Abstract

This paper presents a nondestructive ultrasound testing method for characterization of the resonant frequencies of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) thin film by using a miniature fiber optic photoacoustic (PA) probe. The PA probe was fabricated with an optical fiber and a synthesized gold nanocomposite. During the experiment, a cured PDMS thin film with a thickness of 220 μm was immersed into a water medium using a custom-designed holder to clamp the film. An acoustic pulse was generated by the PA probe and propagated through the water media to excite the fixed film. A fiber optic pressure sensor based on the Fabry–Perot principle was used to collect the excited acoustic signals on the other side of the film. The acquired response of the acoustic pulse was used to compute the resonant frequencies of the PDMS thin film based on a deconvolution method.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. T. Dau, T. Yamada, D. Viet Dao, B. Thanh Tung, K. Hata, and S. Sugiyama, “Integrated CNTs thin film for MEMS mechanical sensors,” Microelectron. J. 41, 860–864 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. V. Ramesh and T. P. Radhakrishnan, “A universal sensor for mercury (Hg, HgI, HgII) based on silver nanoparticle-embedded polymer thin film,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 3, 988–994 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Zhu, X. Qiu, J. Oiler, H. Yu, and H. Jiang, “A mechanically stretchable temperature sensor based on buckled thin film devices on an elastomeric substrate,” in 2010 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (2010), pp. 675–678.
  4. S. Nambiar and J. T. W. Yeow, “Conductive polymer-based sensors for biomedical applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 1825–1832 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. J. Bettinger and Z. Bao, “Organic thin-film transistors fabricated on resorbable biomaterial substrates,” Adv. Mater. 22, 651–655 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K.-K. Liu and K.-T. Wan, “Cells and membranes,” in Handbook of Nanoindentation (Pan Stanford, 2010), pp. 325–349.
  7. J. Shi, M. Robitaille, S. Muftu, and K. T. Wan, “Deformation of a convex hydrogel shell by parallel plate and central compression,” Exp. Mech. 52, 539–549 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. Singh, K. C. Khulbe, T. Matsuura, and P. Ramamurthy, “Membrane characterization by solute transport and atomic force microscopy,” J. Membr. Sci. 142, 111–127 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. N. Gavara and R. S. Chadwick, “Noncontact microrheology at acoustic frequencies using frequency-modulated atomic force microscopy,” Nat. Methods 7, 650–654 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. W. Weaver, S. Timoshenko, and D. H. Young, Vibration Problems in Engineering (Wiley, 1990).
  11. L. Wei and J. D. Achenbach, “Measuring thin-film elastic constants by line-focus acoustic microscopy,” in Proceedings of IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE, 1995) Vol. 2, pp. 883–892.
  12. E. Biagi, F. Margheri, and D. Menichelli, “Efficient laser-ultrasound generation by using heavily absorbing films as targets,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 48, 1669–1680 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. Y. Hou, J.-S. Kim, S. Ashkenazi, S.-W. Huang, L. J. Guo, and M. O’Donnell, “Broadband all-optical ultrasound transducers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073507 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. Ryu, K. J. Loh, R. Ireland, M. Karimzada, F. Yaghmaie, and A. M. Gusman, “In situ reduction of gold nanoparticles in PDMS matrices and applications for large strain sensing,” Smart Structures Systems 8, 471–486 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  15. N. Wu, Y. Tian, X. Zou, V. Silva, A. Chery, and X. Wang, “High-efficiency optical ultrasound generation using one-pot synthesized polydimethylsiloxane-gold nanoparticle nanocomposite,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2016–2020 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, “A miniature fiber optic refractive index sensor built in a MEMS-based microchannel,” Sensors 11, 1078–1087 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, X. Zou, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Low-cost rapid miniature optical pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Express 19, 10797–10804 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  18. X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, J. Ouyang, K. Barringhaus, and X. Wang, “Miniature Fabry–Perot fiber optic sensor for intravascular blood temperature measurements,” IEEE Sens. J. 13, 2155–2160 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  19. N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  20. X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Ultrafast Fabry Perot fiber-optic pressure sensors for multimedia blast event measurements,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1248–1254 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  21. X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Rapid miniature fiber optic pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51, 134–139 (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  22. X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, and X. Wang, “Nondestructive characterization for PDMS thin films using a miniature fiber optic photoacoustic probe,” Proc. SPIE 8694, 86940P (2013).
    [CrossRef]
  23. D. G. Mario, Flat and Corrugated Diaphragm Design Handbook (CRC Press, 1982).

