Abstract

The properties of a low-coherence phase-shifting digital holographic microscope are first studied and analyzed. We then demonstrate en face imaging with transverse resolution of 3μm and axial resolution of 10μm through a thickness of 300μm onion membrane. In addition, with the above said resolu tions, optical sectioning of the eye and spine of a live zebra fish has been demonstrated. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first time that a short coherence phase-shifting holographic micro scope has been applied to the internal structure visualization of a biological specimen under an in vivo environment.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (5)

2008 (2)

2007 (3)

2006 (3)

2005 (3)

2002 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

1991 (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1968 (1)

D. Gabor, “Holographic model of temporal recall,” Nature 217, 584 (1968).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Andrés, P.

R. Martínez-Cuenca, L. Martínez-León, J. Lancis, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, E. Tajahuerce, P. Clemente, and P. Andrés, “Diffractive pulse-front tilt for low-coherence digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA33.

Chang, W.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charrière, F.

Chen, Z. P.

Clemente, P.

R. Martínez-Cuenca, L. Martínez-León, J. Lancis, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, E. Tajahuerce, P. Clemente, and P. Andrés, “Diffractive pulse-front tilt for low-coherence digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA33.

Cuche, E.

Depeursinge, C. D.

Flotte, T.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fujimoto, J. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gabor, D.

D. Gabor, “Holographic model of temporal recall,” Nature 217, 584 (1968).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goodman, J. W.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 3rd ed.(Roberts, 2005).

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).

Gregory, K.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, S. G.

Hayasaki, Y.

Hee, M. R.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ho, Y.-L.

Y.-L. Ho, Y.-H. Lin, I.-J. Tsai, F.-J. Hsieh, and H.-J. Tsai, “In vivo assessment of cardiac morphology and function in heart-specific green fluorescent zebra fish,” J. Formosan Med. Assoc. 106, 181–186 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsieh, F.-J.

Y.-L. Ho, Y.-H. Lin, I.-J. Tsai, F.-J. Hsieh, and H.-J. Tsai, “In vivo assessment of cardiac morphology and function in heart-specific green fluorescent zebra fish,” J. Formosan Med. Assoc. 106, 181–186 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, D.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Indebetouw, G.

Kemper, B.

Kim, H.

Kim, M. K.

Kim, T.

Kim, Y. S.

Lam, E. Y.

Lancis, J.

R. Martínez-Cuenca, L. Martínez-León, J. Lancis, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, E. Tajahuerce, P. Clemente, and P. Andrés, “Diffractive pulse-front tilt for low-coherence digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA33.

Langehanenberg, P.

Lee, B.

Lin, C. P.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Y.-H.

Y.-L. Ho, Y.-H. Lin, I.-J. Tsai, F.-J. Hsieh, and H.-J. Tsai, “In vivo assessment of cardiac morphology and function in heart-specific green fluorescent zebra fish,” J. Formosan Med. Assoc. 106, 181–186 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marquet, P.

Martínez-Cuenca, R.

R. Martínez-Cuenca, L. Martínez-León, J. Lancis, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, E. Tajahuerce, P. Clemente, and P. Andrés, “Diffractive pulse-front tilt for low-coherence digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA33.

Martínez-León, L.

L. Martínez-León, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, “Applications of short-coherence digital holography in microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3977–3984 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Martínez-Cuenca, L. Martínez-León, J. Lancis, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, E. Tajahuerce, P. Clemente, and P. Andrés, “Diffractive pulse-front tilt for low-coherence digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA33.

Massatsch, P.

Mendoza-Yero, O.

R. Martínez-Cuenca, L. Martínez-León, J. Lancis, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, E. Tajahuerce, P. Clemente, and P. Andrés, “Diffractive pulse-front tilt for low-coherence digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA33.

Min, S.-W.

Mínguez-Vega, G.

R. Martínez-Cuenca, L. Martínez-León, J. Lancis, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, E. Tajahuerce, P. Clemente, and P. Andrés, “Diffractive pulse-front tilt for low-coherence digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA33.

Nishida, N.

Osten, W.

Pedrini, G.

Poon, T.-C.

Potcoava, M.

