. C. Yu, J. Fan, D. Zhao, and G. D. Stucky, “High-yield synthesis of periodic mesoporous silica rods and their replication to mesoporous carbon rods,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1742–1745 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. J. Shin, R. Ryoo, M. Kruk, and M. Jaroniec, “Modification of SBA-15 pore connectivity by high-temperature calcination investigated by carbon inverse replication,” Chem. Commun. 4, 349–350 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  16. G. Gu, P. P. Ong, and Q. Li, “Photoluminescence of coumarin 540 dye confined in mesoporous silica,” J. Phys. D 32, 2287–2289 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. W. Xu and D. L. Akins, “Absorption and exciton emission by an aggregated cyanine dye occluded within mesoporous SBA-15,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 1991–1994 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. Li, J. Zhang, M. Anpo, M. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Photophysical and photochemical properties of coumarin-6 molecules incorporated within MCM-48,” Mater. Lett. 59, 2120–2123 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  19. F. Marlow, M. D. McGehee, D. Zhao, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Doped mesoporous silica fibers: a new laser material,” Adv. Mater. 11, 632–636 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  20. M. N. Guli, X. T. Li, K. Zhang, and Y. Chi, “Photoluminescence and laser properties of mesostructured SBA-15 monolith doped with coumarin 151,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 54, 329–334 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hansch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153–159 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  22. G. Schulz-Ekloff, D. Wöhrle, B. van Duffel, and R. Schoonheydt, “Chromophores in porous silicas and minerals: preparation and optical properties,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 51, 91–138 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. K. Zhang, M. N. Guli, S. M. Zhang, X. T. Li, and D. G. Ma, “Low threshold amplified spontaneous emission based on coumarin 151 encapsulated in mesoporous SBA-15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231112 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2013 (1)

H. Zou, S. Q. Lou, and G. L. Yin, “A wavelength-tunable fiber laser based on a twin-core fiber comb filter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 45, 629–633 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

H. Florian, B. Thomas, P. P. Markus, C. B. Thorbjorn, and W. K. Alexander, “Tunable laser thin film interrogation,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 979–983 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (2)

A. V. Deshpande and U. Kumar, “Efficient lasing action from rhodamine-110(Rh-110) impregnated sol-gel silica samples prepared by dip method,” J. Lumin. 130, 839–844 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Guli, X. T. Li, K. Zhang, and Y. Chi, “Photoluminescence and laser properties of mesostructured SBA-15 monolith doped with coumarin 151,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 54, 329–334 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (1)

Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (2)

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Park, B. An, and C. S. Ha, “High-quality and mesotructured organosilica monolith as a potential UV sensor,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 111, 367–378 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

D. K. Zhang, M. N. Guli, S. M. Zhang, X. T. Li, and D. G. Ma, “Low threshold amplified spontaneous emission based on coumarin 151 encapsulated in mesoporous SBA-15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

D. Li, J. Zhang, M. Anpo, M. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Photophysical and photochemical properties of coumarin-6 molecules incorporated within MCM-48,” Mater. Lett. 59, 2120–2123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533–2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (3)

W. Xu and D. L. Akins, “Absorption and exciton emission by an aggregated cyanine dye occluded within mesoporous SBA-15,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 1991–1994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Yu, J. Fan, D. Zhao, and G. D. Stucky, “High-yield synthesis of periodic mesoporous silica rods and their replication to mesoporous carbon rods,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1742–1745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Schulz-Ekloff, D. Wöhrle, B. van Duffel, and R. Schoonheydt, “Chromophores in porous silicas and minerals: preparation and optical properties,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 51, 91–138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

H. J. Shin, R. Ryoo, M. Kruk, and M. Jaroniec, “Modification of SBA-15 pore connectivity by high-temperature calcination investigated by carbon inverse replication,” Chem. Commun. 4, 349–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

U. Scherf, S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, and R. F. Mahrt, “Conjugated polymers: lasing and stimulated emission,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 143–154 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

D. Zhao, J. Sun, Q. Li, and G. D. Stucky, “Morphological control of highly ordered large pore mesoporous silica SBA-15,” Chem. Mater. 12, 275–279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

G. Gu, P. P. Ong, and Q. Li, “Photoluminescence of coumarin 540 dye confined in mesoporous silica,” J. Phys. D 32, 2287–2289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Marlow, M. D. McGehee, D. Zhao, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Doped mesoporous silica fibers: a new laser material,” Adv. Mater. 11, 632–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
[CrossRef]

U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant control of phases in the synthesis of mesoporous silica-based materials,” Chem. Mater. 8, 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hansch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153–159 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Abraham, M.