2013 (4)

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, J. Ouyang, K. Barringhaus, and X. Wang, “Miniature Fabry–Perot fiber optic sensor for intravascular blood temperature measurements,” IEEE Sens. J. 13, 2155–2160 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Rapid miniature fiber optic pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51, 134–139 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, and X. Wang, “Nondestructive characterization for PDMS thin films using a miniature fiber optic photoacoustic probe,” Proc. SPIE 8694, 86940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Ultrafast Fabry Perot fiber-optic pressure sensors for multimedia blast event measurements,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1248–1254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

2012 (3)

N. Wu, Y. Tian, X. Zou, V. Silva, A. Chery, and X. Wang, “High-efficiency optical ultrasound generation using one-pot synthesized polydimethylsiloxane-gold nanoparticle nanocomposite,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2016–2020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Shi, M. Robitaille, S. Muftu, and K. T. Wan, “Deformation of a convex hydrogel shell by parallel plate and central compression,” Exp. Mech. 52, 539–549 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (5)

G. V. Ramesh and T. P. Radhakrishnan, “A universal sensor for mercury (Hg, HgI, HgII) based on silver nanoparticle-embedded polymer thin film,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 3, 988–994 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. Nambiar and J. T. W. Yeow, “Conductive polymer-based sensors for biomedical applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 1825–1832 (2011).
[CrossRef]

D. Ryu, K. J. Loh, R. Ireland, M. Karimzada, F. Yaghmaie, and A. M. Gusman, “In situ reduction of gold nanoparticles in PDMS matrices and applications for large strain sensing,” Smart Structures Systems 8, 471–486 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, “A miniature fiber optic refractive index sensor built in a MEMS-based microchannel,” Sensors 11, 1078–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, X. Zou, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Low-cost rapid miniature optical pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Express 19, 10797–10804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

C. J. Bettinger and Z. Bao, “Organic thin-film transistors fabricated on resorbable biomaterial substrates,” Adv. Mater. 22, 651–655 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Gavara and R. S. Chadwick, “Noncontact microrheology at acoustic frequencies using frequency-modulated atomic force microscopy,” Nat. Methods 7, 650–654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

V. T. Dau, T. Yamada, D. Viet Dao, B. Thanh Tung, K. Hata, and S. Sugiyama, “Integrated CNTs thin film for MEMS mechanical sensors,” Microelectron. J. 41, 860–864 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

Y. Hou, J.-S. Kim, S. Ashkenazi, S.-W. Huang, L. J. Guo, and M. O’Donnell, “Broadband all-optical ultrasound transducers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

E. Biagi, F. Margheri, and D. Menichelli, “Efficient laser-ultrasound generation by using heavily absorbing films as targets,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 48, 1669–1680 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. Singh, K. C. Khulbe, T. Matsuura, and P. Ramamurthy, “Membrane characterization by solute transport and atomic force microscopy,” J. Membr. Sci. 142, 111–127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Achenbach, J. D.

L. Wei and J. D. Achenbach, “Measuring thin-film elastic constants by line-focus acoustic microscopy,” in Proceedings of IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE, 1995) Vol. 2, pp. 883–892.

Ashkenazi, S.

Y. Hou, J.-S. Kim, S. Ashkenazi, S.-W. Huang, L. J. Guo, and M. O’Donnell, “Broadband all-optical ultrasound transducers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bao, Z.

C. J. Bettinger and Z. Bao, “Organic thin-film transistors fabricated on resorbable biomaterial substrates,” Adv. Mater. 22, 651–655 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Barringhaus, K.

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, J. Ouyang, K. Barringhaus, and X. Wang, “Miniature Fabry–Perot fiber optic sensor for intravascular blood temperature measurements,” IEEE Sens. J. 13, 2155–2160 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Bettinger, C. J.

C. J. Bettinger and Z. Bao, “Organic thin-film transistors fabricated on resorbable biomaterial substrates,” Adv. Mater. 22, 651–655 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Biagi, E.