M. K. Kim and M. Potcoava, “Fingerprint biometry applications of digital holography and low-coherence interference microscopy,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DTuB4.

Puliafito, C. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, B.

Remmersmann, C.

Schuman, J. S.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheppard, C.

T. Wilson and C. Sheppard, Theory and Practices of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, 1984).

Stinson, W. G.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stürwald, S.

Su, J. P.

Swanson, E. A.

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tajahuerce, E.

R. Martínez-Cuenca, L. Martínez-León, J. Lancis, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, E. Tajahuerce, P. Clemente, and P. Andrés, “Diffractive pulse-front tilt for low-coherence digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA33.

Tamano, S.

Tiziani, H. J.

Tsai, H.-J.

Y.-L. Ho, Y.-H. Lin, I.-J. Tsai, F.-J. Hsieh, and H.-J. Tsai, “In vivo assessment of cardiac morphology and function in heart-specific green fluorescent zebra fish,” J. Formosan Med. Assoc. 106, 181–186 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tsai, I.-J.

Y.-L. Ho, Y.-H. Lin, I.-J. Tsai, F.-J. Hsieh, and H.-J. Tsai, “In vivo assessment of cardiac morphology and function in heart-specific green fluorescent zebra fish,” J. Formosan Med. Assoc. 106, 181–186 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vo, H.

von Bally, G.

Wang, Q.

Wilson, T.

T. Wilson and C. Sheppard, Theory and Practices of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, 1984).

Yamaguchi, I.

Yu, L.

Yu, L. F.

Zhang, J.

Zhang, T.

Zhang, X.

Appl. Opt. (8)

H. Kim, S.-W. Min, B. Lee, and T.-C. Poon, “Optical sectioning for optical scanning holography using phase-space filtering with Wigner distribution functions,” Appl. Opt. 47, D164–D175 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Y. Lam, X. Zhang, H. Vo, T.-C. Poon, and G. Indebetouw, “Three-dimensional microscopy and sectional image reconstruction using optical scanning holography,” Appl. Opt. 48, H113–H119 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Pedrini and H. J. Tiziani, “Short-coherence digital microscopy by use of a lensless holographic imaging system,” Appl. Opt. 41, 4489–4496 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Massatsch, F. Charrière, E. Cuche, P. Marquet, and C. D. Depeursinge, “Time-domain optical coherence tomography with digital holographic microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 44, 1806–1812 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Martínez-León, G. Pedrini, and W. Osten, “Applications of short-coherence digital holography in microscopy,” Appl. Opt. 44, 3977–3984 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Remmersmann, S. Stürwald, B. Kemper, P. Langehanenberg, and G. von Bally, “Phase noise optimization in temporal phase-shifting digital holography with partial coherence light sources and its application in quantitative cell imaging,” Appl. Opt. 48, 1463–1472 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Kim, “Optical sectioning by optical scanning holography and a Wiener filter,” Appl. Opt. 45, 872–879 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tamano, Y. Hayasaki, and N. Nishida, “Phase-shifting digital holography with a low-coherence light source for reconstruction of a digital relief object hidden behind a light-scattering medium,” Appl. Opt. 45, 953–959 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Formosan Med. Assoc. (1)

Y.-L. Ho, Y.-H. Lin, I.-J. Tsai, F.-J. Hsieh, and H.-J. Tsai, “In vivo assessment of cardiac morphology and function in heart-specific green fluorescent zebra fish,” J. Formosan Med. Assoc. 106, 181–186 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Korea (1)

Nature (1)

D. Gabor, “Holographic model of temporal recall,” Nature 217, 584 (1968).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (1)

D. Huang, E. A. Swanson, C. P. Lin, J. S. Schuman, W. G. Stinson, W. Chang, M. R. Hee, T. Flotte, K. Gregory, C. A. Puliafito, and J. G. Fujimoto, “Optical coherence tomography,” Science 254, 1178–1181 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (6)

T. Wilson and C. Sheppard, Theory and Practices of Scanning Optical Microscopy (Academic, 1984).

T.-C. Poon, ed., Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Display: Principles and Applications (Springer, 2006).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Goodman, Statistical Optics (Wiley, 1985).

