Abstract

Remote-sensing reflectance (Rrs), which is defined as the ratio of water-leaving radiance (Lw) to downwelling irradiance just above the surface (Ed(0+)), varies with both water constituents (including bottom properties of optically-shallow waters) and angular geometry. Lw is commonly measured in the field or by satellite sensors at convenient angles, while Ed(0+) can be measured in the field or estimated based on atmospheric properties. To isolate the variations of Rrs (or Lw) resulting from a change of water constituents, the angular effects of Rrs (or Lw) need to be removed. This is also a necessity for the calibration and validation of satellite ocean color measurements. To reach this objective, for optically-deep waters where bottom contribution is negligible, we present a system centered on water’s inherent optical properties (IOPs). It can be used to derive IOPs from angular Rrs and offers an alternative to the system centered on the concentration of chlorophyll. This system is applicable to oceanic and coastal waters as well as to multiband and hyperspectral sensors. This IOP-centered system is applied to both numerically simulated data and in situ measurements to test and evaluate its performance. The good results obtained suggest that the system can be applied to angular Rrs to retrieve IOPs and to remove the angular variation of Rrs.

© 2011 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Neural network method to correct bidirectional effects in water-leaving radiance

Yongzhen Fan, Wei Li, Kenneth J. Voss, Charles K. Gatebe, and Knut Stamnes
Appl. Opt. 55(1) 10-21 (2016)

Assessment of a bidirectional reflectance distribution correction of above-water and satellite water-leaving radiance in coastal waters

Soe Hlaing, Alexander Gilerson, Tristan Harmel, Alberto Tonizzo, Alan Weidemann, Robert Arnone, and Samir Ahmed
Appl. Opt. 51(2) 220-237 (2012)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (9)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (21)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription