Abstract

Phase-only filters (POF) are studied for speckle reduction and edge detection in ultrasonic images. A methodology is developed for selecting the filters and compounding the filtered outputs. Studies on four speckled images show that the parametric images of compounded phases highlighted the boundaries. Estimating the heterogeneity index defined as the ratio of the arithmetic to the geometric mean of the magnitudes, the boundaries were also highlighted, providing a second means of detecting boundaries. This technique based on diversity created through a bank of POF reduces the speckle as well as highlights the boundaries of targetlike regions.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

2009 (3)

P. M. Shankar, “Contrast enhancement and phase sensitive boundary detection in ultrasonic speckle using Bessel spatial filters,” IET Image Process. 3, 41-51 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Sanchez and M. L. Oelze, “An ultrasonic imaging speckle-suppression and contrast-enhancement technique by means of frequency compounding and coded excitation,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1327-1339(2009).
[CrossRef]

H. Goto, T. Konishi, and K. Itoh, “Simultaneous amplitude and phase modulation by a discrete phase-only filter,” Opt. Lett. 34, 641-643 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

R. G. Dantas and E. T. Costa, “Ultrasound speckle reduction using modified Gabor filters,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 530-538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2004 (2)

J. A. Bonet, I. Márquez, R. Muller, M. Sobotka, and A. Tritschler, “Phase diversity restoration of sunspot images I. Relations between penumbral and photospheric features,” Astron. Astrophys. 423, 737-744 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. I. Trisnadi, “Hadamard speckle contrast reduction,” Opt. Lett. 29, 11-13 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

D. C. Howlett, N. D. P. Marchbank, and S. M. Allan, “Sonographic assessment of the symptomatic breast--a pictorial review,” J. Diagn. Radiogr. Imag. 5, 3-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Dantas, S. Leeman, E. T. Costa, J. P. Jones, and E. J. Valadares Oliveira, “Phase diversity for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 5035, 414-422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Shankar, “A compound scattering pdf for the ultrasonic echo envelope and its relationship to K and Nakagami distributions,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 50, 339-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

C. M. Chen, H. H. S. Lu, and K. C. Han, “A textural approach based on Gabor functions for texture edge detection in ultrasound images,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 27, 515-534 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

P. M. Shankar, “A general statistical model for ultrasonic scattering from tissues,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 727-736 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

C. J. Oliver and P. Lombardo, “Simultaneous mean and texture edge detection in SAR clutter,” IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 391-399 (1996).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Oliver, D. Blacknell, and R. G. White, “Optimum edge detection in SAR,” IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 31-40(1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

P. M. Shankar, “A model for ultrasonic scattering from tissues based on K distribution,” Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 1633-1649(1995).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Stavros, D. Thickman, C. L. Rapp, M. A. Dennis, S. H. Parker, and G. A. Sisney, “Solid breast nodules: use of sonography to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions,” Radiology (Oak Brook, Ill.) 196, 123-134 (1995).

1990 (1)

J. M. H. du Buff, “Gabor phase in texture estimation,” Signal Process. 21, 221-240 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

P. Karpur, P. M. Shankar, J. L. Rose, and V. L. Newhouse, “Split spectrum processing: determination of the available bandwidth for spectral splitting,” Ultrason. 26, 204-209(1988).
[CrossRef]

R. Touzi, A. Lopes, and P. Bousquet, “A statistical and geometrical edge detector for SAR images,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 26, 764-773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

1984 (1)

1981 (1)

A. V. Oppenheim and J. S. Lim, “The importance of phase in signals,” Proc. IEEE 69, 529-541 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

C. B. Burckhardt, “Speckle in ultrasound B-mode scans,” IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. 25, 1-6 (1978).

1971 (1)

1959 (1)

D. G. Brennan, “Linear diversity combining techniques,” Proc. IRE 47, 1075-1102 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Allan, S. M.

D. C. Howlett, N. D. P. Marchbank, and S. M. Allan, “Sonographic assessment of the symptomatic breast--a pictorial review,” J. Diagn. Radiogr. Imag. 5, 3-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Alouni, M.-S.

M. K. Simon and M.-S. Alouni, Digital Communication over Fading Channels: A Unified Approach to Performance Analysis (Wiley, 2000).

Bahri, Z.

Bernardino, A.

P. Moreno, A. Bernardino, and J. Santos-Victor, “Gabor parameter selection for local feature detection,” presented at the Second Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, Estoril, Portugal, 7-9 June 2005.

Bhaduri, B.

Blacknell, D.