U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Akins, D. L.

W. Xu and D. L. Akins, “Absorption and exciton emission by an aggregated cyanine dye occluded within mesoporous SBA-15,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 1991–1994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, W. K.

H. Florian, B. Thomas, P. P. Markus, C. B. Thorbjorn, and W. K. Alexander, “Tunable laser thin film interrogation,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 979–983 (2011).
[CrossRef]

An, B.

S. S. Park, B. An, and C. S. Ha, “High-quality and mesotructured organosilica monolith as a potential UV sensor,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 111, 367–378 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Andrew, P.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Anpo, M.

D. Li, J. Zhang, M. Anpo, M. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Photophysical and photochemical properties of coumarin-6 molecules incorporated within MCM-48,” Mater. Lett. 59, 2120–2123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D. P.

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chey, D.

Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chi, Y.

M. N. Guli, X. T. Li, K. Zhang, and Y. Chi, “Photoluminescence and laser properties of mesostructured SBA-15 monolith doped with coumarin 151,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 54, 329–334 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chmelka, B. F.

F. Marlow, M. D. McGehee, D. Zhao, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Doped mesoporous silica fibers: a new laser material,” Adv. Mater. 11, 632–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cubeddu, R.

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hansch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153–159 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Curry, S. M.

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hansch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153–159 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Da, N.

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dang, Z.

Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Deshpande, A. V.

A. V. Deshpande and U. Kumar, “Efficient lasing action from rhodamine-110(Rh-110) impregnated sol-gel silica samples prepared by dip method,” J. Lumin. 130, 839–844 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fan, J.

C. Yu, J. Fan, D. Zhao, and G. D. Stucky, “High-yield synthesis of periodic mesoporous silica rods and their replication to mesoporous carbon rods,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1742–1745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fan, R.

Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Feng, J.

D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Florian, H.

H. Florian, B. Thomas, P. P. Markus, C. B. Thorbjorn, and W. K. Alexander, “Tunable laser thin film interrogation,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 979–983 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Fredrickson, G. H.

D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gu, G.

G. Gu, P. P. Ong, and Q. Li, “Photoluminescence of coumarin 540 dye confined in mesoporous silica,” J. Phys. D 32, 2287–2289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guli, M. N.

M. N. Guli, X. T. Li, K. Zhang, and Y. Chi, “Photoluminescence and laser properties of mesostructured SBA-15 monolith doped with coumarin 151,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 54, 329–334 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Zhang, M. N. Guli, S. M. Zhang, X. T. Li, and D. G. Ma, “Low threshold amplified spontaneous emission based on coumarin 151 encapsulated in mesoporous SBA-15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ha, C. S.

S. S. Park, B. An, and C. S. Ha, “High-quality and mesotructured organosilica monolith as a potential UV sensor,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 111, 367–378 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Hansch, T. W.

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hansch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153–159 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Huo, Q.

D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant control of phases in the synthesis of mesoporous silica-based materials,” Chem. Mater. 8, 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ihlein, G.

U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Jaroniec, M.

H. J. Shin, R. Ryoo, M. Kruk, and M. Jaroniec, “Modification of SBA-15 pore connectivity by high-temperature calcination investigated by carbon inverse replication,” Chem. Commun. 4, 349–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kawahira, T.

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533–2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Krau, O.

U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kruk, M.

H. J. Shin, R. Ryoo, M. Kruk, and M. Jaroniec, “Modification of SBA-15 pore connectivity by high-temperature calcination investigated by carbon inverse replication,” Chem. Commun. 4, 349–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, U.

A. V. Deshpande and U. Kumar, “Efficient lasing action from rhodamine-110(Rh-110) impregnated sol-gel silica samples prepared by dip method,” J. Lumin. 130, 839–844 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Laeri, F.

U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lemmer, U.

U. Scherf, S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, and R. F. Mahrt, “Conjugated polymers: lasing and stimulated emission,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 143–154 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, D.

D. Li, J. Zhang, M. Anpo, M. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Photophysical and photochemical properties of coumarin-6 molecules incorporated within MCM-48,” Mater. Lett. 59, 2120–2123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q.

D. Zhao, J. Sun, Q. Li, and G. D. Stucky, “Morphological control of highly ordered large pore mesoporous silica SBA-15,” Chem. Mater. 12, 275–279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

G. Gu, P. P. Ong, and Q. Li, “Photoluminescence of coumarin 540 dye confined in mesoporous silica,” J. Phys. D 32, 2287–2289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. T.