E. Biagi, F. Margheri, and D. Menichelli, “Efficient laser-ultrasound generation by using heavily absorbing films as targets,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 48, 1669–1680 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chadwick, R. S.

N. Gavara and R. S. Chadwick, “Noncontact microrheology at acoustic frequencies using frequency-modulated atomic force microscopy,” Nat. Methods 7, 650–654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J.

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Ultrafast Fabry Perot fiber-optic pressure sensors for multimedia blast event measurements,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1248–1254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Rapid miniature fiber optic pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51, 134–139 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, X. Zou, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Low-cost rapid miniature optical pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Express 19, 10797–10804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Chery, A.

Dau, V. T.

V. T. Dau, T. Yamada, D. Viet Dao, B. Thanh Tung, K. Hata, and S. Sugiyama, “Integrated CNTs thin film for MEMS mechanical sensors,” Microelectron. J. 41, 860–864 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fitek, J.

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Ultrafast Fabry Perot fiber-optic pressure sensors for multimedia blast event measurements,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1248–1254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gavara, N.

N. Gavara and R. S. Chadwick, “Noncontact microrheology at acoustic frequencies using frequency-modulated atomic force microscopy,” Nat. Methods 7, 650–654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guo, L. J.

Y. Hou, J.-S. Kim, S. Ashkenazi, S.-W. Huang, L. J. Guo, and M. O’Donnell, “Broadband all-optical ultrasound transducers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Gusman, A. M.

D. Ryu, K. J. Loh, R. Ireland, M. Karimzada, F. Yaghmaie, and A. M. Gusman, “In situ reduction of gold nanoparticles in PDMS matrices and applications for large strain sensing,” Smart Structures Systems 8, 471–486 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guthy, C.

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, “A miniature fiber optic refractive index sensor built in a MEMS-based microchannel,” Sensors 11, 1078–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hata, K.

V. T. Dau, T. Yamada, D. Viet Dao, B. Thanh Tung, K. Hata, and S. Sugiyama, “Integrated CNTs thin film for MEMS mechanical sensors,” Microelectron. J. 41, 860–864 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hou, Y.

Y. Hou, J.-S. Kim, S. Ashkenazi, S.-W. Huang, L. J. Guo, and M. O’Donnell, “Broadband all-optical ultrasound transducers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Huang, S.-W.

Y. Hou, J.-S. Kim, S. Ashkenazi, S.-W. Huang, L. J. Guo, and M. O’Donnell, “Broadband all-optical ultrasound transducers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ireland, R.

D. Ryu, K. J. Loh, R. Ireland, M. Karimzada, F. Yaghmaie, and A. M. Gusman, “In situ reduction of gold nanoparticles in PDMS matrices and applications for large strain sensing,” Smart Structures Systems 8, 471–486 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, H.

C. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Zhu, X. Qiu, J. Oiler, H. Yu, and H. Jiang, “A mechanically stretchable temperature sensor based on buckled thin film devices on an elastomeric substrate,” in 2010 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (2010), pp. 675–678.

Karimzada, M.

D. Ryu, K. J. Loh, R. Ireland, M. Karimzada, F. Yaghmaie, and A. M. Gusman, “In situ reduction of gold nanoparticles in PDMS matrices and applications for large strain sensing,” Smart Structures Systems 8, 471–486 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Khulbe, K. C.

S. Singh, K. C. Khulbe, T. Matsuura, and P. Ramamurthy, “Membrane characterization by solute transport and atomic force microscopy,” J. Membr. Sci. 142, 111–127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, J.-S.

Y. Hou, J.-S. Kim, S. Ashkenazi, S.-W. Huang, L. J. Guo, and M. O’Donnell, “Broadband all-optical ultrasound transducers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.-K.

K.-K. Liu and K.-T. Wan, “Cells and membranes,” in Handbook of Nanoindentation (Pan Stanford, 2010), pp. 325–349.

Loh, K. J.

D. Ryu, K. J. Loh, R. Ireland, M. Karimzada, F. Yaghmaie, and A. M. Gusman, “In situ reduction of gold nanoparticles in PDMS matrices and applications for large strain sensing,” Smart Structures Systems 8, 471–486 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Maffeo, M.

Margheri, F.

