The dependence of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) phase difference curve on the complex refractive index of a sample in Kretschmann configuration is discussed comprehensively, based on which a new method is proposed to measure the complex refractive index of turbid liquid. A corresponding experiment setup was constructed to measure the SPR phase difference curve, and the complex refractive index of turbid liquid was determined. By using the setup, the complex refractive indices of Intralipid solutions with concentrations of 5%, 10%, 15%, and 20% are obtained to be , , , and , respectively. Furthermore, the error analysis indicates that the root-mean-square errors of both the real and the imaginary parts of the measured complex refractive index are less than .
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