M. N. Guli, X. T. Li, K. Zhang, and Y. Chi, “Photoluminescence and laser properties of mesostructured SBA-15 monolith doped with coumarin 151,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 54, 329–334 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. K. Zhang, M. N. Guli, S. M. Zhang, X. T. Li, and D. G. Ma, “Low threshold amplified spontaneous emission based on coumarin 151 encapsulated in mesoporous SBA-15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Limburg, B.

U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

D. Li, J. Zhang, M. Anpo, M. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Photophysical and photochemical properties of coumarin-6 molecules incorporated within MCM-48,” Mater. Lett. 59, 2120–2123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lou, S. Q.

H. Zou, S. Q. Lou, and G. L. Yin, “A wavelength-tunable fiber laser based on a twin-core fiber comb filter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 45, 629–633 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Ma, D. G.

D. K. Zhang, M. N. Guli, S. M. Zhang, X. T. Li, and D. G. Ma, “Low threshold amplified spontaneous emission based on coumarin 151 encapsulated in mesoporous SBA-15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Mahrt, R. F.

U. Scherf, S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, and R. F. Mahrt, “Conjugated polymers: lasing and stimulated emission,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 143–154 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Margolese, D. I.

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant control of phases in the synthesis of mesoporous silica-based materials,” Chem. Mater. 8, 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Markus, P. P.

H. Florian, B. Thomas, P. P. Markus, C. B. Thorbjorn, and W. K. Alexander, “Tunable laser thin film interrogation,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 979–983 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marlow, F.

F. Marlow, M. D. McGehee, D. Zhao, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Doped mesoporous silica fibers: a new laser material,” Adv. Mater. 11, 632–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

McGehee, M. D.

F. Marlow, M. D. McGehee, D. Zhao, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Doped mesoporous silica fibers: a new laser material,” Adv. Mater. 11, 632–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Melosh, N.

D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meng, X. G.

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ong, P. P.

G. Gu, P. P. Ong, and Q. Li, “Photoluminescence of coumarin 540 dye confined in mesoporous silica,” J. Phys. D 32, 2287–2289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. S.

S. S. Park, B. An, and C. S. Ha, “High-quality and mesotructured organosilica monolith as a potential UV sensor,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 111, 367–378 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Peng, M. Y.

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J. R.

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Riechel, S.

U. Scherf, S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, and R. F. Mahrt, “Conjugated polymers: lasing and stimulated emission,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 143–154 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ryoo, R.

H. J. Shin, R. Ryoo, M. Kruk, and M. Jaroniec, “Modification of SBA-15 pore connectivity by high-temperature calcination investigated by carbon inverse replication,” Chem. Commun. 4, 349–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, W.

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533–2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Samuel, I. D. W.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Scherf, U.

U. Scherf, S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, and R. F. Mahrt, “Conjugated polymers: lasing and stimulated emission,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 143–154 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schoonheydt, R.

G. Schulz-Ekloff, D. Wöhrle, B. van Duffel, and R. Schoonheydt, “Chromophores in porous silicas and minerals: preparation and optical properties,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 51, 91–138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schulz-Ekloff, G.

G. Schulz-Ekloff, D. Wöhrle, B. van Duffel, and R. Schoonheydt, “Chromophores in porous silicas and minerals: preparation and optical properties,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 51, 91–138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schüth, F.

U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shin, H. J.

H. J. Shin, R. Ryoo, M. Kruk, and M. Jaroniec, “Modification of SBA-15 pore connectivity by high-temperature calcination investigated by carbon inverse replication,” Chem. Commun. 4, 349–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Stucky, G. D.

C. Yu, J. Fan, D. Zhao, and G. D. Stucky, “High-yield synthesis of periodic mesoporous silica rods and their replication to mesoporous carbon rods,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1742–1745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhao, J. Sun, Q. Li, and G. D. Stucky, “Morphological control of highly ordered large pore mesoporous silica SBA-15,” Chem. Mater. 12, 275–279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Marlow, M. D. McGehee, D. Zhao, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Doped mesoporous silica fibers: a new laser material,” Adv. Mater. 11, 632–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant control of phases in the synthesis of mesoporous silica-based materials,” Chem. Mater. 8, 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

D. Zhao, J. Sun, Q. Li, and G. D. Stucky, “Morphological control of highly ordered large pore mesoporous silica SBA-15,” Chem. Mater. 12, 275–279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, B.