E. Biagi, F. Margheri, and D. Menichelli, “Efficient laser-ultrasound generation by using heavily absorbing films as targets,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 48, 1669–1680 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mario, D. G.

D. G. Mario, Flat and Corrugated Diaphragm Design Handbook (CRC Press, 1982).

Matsuura, T.

S. Singh, K. C. Khulbe, T. Matsuura, and P. Ramamurthy, “Membrane characterization by solute transport and atomic force microscopy,” J. Membr. Sci. 142, 111–127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Menichelli, D.

E. Biagi, F. Margheri, and D. Menichelli, “Efficient laser-ultrasound generation by using heavily absorbing films as targets,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 48, 1669–1680 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Muftu, S.

J. Shi, M. Robitaille, S. Muftu, and K. T. Wan, “Deformation of a convex hydrogel shell by parallel plate and central compression,” Exp. Mech. 52, 539–549 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nambiar, S.

S. Nambiar and J. T. W. Yeow, “Conductive polymer-based sensors for biomedical applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 1825–1832 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Niezrecki, C.

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Rapid miniature fiber optic pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51, 134–139 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Ultrafast Fabry Perot fiber-optic pressure sensors for multimedia blast event measurements,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1248–1254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, X. Zou, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Low-cost rapid miniature optical pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Express 19, 10797–10804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O’Donnell, M.

Y. Hou, J.-S. Kim, S. Ashkenazi, S.-W. Huang, L. J. Guo, and M. O’Donnell, “Broadband all-optical ultrasound transducers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Oiler, J.

C. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Zhu, X. Qiu, J. Oiler, H. Yu, and H. Jiang, “A mechanically stretchable temperature sensor based on buckled thin film devices on an elastomeric substrate,” in 2010 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (2010), pp. 675–678.

Ouyang, J.

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, J. Ouyang, K. Barringhaus, and X. Wang, “Miniature Fabry–Perot fiber optic sensor for intravascular blood temperature measurements,” IEEE Sens. J. 13, 2155–2160 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, X.

C. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Zhu, X. Qiu, J. Oiler, H. Yu, and H. Jiang, “A mechanically stretchable temperature sensor based on buckled thin film devices on an elastomeric substrate,” in 2010 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (2010), pp. 675–678.

Radhakrishnan, T. P.

G. V. Ramesh and T. P. Radhakrishnan, “A universal sensor for mercury (Hg, HgI, HgII) based on silver nanoparticle-embedded polymer thin film,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 3, 988–994 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ramamurthy, P.

S. Singh, K. C. Khulbe, T. Matsuura, and P. Ramamurthy, “Membrane characterization by solute transport and atomic force microscopy,” J. Membr. Sci. 142, 111–127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ramesh, G. V.

G. V. Ramesh and T. P. Radhakrishnan, “A universal sensor for mercury (Hg, HgI, HgII) based on silver nanoparticle-embedded polymer thin film,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 3, 988–994 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Robitaille, M.

J. Shi, M. Robitaille, S. Muftu, and K. T. Wan, “Deformation of a convex hydrogel shell by parallel plate and central compression,” Exp. Mech. 52, 539–549 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, D.

D. Ryu, K. J. Loh, R. Ireland, M. Karimzada, F. Yaghmaie, and A. M. Gusman, “In situ reduction of gold nanoparticles in PDMS matrices and applications for large strain sensing,” Smart Structures Systems 8, 471–486 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shi, J.

J. Shi, M. Robitaille, S. Muftu, and K. T. Wan, “Deformation of a convex hydrogel shell by parallel plate and central compression,” Exp. Mech. 52, 539–549 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Silva, V.

Singh, S.

S. Singh, K. C. Khulbe, T. Matsuura, and P. Ramamurthy, “Membrane characterization by solute transport and atomic force microscopy,” J. Membr. Sci. 142, 111–127 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sugiyama, S.

V. T. Dau, T. Yamada, D. Viet Dao, B. Thanh Tung, K. Hata, and S. Sugiyama, “Integrated CNTs thin film for MEMS mechanical sensors,” Microelectron. J. 41, 860–864 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Thanh Tung, B.

V. T. Dau, T. Yamada, D. Viet Dao, B. Thanh Tung, K. Hata, and S. Sugiyama, “Integrated CNTs thin film for MEMS mechanical sensors,” Microelectron. J. 41, 860–864 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tian, Y.