C. J. Oliver, D. Blacknell, and R. G. White, “Optimum edge detection in SAR,” IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 31-40(1996).
[CrossRef]

Bonet, J. A.

J. A. Bonet, I. Márquez, R. Muller, M. Sobotka, and A. Tritschler, “Phase diversity restoration of sunspot images I. Relations between penumbral and photospheric features,” Astron. Astrophys. 423, 737-744 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bousquet, P.

R. Touzi, A. Lopes, and P. Bousquet, “A statistical and geometrical edge detector for SAR images,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 26, 764-773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Brennan, D. G.

D. G. Brennan, “Linear diversity combining techniques,” Proc. IRE 47, 1075-1102 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Burckhardt, C. B.

C. B. Burckhardt, “Speckle in ultrasound B-mode scans,” IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. 25, 1-6 (1978).

Chen, C. M.

C. M. Chen, H. H. S. Lu, and K. C. Han, “A textural approach based on Gabor functions for texture edge detection in ultrasound images,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 27, 515-534 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Costa, E. T.

R. G. Dantas and E. T. Costa, “Ultrasound speckle reduction using modified Gabor filters,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 530-538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Dantas, S. Leeman, E. T. Costa, J. P. Jones, and E. J. Valadares Oliveira, “Phase diversity for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 5035, 414-422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dantas, R. G.

R. G. Dantas and E. T. Costa, “Ultrasound speckle reduction using modified Gabor filters,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 530-538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

R. G. Dantas, S. Leeman, E. T. Costa, J. P. Jones, and E. J. Valadares Oliveira, “Phase diversity for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 5035, 414-422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dennis, M. A.

T. A. Stavros, D. Thickman, C. L. Rapp, M. A. Dennis, S. H. Parker, and G. A. Sisney, “Solid breast nodules: use of sonography to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions,” Radiology (Oak Brook, Ill.) 196, 123-134 (1995).

du Buff, J. M. H.

J. M. H. du Buff, “Gabor phase in texture estimation,” Signal Process. 21, 221-240 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Gianino, P. D.

Goto, H.

Han, K. C.

C. M. Chen, H. H. S. Lu, and K. C. Han, “A textural approach based on Gabor functions for texture edge detection in ultrasound images,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 27, 515-534 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Horner, J. L.

Howlett, D. C.

D. C. Howlett, N. D. P. Marchbank, and S. M. Allan, “Sonographic assessment of the symptomatic breast--a pictorial review,” J. Diagn. Radiogr. Imag. 5, 3-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, K.

Jones, A. L.

Jones, J. P.

R. G. Dantas, S. Leeman, E. T. Costa, J. P. Jones, and E. J. Valadares Oliveira, “Phase diversity for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 5035, 414-422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karpur, P.

P. Karpur, P. M. Shankar, J. L. Rose, and V. L. Newhouse, “Split spectrum processing: determination of the available bandwidth for spectral splitting,” Ultrason. 26, 204-209(1988).
[CrossRef]

Kirk, J. P.

Konishi, T.

Kothiyal, M. P.

Kumar, B. V. K. V.

Leeman, S.

R. G. Dantas, S. Leeman, E. T. Costa, J. P. Jones, and E. J. Valadares Oliveira, “Phase diversity for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 5035, 414-422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leger, J. R.

Lim, J. S.

A. V. Oppenheim and J. S. Lim, “The importance of phase in signals,” Proc. IEEE 69, 529-541 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Lombardo, P.

C. J. Oliver and P. Lombardo, “Simultaneous mean and texture edge detection in SAR clutter,” IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 391-399 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lopes, A.

R. Touzi, A. Lopes, and P. Bousquet, “A statistical and geometrical edge detector for SAR images,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 26, 764-773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lu, H. H. S.

C. M. Chen, H. H. S. Lu, and K. C. Han, “A textural approach based on Gabor functions for texture edge detection in ultrasound images,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 27, 515-534 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Marchbank, N. D. P.

D. C. Howlett, N. D. P. Marchbank, and S. M. Allan, “Sonographic assessment of the symptomatic breast--a pictorial review,” J. Diagn. Radiogr. Imag. 5, 3-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Márquez, I.

J. A. Bonet, I. Márquez, R. Muller, M. Sobotka, and A. Tritschler, “Phase diversity restoration of sunspot images I. Relations between penumbral and photospheric features,” Astron. Astrophys. 423, 737-744 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mohan, N. K.

Moreno, P.

P. Moreno, A. Bernardino, and J. Santos-Victor, “Gabor parameter selection for local feature detection,” presented at the Second Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, Estoril, Portugal, 7-9 June 2005.

Muller, R.