H. Florian, B. Thomas, P. P. Markus, C. B. Thorbjorn, and W. K. Alexander, “Tunable laser thin film interrogation,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 979–983 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Thorbjorn, C. B.

H. Florian, B. Thomas, P. P. Markus, C. B. Thorbjorn, and W. K. Alexander, “Tunable laser thin film interrogation,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 979–983 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Tsutsumi, N.

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533–2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Turnbull, G. A.

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Umesh, G.

Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

van Duffel, B.

G. Schulz-Ekloff, D. Wöhrle, B. van Duffel, and R. Schoonheydt, “Chromophores in porous silicas and minerals: preparation and optical properties,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 51, 91–138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Vietze, U.

U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wöhrle, D.

G. Schulz-Ekloff, D. Wöhrle, B. van Duffel, and R. Schoonheydt, “Chromophores in porous silicas and minerals: preparation and optical properties,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 51, 91–138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xia, J. N.

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y.

Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

W. Xu and D. L. Akins, “Absorption and exciton emission by an aggregated cyanine dye occluded within mesoporous SBA-15,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 1991–1994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xue, M.

D. Li, J. Zhang, M. Anpo, M. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Photophysical and photochemical properties of coumarin-6 molecules incorporated within MCM-48,” Mater. Lett. 59, 2120–2123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L. Y.

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. L.

H. Zou, S. Q. Lou, and G. L. Yin, “A wavelength-tunable fiber laser based on a twin-core fiber comb filter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 45, 629–633 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Yu, C.

C. Yu, J. Fan, D. Zhao, and G. D. Stucky, “High-yield synthesis of periodic mesoporous silica rods and their replication to mesoporous carbon rods,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1742–1745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zao, W.

Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, D. K.

D. K. Zhang, M. N. Guli, S. M. Zhang, X. T. Li, and D. G. Ma, “Low threshold amplified spontaneous emission based on coumarin 151 encapsulated in mesoporous SBA-15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

D. Li, J. Zhang, M. Anpo, M. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Photophysical and photochemical properties of coumarin-6 molecules incorporated within MCM-48,” Mater. Lett. 59, 2120–2123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, K.

M. N. Guli, X. T. Li, K. Zhang, and Y. Chi, “Photoluminescence and laser properties of mesostructured SBA-15 monolith doped with coumarin 151,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 54, 329–334 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S. M.

D. K. Zhang, M. N. Guli, S. M. Zhang, X. T. Li, and D. G. Ma, “Low threshold amplified spontaneous emission based on coumarin 151 encapsulated in mesoporous SBA-15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, D.

C. Yu, J. Fan, D. Zhao, and G. D. Stucky, “High-yield synthesis of periodic mesoporous silica rods and their replication to mesoporous carbon rods,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1742–1745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhao, J. Sun, Q. Li, and G. D. Stucky, “Morphological control of highly ordered large pore mesoporous silica SBA-15,” Chem. Mater. 12, 275–279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

F. Marlow, M. D. McGehee, D. Zhao, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Doped mesoporous silica fibers: a new laser material,” Adv. Mater. 11, 632–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, C. S.

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zou, H.

H. Zou, S. Q. Lou, and G. L. Yin, “A wavelength-tunable fiber laser based on a twin-core fiber comb filter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 45, 629–633 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (2)

C. Yu, J. Fan, D. Zhao, and G. D. Stucky, “High-yield synthesis of periodic mesoporous silica rods and their replication to mesoporous carbon rods,” Adv. Mater. 14, 1742–1745 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Marlow, M. D. McGehee, D. Zhao, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Doped mesoporous silica fibers: a new laser material,” Adv. Mater. 11, 632–636 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. (1)

S. M. Curry, R. Cubeddu, and T. W. Hansch, “Intensity stabilization of dye laser radiation by saturated amplification,” Appl. Phys. 1, 153–159 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. K. Zhang, M. N. Guli, S. M. Zhang, X. T. Li, and D. G. Ma, “Low threshold amplified spontaneous emission based on coumarin 151 encapsulated in mesoporous SBA-15,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 231112 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Tsutsumi, T. Kawahira, and W. Sakai, “Amplified spontaneous emission and distributed feedback lasing from a conjugated compound in various polymer matrices,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2533–2535 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Commun. (1)

