Abstract

Using fingerprints as a method to identify an individual has been accepted in forensics since the nineteenth century, and the fingerprint has become one of the most widely used biometric characteristics. Most of the modern fingerprint recognition systems are based on the print pattern of the finger surface and are not robust against spoof attaching. We demonstrate a novel vital vascular fingerprint system using Doppler optical coherence tomography that provides highly sensitive and reliable personal identification. Because the system is based on blood flow, which only exists in a livng person, the technique is robust against spoof attaching.

© 2013 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. http://www.biometrics.gov/documents/fingerprintrec.pdf .
  2. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Y. Liu and T. Buma, “Biometric mapping of fingertip eccrine glands with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1677–1679 (2010).
  4. Y. Cheng and K. V. Larin, “In vivo two- and three-dimensional imaging of artificial and real fingerprints with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1634–1636 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).
  6. G. Liu, L. Chou, W. Jia, W. Qi, B. Choi, and Z. Chen, “Intensity-based modified Doppler variance algorithm: application to phase instable and phase stable optical coherence tomography systems,” Opt. Express 19, 11429–11440 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. A. K. Jain, Y. Chen, and M. Demirkus, “Pores and ridges: high-resolution fingerprint matching using level 3 features,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 29, 15–27 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. R. K. Freinkel and D. T. Woodley, eds., The Biology of the Skin (Taylor & Francis, 2001).
  10. V. C. Coffey, “Biometric imaging–finger vein patterns used for identification,” Laser Focus World 39, 26–27 (2003).

2012

2011

2010

M. Y. Liu and T. Buma, “Biometric mapping of fingertip eccrine glands with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1677–1679 (2010).

2007

Y. Cheng and K. V. Larin, “In vivo two- and three-dimensional imaging of artificial and real fingerprints with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1634–1636 (2007).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Jain, Y. Chen, and M. Demirkus, “Pores and ridges: high-resolution fingerprint matching using level 3 features,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 29, 15–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2004

S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).

2003

V. C. Coffey, “Biometric imaging–finger vein patterns used for identification,” Laser Focus World 39, 26–27 (2003).

1991

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Bini, A.

S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).

Buma, T.

M. Y. Liu and T. Buma, “Biometric mapping of fingertip eccrine glands with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1677–1679 (2010).

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y.

A. K. Jain, Y. Chen, and M. Demirkus, “Pores and ridges: high-resolution fingerprint matching using level 3 features,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 29, 15–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Z.

Cheng, Y.

Y. Cheng and K. V. Larin, “In vivo two- and three-dimensional imaging of artificial and real fingerprints with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1634–1636 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Choi, B.

Chou, L.

Coffey, V. C.

V. C. Coffey, “Biometric imaging–finger vein patterns used for identification,” Laser Focus World 39, 26–27 (2003).

Congiu, T.

S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).

Demirkus, M.

A. K. Jain, Y. Chen, and M. Demirkus, “Pores and ridges: high-resolution fingerprint matching using level 3 features,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 29, 15–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jain, A. K.

A. K. Jain, Y. Chen, and M. Demirkus, “Pores and ridges: high-resolution fingerprint matching using level 3 features,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 29, 15–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jia, W.

Larin, K. V.

Y. Cheng and K. V. Larin, “In vivo two- and three-dimensional imaging of artificial and real fingerprints with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1634–1636 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G.

Liu, M. Y.

M. Y. Liu and T. Buma, “Biometric mapping of fingertip eccrine glands with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1677–1679 (2010).

Manelli, A.

S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).

Pilato, G.

S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Qi, W.

Raspanti, M.

S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).

Reguzzoni, M.

S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).

Sangiorgi, S.

S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sun, V.

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

M. Y. Liu and T. Buma, “Biometric mapping of fingertip eccrine glands with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22, 1677–1679 (2010).

Y. Cheng and K. V. Larin, “In vivo two- and three-dimensional imaging of artificial and real fingerprints with optical coherence tomography,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 19, 1634–1636 (2007).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell.

A. K. Jain, Y. Chen, and M. Demirkus, “Pores and ridges: high-resolution fingerprint matching using level 3 features,” IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Mach. Intell. 29, 15–27 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Anat.

S. Sangiorgi, A. Manelli, T. Congiu, A. Bini, G. Pilato, M. Reguzzoni, and M. Raspanti, “Microvascularization of the human digit as studied by corrosion casting,” J. Anat. 204, 123–131 (2004).

Laser Focus World

V. C. Coffey, “Biometric imaging–finger vein patterns used for identification,” Laser Focus World 39, 26–27 (2003).

Opt. Express

Science

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Other

http://www.biometrics.gov/documents/fingerprintrec.pdf .

R. K. Freinkel and D. T. Woodley, eds., The Biology of the Skin (Taylor & Francis, 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the swept source OCT system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Overlay of OCT structure (gray) and IBDV (color) images.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

OCT images from a fingertip. (a) The 3D rendering of the OCT structure images. (b) The maximum intensity projection (MIP) image for the epidermis layers. (c) The en-face OCT image beneath the tissue surface and at a depth in the dermal papilla region. (d) An OCT image along the red dotted line in (c). (e) The MIP vascular pattern around the dermal papilla region. (f) The MIP vascular pattern for the whole depth. (g) Overlayed en-face images of sweat pores and capillary loop vasculature (450–630 μm). (h) Overlayed en-face images of sweat pores, capillary loop vasculature, and structure.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

OCT images from another fingertip. (a) The 3D rendering of the OCT structure images. (b) The MIP image for the epidermis layer. (c) The MIP vascular pattern around the dermal papilla region. (d) The MIP vascular pattern for the whole depth.

Equations (1)

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IBDVi,j,z=1j=1Jz=1NPi,j,zPi,j+1,zj=1Jz=1N(Pi,j,z2+Pi,j+1,z22),

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