Abstract

A three-parameter optical sensor based on a tilted fiber Bragg grating is proposed. Through the monitoring of the wavelength shift of the core mode resonance and the ghost mode resonance, it is possible to discriminate strain and temperature. In addition, the refractive index can be determined by calculating the normalized transmission spectrum area. With the current approach, resolutions of up to 5.7×10−4, 4 με, and 3.1 °C were achieved, for refractive index, strain, and temperature, respectively. The developed sensor can be an important tool in several areas of engineering, namely, biomedical, biological, and environmental sensing.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. N. Serker, Z. Wu, and S. Li, “A nonphysics-based approach for vibration-based structural health monitoring under changing environmental conditions,” Struct. Health Monit. 9, 145–158(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Topliss, S. James, F. Davis, S. Higson, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber long period grating based selective vapour sensing of volatile organic compounds,” Sens. Actuators B 143, 629–634 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  3. N. Darwish, D. Caballero, M. Moreno, A. Errachid, and J. Samitier, “Multi-analytic grating coupler biosensor for differential binding analysis,” Sens. Actuators B 144, 413–417(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Kanellos, G. Papaioannou, D. Tsiokos, C. Mitrogiannis, G. Nianios, and N. Pleros, “Two dimensional polymer-embedded quasi-distributed FBG pressure sensor for biomedical applications,” Opt. Express 18, 179–186 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Tan, Z. Huang, and X. Huang, “Rapid determination of surfactant critical micelle concentration in aqueous solutions using fiber-optic refractive index sensing,” Anal. Biochem. 401, 144–147 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Buggy, E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber grating refractometers for resin cure monitoring,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, S60–S65 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344–347 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Park, B. Jang, Y. Lee, C. Kim, and C. Park, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a reverse index fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 035703(2010).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Choi, G. Mudhana, K. Park, U.-C. Paek, and B. Lee, “Cross-talk free and ultra-compact fiber optic sensor for simultaneous measurements of temperature and refractive index,” Opt. Express 18, 141–149 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, “Tilted short-period fibre-Bragg-grating-induced coupling to cladding modes for accurate refractometry,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765–770 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. L. Men, P. Lu, and Q. Chen, “Intelligent multiparameter sensing with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071110 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Ohira, P. Dasgupta, and K. Schug, “Fiber optic sensor for simultaneous determination of atmospheric nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and relative humidity,” Anal. Chem. 81, 4183–4191(2009).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Xu, Y.-G. Liu, Z. Wang, and B. Tai, “Simultaneous force and temperature measurement using long-period grating written on the joint of a microstructured optical fiber and a single mode fiber,” Appl. Opt. 49, 492–496 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  15. T. Erdogan and J. Sipe, “Tilted fiber phase gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 13, 296–313 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

2010 (8)

N. Serker, Z. Wu, and S. Li, “A nonphysics-based approach for vibration-based structural health monitoring under changing environmental conditions,” Struct. Health Monit. 9, 145–158(2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Topliss, S. James, F. Davis, S. Higson, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber long period grating based selective vapour sensing of volatile organic compounds,” Sens. Actuators B 143, 629–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Darwish, D. Caballero, M. Moreno, A. Errachid, and J. Samitier, “Multi-analytic grating coupler biosensor for differential binding analysis,” Sens. Actuators B 144, 413–417(2010).
[CrossRef]

G. Kanellos, G. Papaioannou, D. Tsiokos, C. Mitrogiannis, G. Nianios, and N. Pleros, “Two dimensional polymer-embedded quasi-distributed FBG pressure sensor for biomedical applications,” Opt. Express 18, 179–186 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Tan, Z. Huang, and X. Huang, “Rapid determination of surfactant critical micelle concentration in aqueous solutions using fiber-optic refractive index sensing,” Anal. Biochem. 401, 144–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Park, B. Jang, Y. Lee, C. Kim, and C. Park, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a reverse index fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 035703(2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Choi, G. Mudhana, K. Park, U.-C. Paek, and B. Lee, “Cross-talk free and ultra-compact fiber optic sensor for simultaneous measurements of temperature and refractive index,” Opt. Express 18, 141–149 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Xu, Y.-G. Liu, Z. Wang, and B. Tai, “Simultaneous force and temperature measurement using long-period grating written on the joint of a microstructured optical fiber and a single mode fiber,” Appl. Opt. 49, 492–496 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

S. Ohira, P. Dasgupta, and K. Schug, “Fiber optic sensor for simultaneous determination of atmospheric nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and relative humidity,” Anal. Chem. 81, 4183–4191(2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

L. Men, P. Lu, and Q. Chen, “Intelligent multiparameter sensing with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344–347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

S. Buggy, E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber grating refractometers for resin cure monitoring,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, S60–S65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, “Tilted short-period fibre-Bragg-grating-induced coupling to cladding modes for accurate refractometry,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765–770 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Buggy, S.