H. J. Shin, R. Ryoo, M. Kruk, and M. Jaroniec, “Modification of SBA-15 pore connectivity by high-temperature calcination investigated by carbon inverse replication,” Chem. Commun. 4, 349–350 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (2)

D. Zhao, J. Sun, Q. Li, and G. D. Stucky, “Morphological control of highly ordered large pore mesoporous silica SBA-15,” Chem. Mater. 12, 275–279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Q. Huo, D. I. Margolese, and G. D. Stucky, “Surfactant control of phases in the synthesis of mesoporous silica-based materials,” Chem. Mater. 8, 1147–1160 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. (1)

U. Scherf, S. Riechel, U. Lemmer, and R. F. Mahrt, “Conjugated polymers: lasing and stimulated emission,” Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. 5, 143–154 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

A. V. Deshpande and U. Kumar, “Efficient lasing action from rhodamine-110(Rh-110) impregnated sol-gel silica samples prepared by dip method,” J. Lumin. 130, 839–844 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

D. P. Chen, J. N. Xia, M. Y. Peng, L. Y. Yang, X. G. Meng, N. Da, J. R. Qiu, and C. S. Zhu, “Flurescence properties and laser demonstrations of Nd-doped high silica glasses prepared by sintering nanoporous glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354, 1226–1229 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

W. Xu and D. L. Akins, “Absorption and exciton emission by an aggregated cyanine dye occluded within mesoporous SBA-15,” J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 1991–1994 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D (1)

G. Gu, P. P. Ong, and Q. Li, “Photoluminescence of coumarin 540 dye confined in mesoporous silica,” J. Phys. D 32, 2287–2289 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. (1)

M. N. Guli, X. T. Li, K. Zhang, and Y. Chi, “Photoluminescence and laser properties of mesostructured SBA-15 monolith doped with coumarin 151,” J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol. 54, 329–334 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

D. Li, J. Zhang, M. Anpo, M. Xue, and Y. Liu, “Photophysical and photochemical properties of coumarin-6 molecules incorporated within MCM-48,” Mater. Lett. 59, 2120–2123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. (2)

G. Schulz-Ekloff, D. Wöhrle, B. van Duffel, and R. Schoonheydt, “Chromophores in porous silicas and minerals: preparation and optical properties,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 51, 91–138 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Park, B. An, and C. S. Ha, “High-quality and mesotructured organosilica monolith as a potential UV sensor,” Micropor. Mesopor. Mater. 111, 367–378 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (2)

Y. Xia, Y. Jiang, R. Fan, Z. Dang, W. Zao, D. Chey, and G. Umesh, “Ultrafast nonlinear optical properties of dye-doped PMMA discs irradiated by 40  fs laser pulses,” Opt. Laser Technol. 41, 700–704 (2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Zou, S. Q. Lou, and G. L. Yin, “A wavelength-tunable fiber laser based on a twin-core fiber comb filter,” Opt. Laser Technol. 45, 629–633 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

H. Florian, B. Thomas, P. P. Markus, C. B. Thorbjorn, and W. K. Alexander, “Tunable laser thin film interrogation,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 49, 979–983 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

G. A. Turnbull, P. Andrew, W. L. Barnes, and I. D. W. Samuel, “Photonic mode dispersion of a two-dimensional distributed feedback polymer laser,” Phys. Rev. B 67, 165107 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

U. Vietze, O. Krau, F. Laeri, G. Ihlein, F. Schüth, B. Limburg, and M. Abraham, “Zeolite-dye microlasers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 4628–4631 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

D. Zhao, J. Feng, Q. Huo, N. Melosh, G. H. Fredrickson, B. F. Chmelka, and G. D. Stucky, “Triblock copolymer syntheses of mesoporous silica with periodic 50 to 300 angstrom pores,” Science 279, 548–552 (1998).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Photographs of (a) control silica film, (b) composite RhB/film and TEM images of (c) control silica film, and (d) composite RhB/film.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Small-angle XRD spectrum of (curve a) control silica film and (curve b) composite RhB/film.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(Curve a) UV–Vis absorption spectrum of RhB in C2H5OH with the concentration of 1×103mol/L, and (curve b) UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectra of the composite RhB/film prepared from RhB in C2H5OH with the concentration of 1×103mol/L.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Fluorescence properties [PL (excited at 350 nm)]: (curve a) spectrum of RhB in C2H5OH with the concentration of 1×103mol/L, and (curve b) fluorescence spectrum of the composite RhB/film with concentration of 1×103mol/L.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Emission spectra pumped at λp=355nm by optically pulsed laser.

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