Photoacoustic microscopy (PAM) is sensitive to optical absorption, while optical coherence tomography (OCT) is based on optical backscattering. Combining PAM and OCT can provide complementary information about biological tissue. Here we present a combined optical-resolution PAM (ORPAM) and OCT system that is integrated through a miniature probe with an overall diameter of 2.3 mm, suitable for insertion through a standard endoscopic or laparoscopic port during minimally invasive surgery or endoscopic exam. The hybrid probe consists of a common optical path for OCT (light delivery/detection) and ORPAM (light excitation) and a 10 MHz unfocused ultrasound transducer for photoacoustic detection. The combined system yields a lateral resolution of 15 μm for both ORPAM and OCT.
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