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, J. Ouyang, K. Barringhaus, and X. Wang, “Miniature Fabry–Perot fiber optic sensor for intravascular blood temperature measurements,” IEEE Sens. J. 13, 2155–2160 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Ultrafast Fabry Perot fiber-optic pressure sensors for multimedia blast event measurements,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1248–1254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, and X. Wang, “Nondestructive characterization for PDMS thin films using a miniature fiber optic photoacoustic probe,” Proc. SPIE 8694, 86940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Rapid miniature fiber optic pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51, 134–139 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, Y. Tian, X. Zou, V. Silva, A. Chery, and X. Wang, “High-efficiency optical ultrasound generation using one-pot synthesized polydimethylsiloxane-gold nanoparticle nanocomposite,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2016–2020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, X. Zou, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Low-cost rapid miniature optical pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Express 19, 10797–10804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, “A miniature fiber optic refractive index sensor built in a MEMS-based microchannel,” Sensors 11, 1078–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Timoshenko, S.

W. Weaver, S. Timoshenko, and D. H. Young, Vibration Problems in Engineering (Wiley, 1990).

Viet Dao, D.

V. T. Dau, T. Yamada, D. Viet Dao, B. Thanh Tung, K. Hata, and S. Sugiyama, “Integrated CNTs thin film for MEMS mechanical sensors,” Microelectron. J. 41, 860–864 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wan, K. T.

J. Shi, M. Robitaille, S. Muftu, and K. T. Wan, “Deformation of a convex hydrogel shell by parallel plate and central compression,” Exp. Mech. 52, 539–549 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Wan, K.-T.

K.-K. Liu and K.-T. Wan, “Cells and membranes,” in Handbook of Nanoindentation (Pan Stanford, 2010), pp. 325–349.

Wang, W.

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, “A miniature fiber optic refractive index sensor built in a MEMS-based microchannel,” Sensors 11, 1078–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, X. Zou, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Low-cost rapid miniature optical pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Express 19, 10797–10804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Rapid miniature fiber optic pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51, 134–139 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, and X. Wang, “Nondestructive characterization for PDMS thin films using a miniature fiber optic photoacoustic probe,” Proc. SPIE 8694, 86940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, J. Ouyang, K. Barringhaus, and X. Wang, “Miniature Fabry–Perot fiber optic sensor for intravascular blood temperature measurements,” IEEE Sens. J. 13, 2155–2160 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Ultrafast Fabry Perot fiber-optic pressure sensors for multimedia blast event measurements,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1248–1254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, Y. Tian, X. Zou, V. Silva, A. Chery, and X. Wang, “High-efficiency optical ultrasound generation using one-pot synthesized polydimethylsiloxane-gold nanoparticle nanocomposite,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2016–2020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, X. Zou, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Low-cost rapid miniature optical pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Express 19, 10797–10804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, “A miniature fiber optic refractive index sensor built in a MEMS-based microchannel,” Sensors 11, 1078–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

C. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Zhu, X. Qiu, J. Oiler, H. Yu, and H. Jiang, “A mechanically stretchable temperature sensor based on buckled thin film devices on an elastomeric substrate,” in 2010 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (2010), pp. 675–678.

Weaver, W.

W. Weaver, S. Timoshenko, and D. H. Young, Vibration Problems in Engineering (Wiley, 1990).

Wei, L.

L. Wei and J. D. Achenbach, “Measuring thin-film elastic constants by line-focus acoustic microscopy,” in Proceedings of IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE, 1995) Vol. 2, pp. 883–892.

Wu, N.

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, and X. Wang, “Nondestructive characterization for PDMS thin films using a miniature fiber optic photoacoustic probe,” Proc. SPIE 8694, 86940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Rapid miniature fiber optic pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51, 134–139 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Ultrafast Fabry Perot fiber-optic pressure sensors for multimedia blast event measurements,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1248–1254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, J. Ouyang, K. Barringhaus, and X. Wang, “Miniature Fabry–Perot fiber optic sensor for intravascular blood temperature measurements,” IEEE Sens. J. 13, 2155–2160 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, Y. Tian, X. Zou, V. Silva, A. Chery, and X. Wang, “High-efficiency optical ultrasound generation using one-pot synthesized polydimethylsiloxane-gold nanoparticle nanocomposite,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2016–2020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, X. Zou, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Low-cost rapid miniature optical pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Express 19, 10797–10804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, “A miniature fiber optic refractive index sensor built in a MEMS-based microchannel,” Sensors 11, 1078–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yaghmaie, F.