M. K. Kim and M. Potcoava, “Fingerprint biometry applications of digital holography and low-coherence interference microscopy,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2009), paper DTuB4.

R. Martínez-Cuenca, L. Martínez-León, J. Lancis, G. Mínguez-Vega, O. Mendoza-Yero, E. Tajahuerce, P. Clemente, and P. Andrés, “Diffractive pulse-front tilt for low-coherence digital holography,” in Digital Holography and Three-Dimensional Imaging, OSA Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2010), paper JMA33.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, 3rd ed.(Roberts, 2005).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup of a low-coherence phase-shifting digital holographic microscope.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Influences of phase-shifting and low coherence on reconstruction (a) under a coherent light source and (b) with a 100 nm spectral bandwidth light source. (c) Errors in the reconstructed amplitude map under different spectral bandwidths and (d) errors in the reconstructed phase map under different spectral bandwidths.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Experimental setup of a low-coherence phase-shifting DHM and (b) spectral profile of the YDFA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

En face images of the onion membrane and USAF 1951 resolution target: (a) onion membrane and target configuration, (b) reconstructed surface image of the onion membrane by a coherent light source, (c) reconstructed surface image of the onion membrane by a low-coherence light source, and (d) sectional image of USAF 1951 resolution target under the onion surface.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Image of a zebra fish.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Portion of the tail to be holographically recorded. (b)–(d) Optical sections at three different sections.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Phase plot at the section z = 60 μm shown in Fig. 6d.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Eye of the zebra fish. (b)–(d) Optical sections through a depth of 120 μm .

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Phase plot of the section shown in Fig. 8c.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I D n I O 2 + I R 2 + 2 | E O E R | | sinc [ ( n 1 ) Δ λ 4 λ ] | cos [ ϕ + ( n 1 ) π 2 ] , n = 1 , 2 , 3 , 4 ,
ϕ = tan 1 { I D 4 I D 2 I D 1 I D 3 [ sinc ( Δ λ 2 λ ) + 1 ] [ sinc ( 3 Δ λ 4 λ ) + sin c ( Δ λ 4 λ ) ] } ,
| E 0 | = { ( I D 4 I D 2 ) [ sinc ( Δ λ 2 λ ) + 1 ] } 2 + { ( I D 1 I D 3 ) [ sinc ( 3 Δ λ 4 λ ) + sinc ( Δ λ 4 λ ) ] } 2 2 [ sinc ( Δ λ 2 λ ) + 1 ] [ sinc ( 3 Δ λ 4 λ ) + sinc ( Δ λ 4 λ ) ] ,
U I ( x , y ) = e j k 2 d o ( x 2 + y 2 ) { E 0 e j k 2 d o ( ξ 2 + η 2 ) e j 2 π λ d o ( x ξ + y η ) } d ξ d η ,
U I ( x , y ) = e j k 2 d o ( x 2 + y 2 ) { ( A + Δ A ) e j ( ϕ + Δ ϕ ) e j k 2 d o ( ξ 2 + η 2 ) e j 2 π λ d o ( x ξ + y η ) } d ξ d η ,
U I C ( x , y ) = e j k 2 d o ( x 2 + y 2 ) { A e j ϕ e j k 2 d o ( ξ 2 + η 2 ) e j 2 π λ d o ( x ξ + y η ) } d ξ d η .
Δ ϕ = tan 1 { I D 4 I D 2 I D 1 I D 3 [ sinc ( Δ λ 2 λ ) + 1 ] [ sinc ( 3 Δ λ 4 λ ) + sinc ( Δ λ 4 λ ) ] } tan 1 { I D 4 I D 2 I D 1 I D 3 } ,
Δ A = { ( I D 4 I D 2 ) [ sinc ( Δ λ 2 λ ) + 1 ] } 2 + { ( I D 1 I D 3 ) [ sinc ( 3 Δ λ 4 λ ) + sinc ( Δ λ 4 λ ) ] } 2 2 [ sinc ( Δ λ 2 λ ) + 1 ] [ sinc ( 3 Δ λ 4 λ ) + sinc ( Δ λ 4 λ ) ] ( I D 4 I D 2 ) 2 + ( I D 1 I D 3 ) 2 4 ,

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