J. A. Bonet, I. Márquez, R. Muller, M. Sobotka, and A. Tritschler, “Phase diversity restoration of sunspot images I. Relations between penumbral and photospheric features,” Astron. Astrophys. 423, 737-744 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Newhouse, V. L.

P. Karpur, P. M. Shankar, J. L. Rose, and V. L. Newhouse, “Split spectrum processing: determination of the available bandwidth for spectral splitting,” Ultrason. 26, 204-209(1988).
[CrossRef]

Oelze, M. L.

J. R. Sanchez and M. L. Oelze, “An ultrasonic imaging speckle-suppression and contrast-enhancement technique by means of frequency compounding and coded excitation,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1327-1339(2009).
[CrossRef]

Oliver, C. J.

C. J. Oliver, D. Blacknell, and R. G. White, “Optimum edge detection in SAR,” IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 31-40(1996).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Oliver and P. Lombardo, “Simultaneous mean and texture edge detection in SAR clutter,” IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 391-399 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Oppenheim, A. V.

A. V. Oppenheim and J. S. Lim, “The importance of phase in signals,” Proc. IEEE 69, 529-541 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Parker, S. H.

T. A. Stavros, D. Thickman, C. L. Rapp, M. A. Dennis, S. H. Parker, and G. A. Sisney, “Solid breast nodules: use of sonography to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions,” Radiology (Oak Brook, Ill.) 196, 123-134 (1995).

Rapp, C. L.

T. A. Stavros, D. Thickman, C. L. Rapp, M. A. Dennis, S. H. Parker, and G. A. Sisney, “Solid breast nodules: use of sonography to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions,” Radiology (Oak Brook, Ill.) 196, 123-134 (1995).

Rose, J. L.

P. Karpur, P. M. Shankar, J. L. Rose, and V. L. Newhouse, “Split spectrum processing: determination of the available bandwidth for spectral splitting,” Ultrason. 26, 204-209(1988).
[CrossRef]

Sanchez, J. R.

J. R. Sanchez and M. L. Oelze, “An ultrasonic imaging speckle-suppression and contrast-enhancement technique by means of frequency compounding and coded excitation,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1327-1339(2009).
[CrossRef]

Santos-Victor, J.

P. Moreno, A. Bernardino, and J. Santos-Victor, “Gabor parameter selection for local feature detection,” presented at the Second Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, Estoril, Portugal, 7-9 June 2005.

Shankar, P. M.

P. M. Shankar, “Contrast enhancement and phase sensitive boundary detection in ultrasonic speckle using Bessel spatial filters,” IET Image Process. 3, 41-51 (2009).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Shankar, “A compound scattering pdf for the ultrasonic echo envelope and its relationship to K and Nakagami distributions,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 50, 339-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Shankar, “A general statistical model for ultrasonic scattering from tissues,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 727-736 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Shankar, “A model for ultrasonic scattering from tissues based on K distribution,” Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 1633-1649(1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Karpur, P. M. Shankar, J. L. Rose, and V. L. Newhouse, “Split spectrum processing: determination of the available bandwidth for spectral splitting,” Ultrason. 26, 204-209(1988).
[CrossRef]

Simon, M. K.

M. K. Simon and M.-S. Alouni, Digital Communication over Fading Channels: A Unified Approach to Performance Analysis (Wiley, 2000).

Sirohi, R. S.

Sisney, G. A.

T. A. Stavros, D. Thickman, C. L. Rapp, M. A. Dennis, S. H. Parker, and G. A. Sisney, “Solid breast nodules: use of sonography to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions,” Radiology (Oak Brook, Ill.) 196, 123-134 (1995).

Sobotka, M.

J. A. Bonet, I. Márquez, R. Muller, M. Sobotka, and A. Tritschler, “Phase diversity restoration of sunspot images I. Relations between penumbral and photospheric features,” Astron. Astrophys. 423, 737-744 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stavros, T. A.

T. A. Stavros, D. Thickman, C. L. Rapp, M. A. Dennis, S. H. Parker, and G. A. Sisney, “Solid breast nodules: use of sonography to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions,” Radiology (Oak Brook, Ill.) 196, 123-134 (1995).

Thickman, D.

T. A. Stavros, D. Thickman, C. L. Rapp, M. A. Dennis, S. H. Parker, and G. A. Sisney, “Solid breast nodules: use of sonography to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions,” Radiology (Oak Brook, Ill.) 196, 123-134 (1995).

Touzi, R.

R. Touzi, A. Lopes, and P. Bousquet, “A statistical and geometrical edge detector for SAR images,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 26, 764-773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Trisnadi, J. I.