D. Ryu, K. J. Loh, R. Ireland, M. Karimzada, F. Yaghmaie, and A. M. Gusman, “In situ reduction of gold nanoparticles in PDMS matrices and applications for large strain sensing,” Smart Structures Systems 8, 471–486 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yamada, T.

V. T. Dau, T. Yamada, D. Viet Dao, B. Thanh Tung, K. Hata, and S. Sugiyama, “Integrated CNTs thin film for MEMS mechanical sensors,” Microelectron. J. 41, 860–864 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yeow, J. T. W.

S. Nambiar and J. T. W. Yeow, “Conductive polymer-based sensors for biomedical applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 1825–1832 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Young, D. H.

W. Weaver, S. Timoshenko, and D. H. Young, Vibration Problems in Engineering (Wiley, 1990).

Yu, C.

C. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Zhu, X. Qiu, J. Oiler, H. Yu, and H. Jiang, “A mechanically stretchable temperature sensor based on buckled thin film devices on an elastomeric substrate,” in 2010 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (2010), pp. 675–678.

Yu, H.

C. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Zhu, X. Qiu, J. Oiler, H. Yu, and H. Jiang, “A mechanically stretchable temperature sensor based on buckled thin film devices on an elastomeric substrate,” in 2010 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (2010), pp. 675–678.

Zhang, Y.

Zhu, J.

C. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Zhu, X. Qiu, J. Oiler, H. Yu, and H. Jiang, “A mechanically stretchable temperature sensor based on buckled thin film devices on an elastomeric substrate,” in 2010 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (2010), pp. 675–678.

Zou, X.

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, J. Ouyang, K. Barringhaus, and X. Wang, “Miniature Fabry–Perot fiber optic sensor for intravascular blood temperature measurements,” IEEE Sens. J. 13, 2155–2160 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, Y. Zhang, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Ultrafast Fabry Perot fiber-optic pressure sensors for multimedia blast event measurements,” Appl. Opt. 52, 1248–1254 (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, and X. Wang, “Nondestructive characterization for PDMS thin films using a miniature fiber optic photoacoustic probe,” Proc. SPIE 8694, 86940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Rapid miniature fiber optic pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51, 134–139 (2013).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, Y. Tian, X. Zou, V. Silva, A. Chery, and X. Wang, “High-efficiency optical ultrasound generation using one-pot synthesized polydimethylsiloxane-gold nanoparticle nanocomposite,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 29, 2016–2020 (2012).
[CrossRef]

N. Wu, W. Wang, Y. Tian, X. Zou, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Low-cost rapid miniature optical pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Express 19, 10797–10804 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, “A miniature fiber optic refractive index sensor built in a MEMS-based microchannel,” Sensors 11, 1078–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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G. V. Ramesh and T. P. Radhakrishnan, “A universal sensor for mercury (Hg, HgI, HgII) based on silver nanoparticle-embedded polymer thin film,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 3, 988–994 (2011).
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C. J. Bettinger and Z. Bao, “Organic thin-film transistors fabricated on resorbable biomaterial substrates,” Adv. Mater. 22, 651–655 (2010).
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Appl. Opt. (1)

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Y. Hou, J.-S. Kim, S. Ashkenazi, S.-W. Huang, L. J. Guo, and M. O’Donnell, “Broadband all-optical ultrasound transducers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 073507 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron. (1)

S. Nambiar and J. T. W. Yeow, “Conductive polymer-based sensors for biomedical applications,” Biosens. Bioelectron. 26, 1825–1832 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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J. Shi, M. Robitaille, S. Muftu, and K. T. Wan, “Deformation of a convex hydrogel shell by parallel plate and central compression,” Exp. Mech. 52, 539–549 (2012).
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IEEE Sens. J. (1)