S. Buggy, E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber grating refractometers for resin cure monitoring,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, S60–S65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Caballero, D.

N. Darwish, D. Caballero, M. Moreno, A. Errachid, and J. Samitier, “Multi-analytic grating coupler biosensor for differential binding analysis,” Sens. Actuators B 144, 413–417(2010).
[CrossRef]

Chehura, E.

S. Buggy, E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber grating refractometers for resin cure monitoring,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, S60–S65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344–347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Q.

L. Men, P. Lu, and Q. Chen, “Intelligent multiparameter sensing with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H.

Darwish, N.

N. Darwish, D. Caballero, M. Moreno, A. Errachid, and J. Samitier, “Multi-analytic grating coupler biosensor for differential binding analysis,” Sens. Actuators B 144, 413–417(2010).
[CrossRef]

Dasgupta, P.

S. Ohira, P. Dasgupta, and K. Schug, “Fiber optic sensor for simultaneous determination of atmospheric nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and relative humidity,” Anal. Chem. 81, 4183–4191(2009).
[CrossRef]

Davis, F.

S. Topliss, S. James, F. Davis, S. Higson, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber long period grating based selective vapour sensing of volatile organic compounds,” Sens. Actuators B 143, 629–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Erdogan, T.

Errachid, A.

N. Darwish, D. Caballero, M. Moreno, A. Errachid, and J. Samitier, “Multi-analytic grating coupler biosensor for differential binding analysis,” Sens. Actuators B 144, 413–417(2010).
[CrossRef]

Ferdinand, P.

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, “Tilted short-period fibre-Bragg-grating-induced coupling to cladding modes for accurate refractometry,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765–770 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Higson, S.

S. Topliss, S. James, F. Davis, S. Higson, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber long period grating based selective vapour sensing of volatile organic compounds,” Sens. Actuators B 143, 629–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

C. Tan, Z. Huang, and X. Huang, “Rapid determination of surfactant critical micelle concentration in aqueous solutions using fiber-optic refractive index sensing,” Anal. Biochem. 401, 144–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Z.

C. Tan, Z. Huang, and X. Huang, “Rapid determination of surfactant critical micelle concentration in aqueous solutions using fiber-optic refractive index sensing,” Anal. Biochem. 401, 144–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

James, S.

S. Topliss, S. James, F. Davis, S. Higson, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber long period grating based selective vapour sensing of volatile organic compounds,” Sens. Actuators B 143, 629–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Buggy, E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber grating refractometers for resin cure monitoring,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, S60–S65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344–347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jang, B.

S. Park, B. Jang, Y. Lee, C. Kim, and C. Park, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a reverse index fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 035703(2010).
[CrossRef]

Kanellos, G.

Kim, C.

S. Park, B. Jang, Y. Lee, C. Kim, and C. Park, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a reverse index fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 035703(2010).
[CrossRef]

Laffont, G.

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, “Tilted short-period fibre-Bragg-grating-induced coupling to cladding modes for accurate refractometry,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765–770 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lan, S.

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

Lee, B.

Lee, Y.

S. Park, B. Jang, Y. Lee, C. Kim, and C. Park, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a reverse index fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 035703(2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, S.

N. Serker, Z. Wu, and S. Li, “A nonphysics-based approach for vibration-based structural health monitoring under changing environmental conditions,” Struct. Health Monit. 9, 145–158(2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Y.

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, T.

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.-G.

Lu, P.

L. Men, P. Lu, and Q. Chen, “Intelligent multiparameter sensing with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Men, L.

L. Men, P. Lu, and Q. Chen, “Intelligent multiparameter sensing with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Meng, Z.

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

Mitrogiannis, C.

Moreno, M.

N. Darwish, D. Caballero, M. Moreno, A. Errachid, and J. Samitier, “Multi-analytic grating coupler biosensor for differential binding analysis,” Sens. Actuators B 144, 413–417(2010).
[CrossRef]

Mudhana, G.

Nianios, G.

Ohira, S.