Tritschler, A.

J. A. Bonet, I. Márquez, R. Muller, M. Sobotka, and A. Tritschler, “Phase diversity restoration of sunspot images I. Relations between penumbral and photospheric features,” Astron. Astrophys. 423, 737-744 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Valadares Oliveira, E. J.

R. G. Dantas, S. Leeman, E. T. Costa, J. P. Jones, and E. J. Valadares Oliveira, “Phase diversity for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 5035, 414-422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

White, R. G.

C. J. Oliver, D. Blacknell, and R. G. White, “Optimum edge detection in SAR,” IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 31-40(1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (3)

Astron. Astrophys. (1)

J. A. Bonet, I. Márquez, R. Muller, M. Sobotka, and A. Tritschler, “Phase diversity restoration of sunspot images I. Relations between penumbral and photospheric features,” Astron. Astrophys. 423, 737-744 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. (2)

C. J. Oliver, D. Blacknell, and R. G. White, “Optimum edge detection in SAR,” IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 31-40(1996).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Oliver and P. Lombardo, “Simultaneous mean and texture edge detection in SAR clutter,” IEE Proc. Radar Sonar Navig. 143, 391-399 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. (1)

R. Touzi, A. Lopes, and P. Bousquet, “A statistical and geometrical edge detector for SAR images,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 26, 764-773 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. (1)

C. B. Burckhardt, “Speckle in ultrasound B-mode scans,” IEEE Trans. Sonics Ultrason. 25, 1-6 (1978).

IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control (4)

R. G. Dantas and E. T. Costa, “Ultrasound speckle reduction using modified Gabor filters,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 54, 530-538 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Sanchez and M. L. Oelze, “An ultrasonic imaging speckle-suppression and contrast-enhancement technique by means of frequency compounding and coded excitation,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 56, 1327-1339(2009).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Shankar, “A general statistical model for ultrasonic scattering from tissues,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 47, 727-736 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. M. Shankar, “A compound scattering pdf for the ultrasonic echo envelope and its relationship to K and Nakagami distributions,” IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferroelectr. Freq. Control 50, 339-343 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IET Image Process. (1)

P. M. Shankar, “Contrast enhancement and phase sensitive boundary detection in ultrasonic speckle using Bessel spatial filters,” IET Image Process. 3, 41-51 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Diagn. Radiogr. Imag. (1)

D. C. Howlett, N. D. P. Marchbank, and S. M. Allan, “Sonographic assessment of the symptomatic breast--a pictorial review,” J. Diagn. Radiogr. Imag. 5, 3-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Phys. Med. Biol. (1)

P. M. Shankar, “A model for ultrasonic scattering from tissues based on K distribution,” Phys. Med. Biol. 40, 1633-1649(1995).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE (1)

A. V. Oppenheim and J. S. Lim, “The importance of phase in signals,” Proc. IEEE 69, 529-541 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IRE (1)

D. G. Brennan, “Linear diversity combining techniques,” Proc. IRE 47, 1075-1102 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

R. G. Dantas, S. Leeman, E. T. Costa, J. P. Jones, and E. J. Valadares Oliveira, “Phase diversity for speckle reduction,” Proc. SPIE 5035, 414-422 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Radiology (Oak Brook, Ill.) (1)

T. A. Stavros, D. Thickman, C. L. Rapp, M. A. Dennis, S. H. Parker, and G. A. Sisney, “Solid breast nodules: use of sonography to distinguish between benign and malignant lesions,” Radiology (Oak Brook, Ill.) 196, 123-134 (1995).

Signal Process. (1)

J. M. H. du Buff, “Gabor phase in texture estimation,” Signal Process. 21, 221-240 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ultrason. (1)

P. Karpur, P. M. Shankar, J. L. Rose, and V. L. Newhouse, “Split spectrum processing: determination of the available bandwidth for spectral splitting,” Ultrason. 26, 204-209(1988).
[CrossRef]

Ultrasound Med. Biol. (1)

C. M. Chen, H. H. S. Lu, and K. C. Han, “A textural approach based on Gabor functions for texture edge detection in ultrasound images,” Ultrasound Med. Biol. 27, 515-534 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P. Moreno, A. Bernardino, and J. Santos-Victor, “Gabor parameter selection for local feature detection,” presented at the Second Iberian Conference on Pattern Recognition and Image Analysis, Estoril, Portugal, 7-9 June 2005.

M. K. Simon and M.-S. Alouni, Digital Communication over Fading Channels: A Unified Approach to Performance Analysis (Wiley, 2000).

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