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, J. Ouyang, K. Barringhaus, and X. Wang, “Miniature Fabry–Perot fiber optic sensor for intravascular blood temperature measurements,” IEEE Sens. J. 13, 2155–2160 (2013).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (1)

E. Biagi, F. Margheri, and D. Menichelli, “Efficient laser-ultrasound generation by using heavily absorbing films as targets,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 48, 1669–1680 (2001).
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J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (1)

N. Wu, X. Zou, Y. Tian, J. Fitek, M. Maffeo, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “An ultra-fast fiber optic pressure sensor for blast event measurements,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 23, 055102 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Microelectron. J. (1)

V. T. Dau, T. Yamada, D. Viet Dao, B. Thanh Tung, K. Hata, and S. Sugiyama, “Integrated CNTs thin film for MEMS mechanical sensors,” Microelectron. J. 41, 860–864 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Methods (1)

N. Gavara and R. S. Chadwick, “Noncontact microrheology at acoustic frequencies using frequency-modulated atomic force microscopy,” Nat. Methods 7, 650–654 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lasers Eng. (1)

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, C. Niezrecki, J. Chen, and X. Wang, “Rapid miniature fiber optic pressure sensors for blast wave measurements,” Opt. Lasers Eng. 51, 134–139 (2013).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

X. Zou, N. Wu, Y. Tian, and X. Wang, “Nondestructive characterization for PDMS thin films using a miniature fiber optic photoacoustic probe,” Proc. SPIE 8694, 86940P (2013).
[CrossRef]

Sensors (1)

Y. Tian, W. Wang, N. Wu, X. Zou, C. Guthy, and X. Wang, “A miniature fiber optic refractive index sensor built in a MEMS-based microchannel,” Sensors 11, 1078–1087 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Smart Structures Systems (1)

D. Ryu, K. J. Loh, R. Ireland, M. Karimzada, F. Yaghmaie, and A. M. Gusman, “In situ reduction of gold nanoparticles in PDMS matrices and applications for large strain sensing,” Smart Structures Systems 8, 471–486 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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K.-K. Liu and K.-T. Wan, “Cells and membranes,” in Handbook of Nanoindentation (Pan Stanford, 2010), pp. 325–349.

D. G. Mario, Flat and Corrugated Diaphragm Design Handbook (CRC Press, 1982).

W. Weaver, S. Timoshenko, and D. H. Young, Vibration Problems in Engineering (Wiley, 1990).

L. Wei and J. D. Achenbach, “Measuring thin-film elastic constants by line-focus acoustic microscopy,” in Proceedings of IEEE Ultrasonics Symposium (IEEE, 1995) Vol. 2, pp. 883–892.

C. Yu, Z. Wang, J. Zhu, X. Qiu, J. Oiler, H. Yu, and H. Jiang, “A mechanically stretchable temperature sensor based on buckled thin film devices on an elastomeric substrate,” in 2010 IEEE 23rd International Conference on Micro Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS) (2010), pp. 675–678.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Structure of the fiber optic ultrasound probe.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Structure of the FOPS.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Photo of the experimental setup. (a) All-optical PA probe-sample-FOPS setup. (b) Reference PA probe–sample–hydrophone setup. (c) Thin film sample holder.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

PDMS thin film characterization results: captured signal with PDMS thin film installed (red curve). Captured signal with empty holder installed (black curve). (a) Signal captured by the FOPS. (b) Signal captured by the hydrophone.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Evaluation of PDMS thin film’s resonant frequencies after performing the deconvolution.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

PDMS thin film’s resonant frequencies after performing the deconvolution. Excited resonant frequencies of the PDMS thin film with (a) 4 mm ID, (b) 5 mm ID, (c) 6 mm ID, and (d) 7 mm ID.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Relationship between the lowest resonant frequencies and diameters of the PDMS thin film.

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f00=11+βα004π[E3w(1μ2)]0.5[h(d2)2],β=0.669εd2h,
F(ω)=GPA(ω)W1(ω)W2(ω)W3(ω)GFP(ω),M(ω)=GPA(ω)W1(ω)H(ω)W3(ω)GFP(ω),
H(ω)=M(ω)W2(ω)F(ω)M(ω)F(ω).
H(ω)=M(ω)W2(ω)F(ω)M(ω)F(ω)[|F(ω)|2|F(ω)|2+ε2],

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