S. Ohira, P. Dasgupta, and K. Schug, “Fiber optic sensor for simultaneous determination of atmospheric nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and relative humidity,” Anal. Chem. 81, 4183–4191(2009).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U.-C.

Papaioannou, G.

Park, C.

S. Park, B. Jang, Y. Lee, C. Kim, and C. Park, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a reverse index fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 035703(2010).
[CrossRef]

Park, K.

Park, S.

S. Park, B. Jang, Y. Lee, C. Kim, and C. Park, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a reverse index fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 035703(2010).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

Samitier, J.

N. Darwish, D. Caballero, M. Moreno, A. Errachid, and J. Samitier, “Multi-analytic grating coupler biosensor for differential binding analysis,” Sens. Actuators B 144, 413–417(2010).
[CrossRef]

Schug, K.

S. Ohira, P. Dasgupta, and K. Schug, “Fiber optic sensor for simultaneous determination of atmospheric nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and relative humidity,” Anal. Chem. 81, 4183–4191(2009).
[CrossRef]

Serker, N.

N. Serker, Z. Wu, and S. Li, “A nonphysics-based approach for vibration-based structural health monitoring under changing environmental conditions,” Struct. Health Monit. 9, 145–158(2010).
[CrossRef]

Sipe, J.

Tai, B.

Tan, C.

C. Tan, Z. Huang, and X. Huang, “Rapid determination of surfactant critical micelle concentration in aqueous solutions using fiber-optic refractive index sensing,” Anal. Biochem. 401, 144–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tatam, R.

S. Topliss, S. James, F. Davis, S. Higson, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber long period grating based selective vapour sensing of volatile organic compounds,” Sens. Actuators B 143, 629–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Buggy, E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber grating refractometers for resin cure monitoring,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, S60–S65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344–347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Topliss, S.

S. Topliss, S. James, F. Davis, S. Higson, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber long period grating based selective vapour sensing of volatile organic compounds,” Sens. Actuators B 143, 629–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsiokos, D.

Wang, G.

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z.

Wu, Z.

N. Serker, Z. Wu, and S. Li, “A nonphysics-based approach for vibration-based structural health monitoring under changing environmental conditions,” Struct. Health Monit. 9, 145–158(2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Yao, H.

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

Yao, S.

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

C. Tan, Z. Huang, and X. Huang, “Rapid determination of surfactant critical micelle concentration in aqueous solutions using fiber-optic refractive index sensing,” Anal. Biochem. 401, 144–147 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (1)

S. Ohira, P. Dasgupta, and K. Schug, “Fiber optic sensor for simultaneous determination of atmospheric nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and relative humidity,” Anal. Chem. 81, 4183–4191(2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. Men, P. Lu, and Q. Chen, “Intelligent multiparameter sensing with fiber Bragg gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93, 071110 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Biomed. Opt. (1)

Z. Meng, S. Yao, H. Yao, Y. Liang, T. Liu, Y. Li, G. Wang, and S. Lan, “Measurement of the refractive index of human teeth by optical coherence tomography,” J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 034010(2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

S. Buggy, E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber grating refractometers for resin cure monitoring,” J. Opt. A Pure Appl. Opt. 9, S60–S65 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Meas. Sci. Technol. (2)

G. Laffont and P. Ferdinand, “Tilted short-period fibre-Bragg-grating-induced coupling to cladding modes for accurate refractometry,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 12, 765–770 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Park, B. Jang, Y. Lee, C. Kim, and C. Park, “Simultaneous measurement of strain and temperature using a reverse index fiber Bragg grating sensor,” Meas. Sci. Technol. 21, 035703(2010).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

E. Chehura, S. James, and R. Tatam, “Temperature and strain discrimination using a single tilted fiber Bragg grating,” Opt. Commun. 275, 344–347 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Sens. Actuators B (2)

S. Topliss, S. James, F. Davis, S. Higson, and R. Tatam, “Optical fiber long period grating based selective vapour sensing of volatile organic compounds,” Sens. Actuators B 143, 629–634 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Darwish, D. Caballero, M. Moreno, A. Errachid, and J. Samitier, “Multi-analytic grating coupler biosensor for differential binding analysis,” Sens. Actuators B 144, 413–417(2010).
[CrossRef]

Struct. Health Monit. (1)

N. Serker, Z. Wu, and S. Li, “A nonphysics-based approach for vibration-based structural health monitoring under changing environmental conditions,” Struct. Health Monit. 9, 145–158(2010).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics